Introduction to Neural and Cognitive Modeling

Author: Daniel S. Levine
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135692254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This thoroughly, thoughtfully revised edition of a very successful textbook makes the principles and the details of neural network modeling accessible to cognitive scientists of all varieties as well as to others interested in these models. Research since the publication of the first edition has been systematically incorporated into a framework of proven pedagogical value. Features of the second edition include: * A new section on spatiotemporal pattern processing * Coverage of ARTMAP networks (the supervised version of adaptive resonance networks) and recurrent back-propagation networks * A vastly expanded section on models of specific brain areas, such as the cerebellum, hippocampus, basal ganglia, and visual and motor cortex * Up-to-date coverage of applications of neural networks in areas such as combinatorial optimization and knowledge representation As in the first edition, the text includes extensive introductions to neuroscience and to differential and difference equations as appendices for students without the requisite background in these areas. As graphically revealed in the flowchart in the front of the book, the text begins with simpler processes and builds up to more complex multilevel functional systems. For more information visit the author's personal Web site at www.uta.edu/psychology/faculty/levine/

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling

Author: Randolph W. Parks
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262161756
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides an introduction to the neural network modeling of complex cognitive and neuropsychological processes.

Gateway to Memory

Author: Mark A. Gluck
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262571524
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is for students and researchers who have a specific interest in learning and memory and want to understand how computational models can be integrated into experimental research on the hippocampus and learning. It emphasizes the function of brain structures as they give rise to behavior, rather than the molecular or neuronal details. It also emphasizes the process of modeling, rather than the mathematical details of the models themselves. The book is divided into two parts. The first part provides a tutorial introduction to topics in neuroscience, the psychology of learning and memory, and the theory of neural network models. The second part, the core of the book, reviews computational models of how the hippocampus cooperates with other brain structures -- including the entorhinal cortex, basal forebrain, cerebellum, and primary sensory and motor cortices -- to support learning and memory in both animals and humans. The book assumes no prior knowledge of computational modeling or mathematics. For those who wish to delve more deeply into the formal details of the models, there are optional "mathboxes" and appendices. The book also includes extensive references and suggestions for further readings.

Cognitive Modeling

Author: Thad A. Polk
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262661164
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive introduction to the computational modeling of human cognition.

Computational Neuroscience and Cognitive Modelling

Author: Britt Anderson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446297373
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"For the neuroscientist or psychologist who cringes at the sight of mathematical formulae and whose eyes glaze over at terms like differential equations, linear algebra, vectors, matrices, Bayes’ rule, and Boolean logic, this book just might be the therapy needed." - Anjan Chatterjee, Professor of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania "Anderson provides a gentle introduction to computational aspects of psychological science, managing to respect the reader’s intelligence while also being completely unintimidating. Using carefully-selected computational demonstrations, he guides students through a wide array of important approaches and tools, with little in the way of prerequisites...I recommend it with enthusiasm." - Asohan Amarasingham, The City University of New York This unique, self-contained and accessible textbook provides an introduction to computational modelling neuroscience accessible to readers with little or no background in computing or mathematics. Organized into thematic sections, the book spans from modelling integrate and firing neurons to playing the game Rock, Paper, Scissors in ACT-R. This non-technical guide shows how basic knowledge and modern computers can be combined for interesting simulations, progressing from early exercises utilizing spreadsheets, to simple programs in Python. Key Features include: Interleaved chapters that show how traditional computing constructs are simply disguised versions of the spread sheet methods. Mathematical facts and notation needed to understand the modelling methods are presented at their most basic and are interleaved with biographical and historical notes for contex. Numerous worked examples to demonstrate the themes and procedures of cognitive modelling. An excellent text for postgraduate students taking courses in research methods, computational neuroscience, computational modelling, cognitive science and neuroscience. It will be especially valuable to psychology students.

An Introduction to Neural Networks

Author: James A. Anderson
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262510813
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An Introduction to Neural Networks falls into a new ecological niche for texts. Based on notes that have been class-tested for more than a decade, it is aimed at cognitive science and neuroscience students who need to understand brain function in terms of computational modeling, and at engineers who want to go beyond formal algorithms to applications and computing strategies. It is the only current text to approach networks from a broad neuroscience and cognitive science perspective, with an emphasis on the biology and psychology behind the assumptions of the models, as well as on what the models might be used for. It describes the mathematical and computational tools needed and provides an account of the author's own ideas. Students learn how to teach arithmetic to a neural network and get a short course on linear associative memory and adaptive maps. They are introduced to the author's brain-state-in-a-box (BSB) model and are provided with some of the neurobiological background necessary for a firm grasp of the general subject. The field now known as neural networks has split in recent years into two major groups, mirrored in the texts that are currently available: the engineers who are primarily interested in practical applications of the new adaptive, parallel computing technology, and the cognitive scientists and neuroscientists who are interested in scientific applications. As the gap between these two groups widens, Anderson notes that the academics have tended to drift off into irrelevant, often excessively abstract research while the engineers have lost contact with the source of ideas in the field. Neuroscience, he points out, provides a rich and valuable source of ideas about data representation and setting up the data representation is the major part of neural network programming. Both cognitive science and neuroscience give insights into how this can be done effectively: cognitive science suggests what to compute and neuroscience suggests how to compute it.

An Introduction to Neural Networks

Author: Kevin Gurney
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482286998
Format: PDF, ePub
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Though mathematical ideas underpin the study of neural networks, the author presents the fundamentals without the full mathematical apparatus. All aspects of the field are tackled, including artificial neurons as models of their real counterparts; the geometry of network action in pattern space; gradient descent methods, including back-propagation; associative memory and Hopfield nets; and self-organization and feature maps. The traditionally difficult topic of adaptive resonance theory is clarified within a hierarchical description of its operation. The book also includes several real-world examples to provide a concrete focus. This should enhance its appeal to those involved in the design, construction and management of networks in commercial environments and who wish to improve their understanding of network simulator packages. As a comprehensive and highly accessible introduction to one of the most important topics in cognitive and computer science, this volume should interest a wide range of readers, both students and professionals, in cognitive science, psychology, computer science and electrical engineering.

Neural Network Models of Cognition

Author: J.W. Donahoe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080537368
Format: PDF
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This internationally authored volume presents major findings, concepts, and methods of behavioral neuroscience coordinated with their simulation via neural networks. A central theme is that biobehaviorally constrained simulations provide a rigorous means to explore the implications of relatively simple processes for the understanding of cognition (complex behavior). Neural networks are held to serve the same function for behavioral neuroscience as population genetics for evolutionary science. The volume is divided into six sections, each of which includes both experimental and simulation research: (1) neurodevelopment and genetic algorithms, (2) synaptic plasticity (LTP), (3) sensory/hippocampal systems, (4) motor systems, (5) plasticity in large neural systems (reinforcement learning), and (6) neural imaging and language. The volume also includes an integrated reference section and a comprehensive index.

Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Randall C. O'Reilly
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262650540
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This text, based on a course taught by Randall O'Reilly and Yuko Munakata over thepast several years, provides an in-depth introduction to the main ideas in the computationalcognitive neuroscience.