Introduction to Neural and Cognitive Modeling

Author: Daniel S. Levine
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135692254
Format: PDF
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This thoroughly, thoughtfully revised edition of a very successful textbook makes the principles and the details of neural network modeling accessible to cognitive scientists of all varieties as well as to others interested in these models. Research since the publication of the first edition has been systematically incorporated into a framework of proven pedagogical value. Features of the second edition include: * A new section on spatiotemporal pattern processing * Coverage of ARTMAP networks (the supervised version of adaptive resonance networks) and recurrent back-propagation networks * A vastly expanded section on models of specific brain areas, such as the cerebellum, hippocampus, basal ganglia, and visual and motor cortex * Up-to-date coverage of applications of neural networks in areas such as combinatorial optimization and knowledge representation As in the first edition, the text includes extensive introductions to neuroscience and to differential and difference equations as appendices for students without the requisite background in these areas. As graphically revealed in the flowchart in the front of the book, the text begins with simpler processes and builds up to more complex multilevel functional systems. For more information visit the author's personal Web site at www.uta.edu/psychology/faculty/levine/

Cognitive Modeling

Author: Thad A. Polk
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262661164
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive introduction to the computational modeling of human cognition.

An Introduction to Neural Networks

Author: James A. Anderson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262510813
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An Introduction to Neural Networks falls into a new ecological niche for texts. Based on notes that have been class-tested for more than a decade, it is aimed at cognitive science and neuroscience students who need to understand brain function in terms of computational modeling, and at engineers who want to go beyond formal algorithms to applications and computing strategies. It is the only current text to approach networks from a broad neuroscience and cognitive science perspective, with an emphasis on the biology and psychology behind the assumptions of the models, as well as on what the models might be used for. It describes the mathematical and computational tools needed and provides an account of the author's own ideas. Students learn how to teach arithmetic to a neural network and get a short course on linear associative memory and adaptive maps. They are introduced to the author's brain-state-in-a-box (BSB) model and are provided with some of the neurobiological background necessary for a firm grasp of the general subject. The field now known as neural networks has split in recent years into two major groups, mirrored in the texts that are currently available: the engineers who are primarily interested in practical applications of the new adaptive, parallel computing technology, and the cognitive scientists and neuroscientists who are interested in scientific applications. As the gap between these two groups widens, Anderson notes that the academics have tended to drift off into irrelevant, often excessively abstract research while the engineers have lost contact with the source of ideas in the field. Neuroscience, he points out, provides a rich and valuable source of ideas about data representation and setting up the data representation is the major part of neural network programming. Both cognitive science and neuroscience give insights into how this can be done effectively: cognitive science suggests what to compute and neuroscience suggests how to compute it.

Modeling Language Cognition and Action

Author: Angelo Cangelosi
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789812563248
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Introduction. Modeling language, cognition and action : from connectionist simulations to embodied neural cognitive systems / Angelo Cangelosi -- Language, perception and action. Lessons from the embodiment of language : why simulating human language comprehension is hard / Arthur M. Glenberg. Associative neural models for biomimetic multi-modal learning in a mirror neuron-based robot / Stefan Wermter, Cornelius Weber and Mark Elshaw. Grounding language in perception : a connectionist model of spatial terms and vague quantifiers / Angelo Cangelosi ... [et al.]. Structured connectionist models of language, cognition and action / Nancy Chang, Jerome Feldman and Srini Narayanan. Predicting the effect of slightly complex utterances / Michael Klein and Kenji Doya. An associative model of cortical language and action processing / Andreas Knoblauch, Heiner Markert and Guenther Palm -- Categorization and language. Carving nature at its joints and carving joints into nature : how labels augment category representations / Gary Lupyan. Language as an aid to categorization : a neural network model of early language acquisition / Marco Mirolli and Domenico Parisi -- Language processing. A connectionist evaluation of schemes to measure difficulty of words based on their phonological structure / Jennifer Hayes and Peter Howell. Sentence comprehension without propositional structure / Stefan L. Frank. Emergence of linguistic features : independent component analysis of contexts / Timo Honkela, Aapo Hyvärinen and Jaakko Väyrynen. Latent linguistic codes for morphemes using independent component analysis / Krista Lagus, Mathias Creutz and Sami Virpioja. A neural network model for natural language : the case of homonymy / Eleni Koutsomitopoulou. Dynamic representation of stack- and queue-like syntactic structures / Andre Grüning. The active role of proper names : evidence from neural network experiments and philosophy of language considerations / Barbara Giolito -- Cooperation and communication. Emergence of communication in embodied agents : co-adapting communicative and non-communicative behaviours / Davide Marocco and Stefano Nolfi. Estimating intentions of others for imitation and cooperation / Norikazu Sugimoto, Kenji Doya and Mitsuo Kawato -- Motor representations and cognition. Mental representations and cognitive behaviour : a recurrent neural network approach / Sirnone Kühn and Holk Cruse. Spatial cognition in action-SCA model : children's gestural imagery in action / Marilyn Panayi and D. M. Roy. Evolving a simulated robotic arm able to grasp objects / Gianluca Massera, Stefano Nolfi and Angelo Cangelosi. Is language necessary to merge geometric and non-geometric spatial cues? The case of the "Blue- Wall Task" / Michela Ponticorvo and Orazio Miglino -- Attention and perception. A neurocognitive theory of attentional modulation of spread of activation / Eddy J. Davelaar. Modelling the attentional blink / Howard Bowman and Bradley Wyble. A model of spatial and object-based attention for active visual search / Linda Lanyon and Susan Denham. Hemispheric asymmetries in the neglect syndrome : a computational study / Andrea Di Ferdinando ... [et al.]. An oscillatory neural model for tracking a moving object / Yakov B. Kazanovich and Roman M. Borisyuk. Selective attention and action in an artificial, evolved agent : reactive inhibition / Robert Ward and Ronnie Ward. A proposed model of repetition blindness / Colm G. Connolly and Ronan G. Reilly -- Cognitive processing and control. Modelling the slow emotional Stroop effect : suppression of cognitive control / Bradley Wyble, Dinkar Sharma and Howard Bowman. Evidence of modularity from primate errors during task learning / Joanna J. Bryson. Accounting for episodic, semantic and procedural memory in the recommendation archtecture cognitive model / L. Andrew Coward. Can self-control be explained through games? / Gaye Banfield and Chris Christodoulou. An investigation of the myopia for future consequences theory of VMF patient behaviour on the Iowa gambling task : an abstract neural network simulation / Kiran Kalidindi, Howard Bowman and Bradley Wyble -- Face processing and classification. Recognition of pain expressions / Peter J. B. Hancock ... [et al.]. Global and feature based gender classification of faces : a comparison of human performance and computational models / Samarasena Buchala ... [et al.] -- Developmental processes. A neural network investigation of the head preference : problems Explaining Empirical Results by bottom-up processes alone / Martial Mermillod ... [et al.]. Children's causal inferences as revealed by backwards blocking tasks : a memory self-refreshing neural networks account / Serban C. Musca -- Neural network methodology. Embryological modelling of the evolution of neural architecture / Chris P. Bowers and John A. Bullinaria. Evolving neural networks that suffer minimal catastrophic forgetting / Tebogo Seipone and John A. Bullinaria. Improving cell assembly categories by fatigue / Christian Huyck and Hina Ghalib. Comparing computational and human measures of visual similarity / Tim M. Gale ... [et al.]. Psychological ALife : bridging the gap between mind and brain. Enactive distributed associationism and transient localism / Anthony F. Morse -- Future challenges : thinking and reasoning. Modelling thinking and reasoning : the challenge ahead / Jonathan St B T Evans

An Introduction to Neural Networks

Author: Kevin Gurney
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482286998
Format: PDF, Docs
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Though mathematical ideas underpin the study of neural networks, the author presents the fundamentals without the full mathematical apparatus. All aspects of the field are tackled, including artificial neurons as models of their real counterparts; the geometry of network action in pattern space; gradient descent methods, including back-propagation; associative memory and Hopfield nets; and self-organization and feature maps. The traditionally difficult topic of adaptive resonance theory is clarified within a hierarchical description of its operation. The book also includes several real-world examples to provide a concrete focus. This should enhance its appeal to those involved in the design, construction and management of networks in commercial environments and who wish to improve their understanding of network simulator packages. As a comprehensive and highly accessible introduction to one of the most important topics in cognitive and computer science, this volume should interest a wide range of readers, both students and professionals, in cognitive science, psychology, computer science and electrical engineering.

Artificial Neural Networks ICANN 2009

Author: Cesare Alippi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642042732
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume is part of the two-volume proceedings of the 19th International Conf- ence on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN 2009), which was held in Cyprus during September 14–17, 2009. The ICANN conference is an annual meeting sp- sored by the European Neural Network Society (ENNS), in cooperation with the - ternational Neural Network Society (INNS) and the Japanese Neural Network Society (JNNS). ICANN 2009 was technically sponsored by the IEEE Computational Intel- gence Society. This series of conferences has been held annually since 1991 in various European countries and covers the field of neurocomputing, learning systems and related areas. Artificial neural networks provide an information-processing structure inspired by biological nervous systems. They consist of a large number of highly interconnected processing elements, with the capability of learning by example. The field of artificial neural networks has evolved significantly in the last two decades, with active partici- tion from diverse fields, such as engineering, computer science, mathematics, artificial intelligence, system theory, biology, operations research, and neuroscience. Artificial neural networks have been widely applied for pattern recognition, control, optimization, image processing, classification, signal processing, etc.

Connectionist Models of Memory and Language PLE Memory

Author: Joseph P. Levy
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317744675
Format: PDF
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Connectionist modelling and neural network applications had become a major sub-field of cognitive science by the mid-1990s. In this ground-breaking book, originally published in 1995, leading connectionists shed light on current approaches to memory and language modelling at the time. The book is divided into four sections: Memory; Reading; Computation and statistics; Speech and audition. Each section is introduced and set in context by the editors, allowing a wide range of language and memory issues to be addressed in one volume. This authoritative advanced level book will still be of interest for all engaged in connectionist research and the related areas of cognitive science concerned with language and memory.

An Introduction to Model Based Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Birte U. Forstmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 149392236X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Two recent innovations, the emergence of formal cognitive models and the addition of cognitive neuroscience data to the traditional behavioral data, have resulted in the birth of a new, interdisciplinary field of study: model-based cognitive neuroscience. Despite the increasing scientific interest in model-based cognitive neuroscience, few active researchers and even fewer students have a good knowledge of the two constituent disciplines. The main goal of this edited collection is to promote the integration of cognitive modeling and cognitive neuroscience. Experts in the field will provide tutorial-style chapters that explain particular techniques and highlight their usefulness through concrete examples and numerous case studies. The book will also include a thorough list of references pointing the reader towards additional literature and online resources.