International Courts and the Development of International Law

Author: Nerina Boschiero
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9067048941
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book contains a collection of essays by leading experts linked to the outstanding characteristics of the scholar in honour of whom it is published, Tullio Treves, who combines his academic background with his practical experiences of a negotiator of international treaties and a judge of an international tribunal. It covers international public and private law related to international courts and the development of international law. Under Article 38 of its Statute, the International Court of Justice can apply judicial decisions only as a “subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law”. However, there are many reasons to believe that international courts and tribunals do play quite an important role in the progressive development of international law. There are a number of decisions which are inevitably recalled as the first step, or a decisive step, in the process of the formation of a new rule of customary international law. In these cases, can the judge be considered as a subsidiary of others? Are these cases compatible with the common belief that a judge cannot create law? Is this a peculiarity of international law, which is characterized by the existence of several courts but the lack of a legislator? Do decisions by different courts lead to the consequence of a fragmented international law? This volume provides the reader with an elaboration of various questions linked to the legislative role of courts. In their choices of subjects, some contributors have taken into account the general aspects of the development of international rules through court decisions or specific sectors of international law, such as human rights, international crimes, international economic law, environmental law and the law of the sea. Others have chosen the subject of the rules on jurisdiction and procedure of international courts. The question of the courts’ role in the development of areas of law different from public international law, namely private international law and European Union law, has also been considered. The information and views contained in this book will be of great value to academics, students, judges, practitioners and all others interested in the public and private international law aspects of the link between international courts and the development of international law.

The Performance of International Courts and Tribunals

Author: Theresa Squatrito
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108604889
Format: PDF, Docs
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International courts and tribunals now operate globally and in several world regions, playing significant roles in international law and global governance. However, these courts vary significantly in terms of their practices, procedures, and the outcomes they produce. Why do some international courts perform better than others? Which factors affect the outcome of these courts and tribunals? The Performance of International Courts and Tribunals is an interdisciplinary study featuring approaches, methods and authorship from law and political science, which proposes the concept of performance to describe the processes and outcomes of international courts. It develops a framework for evaluating and explaining performance by offering a broad comparative analysis of international courts, covering several world regions and the areas of trade, investment, the environment, human rights and criminal law, and offers interdisciplinary accounts to explain how and why international court performance varies.

Systematische Ber cksichtigung von Menschenrechten in Investitionsschiedsverfahren

Author: Julian Scheu
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845282762
Format: PDF, ePub
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Im vorliegenden Werk wird das Verhältnis von Investitions- und Menschenrechtsschutz umfassend dargestellt und eine Methode entwickelt, anhand derer die menschenrechtlichen Bezüge einer Investitionsstreitigkeit systematisch erfasst und argumentativ fruchtbar gemacht werden können. Die Analyse der Schiedspraxis zeigt, dass das Verhältnis von Investitions- und Menschenrechtsschutz im Schiedsverfahren anhand von drei (als Gleichlauf, Konflikt und Missbrauch bezeichneten) Grundmustern systematisch beschrieben werden kann. Die sich anschließende Untersuchung des schiedsrichterlichen Mandats macht deutlich, dass Schiedsgerichte zur Berücksichtigung von Menschenrechten verpflichtet sind. Art und Umfang der Berücksichtigung hängen jedoch davon ab, welche der drei Grundkonstellationen vorliegt. Diese systematische Berücksichtigung erhöht nicht nur die Rechtssicherheit, sondern leistet zudem einen Beitrag zur Durchsetzung von Menschenrechten im Kontext ausländischer Direktinvestitionen.

The Evolutionary Interpretation of Treaties

Author: Eirik Bjorge
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191025771
Format: PDF
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If an old treaty regulating 'commerce' or forbidding 'degrading treatment of persons' is to be interpreted decades after its conclusion, does 'commerce' or 'degrading treatment of persons' have the same meaning at the time of interpretation as they had when the treaty was concluded? The evolutionary interpretation of treaties has proven one of the most controversial topics in the practice of international law. Indeed, it has been seen as going against the very grain of the law of treaties, and has been argued to be contrary to the intention of the parties, breaching the principle of consent. This book asks what the place of evolutionary interpretation is within the understanding of treaties, at a time when many important international legal instruments are over five decades old. It sets out to place the evolutionary interpretation of treaties on a firm footing within the Vienna rules of interpretation, as codified in Articles 3133 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. The book demonstrates that the evolutionary interpretation of treatiesin common with all other types of interpretationis in fact based upon an objective understanding of the intention of the parties. In order to marry intention and evolution, the book argues that, on the one hand, evolutionary interpretation is the product of the correct application of Articles 3133 and, on the other, that Articles 3133 are geared towards the objective establishment of the intention of the parties. The evolutionary interpretation of treaties is therefore shown to represent an intended evolution.

Yearbook

Author: International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Law of the Sea

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789211337723
Format: PDF, ePub
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Compiled by the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, this bibliography covers 21 subject categories based on the major topics of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea. It is intended for the use of those interested in ocean affairs and the law of the sea matters in general and in the UN Conventional on the Law in the Sea in particular.

Bibliography of the International Court of Justice

Author: United Nations
Publisher: UN
ISBN: 9789210710961
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Education which helps citizens live together in our diverse societies is a matter of urgency. We all need to develop the ability to understand each other across all types of cultural barriers; this is a fundamental prerequisite for making our diverse democratic societies work. This publication looks at the development of intercultural competence as a key element of mainstream education. It stresses the need firstly for an appropriate education policy which puts intercultural competence at the heart of all education and, above all, for the development, on an everyday basis, of the necessary attitudes, skills and knowledge needed for mutual understanding. Without these, no sustainable societal change is possible.

V lkerrecht und Landesrecht Classic Reprint

Author: Heinrich Triepel
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9780365981916
Format: PDF, ePub
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Excerpt from Völkerrecht und Landesrecht Wenn wir nun von einem Verhältnisse zwischen Völker und Landesrecht sprechen, so setzen wir etwas als gegeben vor aus, wae keineswegs ausser Streit steht, und was, wenn es nicht angefochten wird, doch leider nur zu oft unbeachtet bleibt: dass es ein Völkerrecht giebt, und dass dieses Recht etwas ande res ist als Landesrecht. Gäbe es kein Völkerrecht, oder wäre das, was man etwa so nennt kein Gegensatz zum Landesrecht, so hätte unsere Frage keinen Sinn. Gewiss auch wenn man die Existenz eines vom Landesrechts verschiedenen Völker r e c h ts leugnet, wird man doch eine irgendwie beschafleno, meinethalben auf Moral oder Sitte beruhende Ordnung der äusseren Bezie hungen von Staat zu Staat niemals in Abrede stellen, und ganz müssig dürfte auch eine Untersuchung des Verhältnisses dieser Ordnung zum staatlichen Rechte nicht sein. Sie hätte indess gegenüber der allgemeinen Aufgabe, im Rechte den Niederschlag anderer, nicht rechtlicher Normen nachzuweisen die "fontes remotae des Rechts aufzndecken, keinen selbständigen Werth. Ebenso würde es zwar für den Fall, dass sich das Völkerrecht zum Landesrechts etwa nur verhalten sollte wie der Theil zum Ganzen, nicht ganz überflüssig sein, dem Verhältnisse dieses Theile zu anderen Theilen nachzugehen, z. B. Wie man die Beziehungen zwischen Privat und Strafrecht untersucht. Aber immerhin hätte dies eine untergeordnete Bedeutung im Vergleiche mit der Auf gabe, die Beziehungen zweier gesonderter Rechtskomplexe klarzustellen. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.