International Watercourses Law in the Nile River Basin

Author: Tadesse Kassa Woldetsadik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113512695X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Nile River and its basin extend over a distinctive geophysical cord connecting eleven sovereign states from Egypt to Tanzania, which are home to an estimated population of 422.2 million people. The Nile is an essential source of water for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses throughout the basin, yet for more than a century it has been at the centre of continuous and conflicting claims and counter-claims to rights of utilization of the resource. In this book the author examines the multifaceted legal regulation of the Nile. He re-constructs the legal and historical origin and functioning of the British Nile policies in Ethiopia by examining the composition of the Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1902, and analyses its ramifications on contemporary riparian discourse involving Ethiopia and Sudan. The book also reflects on two fairly established legal idioms - the natural and historical rights expressions – which constitute central pillars of the claims of downstream rights in the Nile basin; the origin, essence and legal authority of the notions has been assessed on the basis of the normative dictates of contemporary international watercourses law. Likewise, the book examines the non-treaty based claims of rights of the basin states to the Nile waters, setting out what the equitable uses principle entails as a means of reconciling competing riparian interests, and most importantly, how its functioning affects contemporary legal settings. The author then presents the concentrated diplomatic movements of the basin states in negotiations on the Transitional Institutional Mechanism of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) - pursued since the 1990’s, and explains why the substance of water use rights still continued to be perceived diversely among basin states. Finally, the specific legal impediments that held back progress in negotiations on the Nile Basin Cooperative Framework are presented in context.

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam its Impact on Egyptian Agriculture and the Potential for Alleviating Water Scarcity

Author: Youssef M. Hamada
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331954439X
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This book covers the entire Nile Basin and reflects the latest findings. It provides unique and cutting-edge insights into the region’s agriculture, water resources, governance, poverty, productivity, upstream-downstream linkages, innovations, future plans and their implications. Many international summits and conferences have declared that there is an urgent need to save agriculture from its demise. Most international agencies now recognize that something must be done, but what? Beyond policy changes, the restructuring of global governance and institutional reforms are called for. Commitments must be translated into concrete actions leading to a renewed interest in agriculture and a return to the basic objective of achieving food security.

History of Water A Series III Volume 2

Author: Terje Tvedt
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857736582
Format: PDF
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These three volumes present an original exploration of all aspects of water - social, cultural, political, religious, historical, economic and technological - from ancient times until the present day. Among the varied themes, the contributors examine the changing histories of water as a private or common good, the politics of water at local, urban, national and international level. With empirical and ethnographic case studies from around the world the three volumes together represent one of the most complete and up to date accounts of the central role of water in the history and development of humanity.

A History of Water

Author: Terje Tvedt
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780764480
Format: PDF, ePub
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As global climate change threatens to change radically both the political and physical climate with regard to water issues, so a reassessment of some of the fundamental principles of international water law is emerging. One of the most important principles being reassessed is the sovereign equality of states. This volume brings together more than thirty leading international water and legal specialists to explore the development and changing relationship between water, state sovereignty and international law.Offering fresh insights into one of the most pressing issues in global water policy, Sovereignty and International Water Law will form an essential reference for water professionals, legal specialists and policy makers alike.

Wasserrechte am Nil

Author: Philine Wehling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662549298
Format: PDF
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Das Buch befasst sich mit den Vorgaben des internationalen Wasserrechts für Abkommen zwischen Anrainerstaaten über die Nutzung und Bewirtschaftung gemeinsamer Wasserläufe. Der aktuelle Stand des internationalen Wassergewohnheitsrechts wird dargelegt und der Regelungsgehalt der UN-Wasserlaufkonvention erläutert, Abkommen auf regionaler und wasserlaufspezifischer Ebene werden skizziert. Anschließend werden die bisherigen Nilverträge und das noch nicht in Kraft getretene Kooperationsrahmenabkommen für den Nil dargestellt, rechtlich gewürdigt und auf ihre Übereinstimmung mit dem internationalen Wasserrecht untersucht. Auch die eingehende Prüfung einer Vertragsnachfolge Südsudans ist Teil der Darstellung. Schließlich wird das völkerrechtliche Leitprinzip zur Nutzungsverteilung, der Grundsatz ausgewogener und angemessener Nutzung, auf den Nil angewandt und dazu konkretisiert. Die Arbeit zeigt auf, inwieweit dieser Grundsatz ein Konzept für eine Nutzungsverteilung in der Praxis zu liefern vermag.

Global Water

Author: R. Quentin Grafton
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781925021660
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Annotation. This book brings together some of the world's leading water researchers with an especially written collection of chapters on: water economics; transboundary water; water and development; water and energy; and water concepts.

Economic Foundations of International Law

Author: Eric A. Posner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674067630
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Exchange of goods and ideas among nations, cross-border pollution, global warming, and international crime pose formidable questions for international law. Two respected scholars provide an intellectual framework for assessing these problems from a rational choice perspective and describe conditions under which international law succeeds or fails.

The White Nile

Author: Alan Moorehead
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0060956399
Format: PDF
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Relive all the thrills and adventure of Alan Moorehead's classic bestseller The White Nile -- the daring exploration of the Nile River in the second half of the nineteenth century, which was at that time the most mysterious and impenetrable region on earth. Capturing in breathtaking prose the larger-than-life personalities of such notable figures as Stanley, Livingstone, Burton and many others, The White Nile remains a seminal work in tales of discovery and escapade, filled with incredible historical detail and compelling stories of heroism and drama.

River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa A Policy Crossroads

Author: Claudia J. Carr
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331950469X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license. This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia—in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase—with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe—consideration of development suspension in order to undertake genuinely independent transboundary assessment and a plan for continued development action within a human rights framework—forging a sustainable future for the indigenous peoples now directly threatened and for their respective eastern Africa states. Claudia Carr’s book is a treasure of detailed information gathered over many years concerning river basin development of the Omo River in Ethiopia and its impact on the peoples of the lower Omo Basin and the Lake Turkana region in Kenya. It contains numerous maps, charts, and photographs not previously available to the public. The book is highly critical of the environmental and human rights implications of the Omo River hydropower projects on both the local ethnic communities in Ethiopia and on the downstream Turkana in Kenya. David Shinn Former Ambassador to Ethiopia and to Burkina Faso Adjust Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Nile Basin Cooperation

Author: Dahilon Yassin Mohamoda
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
ISBN: 9789171065124
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This paper reviews literature on the Nile basin co-operation and issues related to this process, focusing on more recent publications. The literature on utilization and management of the Nile waters related to basin-wide cooperation efforts has been growing fast during the last decade. This review discusses and covers a wide range of issues, which include: debate on water scarcity and its potential consequences in general, and its implications for the Nile basin countries in particular; legal aspects of utilization of the Nile waters focusing on the UN Watercourse Convention of 1997; conflicts and major attempts at cooperation; divergent views and interests of the basin countries; and challenges and prospects of the recent basin-wide cooperation.