Early Start

Author: Andrew Karch
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472118722
Format: PDF, Docs
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In the United States, preschool education is characterized by the dominance of a variegated private sector and patchy, uncoordinated oversight of the public sector. Tracing the history of the American debate over preschool education, Andrew Karch argues that the current state of decentralization and fragmentation is the consequence of a chain of reactions and counterreactions to policy decisions dating from the late 1960s and early 1970s, when preschool advocates did not achieve their vision for a comprehensive national program but did manage to foster initiatives at both the state and national levels. Over time, beneficiaries of these initiatives and officials with jurisdiction over preschool education have become ardent defenders of the status quo. Today, advocates of greater government involvement must take on a diverse and entrenched set of constituencies resistant to policy change. In his close analysis of the politics of preschool education, Karch demonstrates how to apply the concepts of policy feedback, critical junctures, and venue shopping to the study of social policy.

Evidence based Policy Making for Youth Well being

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Publisher: Org. for Economic Cooperation & Development
ISBN: 9789264283879
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Title page" -- "Legal and rights" -- "Foreword" -- "Acknowledgments" -- "Executive summary" -- "Part I. Conceptual framework and inventory of youth programmes: A guide for policy makers" -- "Chapter 1. The conceptual framework of youth programmes" -- "Chapter 2. An inventory of common policies and programmes for youth" -- "Part II. Youth policy design and advocacy: A technical guide for policy analysts" -- "Chapter 3. Measuring deficits in youth well-being (Module 1)" -- "Chapter 4. Establishing a profile of disadvantaged youth (Module 2)" -- "Chapter 5. Assessing the broader youth environment (Module 3)" -- "Chapter 6. Evaluating the impact and cost-effectiveness of youth programmes (Module 4)" -- "Chapter 7. Measuring the costs of well-being deprivation (Module 5)" -- "Chapter 8. Engaging youth in policy-making processes (Module 6)

Investing in Young Children

Author: Sophie Naudeau
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821385267
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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La Banque mondiale a rédigé ce guide du développement de la petite enfance (DPE) pour répondre à la demande croissante de conseil et d’appui des responsables de programmes en matière de dialogue politique sur le thème du DPE, et pour aider les clients à prendre et à mettre en oeuvre des décisions pertinentes sur la meilleure manière d’investir dans le DPE dans le cadre de leur économie et de leurs priorités nationales. Ce guide comble un manque dans la littérature actuelle sur le sujet (1) en distillant l’information existante sous la forme de notes concises et faciles à utiliser ;(2) en fournissant une information pratique sur les dernières questions pertinentes relatives au DPE, telles que la mesure des résultats du développement des enfants grâce à l’identification et l’adaptation d’instruments efficaces, aux transferts monétaires conditionnels destinés aux familles de jeunes enfants, et autres ; et (3) en évaluant la qualité des derniers faits rapportés pour chaque sujet et en identifiant les lacunes en matière de connaissances pour lesquelles des expérimentations et évaluations complémentaires sont nécessaires.

Making a Large Irrigation Scheme Work

Author: Djibril Aw
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821359426
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Making a Large Irrigation Scheme Work provides a history of irrigation management in Mali from colonial times to post-independence. It looks at how irrigation management reforms came about at Mali?s Office du Niger and how relevant this reform process is for irrigation schemes in other countries. Mali?s irrigation scheme was an outcome of colonial settlement with the corresponding lack of rights for cultivators to own land, process paddy, and market rice. Post-independence, a coalition of government and irrigation agency staff contributed to governmental unwillingness to reform the scheme?s management. Government interest lay in satisfying the growing demand for rice from its burgeoning urban constituency and a fear of riots in response to rice shortages and high prices. It?s interest also lay with maintaining the support of the agency?s staff. The authors analyze how field teams, funded by bilateral donors, shaped technical and institutional change to fully reform management and how grain market reforms provided farmers stronger incentives and raised yields. The combination of changes inside and outside the scheme gradually shifted the balance of power and led to a stakeholder setup in which organized farmers replaced the agency. Regime change to multiparty democracy and policy change toward economic liberalization then opened a window of opportunity that the government used to consolidate the reforms and the new balance of power. The success of the reform process lies in the way Mali?s government came to commit to the irrigation reforms. The paper indicates how commitment by other governments may be achieved by using the same and other tools. Making Large Irrigation Schemes Work is a useful resource for professionals involved in the transfer of management authority from government to user associations."

Child Poverty Youth Un Employment and Social Inclusion

Author: Maria Petmesidou
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 3838269128
Format: PDF, ePub
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Worldwide child and youth poverty remain the biggest barrier to achieving a better life in adulthood. Progress in lifting children out of poverty in the last decades has been slow and limited in the developing world, while the recent global economic crisis has exacerbated child poverty, youth unemployment, and social exclusion in many developed countries. This book critically examines the long-term consequences of growing up poor, the close linkages between deprivation and human rights violations in childhood and adolescence, and their effects on labor market entry and future career in a number of developing and developed countries. Drawing on multiple disciplinary perspectives, it makes a forceful case for the eradication of child poverty to take center stage in the Sustainable Development Goals.

Human Development and the Environment

Author: J. A. van Ginkel
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789280810691
Format: PDF, Docs
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Annotation Human Development and the Environment looks at the problems, processes, and actors that constitute the milieu for human development and the environment in the new millennium. It charts some of the major trends affecting human development: globalization; population; urbanization; poverty; equity; education; health; climate change; biodiversity; desertification; international cooperation and institutions. The authors contend that it is unacceptable for over a billion people to be still living in abject poverty and without the means to an.

Global Governance and the New Wars

Author: Mark Duffield
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780329822
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this hugely influential book, originally published in 2001 but just as - if not more - relevant today, Mark Duffield shows how war has become an integral component of development discourse. Aid agencies have become increasingly involved in humanitarian assistance, conflict resolution and the social reconstruction of war-torn societies. Duffield explores the consequences of this growing merger of development and security, unravelling the nature of the new wars and the response of the international community, in particular the new systems of global governance that are emerging as a result. An essential work for anyone studying, interested in, or working in development or international security.

Democratic Experiments

Author: Brice Laurent
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262344491
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Democratic Experiments, Brice Laurent discusses the challenges that emerging technologies create for democracy today. He focuses on nanotechnology and its attendant problems, proposing nanotechnology as a lens through which to understand contemporary democracy in both theory and practice. Arguing that democracy is at stake where nanotechnology is defined as a problem, Laurent examines the sites where nanotechnology is discussed and debated by scientists, policymakers, and citizens. It is at these sites where the joint production of nanotechnology and the democratic order can be observed. Focusing on the United States, France, and Europe, and various international organizations, Laurent analyzes representations of nanotechnology in science museums, collective discussions in participatory settings, the making of categories such as "nanomaterials" or responsible innovation" in standardization and regulatory arenas, and initiatives undertaken by social movements. He contrasts American debates, in which the concern for public objectivity is central, with the French "state experiment," the European goal of harmonization, and the international concern with a global market. In France, public debate proceeded in response to public protest and encountered a radical critique of technological development; the United States experimented with an innovative approach to technology assessment. The European regulatory approach results in lengthy debates over political integration; the United States relies on the adversarial functioning of federal agencies. Because nanotechnology is a domain where concerns over anticipation and participation are pervasive, Laurent argues, nanotechnology -- and science and technology studies more generally -- provides a relevant focus for a renewed analysis of democracy.

Agricultural Research in Africa

Author: Lynam, John
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0896292126
Format: PDF
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This book—prepared by Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), which is led by IFPRI—offers a comprehensive perspective on the evolution, current status, and future goals of agricultural research and development in Africa, including analyses of the complex underlying issues and challenges involved, as well as insights into how they might be overcome. Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is at a prospective tipping point. Growth has accelerated in the past decade, but is unsustainable given increasing use of finite resources. The yield gap in African agriculture is significant, and scenarios on feeding the world’s population into the future highlight the need for Africa to expand its agricultural production. Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests discusses the need to shift to a growth path based on increased productivity—as in the rest of the developing world— which is essential if Africa is to increase rural incomes and compete in both domestic and international markets. Such a shift ultimately requires building on evolving improvements that collectively translate to deepening rural innovation capacity.