Introduction to the Taxometric Method

Author: John Ruscio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113580995X
Format: PDF
Download Now
Introduction to the Taxometric Method is a user-friendly, practical guide to taxometric research. Drawing from both classic and contemporary research, it provides a comprehensive introduction to the method. With helpful tools and guidance, the book is intended to teach those new to the method, as well as those already familiar with it, tips on how to conduct and evaluate taxometric investigations. The book covers a broad range of analytic techniques, describing their logic and implementation as well as what is known about their performance from systematic study. The book opens with the background material essential to understanding the research problems that the taxometric method addresses. The authors then explain the data requirements of taxometric analysis, the logic of each procedure, factors that can influence results and lead to misinterpretations, suggestions for choosing the best procedures, and methodological safeguards to prevent erroneous conclusions. Illustrative examples of each procedure and consistency test demonstrate how to perform analyses and interpret results using a variety of data sets. A checklist of conceptual and methodological issues that should be addressed in any investigation is included. The accompanying CD provides a variety of programs for performing taxometric analyses along with simulations and analyses of data sets. Introduction to the Taxometric Method is ideal for researchers and students conducting or evaluating taxometric studies in the social and behavioral sciences, especially those in clinical and personality psychology, as well as those in the physical sciences, education, biology, and beyond. The book also serves as a text for courses on this method, or as a supplement in psychological assessment, statistics, or research methods courses. Familiarity with taxometrics is not assumed.

The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods Vol 2 Statistical Analysis

Author: Todd D. Little
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199934908
Format: PDF
Download Now
Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods is the complete tool box to deliver the most valid and generalizable answers to todays complex research questions. It is a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this handbook covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the handbook then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with chapters dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous chapters associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics. Comprehensive, authoritative, and user-friendly, this two-volume set will be an indispensable resource for serious researchers across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Author: Jeffrey Poland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262035480
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Leading scholars offer perspectives from the philosophy of science on the crisis in psychiatric research that exploded after the publication of DSM-5.

Family Problems and Family Violence

Author: Steven R.H. Beach, Ph.D.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610911X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
“This remarkable volume...is both conceptually robust and highly practical...The book promises to heighten awareness among clinicians around the world about the diagnostic and therapeutic importance of family relationships in human health and disease. It also will serve as a roadmap for the critically important work that lies ahead.” —David G. Addiss Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership Kalamazoo, MI Family problems and family violence are major global concerns that have a vast impact on both psychological and physical health, and economic well-being. This text, the only book of its kind, describes recent innovations in defining and assessing family problems and family violence. It provides a framework for improving global assessment of relational processes as addressed in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The book includes a complete set of practical clinical and public health tools—easily implemented across a wide range of setting—for defining, screening, and assessing family violence in accordance with these new definitions. It reviews the impact of family violence on all aspects of physical and mental health and economic well-being, including global considerations of cross-cultural relationship assessment, and provides recommendations for modifications and cross-cultural validation. The book is consistently organized for ease of use and consolidates ICD codes into four scientifically based categories: intimate partner violence, partner relationship distress, child maltreatment, and parent-child relation problems. Clinicians who assess and treat family violence and students and policymakers will benefit from several new state-of-the-art screening tools and structured interviews that can be easily administered in hospitals, clinics, and other health care settings. This text will also be an important addition to graduate training programs across many disciplines regarding the assessment of family maltreatment, parent-child problems, and relationship discord. Key Features: Contains a wealth of current validated screening and interview tools that can be used in clinical or research settings Provides a global perspective on assessing and treating family violence Provides recommendations for surveillance of family problems and family violence addressed in the ICD-11 Highlights the implications of relational problems for mental and physical health and economic well-being in a global context

Introduction to Personality and Intelligence

Author: Nick Haslam
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761960589
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Nick Haslam’s highly-anticipated new text is a thoroughly engaging introduction to the psychology of personality and, crucially, intelligence. The book is fully tailored to the British Psychological Society’s guidelines regarding the teaching of Individual Differences. The author’s writing style, use of pedagogy, and incorporation of the latest empirical research findings makes Introduction to Personality and Intelligence an essential textbook for all Psychology students taking a Personality or Individual Differences course.

Psychology in the Bathroom

Author: N. Haslam
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230367550
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Presenting cutting-edge science in a playful manner, this exploration of a topic that has been veiled by taboo, the psychology of excretion, surveys an assortment of embarrassing processes, shameful disorders and disgusting habits taking the reader on a tour of the history and literature of elimination.

Personality Down Under

Author: Simon Boag
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781604567946
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
This new and important book highlights both the strengths and diversity of research in the field of personality and individual differences research emanating from Australia and surrounding region. This comprehensive book features both the major Australian researchers in the field as well as up and coming writers who look set to have a major global impact. This book is organised into themes which include: (i)the development of personality and individual differences; (ii)personality, perfectionism and stress; (iii)leadership and personality;(iv) personality in the workplace, and; (vii)cognitive dimensions of personality. Within these areas are discussions of narcissism, psychopathy, and attachment styles, as well as Australian perspectives and findings relevant to major theories of personality, such as the Big Five Factor model. The book will also be of interest to organisational psychologists interested in the impact of personality within the workplace, and anyone interested in assessing personality and individual differences will find the theory and assessment section useful. This book provides a unique insight into personality and individual differences from an Australian perspective.

Taxometrics

Author: Norman B. Schmidt
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781591471424
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
"The purpose of this book is to begin the ambitious task of "true diagnostics," standing on the shoulders of taxometric theory, by reviewing taxometric studies, analyzing several large new data sets, and trusting in the future cooperation and enterprise of psychologists and others who read this book. The book begins with a review of the nature of classification procedures by highlighting some of its main problems and controversies. In chapter 2, the evolution of our current diagnostic system--the DSM--is discussed and the central argument is advanced. The authors suggest that for the DSM to continue to advance, we must begin to scientifically determine the underlying nature of these diagnostic entities through the use of procedures such as taxometrics. Chapter 3 offers a detailed analytic primer on the nature of taxometrics. The primer is written in a user-friendly manner so clinicians and others not familiar with the underlying mathematics associated with taxometrics can gain a full understanding of the importance and utility of these procedures. Chapter 4 is specifically focused on outlining a method by which taxometric procedures can be applied to diagnostic entities within the DSM. The final two chapters provide a review of the current taxometrics literature and the degree to which it has been applied to specific psychopathological entities (e.g., schizophrenia spectrum, anxiety, eating disorders). In summary, this book represents a "call to action" to revolutionize the diagnostic system. The point of this book is not that a diagnostic revolution has occurred; it is that it can and should occur and that, to a degree, it is occurring. Through this book, the authors hope to stimulate this enterprise by describing it, summarizing its initial progress, and contributing toward it. The enterprise, although difficult, is clearly feasible (within years not decades), if a core of psychological scientists join the fray. One of the main purposes of the book is to invite them to contribute to this cause"--Intro. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

A Paul Meehl Reader

Author: Niels G. Waller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134812140
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This new book introduces a new generation to the important insights of Paul Meehl. In addition to selected papers from the classic reader, Psychodiagnosis, this book features new material selected from Meehl's most influential writings. The resulting collection is a tour de force illustrating quantitative analysis of life science problems, an examination of the inadequacy of some methods of analysis, and a review of the application of taxometrics. A Paul Meehl Reader is organized into five content areas: theory building and appraisal - how we discover and test the true causal relations of psychological constructs; specific etiology - an examination of genetic, behavioral, and environmental etiology in psychopathology; diagnosis and prediction - a review of the appropriate use of base rates; taxometrics - a look at Meehl's development of the method he invented; thinking effectively about psychological questions - a critique of correlation research and the power of quantitative thinking in psychology. The Reader features section introductions to orient the reader and provide a context and structure for Paul Meehl's work. The section on diagnosis and prediction features problem sets with solutions to guide the reader through practical applications of the principles described. An accompanying DVD contains footage from Paul Meehl's engaging seminar on clinical versus statistical prediction. This book appeals to advanced students and professionals in psychology, sociology, law, education, human development, and philosophy.