Introduction to the Taxometric Method

Author: John Ruscio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113580995X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Introduction to the Taxometric Method is a user-friendly, practical guide to taxometric research. Drawing from both classic and contemporary research, it provides a comprehensive introduction to the method. With helpful tools and guidance, the book is intended to teach those new to the method, as well as those already familiar with it, tips on how to conduct and evaluate taxometric investigations. The book covers a broad range of analytic techniques, describing their logic and implementation as well as what is known about their performance from systematic study. The book opens with the background material essential to understanding the research problems that the taxometric method addresses. The authors then explain the data requirements of taxometric analysis, the logic of each procedure, factors that can influence results and lead to misinterpretations, suggestions for choosing the best procedures, and methodological safeguards to prevent erroneous conclusions. Illustrative examples of each procedure and consistency test demonstrate how to perform analyses and interpret results using a variety of data sets. A checklist of conceptual and methodological issues that should be addressed in any investigation is included. The accompanying CD provides a variety of programs for performing taxometric analyses along with simulations and analyses of data sets. Introduction to the Taxometric Method is ideal for researchers and students conducting or evaluating taxometric studies in the social and behavioral sciences, especially those in clinical and personality psychology, as well as those in the physical sciences, education, biology, and beyond. The book also serves as a text for courses on this method, or as a supplement in psychological assessment, statistics, or research methods courses. Familiarity with taxometrics is not assumed.

Family Problems and Family Violence

Author: Steven R.H. Beach, Ph.D.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610911X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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“This remarkable volume...is both conceptually robust and highly practical...The book promises to heighten awareness among clinicians around the world about the diagnostic and therapeutic importance of family relationships in human health and disease. It also will serve as a roadmap for the critically important work that lies ahead.” —David G. Addiss Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership Kalamazoo, MI Family problems and family violence are major global concerns that have a vast impact on both psychological and physical health, and economic well-being. This text, the only book of its kind, describes recent innovations in defining and assessing family problems and family violence. It provides a framework for improving global assessment of relational processes as addressed in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The book includes a complete set of practical clinical and public health tools—easily implemented across a wide range of setting—for defining, screening, and assessing family violence in accordance with these new definitions. It reviews the impact of family violence on all aspects of physical and mental health and economic well-being, including global considerations of cross-cultural relationship assessment, and provides recommendations for modifications and cross-cultural validation. The book is consistently organized for ease of use and consolidates ICD codes into four scientifically based categories: intimate partner violence, partner relationship distress, child maltreatment, and parent-child relation problems. Clinicians who assess and treat family violence and students and policymakers will benefit from several new state-of-the-art screening tools and structured interviews that can be easily administered in hospitals, clinics, and other health care settings. This text will also be an important addition to graduate training programs across many disciplines regarding the assessment of family maltreatment, parent-child problems, and relationship discord. Key Features: Contains a wealth of current validated screening and interview tools that can be used in clinical or research settings Provides a global perspective on assessing and treating family violence Provides recommendations for surveillance of family problems and family violence addressed in the ICD-11 Highlights the implications of relational problems for mental and physical health and economic well-being in a global context

Personality Down Under

Author: Simon Boag
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781604567946
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This new and important book highlights both the strengths and diversity of research in the field of personality and individual differences research emanating from Australia and surrounding region. This comprehensive book features both the major Australian researchers in the field as well as up and coming writers who look set to have a major global impact. This book is organised into themes which include: (i)the development of personality and individual differences; (ii)personality, perfectionism and stress; (iii)leadership and personality;(iv) personality in the workplace, and; (vii)cognitive dimensions of personality. Within these areas are discussions of narcissism, psychopathy, and attachment styles, as well as Australian perspectives and findings relevant to major theories of personality, such as the Big Five Factor model. The book will also be of interest to organisational psychologists interested in the impact of personality within the workplace, and anyone interested in assessing personality and individual differences will find the theory and assessment section useful. This book provides a unique insight into personality and individual differences from an Australian perspective.

Psychology in the Bathroom

Author: Nick Haslam
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230368247
Format: PDF
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Excretion is a universal part of the human experience that is veiled in taboo. The toilet is a focus of intense emotions, unseemly interests, strange afflictions and earthy humour. Psychology in the Bathroom surveys a variety of embarrassing processes, shameful disorders and disgusting habits, taking the reader on a tour of the clinical and research literatures on elimination from the early psychoanalysts to the latest in neurogastroenterology.

Introduction to Personality and Intelligence

Author: Nick Haslam
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761960589
Format: PDF
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Nick Haslam’s highly-anticipated new text is a thoroughly engaging introduction to the psychology of personality and, crucially, intelligence. The book is fully tailored to the British Psychological Society’s guidelines regarding the teaching of Individual Differences. The author’s writing style, use of pedagogy, and incorporation of the latest empirical research findings makes Introduction to Personality and Intelligence an essential textbook for all Psychology students taking a Personality or Individual Differences course.

A Paul Meehl Reader

Author: Niels G. Waller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134812140
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This new book introduces a new generation to the important insights of Paul Meehl. In addition to selected papers from the classic reader, Psychodiagnosis, this book features new material selected from Meehl's most influential writings. The resulting collection is a tour de force illustrating quantitative analysis of life science problems, an examination of the inadequacy of some methods of analysis, and a review of the application of taxometrics. A Paul Meehl Reader is organized into five content areas: theory building and appraisal - how we discover and test the true causal relations of psychological constructs; specific etiology - an examination of genetic, behavioral, and environmental etiology in psychopathology; diagnosis and prediction - a review of the appropriate use of base rates; taxometrics - a look at Meehl's development of the method he invented; thinking effectively about psychological questions - a critique of correlation research and the power of quantitative thinking in psychology. The Reader features section introductions to orient the reader and provide a context and structure for Paul Meehl's work. The section on diagnosis and prediction features problem sets with solutions to guide the reader through practical applications of the principles described. An accompanying DVD contains footage from Paul Meehl's engaging seminar on clinical versus statistical prediction. This book appeals to advanced students and professionals in psychology, sociology, law, education, human development, and philosophy.

Validating Chromatographic Methods

Author: David M. Bliesner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470042192
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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All the information and tools needed to set up a successful method validation system Validating Chromatographic Methods brings order and Current Good Manufacturing Practices to the often chaotic process of chromatographic method validation. It provides readers with both the practical information and the tools necessary to successfully set up a new validation system or upgrade a current system to fully comply with government safety and quality regulations. The net results are validated and transferable analytical methods that will serve for extended periods of time with minimal or no complications. This guide focuses on high-performance liquid chromatographic methods validation; however, the concepts are generally applicable to the validation of other analytical techniques as well. Following an overview of analytical method validation and a discussion of its various components, the author dedicates a complete chapter to each step of validation: Method evaluation and further method development Final method development and trial method validation Formal method validation and report generation Formal data review and report issuance Templates and examples for Methods Validation Standard Operating Procedures, Standard Test Methods, Methods Validation Protocols, and Methods Validation Reports are all provided. Moreover, the guide features detailed flowcharts and checklists that lead readers through every stage of method validation to ensure success. All of the templates are also included on a CD-ROM, enabling readers to easily work with and customize them. For scientists and technicians new to method validation, this guide provides all the information and tools needed to develop a top-quality system. For those experienced with method validation, the guide helps to upgrade and improve existing systems. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Critical Thinking in Psychology

Author: John Ruscio
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534634599
Format: PDF
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Can your students distinguish between the true science of human thought and behavior and pop psychology? CRITICAL THINKING IN PSYCHOLOGY: SEPARATING SENSE FROM NONSENSE provides a tangible and compelling framework for making that distinction by using concrete examples of people's mistaken analysis of real-world problems. Stressing the importance of assessing the plausibility of claims, John Ruscio uses empirical research (such as the Milgram experiment) to strengthen evidence for his claims and to illustrate deception, self-deception, and psychological tricks throughout the text.