Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Author: Hooshang Nikjoo
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466509600
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics. The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning. Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

Author: Claude Leroy
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814603201
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The fourth edition of this book has been widely revised. It includes additional chapters and some sections are complemented with either new ones or an extension of their content. In this latest edition a complete treatment of the physics and properties of semiconductors is presented, covering transport phenomena in semiconductors, scattering mechanisms, radiation effects and displacement damages. Furthermore, this edition presents a comprehensive treatment of the Coulomb scattering on screened nuclear potentials resulting from electrons, protons, light- and heavy-ions — ranging from (very) low up to ultra-relativistic kinetic energies — and allowing one to derive the corresponding NIEL (non-ionizing energy-loss) doses deposited in any material. The contents are organized into two parts: Chapters 1 to 7 cover Particle Interactions and Displacement Damage while the remaining chapters focus on Radiation Environments and Particle Detection. This book can serve as reference for graduate students and final-year undergraduates and also as supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, space physics and instrumentation. A section of the book is directed toward courses in medical physics. Researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation will also find the book useful. Contents:Particle Interactions and Displacement Damage:IntroductionElectromagnetic Interaction of Charged Particles in MatterPhoton Interaction and Electromagnetic Cascades in MatterNuclear Interactions in MatterPhysics and Properties of Silicon SemiconductorTransport Phenomena in SemiconductorsRadiation Effects and Displacement Damage in SemiconductorsRadiation Environments and Particle Detection:Radiation Environments and Damage in SemiconductorsScintillating Media and Scintillator DetectorsSolid State DetectorsDisplacement Damages and Interactions in Semiconductor DevicesGas Filled ChambersPrinciples of Particle Energy DeterminationSuperheated Droplet (Bubble) Detectors and CDM SearchMedical Physics ApplicationsAppendices:General Properties and ConstantsMathematics and Statistics Readership: Researchers, academics, graduate students and professionals in accelerator, particle, astroparticle, space, applied and medical physics. Key Features:Exceptional large coverage of the different types of detectors used in particle and nuclear physics and their principles of detectionKeywords:Radiation Interaction in Matter;Solid State Detectors;Scintillator Detectors;Gas Filled Chamber Detectors;Energy Determination;Dark Matter;Double Beta Decay;Processes of Energy Deposition;Radiation Damages;Medical Physics Applications "The fourth edition has been extensively revised and offers additional chapters. It presents a comprehensive treatment of the Coulomb scattering on screened nuclear potentials resulting from electrons, positrons, protons, light- and heavy-ions and allowing one to derive the corresponding NIEL doses deposited in any material and compound, because of atomic displacements caused by the interaction." Professor Karel Kudela Institute of Experimental Physics

Interaction of Particles and Radiation with Matter

Author: Vsevolod V. Balashov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642643835
Format: PDF, Docs
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Beginning with a concise introduction on the constituents of matter (elementary particles, atomic nuclei, atoms and molecules), this course on the structure of matter focuses on the interaction of particles and radiation with matter. The course is divided into fourteen lectures with each ranging from physical fundamentals to current topics in subatomic and atomic research, thus making links to modern applications. Currently important topics such as channeling, the interaction between molecular ions and matter, and muon-catalyzed fusion are also discussed. The text is suitable as an introduction for graduate students and as a reference for scientists.

Interactions of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Author: Sow-Hsin Chen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981024214X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This invaluable book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled "Interaction of Radiation with Matter", taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray, and light-scattering techniques. This new edition contains added sections on such subjects as synchrotron radiation, neutron spin echo, and diffusive wave spectroscopy. End-of-chapter problems have also been added.

Interaction of Photons and Neutrons with Matter

Author: Sow-Hsin Chen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810220266
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is based on lecture notes developed for a one-semester graduate course entitled The Interaction of Radiation with Matter, taught in the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The main objective of the course is to teach enough quantum and classical radiation theory to allow students in engineering and the applied sciences to understand and have access to the vast literature on applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation in materials research. Besides presenting the fundamental physics of radiation interactions, the book devotes individual chapters to some of the important modern-day experimental tools, such as nuclear magnetic resonance, photon correlation spectroscopy, and the various types of neutron, x-ray and light-scattering techniques.

Atoms Radiation and Radiation Protection

Author: James E. Turner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527616985
Format: PDF
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Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection offers professionals and advanced students a comprehensive coverage of the major concepts that underlie the origins and transport of ionizing radiation in matter. Understanding atomic structure and the physical mechanisms of radiation interactions is the foundation on which much of the current practice of radiological health protection is based. The work covers the detection and measurement of radiation and the statistical interpretation of the data. The procedures that are used to protect man and the environment from the potential harmful effects of radiation are thoroughly described. Basic principles are illustrated with an abundance of worked examples that exemplify practical applications. Chapters include problem sets (with partial answers) and extensive tables and graphs for continued use as a reference work. This completely revised and enlarged third edition includes thorough updates of the material, including the latest recommendations of the ICRP and NCRP.

Hendee s Radiation Therapy Physics

Author: Todd Pawlicki
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470376511
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This completely updated and revised new edition of Radiation Therapy Physics contains comprehensive, balanced coverage of the fundamental radiation physics principles and its clinical applications. Since publication of the ground-breaking first edition in the 1970s, high-energy x-ray and electron beams have increasingly become the preferred approach to the radiation treatment of many cancers. Obviously, too, the use of computers has become pervasive in radiation therapy. Imaging techniques and computers are now used routinely in treatment planning, and sophisticated methods are available for overlaying anatomical images with computer generated multidimensional treatment plans. Treatment procedures such as conformal and intensity-modulated radiation therapy, high dose-rate brachytherapy, and image-guided and image-guided and adaptive radiation therapy have become standard operating procedures in radiation therapy clinics around the world. Calibration protocols have been extensively revised, and quality assurance in radiation therapy has become a subject in itself. These procedures, and others that represent state-of-the-art radiation therapy including quality engineering, are discussed at length in this new edition. The 4th edition has an increased number of chapters (20 compared to 16) and includes new topics of interest to the practicing radiation oncologist and medical physicist:- The chapter on diagnostic imaging has been expanded to include molecular imaging.- A new chapter has been added on proton radiotherapy.- A new chapter has been added on radiation oncology informatics.- A new chapter has been added on quality and safety engineering. - A new chapter on dynamic delivery techniques, explaining the standard (e.g., IMRT) and new treatment techniques (e.g., VMAT). - The treatment planning and brachytherapy chapters omit a detailed explanation of historical techniques that no one uses clinically any longer, in favor of including a new focus on modern computer-based techniques in wide-spread clinical use. - The Problem sections in each chapter have been expanded to include designated ?easy? question designed to give a broad understanding of a topic, and ?hard? questions that would be designed to help the student understand the details of a topic.

Introduction to Radiation Protection

Author: Claus Grupen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642025860
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This account of sources of ionizing radiation and methods of radiation protection describes units of radiation protection, measurement techniques, biological effects, environmental radiation and many applications. Each chapter contains problems with solutions.

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527664637
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.