Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning

Author: Arab Naser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461421438
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning: A Modeling-Based Approach provides a new paradigm for evacuation planning strategies and techniques. Recently, evacuation planning and modeling have increasingly attracted interest among researchers as well as government officials. This interest stems from the recent catastrophic hurricanes and weather-related events that occurred in the southeastern United States (Hurricane Katrina and Rita). The evacuation methods that were in place before and during the hurricanes did not work well and resulted in thousands of deaths. This book offers insights into the methods and techniques that allow for implementing mathematical-based, simulation-based, and integrated optimization and simulation-based engineering approaches for evacuation planning.

Routledge Handbook of Transport in Asia

Author: Junyi Zhang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317577337
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Asian transportation systems and services, as well as their usage, are fraught with challenges. This handbook therefore seeks to examine the possible solutions to the problems faced by the region. It illustrates the history of transportation development in Asia and provides a comprehensive overview of research on urban and intercity transport. Presenting an extensive literature review and detailed summaries of the major findings and methodologies, this book also offers suggestions for future research activities from top-level international researchers. Written from an interdisciplinary perspective, the topics covered include: Transportation systems across Asia; Traffic accidents; Air pollution; Land use and logistics; Transport governance. Considering the population and economic development scale, as well as the diverse cultures of Asia, the Routledge Handbook of Transport in Asia will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of transportation, Asian development and Asian Studies in general.

Transportation Infrastructure Security Utilizing Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Ryan Fries
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470286296
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The first practical guide to infrastructure security using Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Intelligent Transportation Systems, or ITS, integrates different computing, control, and communication technologies to help monitor and manage traffic management that helps reduce congestion while saving lives, time, and money. While mobility and safety are the primary objectives of any good transportation system, security has also become an equally important consideration in their design and operation. This book provides a comprehensive treatment of techniques to leverage ITS in support of security and safety for surface transportation infrastructure. Through the book's multidisciplinary approach, readers gain a comprehensive introduction to the diverse aspects of transportation infrastructure security as well as how ITS can reduce risks and be protected from threats with such topics as computer systems, risk analysis, and multi-modal transportation systems. This book, which will serve as a textbook and guide, provides: Current ITS approaches to security issues such as freight security, disaster and evacuation response, HAZMAT incidents, rail security, and ITS Wide Area Alerts Guidance on the development of a regional transportation security plan Securing ITS itself and privacy issues involved in any collection and use of personally identifiable tracking data Exercises, question-and-answer sections, and other helpful review tools for the reader Filling a gap in the practical application of security, Transportation Infrastructure Security Utilizing Intelligent Transportation Systems offers both students and transportation professionals valuable insights into the new security challenges encountered and how to manage these challenges with the use of computerized transportation systems.

Hydraulic Engineering II

Author: Liquan Xie
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315796899
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Hydraulic research is developing beyond traditional civil engineering, since the number of natural hazards increased in recent years, and so did the extent and scope of structural safety assessment and environmental research. Hydraulic Engineering II contains 44 technical papers from the 2nd SREE Conference on Hydraulic Engineering (CHE 2013, Hong Kong, 2-3 November 2013, including the Third SREE Workshop on Environment and Safety Engineering, WESE 2013), discusses recent advances and issues, and identifies challenges associated with engineering applications in hydraulic engineering. The contributions showcase recent developments in the areas of hydraulic engineering and environmental engineering, and other related fields. The sections on hydraulic engineering mainly focus on river engineering and sediment transport, flood hazards and innovative control measures, rainfall modelling, dam safety, slope stability, environmental hydraulics and hydrology, while the contributions related to environmental issues focus on environmental prediction and control techniques in environmental geoscience, environmental ecology, water pollution and ecosystem degradation, applied meteorology, coastal engineering, safety engineering and environmental pollution control. Hydraulic Engineering II will be invaluable to academics and professionals in both hydraulic and environmental engineering.

Green Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Wuhong Wang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811035512
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
These proceedings collect selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Green Intelligent Transportation System and Safety held in Nanjing on July 1-4, 2016. The selected works, which include state-of-the-art studies, are intended to promote the development of green mobility and intelligent transportation technology to achieve interconnectivity, resource sharing, flexibility and higher efficiency. They offer valuable insights for researchers and engineers in the fields of Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering, Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial and System Engineering, and Electrical Engineering.

Handbook of Transportation Engineering Volume II 2e

Author: Myer Kutz
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071614788
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The definitive transportation engineering resource--fully revised and updated The two-volume Handbook of Transportation Engineering, Second Edition offers practical, comprehensive coverage of the entire transportation engineering field. Featuring 18 new chapters and contributions from nearly 70 leading experts, this authoritative work discusses all types of transportation systems--freight, passenger, air, rail, road, marine, and pipeline--and provides problem-solving engineering, planning, and design tools and techniques with examples of successful applications. Volume II focuses on applications in automobile and non-automobile transportation, and on safety and environmental issues. VOLUME II COVERS: Traffic engineering analysis Traffic origin-destination estimation Traffic congestion Highway capacity Traffic control systems: freeway management and communications Traffic signals Highway sign visibility Transportation lighting Geometric design of streets and highways Intersection and interchange design Pavement engineering: flexible and rigid pavements Pavement testing and evaluation Bridge engineering Tunnel engineering Pedestrians Bicycle transportation Spectrum of automated guideway transit (AGT) and its applications Railway vehicle engineering Railway track design Improvement of railroad yard operations Modern aircraft design techniques Airport design Air traffic control systems design Ship design Pipeline engineering Traffic safety Transportation hazards Hazardous materials transportation Incident management Network security and survivability Optimization of emergency evacuation plans Transportation noise issues Air quality issues in transportation Transportation and climate change

Modeling Hurricane Evacuation Traffic

Author: Haoqiang Fu
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Little attention has been given to estimating dynamic travel demand in transportation planning in the past. However, when factors influencing travel are changing significantly over time - such as with an approaching hurricane - dynamic demand and the resulting variation in traffic flow on the network become important. In this study, dynamic travel demand models for hurricane evacuation were developed with two methodologies: survival analysis and sequential choice model. Using survival analysis, the time before evacuation from a pending hurricane is modeled with those that do not evacuate considered as censored observations. A Cox proportional hazards regression model with time-dependent variables and a Piecewise Exponential model were estimated. In the sequential choice model, the decision to evacuate in the face of an oncoming hurricane is considered as a series of binary choices over time. A sequential logit model and a sequential complementary log-log model were developed. Each model is capable of predicting the probability of a household evacuating at each time period before hurricane landfall as a function of the household's socio-economic characteristics, the characteristics of the hurricane (such as distance to the storm), and policy decisions (such as the issuing of evacuation orders). Three datasets were used in this study. They were data from southwest Louisiana collected following Hurricane Andrew, data from South Carolina collected following Hurricane Floyd, and stated preference survey data collected from the New Orleans area. Based on the analysis, the sequential logit model was found to be the best alternative for modeling dynamic travel demand for hurricane evacuation. The sequential logit model produces predictions which are superior to those of the current evacuation participation rate models with response curves. Transfer of the sequential logit model estimated on the Floyd data to the Andrew data demonstrated that the sequential logit model is capable of estimating dynamic travel demand in a different environment than the one in which it was estimated with reasonable accuracy. However, more study is required on the transferability of models of this type, as well as the development of procedures that would allow the updating of transferred model parameters to better reflect local evacuation behavior.