Introduction to the Taxometric Method

Author: John Ruscio
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113580995X
Format: PDF
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Introduction to the Taxometric Method is a user-friendly, practical guide to taxometric research. Drawing from both classic and contemporary research, it provides a comprehensive introduction to the method. With helpful tools and guidance, the book is intended to teach those new to the method, as well as those already familiar with it, tips on how to conduct and evaluate taxometric investigations. The book covers a broad range of analytic techniques, describing their logic and implementation as well as what is known about their performance from systematic study. The book opens with the background material essential to understanding the research problems that the taxometric method addresses. The authors then explain the data requirements of taxometric analysis, the logic of each procedure, factors that can influence results and lead to misinterpretations, suggestions for choosing the best procedures, and methodological safeguards to prevent erroneous conclusions. Illustrative examples of each procedure and consistency test demonstrate how to perform analyses and interpret results using a variety of data sets. A checklist of conceptual and methodological issues that should be addressed in any investigation is included. The accompanying CD provides a variety of programs for performing taxometric analyses along with simulations and analyses of data sets. Introduction to the Taxometric Method is ideal for researchers and students conducting or evaluating taxometric studies in the social and behavioral sciences, especially those in clinical and personality psychology, as well as those in the physical sciences, education, biology, and beyond. The book also serves as a text for courses on this method, or as a supplement in psychological assessment, statistics, or research methods courses. Familiarity with taxometrics is not assumed.

Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders

Author: Dean McKay
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441977847
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Is it school refusal or separation anxiety disorder? Can preschoolers have panic attacks? Does food neophobia really exist? For readers seeking ways to improve assessment, case conceptualization, or treatment plans as well as a more general understanding of anxiety disorders among children, the Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders addresses these and many other complex issues. A straightforward companion to the diagnostic manuals, this volume crosses theoretical boundaries to describe in depth the wide range of children’s anxiety disorders and to explain the developmental nuances that separate them from their adult analogues. Coverage includes: Diagnostic and etiological models of children’s anxiety disorders (i.e., genetic, cognitive-behavioral, taxonomic, neuropsychological, dimensional). Differential diagnosis guidelines for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), phobic conditions, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in youth. Ancillary factors in child and adolescent anxiety (e.g., personality, temperament, parenting issues, and comorbid conditions). Psychological, pharmacological, and combined treatments for childhood anxiety disorders. Special populations and emerging areas of interest, including anxiety disorders in the contexts of chronic health problems and developmental disabilities. The Handbook of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders is a must-have reference for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology, psychiatry, social work and counseling as well as allied professionals in hospitals, community mental health centers, schools, and private practice.

The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods Vol 2 Statistical Analysis

Author: Todd D. Little
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199934908
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods is the complete tool box to deliver the most valid and generalizable answers to todays complex research questions. It is a one-stop source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this handbook covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the handbook then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with chapters dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous chapters associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics. Comprehensive, authoritative, and user-friendly, this two-volume set will be an indispensable resource for serious researchers across the social, behavioral, and educational sciences.

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry

Author: Jeffrey Poland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262035480
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Leading scholars offer perspectives from the philosophy of science on the crisis in psychiatric research that exploded after the publication of DSM-5.

Family Problems and Family Violence

Author: Steven R.H. Beach, Ph.D.
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082610911X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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“This remarkable volume...is both conceptually robust and highly practical...The book promises to heighten awareness among clinicians around the world about the diagnostic and therapeutic importance of family relationships in human health and disease. It also will serve as a roadmap for the critically important work that lies ahead.” —David G. Addiss Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership Kalamazoo, MI Family problems and family violence are major global concerns that have a vast impact on both psychological and physical health, and economic well-being. This text, the only book of its kind, describes recent innovations in defining and assessing family problems and family violence. It provides a framework for improving global assessment of relational processes as addressed in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). The book includes a complete set of practical clinical and public health tools—easily implemented across a wide range of setting—for defining, screening, and assessing family violence in accordance with these new definitions. It reviews the impact of family violence on all aspects of physical and mental health and economic well-being, including global considerations of cross-cultural relationship assessment, and provides recommendations for modifications and cross-cultural validation. The book is consistently organized for ease of use and consolidates ICD codes into four scientifically based categories: intimate partner violence, partner relationship distress, child maltreatment, and parent-child relation problems. Clinicians who assess and treat family violence and students and policymakers will benefit from several new state-of-the-art screening tools and structured interviews that can be easily administered in hospitals, clinics, and other health care settings. This text will also be an important addition to graduate training programs across many disciplines regarding the assessment of family maltreatment, parent-child problems, and relationship discord. Key Features: Contains a wealth of current validated screening and interview tools that can be used in clinical or research settings Provides a global perspective on assessing and treating family violence Provides recommendations for surveillance of family problems and family violence addressed in the ICD-11 Highlights the implications of relational problems for mental and physical health and economic well-being in a global context

Psychology in the Bathroom

Author: Nick Haslam
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230367550
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Presenting cutting-edge science in a playful manner, this exploration of a topic that has been veiled by taboo, the psychology of excretion, surveys an assortment of embarrassing processes, shameful disorders and disgusting habits taking the reader on a tour of the history and literature of elimination.

Personality Down Under

Author: Simon Boag
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781604567946
Format: PDF, Docs
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This new and important book highlights both the strengths and diversity of research in the field of personality and individual differences research emanating from Australia and surrounding region. This comprehensive book features both the major Australian researchers in the field as well as up and coming writers who look set to have a major global impact. This book is organised into themes which include: (i)the development of personality and individual differences; (ii)personality, perfectionism and stress; (iii)leadership and personality;(iv) personality in the workplace, and; (vii)cognitive dimensions of personality. Within these areas are discussions of narcissism, psychopathy, and attachment styles, as well as Australian perspectives and findings relevant to major theories of personality, such as the Big Five Factor model. The book will also be of interest to organisational psychologists interested in the impact of personality within the workplace, and anyone interested in assessing personality and individual differences will find the theory and assessment section useful. This book provides a unique insight into personality and individual differences from an Australian perspective.

A Paul Meehl Reader

Author: Niels G. Waller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134812140
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This new book introduces a new generation to the important insights of Paul Meehl. In addition to selected papers from the classic reader, Psychodiagnosis, this book features new material selected from Meehl's most influential writings. The resulting collection is a tour de force illustrating quantitative analysis of life science problems, an examination of the inadequacy of some methods of analysis, and a review of the application of taxometrics. A Paul Meehl Reader is organized into five content areas: theory building and appraisal - how we discover and test the true causal relations of psychological constructs; specific etiology - an examination of genetic, behavioral, and environmental etiology in psychopathology; diagnosis and prediction - a review of the appropriate use of base rates; taxometrics - a look at Meehl's development of the method he invented; thinking effectively about psychological questions - a critique of correlation research and the power of quantitative thinking in psychology. The Reader features section introductions to orient the reader and provide a context and structure for Paul Meehl's work. The section on diagnosis and prediction features problem sets with solutions to guide the reader through practical applications of the principles described. An accompanying DVD contains footage from Paul Meehl's engaging seminar on clinical versus statistical prediction. This book appeals to advanced students and professionals in psychology, sociology, law, education, human development, and philosophy.

Alternative perspectives on psychiatric validation

Author: Peter Zachar
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191502049
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Many of the current debates about validity in psychiatry and psychology are predicated on the unexpected failure to validate commonly used diagnostic categories. The recognition of this failure has resulted in, what Thomas Kuhn calls, a period of extraordinary science in which validation problems are given increased weight, alternatives are proposed, methodologies are debated, and philosophical and historical analyses are seen as more relevant than usual. In this important new book in the IPPP series, a group of leading thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy offer alternative perspectives that address both the scientific and clinical aspects of psychiatric validation, emphasizing throughout their philosophical and historical considerations. This is a book that all psychiatrists, as well as philosophers with an interest in psychiatry, will find thought provoking and valuable.