Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics

Author: Carlo M. Becchi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788847006072
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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These notes are designed as a text book for a course on the Modern Physics Theory for undergraduate students. The purpose is providing a rigorous and self-contained presentation of the simplest theoretical framework using elementary mathematical tools. A number of examples of relevant applications and an appropriate list of exercises and answered questions are also given.

Structure of Matter

Author: Attilio Rigamonti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788847011298
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook is based on a mixture of simplified institutional theory and solved problems. The choice has been to limit the attention to key concepts and to the most typical aspects of atoms, molecules and solids, looking at the basic "structural" aspects without dealing in detail with the properties originating from them. The problems are entangled to the formal presentation of the arguments, being designed as an intrinsic part of the pathway the student should move by in order to grasp the key concepts.

Problems in Quantum Mechanics

Author: Emilio d'Emilio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8847023068
Format: PDF, Mobi
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242 solved problems of several degrees of difficulty in nonrelativistic Quantum Mechanics, ranging from the themes of the crisis of classical physics, through the achievements in the framework of modern atomic physics, down to the still alive, more intriguing aspects connected e.g. with the EPR paradox, the Aharonov--Bohm effect, quantum teleportation.

Problemi di meccanica quantistica non relativistica

Author: Carlo Alabiso
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8847026946
Format: PDF
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Il volume raccoglie una selezione di problemi assegnati nei corsi di Meccanica Quantistica non relativistica previsti per la Laurea in Fisica presso l’Università degli Studi di Parma. Gli oltre 300 problemi sono divisi in undici capitoli tematici, all’interno dei quali è possibile individuare vari livelli di difficoltà, per studenti della Laurea Triennale, della Magistrale e del Dottorato di Ricerca. L’attenzione nei confronti di una sua ampia funzione pedagogica ci ha portato a dividere il volume in tre parti, Problemi, Risposte/Suggerimenti e Soluzioni, per guidare lo studente verso un approccio autonomo e progressivo: risolvere il problema, controllare la risposta, consultare la soluzione. Le soluzioni sono sempre state oggetto di discussione in aula; contengono quindi anche le risposte ai dubbi e alle perplessità degli studenti e sono spesso più estese di quanto richiesto dalla semplice prova d’esame. Si è aggiunta un’ampia appendice teorica da utilizzare per consultazione e per omogeneizzare le notazioni, non certo per sostituire un buon testo organico.

Probabilit in Fisica

Author: Guido Boffetta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8847024307
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Questo testo, che nasce dall'esperienza didattica degli autori, si propone di introdurre gli aspetti fondamentali della teoria della probabilità e dei processi stocastici, guardando con particolare attenzione alle connessioni con la meccanica statistica, il caos, le applicazioni modellistiche ed i metodi numerici. La prima parte è costituita da un'introduzione generale alla probabilità con particolare enfasi sulla probabilità condizionata, le densità marginali e i teoremi limite. Nella seconda parte, prendendo spunto dal moto Browniano, sono presentati i concetti fondamentali dei processi stocastici (catene di Markov, equazione di Fokker- Planck). La terza parte è una selezione di argomenti avanzati che possono essere trattati in corsi della laurea specialistica.

Quantenmechanik auf dem Personalcomputer

Author: Siegmund Brandt
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783642782299
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Quantenmechanik auf dem Personalcomputer beschreibt das in seiner Art einzigartige interaktive Programm IQ, mit dessen Hilfe man sich die Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik anhand von Graphiken veranschaulichen kann. Die beigefügte 3 1/2'' MS-DOS Diskette enthält drei Programme, die je nach Bedarf ohne Koprozessor, mit Koprozessor oder sogar mit einem 32 bit Prozessor lauffähig sind. In einem ausführlichen Begleittext werden u.a. die Bewegung eines freien Teilchens, gebundene Zustände und Streuung in einer und drei Dimensionen sowie spezielle Funktionen der mathematischen Physik behandelt. Durch freie Wahl der Eingabeparamenter können unterschiedliche Problemstellungen anschaulich gelöst werden. 284 auf das Programm abgestimmte Übungen machen Buch und Programm zu einem unentbehrlichen Studienbegleiter.

Die Kunst der JavaScript Programmierung

Author: Marijn Haverbeke
Publisher: dpunkt.verlag
ISBN: 3864911915
Format: PDF
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Das Buch ist eine Einführung in JavaScript, die sich auf gute Programmiertechniken konzentriert. Der Autor lehrt den Leser, wie man die Eleganz und Präzision von JavaScript nutzt, um browserbasierte Anwendungen zu schreiben. Das Buch beginnt mit den Grundlagen der Programmierung - Variablen, Kontrollstrukturen, Funktionen und Datenstrukturen -, dann geht es auf komplexere Themen ein, wie die funktionale und objektorientierte Programmierung, reguläre Ausdrücke und Browser-Events. Unterstützt von verständlichen Beispielen wird der Leser rasch die Sprache des Web fließend 'sprechen' können.

An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Author: Piero Olla
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319061887
Format: PDF, ePub
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This textbook offers an advanced undergraduate or initial graduate level introduction to topics such as kinetic theory, equilibrium statistical mechanics and the theory of fluctuations from a modern perspective. The aim is to provide the reader with the necessary tools of probability theory and thermodynamics (especially the thermodynamic potentials) to enable subsequent study at advanced graduate level. At the same time, the book offers a bird's eye view on arguments that are often disregarded in the main curriculum courses. Further features include a focus on the interdisciplinary nature of the subject and in-depth discussion of alternative interpretations of the concept of entropy. While some familiarity with basic concepts of thermodynamics and probability theory is assumed, this does not extend beyond what is commonly obtained in basic undergraduate curriculum courses.

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

Author: Cosimo Bambi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662480786
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.