Introduction to Spintronics Second Edition

Author: Supriyo Bandyopadhyay
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 148225557X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Introduction to Spintronics provides an accessible, organized, and progressive presentation of the quantum mechanical concept of spin and the technology of using it to store, process, and communicate information. Fully updated and expanded to 18 chapters, this Second Edition: Reflects the explosion of study in spin-related physics, addressing seven important physical phenomena with spintronic device applications Discusses the recently discovered field of spintronics without magnetism, which allows one to manipulate spin currents by purely electrical means Explores lateral spin-orbit interaction and its many nuances, as well as the possibility to implement spin polarizers and analyzers using quantum point contacts Introduces the concept of single-domain-nanomagnet-based computing, an ultra-energy-efficient approach to compute and store information using nanomagnets, offering a practical rendition of single-spin logic architecture ideas and an alternative to transistor-based computing hardware Features many new drill problems, and includes a solution manual and figure slides with qualifying course adoption Still the only known spintronics textbook written in English, Introduction to Spintronics, Second Edition is a must read for those interested in the science and technology of storing, processing, and communicating information via the spin degree of freedom of electrons.

Introduction to the Physics of Nanoelectronics

Author: Seng Ghee Tan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095889
Format: PDF
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This book provides an introduction to the physics of nanoelectronics, with a focus on the theoretical aspects of nanoscale devices. The book begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics, to facilitate the understanding of subsequent chapters. It goes on to encompass quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices. Theoretical methodology is developed using quantum mechanical and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) techniques to calculate electronic currents and elucidate their transport properties at the atomic scale. The spin Hall effect is explained and its application to the emerging field of spintronics – where an electron’s spin as well as its charge is utilised – is discussed. Topological dynamics and gauge potential are introduced with the relevant mathematics, and their application in nanoelectronic systems is explained. Graphene, one of the most promising carbon-based nanostructures for nanoelectronics, is also explored. Begins with an overview of the mathematics and quantum mechanics pertaining to nanoscale electronics Encompasses quantum electronics, spintronics, Hall effects, carbon and graphene electronics, and topological physics in nanoscale devices Comprehensively introduces topological dynamics and gauge potential with the relevant mathematics, and extensively discusses their application in nanoelectronic systems

Spintronics based Computing

Author: Weisheng Zhao
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319151800
Format: PDF
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to spintronics-based computing for the next generation of ultra-low power/highly reliable logic. It will cover aspects from device to system-level, including magnetic memory cells, device modeling, hybrid circuit structure, design methodology, CAD tools, and technological integration methods. This book is accessible to a variety of readers and little or no background in magnetism and spin electronics are required to understand its content. The multidisciplinary team of expert authors from circuits, devices, computer architecture, CAD and system design reveal to readers the potential of spintronics nanodevices to reduce power consumption, improve reliability and enable new functionality.

Magnetic Interactions and Spin Transport

Author: Almadena Chtchelkanova
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306473524
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is the culmination of a very successful Summer School on Spintronics, held in August 1998, in Lake Tahoe, Nevada, that brought together experts on all aspects of magnetism and spin transport phenomenon. These experts lectured for one week on this emerging and important field of study. What was a fledgling field in 1998 has become one of the fastest growing areas of science today, having impact in many areas of information technology. This book is a collection of some of the lectures that were presented at that School, updated to provide the most current information on the topics that are covered in the various chapters. This subject has grown significantly since this seminal meeting and now is a major topic at physics and materials science meetings all over the world.

Magnetism

Author: Carmen-Gabriela Stefanita
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642229778
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook is aimed at engineering students who are likely to come across magnetics applications in their professional practice. Whether designing lithography equipment containing ferromagnetic brushes, or detecting defects in aeronautics, some basic knowledge of 21st century magnetism is needed. From the magnetic tape on the pocket credit card to the read head in a personal computer, people run into magnetism in many products. Furthermore, in a variety of disciplines tools of the trade exploit magnetic principles, and many interdisciplinary laboratory research areas cross paths with magnetic phenomena that may seem mysterious to the untrained mind. Therefore, this course offers a broad coverage of magnetism topics encountered more often in this millenium, revealing key concepts on which many practical applications rest. Some traditional subjects in magnetism are discussed in the first half of the book, followed by areas likely to spark the curiosity of those more interested in today’s technological achievements. Although sometimes some aspects may seem difficult to comprehend at first, bibliography directs the reader to appropriate further study. Throughout the chapters, the student is encouraged to discover the not-so-obvious associations between different magnetics topics, a task that will prove to be at the very least rewarding.

Molecular Spintronics

Author: Marta Galbiati
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319226118
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This thesis targets molecular or organic spintronics and more particularly the spin polarization tailoring opportunities that arise from the ferromagnetic metal/molecule hybridization at interfaces: the new concept of spinterface. Molecular or organic spintronics is an emerging research field at the frontier between organic chemistry and spintronics. The manuscript is divided into three parts, the first of which introduces the basic concepts of spintronics and advantages that molecules can bring to this field. The state of the art on organic and molecular spintronics is also presented, with a special emphasis on the physics and experimental evidence for spinterfaces. The book’s second and third parts are dedicated to the two main experimental topics investigated in the thesis: Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) and Organic Semiconductors (OSCs). The study of SAMs-based magnetic tunnel nanojunctions reveals the potential to modulate the properties of such devices “at will,” since each part of the molecule can be tuned independently like a “LEGO” building block. The study of Alq3-based spin valves reveals magnetoresistance effects at room temperature and is aimed at understanding the respective roles played by the two interfaces. Through the development of these systems, we demonstrate their potential for spintronics and provide a solid foundation for spin polarization engineering at the molecular level.

Organic Spintronics

Author: Zeev Valy Vardeny
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439806579
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Present worldwide funding in organic electronics is poised to stimulate major research and development efforts in organic materials research for lighting, photovoltaic, and other optoelectronic applications. The field of organic spintronics, in particular, has flourished in the area of organic magneto-transport. Reflecting the main avenues of substantial advances in this arena, Organic Spintronics is an up-to-date summary of the experimental and theoretical aspects of the field. With contributions by a panel of international experts on the cutting edge of research, this volume explores: Spin injection and manipulation in organic spin valves The magnetic field effect in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) The spin transport effect in relation to spin manipulation Organic magnets as spin injection electrodes in organic spintronics devices The coherent control of spins in organic devices using the technique of electronically detected magnetic resonance The possibility of using organic spin valves as sensors Balancing practical experimentation with analytical constructs, the book covers both the theoretical aspects of spin injection, transport, and detection in organic spin valves as well as the underlying mechanism of the magnetoresistance and magneto-electroluminescence in OLEDs. The first book of its kind on this specialized area, this volume is destined to provide researchers and students with the impetus to develop new channels of inquiry in an area that has almost limitless potential.

Nanomagnetism and Spintronics

Author: Farzad Nasirpouri
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814273058
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Nanomagnetism and spintronics are two close subfields of nanoscience, explaining the effect of substantial magnetic properties of matter when the materials fabrication is realized at a comparable length size. Nanomagnetism deals with the magnetic phenomena specific to the structures having dimensions in the submicron range. The fact that the electronic transport properties of materials are dependent on the magnetic properties' artificial nanostructures, i.e., giant magnetoresistance (GMR) or tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR), has revolutionized spintronics science and technology. This book explains the concepts of nanomagnetism and spintronics by viewing the most recent research works from internationally distinguished research groups. Placing special emphasis on crucial fundamental and technical aspects of nanomagnetism and spintronics, it serves as a one-stop reference for universities offering postgraduate programs in nanotechnology or related disciplines. This unique book deals with all three stages required for conducting research in nanomagnetism and spintronics including fabrication, characterization and applications of nanomagnetic and spintronics materials, providing general concepts and an insightful overview of this subject for research students and scientists from different backgrounds investigating the multidisciplinary area of nanotechnology.

Spintronics

Author: Claudia Felser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048138329
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Spintronics is an emerging technology exploiting the spin degree of freedom and has proved to be very promising for new types of fast electronic devices. Amongst the anticipated advantages of spintronics technologies, researchers have identified the non-volatile storage of data with high density and low energy consumption as particularly relevant. This monograph examines the concept of half-metallic compounds perspectives to obtain novel solutions and discusses several oxides such as perovskites, double perovskites and CrO2 as well as Heusler compounds. Such materials can be designed and made with high spin polarization and, especially in the case of Heusler compounds, many material-related problems present in current-day 3d metal systems, can be overcome. Spintronics: From Materials to Devices provides an insight into the current research on Heusler compounds and offers a general understanding of structure–property relationships, including the influence of disorder and correlations on the electronic structure and interfaces. Spintronics devices such as magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) and giant magnetoresistance (GMR) devices, with current perpendicular to the plane, in which Co2 based Heusler compounds are used as new electrode materials, are also introduced. From materials design by theoretical methods and the preparation and properties of the materials to the production of thin films and devices, this monograph represents a valuable guide to both novices and experts in the fields of Chemistry, Physics, and Materials Science.