Intermediation of Insurance and Financial Services in European VAT

Author: Claus Bohn Jespersen
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041137327
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The current European VAT legislation encompassing insurance and financial services, including intermediation thereof, dates back to the adoption of the Sixth VAT Directive in 1977. The definitions do not, however, encompass the current complexity of insurance and financial transactions. This has resulted in considerable confusion for fiscal authorities and for businesses when deciding upon the application of the VAT exemption. As the correct VAT treatment has a significant economic impact on businesses, a great number of cases have been referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union. This is also the reason why the European Commission presented its proposal for the future treatment of insurance and financial services, including intermediation thereof, in November 2007. The political process has not yet been finalised and if the Commission s proposal is agreed upon, the question of understanding the definitions still exists. This book deals with the exemption for intermediation of insurance and financial services within European VAT. This implies analysing the methods of interpretation applied by the Court of Justice of the European Union when interpreting the provisions regarding insurance and financial services. Furthermore, the current definitions for intermediation of insurance and financial services as provided for in the VAT Directive are analysed and conclusions are made in order to define a single concept of intermediation. These analyses are followed by various practical scenarios from case law of the Member States concerning intermediation of insurance and financial services. Finally, comments based on the analyses carried out are given on the European Commission s proposal for amending the VAT Directive and the accompanying Regulation regarding intermediation of insurance and financial services."

The Rise of the Value Added Tax

Author: Kathryn James
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110704412X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Explores how the value-added tax (VAT) has risen from relative obscurity to become one of the world's most dominant revenue instruments.

Droit fiscal de l Union europ enne

Author: Alexandre Maitrot de la Motte
Publisher: Bruylant
ISBN: 2802756842
Format: PDF, Docs
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État des lieux du droit fiscal au sein de l'Union européenne L’achèvement du marché intérieur et, au-delà, du projet européen, nécessite l’élimination de tous les obstacles fiscaux qui résultent de l’exercice de leurs souverainetés fiscales par les États membres. L’action ferme et résolue qui doit alors être menée par les autorités européennes comme par ces États s’inscrit dans un cadre dont les contours, longtemps incertains, ont été progressivement précisés : le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne. Le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne prévoit deux modalités d’intégration des fiscalités nationales : l’intégration négative, qui suppose l’interdiction des restrictions fiscales à la libre circulation des marchandises, la prohibition des restrictions fiscales à la libre circulation des personnes, des services et des capitaux, et l’encadrement des aides d’État sous forme fiscale ; et l’intégration positive, qui passe par l’harmonisation des droits fiscaux nationaux, l’élimination des doubles impositions, et la coopération administrative et politique en matière fiscale. À terme, la question de la création d’un impôt européen devra bien entendu être posée. Cette question montre à quel point le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne est une matière essentielle, passionnante et hautement symbolique. Présentée avec une grande simplicité par l’un de ses meilleurs connaisseurs, la construction de l’Europe fiscale reste une question complexe qui témoigne de la forte intégration des droits et des économies nationales, mais aussi des importants progrès qui doivent encore être accomplis. Un ouvrage de référence qui énumère les acquis du projet européen en matière de droit fiscal mais soulève aussi la question d'un impôt commun. À PROPOS DE L'ÉDITEUR Larcier Group, composé des marques d’édition juridique prestigieuses que sont Larcier, Bruylant, Promoculture-Larcier, propose des solutions documentaires adaptées aux besoins spécifiques de tous les professionnels du droit belge, luxembourgeois et français (avocats, magistrats, notaires, juristes d’entreprise,...). Fournisseur historique et privilégié de toutes les sources du droit, son offre éditoriale est composée, notamment, de la base de données juridique la plus complète de Belgique (Strada lex), de plus de 300 nouvelles monographies par an, plus de 70 revues juridiques, plusieurs collections de Codes, de logiciels de calculs et d’un riche catalogue de formations. Larcier Group est l’éditeur numéro 1 dans le segment juridique en Belgique. À côté de ce segment juridique, Larcier Group s’adresse également aux professions économiques et aux professions RH en Belgique avec sa marque Larcier Business et son offre éditoriale principalement numérique. Avec Indicator, Larcier Group fait partie, depuis juin 2016, du Groupe Éditions Lefebvre- Sarrut, à présent leader en Belgique sur tous les segments de l’édition juridique et fiscale.

VAT Exemptions

Author: Rita de La Feria
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041132765
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the only in-depth analysis of VAT to focus on exemptions as a whole. Ten insightful chapters by economists, lawyers, legal academics, and government tax advisors from a wide variety of jurisdictions grapple with the essential questions: Are VAT exemptions desirable? Are they avoidable? Are alternative legal designs possible? Are such alternatives necessary? What new problems do such designs give rise to? The authors emphasize in particular the design alternatives to exemptions that characterize modern VAT and the newly proposed post-modern VAT, both those that are already in operation in some countries and others that have not yet been attempted anywhere in the world. Among the core issues discussed are the following: out-of-scope supplies and suppliers; merit or concessional exemptions for, e.g., charities, healthcare, cultural activities, and education services; and technical exemptions applied to, e.g., gambling, immovable property, financial and insurance services. The book s high-calibre contributions provide a firm foundation for productively carrying the debate forward on traditional European-style VAT vs. modern VAT approaches. Most obviously, the book admirably meets the ongoing need of tax practitioners to assess VAT-related opportunities and pitfalls in order to properly safeguard the interests of their clients. It will also be greatly appreciated by tax counsel, financial services providers, and interested government officials, as well as by academics, students, and researchers in tax matters worldwide."

VAT GST in a Global Digital Economy

Author: Michael Lang
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041159526
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Indirect taxation is increasing in prominence worldwide. In times of international company tax competition, such forms of indirect taxation as value added tax (VAT) and goods and services taxes (GST) are particularly advantageous as sources of tax revenue on account of their broad base and non-distortion of competition in the chain of companies. In addition, the far-reaching changes in tax regimes wrought by these shifts are happening in direct parallel with the equally transformative digitalization of the economy, creating unprecedented difficulties for tax authorities worldwide and also for lawyers who must combine knowledge of the intricacies of indirect taxation with ever-changing digital ways of conducting business.

Fiscal Sovereignty of the Member States in an Internal Market

Author: Jacobus Johannes Maria Jansen
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041134034
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Although EU Member States have retained national sovereignty in tax matters, a consistent line of decisions by the European Court of Justice requires them to exercise these powers consistent with superseding Community law. In other words, the Member States are not wholly autonomous. This in turn creates serious tensions. This timely resource covers a variety of critical issues, including the current and possible future effects of the internal market on the fiscal sovereignty of Member States; the limits that European law imposes on Member States' policy sovereignty in matters of international tax law; the effect of European law on taxes levied by local authorities; and the consequences the Treaty of Lisbon may have for Member States' fiscal sovereignty.

Limitation on Benefits Clauses in Double Taxation Conventions

Author: Félix Alberto Vega Borrego
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041123709
Format: PDF, Docs
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In accordance with Article 22 of its 1996 Model Treaty, most double taxation conventions entered into by the United States contain a number of rules called limitation on benefits clauses, the purpose of which is to prevent the application of the benefits of the treaties to treaty shopping structures. Following the changes in the Commentaries on Article 1 of the OECD Model Tax Convention in 2003, a number of clauses similar to those provided in the United States Model Treaty have been included. In this study, the legal framework and application of these rules is analysed in depth, and particularly, taking into account those rules included in the double taxation conventions concluded between the United States and European Union member states. In this respect, the compatibility of these rules with European Community Law is also analysed in the last chapter. This study is based on the authors doctoral thesis, which was awarded the prize for the best doctoral thesis on financial and tax law by the Spanish Instituto de Estudios Fiscales (Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda) in 2002.

Personal Pensions in the EU

Author: Gerard Staats
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789041159533
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This new book provides you with an in-depth view on personal pensions in the EU. It proposes a model plan for Member States that complies with European and international tax law, and that also contributes to EU tax strategy. If you need to compare the legislation between the retirement provisions of countries such as Germany, the UK, the Netherlands and Sweden, you'll find this book packed with recommendations and conclusions that are helpful and relevant to the EU in general.

A Global Analysis of Tax Treaty Disputes

Author: Eduardo Baistrocchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108150381
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This two-volume set offers an in-depth analysis of the leading tax treaty disputes in the G20 and beyond within the first century of international tax law. Including country-by-country and thematic analyses, the study is structured around a novel global taxonomy of tax treaty disputes and includes an unprecedented dataset with over 1500 leading tax treaty cases. By adopting a contextual approach the local expertise of the contributors allows for a thorough and transparent analysis. This set is an important reference tool for anyone implementing or studying international tax regulations and will facilitate the work of courts, tax administrations and practitioners around the world. It is designed to complement model conventions such as the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital. Together with Resolving Transfer Pricing Disputes (2012), it is a comprehensive addition to current debate on the international tax law regime.

Value Added Tax

Author: Alan Schenk
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316213986
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book integrates legal, economic, and administrative materials about the value added tax (VAT) to present the only comparative approach to the study of VAT law. The comparative presentation of this volume offers an analysis of policy issues relating to tax structure and tax base as well as insights into how cases arising out of VAT disputes have been resolved. Its principal purpose is to provide comprehensive teaching tools - laws, cases, analytical exercises, and questions drawn from the experience of countries and organizations around the world. This second edition includes new VAT-related developments in Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia and adds new chapters on VAT avoidance and evasion and on China's VAT. Designed to illustrate, analyze, and explain the principal theoretical and operating features of value added taxes, including their adoption and implementation, this book will be an invaluable resource for tax practitioners and government officials.