Investing in Young Children

Author: Sophie Naudeau
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821385267
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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La Banque mondiale a rédigé ce guide du développement de la petite enfance (DPE) pour répondre à la demande croissante de conseil et d’appui des responsables de programmes en matière de dialogue politique sur le thème du DPE, et pour aider les clients à prendre et à mettre en oeuvre des décisions pertinentes sur la meilleure manière d’investir dans le DPE dans le cadre de leur économie et de leurs priorités nationales. Ce guide comble un manque dans la littérature actuelle sur le sujet (1) en distillant l’information existante sous la forme de notes concises et faciles à utiliser ;(2) en fournissant une information pratique sur les dernières questions pertinentes relatives au DPE, telles que la mesure des résultats du développement des enfants grâce à l’identification et l’adaptation d’instruments efficaces, aux transferts monétaires conditionnels destinés aux familles de jeunes enfants, et autres ; et (3) en évaluant la qualité des derniers faits rapportés pour chaque sujet et en identifiant les lacunes en matière de connaissances pour lesquelles des expérimentations et évaluations complémentaires sont nécessaires.

Skills Development in Sub Saharan Africa

Author: Richard K. Johanson
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821356807
Format: PDF, ePub
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This publication reviews recent developments within technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as future challenges in skills development in the region. Based upon 70 case studies covering 20 countries, it provides a good starting point for the development of country policies and programmes, of relevance to other African regions as well as countries in other regions facing similar challenges. Issues discussed include: the labour market context, reform of public training programmes, regulation of non-government training institutions, enterprise-based training, building skills for the informal economy, balancing cost-effectiveness with growth and equity, and financing.

Teacher Education for Change

Author: Josef Huber
Publisher: Council of Europe
ISBN: 9789287170200
Format: PDF, Docs
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What is the main role for teachers today? Why is the Council of Europe dealing with education, and teacher education in particular? How is educational thinking guided by visions of a future society desirable for all? How, in the midst of a fierce battle for curriculum time, can education for human rights, democracy and mutual understanding be embedded in the existing curricula? What are the values underlying our educational visions? The aim of this publication is to offer a few answers to these and many other questions. Above all, its purpose is to contribute to the ongoing debate, more necessary than ever, on the role of teachers and teacher education in the broader context of teaching and learning for a sustainable democratic society.

Banking on the Future of Asia and the Pacific

Author: Peter McCawley
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9292577921
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is a history of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), a multilateral development bank established 50 years ago to serve Asia and the Pacific. Focusing on the region’s economic development, the evolution of the international development agenda, and the story of ADB itself, this book raises several key questions: What are the outstanding features of regional development to which ADB had to respond? How has the bank grown and evolved in changing circumstances? How did ADB’s successive leaders promote reforms while preserving continuity with the efforts of their predecessors? ADB has played an important role in the transformation of Asia and the Pacific the past 50 years. As ADB continues to evolve and adapt to the region’s changing development landscape, the experiences highlighted in this book can provide valuable insight on how best to serve Asia and the Pacific in the future.

Making a Large Irrigation Scheme Work

Author: Djibril Aw
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821359426
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Making a Large Irrigation Scheme Work provides a history of irrigation management in Mali from colonial times to post-independence. It looks at how irrigation management reforms came about at Mali?s Office du Niger and how relevant this reform process is for irrigation schemes in other countries. Mali?s irrigation scheme was an outcome of colonial settlement with the corresponding lack of rights for cultivators to own land, process paddy, and market rice. Post-independence, a coalition of government and irrigation agency staff contributed to governmental unwillingness to reform the scheme?s management. Government interest lay in satisfying the growing demand for rice from its burgeoning urban constituency and a fear of riots in response to rice shortages and high prices. It?s interest also lay with maintaining the support of the agency?s staff. The authors analyze how field teams, funded by bilateral donors, shaped technical and institutional change to fully reform management and how grain market reforms provided farmers stronger incentives and raised yields. The combination of changes inside and outside the scheme gradually shifted the balance of power and led to a stakeholder setup in which organized farmers replaced the agency. Regime change to multiparty democracy and policy change toward economic liberalization then opened a window of opportunity that the government used to consolidate the reforms and the new balance of power. The success of the reform process lies in the way Mali?s government came to commit to the irrigation reforms. The paper indicates how commitment by other governments may be achieved by using the same and other tools. Making Large Irrigation Schemes Work is a useful resource for professionals involved in the transfer of management authority from government to user associations."

Human Development and the Environment

Author: J. A. van Ginkel
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789280810691
Format: PDF
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Annotation Human Development and the Environment looks at the problems, processes, and actors that constitute the milieu for human development and the environment in the new millennium. It charts some of the major trends affecting human development: globalization; population; urbanization; poverty; equity; education; health; climate change; biodiversity; desertification; international cooperation and institutions. The authors contend that it is unacceptable for over a billion people to be still living in abject poverty and without the means to an.

E Governance in Africa from Theory to Action

Author: Gianluca Misuraca
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 1552503690
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Integrating information and communication technologies (ICTs) into governance processes can greatly enhance the delivery of public services to all citizens. ICT integration will not only improve the performance of governance systems, it will also transform relationships amongst stakeholders, thereby influencing policymaking processes and regulatory frameworks. In the developing world, however, the potential of ICTs for effective governance remains largely unexplored and unexploited. This book presents the context, theory, and current thinking on the interaction between ICTs and local governance, particularly in Africa. It discusses the shift from OC governmentOCO to OC e-governance, OCO describes the role of local-level authorities, and presents the benefits and limitations of introducing ICTs in government operations. Case studies from Ghana, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda describe local governance/ICTs projects executed by civil society organizations, academic institutions, and government authorities. Drawing from the findings in these case studies and from the introductory research and original conceptual framework, the book presents a series of conclusions and recommendation on the future of effective ICTs use for better governance and improved economic development at the local level. This book will be of interest to professionals, practitioners, and policy advisors at local and national government levels in developing countries (particularly in Africa); international organizations staff, bilateral aid agencies, international financial institutions, civil society organizations, and private sector; researchers, academics, students, and professors of public administration and governance in Africa and throughout the world."

Leadership and Growth

Author: David Brady
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821381014
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Does leadership affect economic growth and development? Is leadership an exogenous determinant or an endogenous outcome of growth and development processes? Can we differentiate between the two? Do leaders decisions and actions vary in importance over various stages in the process, at least in successful cases? How important is choosing the right economic model? To what extent does leadership affect the explicit or implicit time horizons of policy choices? Is leadership an important determinant of inclusiveness in growth? In what ways do leaders build consensus or institutions to allow time for the economic plan to work? What challenges does economic success generate? How do successful leaders adapt to new problems such as income inequality and a rising middle class? Does the creation of new institutions play any role in solving these problems? Why do leaders often choose second best political economic compromises in economic development? This book has been prepared for the Commission on Growth and Development to evaluate the state of knowledge on the relationship between leadership and economic growth. It does not pretend to provide all the answers, but does review the evidence, identify insights and offers examples of leaders making decisions and acting in ways that enhance economic growth. It examines a variety of topics including leaders roles in: promoting national unity, building good solid institutions, choosing innovative and localized policies, and creating political consensus for long run policy implementation. Written by prominent academics and actual policy makers, Leadership and Growth seeks to create a better understanding of the role of leadership in growth and to encourage further studies of the role of leadership in economic growth.

Strong Foundations

Author:
Publisher: United Nations Educational
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This report, the fifth in the series, examines the progress towards achieving the six Education for All (EFA) goals, set at the World Education Forum in Dakar in 2000, focusing on the provision of comprehensive early childhood care and education, particularly for the most disadvantaged children. Programmes that support young children during the years before they go to primary school, encompassing care, health and nutrition issues, as well as education, are crucial to establishing strong foundations for subsequent learning and development. The report finds that demand for early education and care is expanding rapidly, spurred on by higher numbers of women in the labour market and more single-parent households. However, young children in greatest need, who also stand to benefit the most, are unlikely to have access to early years programmes, with coverage remaining very low in most developing countries. Participation in pre-school services ranges from 62 per cent in Latin America and the Caribbean to 35 per cent in developing countries of East Asia and the Pacific, 32 per cent in South and West Asia, 16 per cent in the Arab States and 12 per cent in Sub-Saharan Africa. In comparison, pre-school provision is almost universal in most Western European countries, and although enrolments fell sharply in transition countries following the break-up of the Soviet Union, they are now recovering. Although there has been considerable progress made in other aspects of the EFA goals, particularly in relation to universal primary education, more girls attending schools and an increase in international aid for education, the report highlights the major challenges that remain if the six EFA goals are to be met by 2015.