Interest Groups and Judicial Federalism

Author: Donald J. Farole
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275960674
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Farole (political science, U. of North Carolina at Greensboro) examines the participation of major litigating groups in state judiciaries. The analysis is based on a comparative study of group litigation in eminent domain (takings) and obscenity law in five states (Colorado, Indiana, Minnesota, New

Navigating the Jungle

Author: Steven C. Tauber
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317381718
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For much of our history, legal scholars focused predominantly on the law’s implications for human beings, while ignoring how the law influences animal welfare. Since the 1970s, however, there has been a steep increase in animal advocates’ use of the courts. Animal law has blossomed into a vibrant academic discipline, with a rich literature that examines how the law affects animal welfare and the ability of humans to advocate on behalf of nonhuman animals. But most animal law literature tends to be doctrinally-based or normative. There has been little empirical study of the outcomes of animal law cases and there has been very little attention paid to the political influences of these outcomes. This book fills the gap in animal law literature. This is the first empirically-based analysis of animal law that emphasizes the political forces that shape animal law outcomes.

First among Friends Interest Groups the U S Supreme Court and the Right to Privacy

Author: Suzanne U. Samuels
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313051747
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the last several decades, there has been an explosion in the number of amici curiae, or friend of the Court, briefs filed with the U.S. Supreme Court. Amici are not formal parties to a lawsuit, but file to help inform the Justices about the wider repercussions of the case before them. Public law scholars have long discussed whether these briefs have an impact on the Justices. This book is the first study that seeks to assess the extent of amici influence. This work examines the role of interest groups in the creation and interpretation of the right to privacy, a highly controversial right that derived almost entirely from case law. It looks at amici participation in abortion, aid in dying, family relationships, and anti-sodomy cases. This volume tracks the influence of amici arguments and data on the Justices' handling of these cases.

Will Your Vote Count Fixing America s Broken Electoral System

Author: Herma Percy Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313364338
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Voters in a democratic society should have confidence in the electoral process. Yet, as Americans have witnessed in every election since 2000, voting-the basic act of citizenship—is under assault: technologically complex, subject to manipulation, and fiercely contested on many levels. Documenting the areas of collapse in the American electoral process, this book analyzes ongoing problems in the casting and counting of ballots, as well as new threats: future elections could be compromised by new voting machines that are unreliable, poorly programmed, and prone to tampering. At this critical moment for American democracy, the author issues a call for urgently needed reforms.

Respecting State Courts

Author: Michael E. Solimine
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN: 9780313306341
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Solimine and Walker provide a comprehensive examination of the major issues revolving around judicial federalism. They analyze the major controversies in the American dual system of courts, demonstrate that the systemic diversity is too important to be overshadowed by ideological stereotyping, and call for a dialogue on the values of state law and courts, including a candid recognition of their problems.

In litigation

Author: Herbert M. Kritzer
Publisher: Stanford Law & Politics
ISBN: 9780804747332
Format: PDF, ePub
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Marc Galanter’s seminal work, “Why the ‘Haves’ Come Out Ahead,” is among the most well-cited law review articles of all time. With his distinction between experienced “repeat players” and inexperienced “one shotters” in the U.S. judicial system, Galanter established a clear and predictable model of how the structure of our legal system and one’s frequency of interaction with it influence the outcomes of cases. This book collects the original paper and ten contemporary articles about Galanter’s theory in a single volume. The articles, which present new research results and synthesize work done over the past few decades, examine the lasting influence and continued importance of this groundbreaking work. In Litigation provides a thorough presentation of the most durable theory explaining litigation and legal participation that sociolegal scholarship has produced.

Medical Malpractice

Author: Frank A. Sloan
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Docs
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A comprehensive analysis of medical malpractice from legal, medical, economic, andinsurance perspectives that considers why past efforts at reform have not worked and offersrecommendations for realistic, achievable policy changes.

Society s Choices

Author: Committee on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Developments in Biomedicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309051320
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Breakthroughs in biomedicine often lead to new life-giving treatments but may also raise troubling, even life-and-death, quandaries. Society's Choices discusses ways for people to handle today's bioethics issues in the context of America's unique history and culture--and from the perspectives of various interest groups. The book explores how Americans have grappled with specific aspects of bioethics through commission deliberations, programs by organizations, and other mechanisms and identifies criteria for evaluating the outcomes of these efforts. The committee offers recommendations on the role of government and professional societies, the function of commissions and institutional review boards, and bioethics in health professional education and research. The volume includes a series of 12 superb background papers on public moral discourse, mechanisms for handling social and ethical dilemmas, and other specific areas of controversy by well-known experts Ronald Bayer, Martin Benjamin, Dan W. Brock, Baruch A. Brody, H. Alta Charo, Lawrence Gostin, Bradford H. Gray, Kathi E. Hanna, Elizabeth Heitman, Thomas Nagel, Steven Shapin, and Charles M. Swezey.