Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning

Author: Arab Naser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461421438
Format: PDF, ePub
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Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning: A Modeling-Based Approach provides a new paradigm for evacuation planning strategies and techniques. Recently, evacuation planning and modeling have increasingly attracted interest among researchers as well as government officials. This interest stems from the recent catastrophic hurricanes and weather-related events that occurred in the southeastern United States (Hurricane Katrina and Rita). The evacuation methods that were in place before and during the hurricanes did not work well and resulted in thousands of deaths. This book offers insights into the methods and techniques that allow for implementing mathematical-based, simulation-based, and integrated optimization and simulation-based engineering approaches for evacuation planning.

Green Intelligent Transportation Systems

Author: Wuhong Wang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811035512
Format: PDF, Mobi
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These proceedings collect selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Green Intelligent Transportation System and Safety held in Nanjing on July 1-4, 2016. The selected works, which include state-of-the-art studies, are intended to promote the development of green mobility and intelligent transportation technology to achieve interconnectivity, resource sharing, flexibility and higher efficiency. They offer valuable insights for researchers and engineers in the fields of Transportation Technology and Traffic Engineering, Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial and System Engineering, and Electrical Engineering.

Evacuation Modeling Trends

Author: Arturo Cuesta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319207083
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents an overview of modeling definitions and concepts, theory on human behavior and human performance data, available tools and simulation approaches, model development, and application and validation methods. It considers the data and research efforts needed to develop and incorporate functions for the different parameters into comprehensive escape and evacuation simulations, with a number of examples illustrating different aspects and approaches. After an overview of basic modeling approaches, the book discusses benefits and challenges of current techniques. The representation of evacuees is a central issue, including human behavior and the proper implementation of representational tools. Key topics include the nature and importance of the different parameters involved in ASET and RSET and the interactions between them. A review of the current literature on verification and validation methods is provided, with a set of recommended verification tests and examples of validation tests. The book concludes with future challenges: new scenarios and factors for future model developments, addresses the problem of using deterministic and/or stochastic approaches and proposes, and discusses the use of evacuation models for supporting timely decisions in real-time. Written by international experts, Evacuation Modeling Trends is designed for those involved in safety, from emergency and intervention personnel to students, engineers and researchers.

ICCTP 2009

Author: Yinhai Wang
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 9780784473115
Format: PDF, Docs
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Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference of Chinese Transportation Professionals, held in Harbin, China, August 5-9, 2009. Sponsored by North American Chinese Overseas Transportation Association (NACOTA); Harbin Institute Of Technology; Transportation & Development Institute of ASCE. This collection contains 446 papers of interest to transportation professionals. Topics include: transportation safety; transportation planning and operations; emergency response systems and technologies; intelligent transportation systems; energy saving and alternative energy; automotive exhaust treatment and environmental protection; new technology on transportation infrastructure (pavement, bridge); highway maintenance and management; transportation management, economy, and policy; logistics; vehicle operations technologies; and rail and transit systems.

Advances in Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation

Author: Rosaldo J F Rossetti
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123973287
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Intelligent Systems Series encompasses theoretical studies, design methods, and real-world implementations and applications. It publishes titles in three core sub-topic areas: Intelligent Automation, Intelligent Transportation Systems, and Intelligent Computing. Titles focus on professional and academic reference works and handbooks. This volume, Advances in Artificial Transportation Systems and Simulation, covers hot topics including driver assistance systems; cooperative vehicle-highway systems; collision avoidance; pedestrian protection; image, radar and lidar signal processing; and V2V and V2I communications. The readership for the series is broad, reflecting the wide range of intelligent systems interest and application, but focuses on engineering (in particular automation, control, mechatronics, robotics, transportation, automotive, aerospace), electronics and electronic design, and computer science. Provides researchers and engineers with up to date research results and state-of-the art technologies in the area of intelligent vehicles and transportation systems Includes case studies plus surveys of the latest research Covers hot topics including driver assistance systems; cooperative vehicle-highway systems; collision avoidance; pedestrian protection; image, radar and lidar signal processing; V2V and V2I communications

ICCTP 2011

Author: Yafeng Yin
Publisher: ASCE Publications
ISBN: 0784411867
Format: PDF
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Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference of Chinese Transportation Professionals, held in Nanjing, China, August 14?17, 2011. Organized by Chinese Overseas Transportation Association (COTA); Southeast University. Sponsored by the Transportation & Development Institute of ASCE; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). This collection contains 434 peer-reviewed papers discussing critical transportation issues, sharing experience in transportation research and development, and exchanging ideas for future transportation studies. Topics include: transportation policy and economics; transportation planning and modeling; traffic operations, management, and control; intelligent transportation systems (ITS); traffic safety and emergency response; transportation and sustainability; transit and rail systems; transportation infrastructure design and construction; pavement and materials engineering, and highway maintenance; logistics and freight transportation; vehicle technologies; and water transportation and aviation. These papers are a valuable source of the-state-of-art research in transportation science and engineering and will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, and students of transportation engineering.

Modeling Hurricane Evacuation Traffic

Author: Haoqiang Fu
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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Little attention has been given to estimating dynamic travel demand in transportation planning in the past. However, when factors influencing travel are changing significantly over time - such as with an approaching hurricane - dynamic demand and the resulting variation in traffic flow on the network become important. In this study, dynamic travel demand models for hurricane evacuation were developed with two methodologies: survival analysis and sequential choice model. Using survival analysis, the time before evacuation from a pending hurricane is modeled with those that do not evacuate considered as censored observations. A Cox proportional hazards regression model with time-dependent variables and a Piecewise Exponential model were estimated. In the sequential choice model, the decision to evacuate in the face of an oncoming hurricane is considered as a series of binary choices over time. A sequential logit model and a sequential complementary log-log model were developed. Each model is capable of predicting the probability of a household evacuating at each time period before hurricane landfall as a function of the household's socio-economic characteristics, the characteristics of the hurricane (such as distance to the storm), and policy decisions (such as the issuing of evacuation orders). Three datasets were used in this study. They were data from southwest Louisiana collected following Hurricane Andrew, data from South Carolina collected following Hurricane Floyd, and stated preference survey data collected from the New Orleans area. Based on the analysis, the sequential logit model was found to be the best alternative for modeling dynamic travel demand for hurricane evacuation. The sequential logit model produces predictions which are superior to those of the current evacuation participation rate models with response curves. Transfer of the sequential logit model estimated on the Floyd data to the Andrew data demonstrated that the sequential logit model is capable of estimating dynamic travel demand in a different environment than the one in which it was estimated with reasonable accuracy. However, more study is required on the transferability of models of this type, as well as the development of procedures that would allow the updating of transferred model parameters to better reflect local evacuation behavior.