Global Perspectives on Higher Education

Author: Philip G. Altbach
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421419262
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the past half-century, globalization has had a profound impact on postsecondary education. The twin forces of mass higher education and the global knowledge economy have driven an unprecedented transformation. These fundamental changes have pulled in opposite directions: one pushes for wider access and accompanying challenges of quality, the other toward exclusive, "world class" research-oriented universities. In Global Perspectives on Higher Education, renowned higher education scholar Philip G. Altbach offers a wide-ranging perspective on the implications of these key forces and explores how they influence academe everywhere. Altbach begins with a discussion of the global trends that increasingly affect higher education, including the implications of mass enrollments, the logic of mass higher education systems around the world, and specific challenges facing Brazil, Russia, India, and China. He considers the numerous implications of globalization, including the worldwide use of the English language, university cross-border initiatives, the role of research universities in developing countries, the impact of the West on Asian universities, and the expansion of private higher education. Provocative and wide-ranging, Global Perspectives on Higher Education considers how the international exchange of ideas, students, and scholars has fundamentally altered higher education.

Universities and Engagement

Author: John Field
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317580850
Format: PDF, Docs
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Universities and Engagement is a timely and insightful book that examines what universities can contribute to their communities and economies through lifelong learning, a topic which is of increasing importance to Higher Education Institutions across the world. The book will offer an answer to the question ‘What can be understood by University Lifelong Learning today?’ by collating the work of specialists from across Europe and beyond who have first-hand experience in the field of university engagement through continuing education. With a diverse range of expertise from the UK, Ireland, Germany, Finland, Malta, Belgium, New Zealand, Austria and the USA, readers are guaranteed a varied and informative collection of perspectives on this important topic. Taken as a whole, the book provides a theoretical background for readers, drawing on recent research and practice examples from a variety of countries and institutional settings, as well as demonstrating a variety of conceptual approaches, confirming the diverse range of possible solutions. Key topics covered include: research into policy and practice; engaging with business and industry; engaging with communities; engaging with an ageing society; active citizenship and regional competitiveness. Developed in collaboration with the European University Continuing Education Network (EUCEN), Universities and Engagement is an invaluable contribution to research in the subject of lifelong learning. It will be of value to academics, practitioners and professionals with an interest in higher education and community management, and will be particularly suited to those interested in lifelong learning, adult education and community development.

Open Education

Author: Patrick Blessinger
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 178374281X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This insightful collection of essays explores the ways in which open education can democratise access to education for all. It is a rich resource that offers both research and case studies to relate the application of open technologies and approaches in education settings around the world. A must-read for practitioners, policy-makers, scholars and students in the field of education.

International Perspectives on Higher Education

Author: Trevor Kerry
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441102035
Format: PDF
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International contributors consider key themes in higher education including: ethics, spirituality, freedom, leadership and management and learning and teaching.

Open Education

Author: Patrick Blessinger
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781783742790
Format: PDF
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This insightful collection of essays explores the ways in which open education can democratise access to education for all. It is a rich resource that offers both research and case studies to relate the application of open technologies and approaches in education settings around the world. Global in perspective, this book argues strongly for the value of open education in both the developed and developing worlds. Through a mixture of theoretical and practical approaches, it demonstrates that open education promotes ideals of inclusion, diversity, and social justice to achieve the vision of education as a fundamental human right. A must-read for practitioners, policy-makers, scholars and students in the field of education.

Global Perspectives on Higher Education and Lifelong Learners

Author: Hans Georg Schütze
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415675081
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The global expansion of participation rates in higher education continue more or less unabated. However, while the concept of lifelong learning has figured prominently in national and international educational policy discourse for more than three decades, its implications for the field of higher education has remained relatively underdeveloped. This book focuses on a particular dimension of the lifelong learning: higher education for those who have not progressed directly from school to higher education. Some will embark on undergraduate programmes as mature students, part-time and/or distance students; others wish to return to higher education after having completed (or not completed) a previous academic programme, while increasing numbers participate in postgraduate and continuing studies for a complex mix of professional and personal reasons. Adopting a comparative and international longitudinal perspective which goes beyond a snapshot view by building on the cases of a core group of ten OECD countries, this timely book investigates the ways in which important new developments impacting on higher education crystallise around the lifelong learning agenda: new technology and open source resources; the changing role of the state and market in higher education; the blurring of public and private boundaries; issues of equity and access in a time of global economic turmoil; the increased emphasis on research and international league tables; the changing nature of the education; and, the complex interaction of international, national and regional expectations which governments and other stakeholders have of universities and other public and private institutions of higher education. While focussing on the situation in Canada, USA, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and a wide variety of European countries, the book also assesses the issues from the perspective of developing countries.

International Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy

Author: Virginia Stead
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
ISBN: 9781433121630
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The promise of this admission policy reader arises from the embodiment of research from 58 authors, six continents, 20 time zones, 20] first languages, and a broad array of research methodologies. Four sections aggregate key themes within the text: <BR> (1) National Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy; <BR> (2) Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education Admission Policy; <BR> (3) Applicant Recruitment and Student Support Services in Higher Education; and <BR> (4) Diversity and Equity in Higher Education Admission Policy Implementation. <BR> This book's global chorus of professional experience, investigation, and insight is unprecedented in its breadth and depth, illuminating a rare swath of challenges and opportunities that Internet-sourced international higher education makes visible. Although each chapter is an independent research report, together they generate a new landscape for admission policy orientation, exploration, and activism. The sheer range of policies and organizational infrastructure will alert all readers to many complexities within the admissions process that remain invisible within single or multiple but similar cultural and political contexts. <BR> Many of these authors have demonstrated courage along with their intellectual acumen in tackling politically sensitive, culturally taboo, and personally dangerous topics within their research. Theirs is a moving testimony to the global quest for fairness within the world of admission policy implementation and to the power of access to higher education. Together, we are determined to advance equitable admissions praxis within all institutions of higher learning and promising futures for all students.

International Perspectives in Higher Education

Author: Jason D. Delisle
Publisher: Educational Innovations
ISBN: 9781682532683
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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International Perspectives in Higher Education offers a balanced perspective on how different countries approach key policies and what the United States can learn from those programs. The book explores a set of cross-cutting global topics such as free tuition, restricted versus unrestricted access, and the structure of student loans, drawing out the similarities and differences across countries. Too often, programs found in other countries are presented as silver-bullet solutions to be grafted on to the US system. This volume, however, advocates for a careful examination of the strategies other countries are enacting--the political, historical, and demographic context, as well as the trade-offs among different outcomes--before deciding whether they would work here. "The book brings important international insights concerning two key policy themes in higher education--access and funding--to the American debate. Too often, Americans ignore the experience of other countries. This book specifically aims at providing an international perspective to domestic issues. We can indeed learn a lot from others." --Philip G. Altbach, research professor and founding director, Center for International Higher Education, Boston College "The tendency of US higher education reformers to propose importing policies such as free tuition and income-driven student loan repayment from other countries often goes unchallenged. But what if such measures come with many complications and unintended consequences? In this illuminating collection, edited by two of our savviest observers of US and global higher education finance, readers will find many cautionary tales--and a healthy respect for the trade-offs and complexities of real-world efforts to expand college access." --Ben Wildavsky, independent higher education consultant and author of The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities Are Reshaping the World CONTRIBUTORS Andrés Bernasconi Bruce Johnstone Daniel C. Levy Jon Marcus Anna Mountford-Zimdars Dante J. Salto Vicki Thomson Jason D. Delisle is a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. Alex Usher is president of Higher Education Strategy Associates. International Perspectives in Higher Education is a volume in the Educational Innovations series.

The Digital Turn in Higher Education

Author: David Kergel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658199253
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book deals with the digital turn in higher education: One aim of this book is to address the challenge by providing a multi-disciplinary, international perspective on higher education during the digital turn. It presents epistemological, ethical and theoretical approaches, and best practice examples, from universities in different countries using different learning strategies. The book can be understood as an international and interdisciplinary collection providing heuristic strategies for handling the digitalization of higher education in theory and in practice.

Intellectual Capital Management

Author: Jalil Khavand Kar
Publisher: ISESCO and UNESCO
ISBN: 9641961942
Format: PDF, ePub
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“How does the management handle the important know-how capital? It is considerably more important to know what is invested in it in the form of education, research etc., than what is invested in office furniture. Nevertheless it is the latter that figures in the annual accounts.” —Karl-Erik Sveiby, The Invisible Balance Sheet[1] This was a critical juncture in the life of Intellectual Capital Management (ICM). Since the 1990s, the topic of intangibles has been the focus of attention for both academic researches and business practices. A significant amount of literature attempts to understand the nature of intangibles, to measure them, as well as to assess the value relevance of different intangible elements. Given the economic importance of intangibles, a number of intangible measurement frameworks or models have been developed, and different guidelines have been constructed. Nowadays, there is no doubt that if nations and organizations want to attain a competitive advantage, they have to deal with intellectual capital. They are in the balance sheets of national and organizational wealth and value, although not in the explicit terms and figures that accountants need for calculation. Almost 23years ago, Sveiby in his book, the invisible Balance Sheet, wrote: “Rarely is the question asked, why measure intangibles? The answer is not self-evident. Intangibles are difficult and expensive to measure and the results are so uncertain, so the reason had better be a good one.” [2] We know that the answers to this question probably already exist within our organizations, but we have yet to map the easiest and most accessible routes to them. However, a significant amount of empirical research can be found in the field of value relevance of intangibles, most of this has focused on the impacts of individual intellectual capital components on firm`s overall performance, and little is known regarding the internal composition and complementarities between intellectual capital management and other organisational capabilities. Nowadays, modern management practices are considered as a strategic means of competitive advantage. From the resource-based point of view, the value of resources does not only reside in the resources themselves but also in the way they are deployed. Therefore, capabilities can also be seen themselves as intangible resources. Therefore, apart from the lack of theoretical background and contextual information, general intellectual capital studies suffer from the availability of practical case studies about how to manage them. This issue is becoming even more prominent in case of universities; where it is coupled with the dichotomous of the definition of perceived/expected value of intellectual capital in higher education sectors. For many, the intellectual capital of universities assumed to be in its highest level of excellence, while new researches show that universities false to achieve expected innovativeness goals. This issue needs more attention from higher education policy makers since nowadays it is more expected that universities facilitate the spread and transfer of new knowledge and technology to the business world, while adopting more businesslike approaches and becoming more outward-looking. With this aim, some third generation universities have established or supported formation of science parks near their campuses as an structure for fostering knowledge and technology transfer and application of scarce research resources to increase the dynamism between the between the academic world and the business world. Generally it is expected that science parks contribute to the regional development by fostering the growth of knowledge-based firms, advocating relationships and networking among large companies and SMEs, and providing the linkage opportunities between firms and R&D institutions and universities. Many researchers and economists have linked output from science parks and business incubators to economic growth indicators, such as job and wealth creation in developed and developing countries. From this prospective, it seems that the definition of science park shares certain similarities with the concept of the business ecosystem where the focus is to build an extensive network of partners that can enable companies to innovate faster, at lower cost, while enhancing their tangible and intangible assets, and create new value through an increased number and variety of information, knowledge flows and services available to them. Considering the knowledge intensive nature of onsite SMEs, researchers have indicated that intellectual capital is likely to be the key sources of sustainable competitive advantage for SMEs. Therefore, science park capabilities in localising the knowledge spillover and providing networking opportunities become a critical source for development of intellectual capital stocks in onsite SMEs. Therefore, SMEs` benefits will be enhanced if intellectual capital management practices can be captured, learned, codified, applied, developed and transferred through co-evolution and co-opetition opportunities, and via the innovation platform of science park business ecosystem. Now, what if universities as an important role players in such business ecosystems fail to manage their intellectual capital stock, or do not continuously develop their intellectual capital management capabilities? On both universities and companies sides, many executives and managers don’t even know that intellectual capital management exists, or that it is the solution to many issues concerning improving organisational efficiency, effectiveness, and innovation. There are many intellectual capital management failures to point to; perhaps more failures than successes. Does intellectual capital management then have, or even need, a future? If so, what are the best practices in managing intellectual capital in both academic and business eras? This book is a response to the fact that on the whole, universities and SMEs have grappled with, but not yet mastered, intellectual capital management. The central motivation for assembling the contributions in this book on the intellectual capital management derives from the observation that very few universities and located knowledge intensive small and medium sized businesses on universities science parks appear to be inclined to explain what intellectual capital is or how it works socially, organizationally or economically. This book has pulled together number of leading researchers from a range of intellectual capital management studies disciplines in one convenient volume. The chapters in this book include the selected and most up-to-date ideas, concepts, practices and case studies on the subject of intellectual capital management, particularly in higher education, science and technology, submitted to the 5th International Conference on Intellectual Capital Management. The overall objective is to inform the higher education policy makers and entrepreneurial individuals about the importance of intellectual capital management and to provide practical but principled guidance for enhancing such capabilities. The mission is to condense emerging IC theory and to distill it into actionable form of immediate relevance and use by potential audiences. Jalil Khavand Kar September, 2013 [1] Sveiby, Karl-Erik. (1989), The Invisible Balance Sheet; Key indicators for accounting, control and valuation of know-how companies, Stockholm: The Konrad Group. P.12. [2] Sveiby, Karl-Erik, Accessible via: (http://www.sveiby.com/articles/IntangibleMethods.htm) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Contents Preface xi Acknowledgement xv About the Authors xvii Section One: Concepts, Definitions and Frameworks Chapter. 1: Intellectual Capital, Higher Education, Science Parks and Techno based Enterprises Jalil Khavand Kar 3 Chapter. 2: Knowledge Management: What It Really Means and How We Should Go About It? Shafqat Farooq 11 Chapter. 3: Knowledge Creation based on Communities: The Japanese Approach Pierre-Marie Fayard 31 Section Two: Higher Education Chapter. 4: The Local Economic Impact of Higher Education Institutions in Hungary Balázs Kotosz 45 Chapter. 5: Knowledge Management between Colleges and Industry: A Case Study in Turkey Asaf Varol and Cihan Varol 61 Chapter. 6: Human Capital Management through Entrepreneurial Education at Higher Education Institutions - Myth or Reality? Sana Ahmed 77 Chapter. 7: Intellectual Capital and Internationalization of Entrepreneurial Universities Hiroko Kawamorita, Aidin Salamzadeh and Saeed Jafari Moghadam 87 Chapter. 8: Using Appreciative Inquiry in Developing Intellectual Capital in Mihail Kogalniceanu University Ștefan Antonio SANDU 111 Section Three: Entreprise Chapter. 9: Knowledge Management Strategies in Technopreneurial Firms Kavoos Mohannak 139 Chapter. 10: Knowledge Management as a Learning Process to Upgrade Strategic Capabilities: Case study of micro-firms network in Southern Brazil Pierre-Marie Fayard, Alsones Balestrin 159 Chapter. 11: Human Resource Accounting – Relevance to SMEs Rolla Krishna Priya 169 Chapter. 12: Intellectual Capital Disclosure in Financial Reports of Nigerian Companies Ramat Titilayo Salman, Kabiru Isa Dandago and Binta Kabir Isa 185 Chapter. 13: Globalized Information Management Agha Syed Ayub Shah Bukhari, Syed Muhammad Tayyab Shah and Jawairya Bukhari 211 Chapter. 14: Organizational Brain Drain - Nipping in the bud, a Panacea for SME Success Mujtaba M. Momin 231 Chapter. 15: Challenges of Global Marketing Communication Intercultural Marketing Judit Mátyás 249 Chapter. 16: Economic Development and Intellectual Capital in Georgia Eka Gegeshidze 261 Section Four: Case Reports Perspectives on Development of Intellectual Property in Georgia George Chiladze 273 On Clusters: External and Internal Perspectives Ifor Ffowcs-Williams 291