Is Science Multicultural

Author: Sandra G. Harding
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253211569
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Is Science Multicultural? explores what the last three decades of European/American, feminist, and postcolonial science and technology studies can learn from each other. Sandra Harding introduces and discusses an array of postcolonial science studies, and their implications for "northern" science. All three science studies strains have developed in the context of post-World War II science and technology projects. They illustrate how technoscientific projects mean different things to different groups. The meaning attached by the culture of the West may not be shared or may be diametrically opposite in the cultures in other parts of the world. All, however, would agree that scientific projects--modern science included--are "local knowledge systems." The interests and discursive resources that the various science studies bring groups to their projects, and the ways that they organize the production of their kind of science studies, are distinctively culturally-local also. While their projects may be unintentionally converging, they also conflict in fundamental respects. How is this inevitable cultural-situatedness of knowledge both an invaluable resource as well as a limitation on the advance of knowledge about nature? What are the distinctive resources that the feminist and postcolonial science theorists offer in thinking about the history of modern science; the diversity of "scientific" traditions in non-European as well as in European cultures; and the directions that might be taken by less androcentric and Eurocentric scientific projects? How might modern sciences' projects be linked more firmly to the prodemocratic yearnings that are so widely voiced in contemporary life? Carefully balancing poststructuralist and conventional epistemological resources, this study concludes by proposing new directions for thinking about objectivity, method, and reflexivity in light of the new understandings developed in the post-World War II world.

Meta Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science

Author: Maria Cristina Amoretti
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331926348X
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This volume offers a meta-philosophical reflection on feminist philosophies of science. It emphasizes and discusses both the connections and differences between "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. The collection systematically analyses feminist contributions to the various philosophies of specific sciences. Each chapter is devoted to a specific area of philosophy of science: general philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of climate sciences, philosophy of cognitive sciences and neurosciences, philosophy of economics, philosophy of history and archaeology, philosophy of logic and mathematics, philosophy of medicine, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of physics, and philosophy of social sciences. Since some of these areas have so far rarely been addressed by feminist philosophers, this new collection provides new angels and stimulates the debate on pivotal issues that are part and parcel of both "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. Using a range of different methodologies and styles, the essays all show great clarity in both arguments and contents.

Feminist Science Fiction and Feminist Epistemology

Author: Ritch Calvin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319324705
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This book argues that feminist science fiction shares the same concerns as feminist epistemology—challenges to the sex of the knower, the valuation of the abstract over the concrete, the dismissal of the physical, the focus on rationality and reason, the devaluation of embodied knowledge, and the containment of (some) bodies. Ritch Calvin argues that feminist science fiction asks questions of epistemology because those questions are central to making claims of subjectivity and identity. Calvin reveals how women, who have historically been marginal to the deliberations of philosophy and science, have made significant contributions to the reconsideration and reformulation of the epistemological models of the world and the individuals in it.

EPSA11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science

Author: Vassilios Karakostas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319013068
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This book contains a selection of original conference papers covering all major fields in the philosophy of science, that have been organized into themes. The first section of this volume begins with the formal philosophy of science, moves on to idealization, representation and explanation and then finishes with realism, anti-realism and special science laws. The second section covers the philosophy of the physical sciences, looking at quantum mechanics, spontaneous symmetry breaking, the philosophy of space and time, linking physics and metaphysics and the philosophy of chemistry. Further themed sections cover the philosophies of the life sciences, the cognitive sciences and the social sciences. Readers will find that this volume provides an excellent overview of the state of the art in the philosophy of science, as practiced in different European countries. ​

Handbuch Frauen und Geschlechterforschung

Author: Ruth Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531142784
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Das Handbuch der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung bietet mit seinen Beiträgen zu 90 Stichworten einen fundierten Überblick über die Entwicklung und den aktuellen Stand der deutschsprachigen und internationalen Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung. Es eignet sich insbesondere als Nachschlagewerk für Forschung und Lehre. Die Aufsätze behandeln zentrale Fragen der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen (Soziologie, Pädagogik, Politik-, Kultur-, Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Medizin, Psychologie, Theologie und Jura) und auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen: Das Spektrum der Beiträge reicht von den theoretischen Konzepten zum Geschlecht über Methoden der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung bis zu zentralen Forschungs- und Arbeitsfeldern. Die Artikel bieten eine Übersicht über die jeweiligen zentralen Definitionen, grundlegenden Studien und Debatten und aktuellen (Forschungs-)Ergebnisse des vorgestellten Themenbereichs sowie einen Ausblick auf Forschungsfragen und Zukunftsvisionen.

Decentering the Center

Author: Uma Narayan
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253213846
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The essays in this volume bring to their focuses on philosophical issues the new angles of vision created by the multicultural, global, and postcolonial feminisms that have been developing around us. These multicultural, global, and postcolonial feminist concerns transform mainstream notions of experience, human rights, the origins of philosophic issues, philosophic uses of metaphors of the family, white antiracism, human progress, scientific progress, modernity, the unity of scientific method, the desirability of universal knowledge claims, and other ideas central to philosophy.

Feminism and Science

Author: Nancy Tuana
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253113382
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
"... thoughtful critiques of the myriad issues between women and science." -- Belles Lettres "Outstanding collection of essays that raise the fundamental questions of gender in what we have been taught are objective sciences." -- WATERwheel "... all of the articles are well written, informative, and convincing. Admirable editorial work makes this anthology unusually helpful for scholars and students... Highly recommended... " -- Choice Questioning the objectivity of scientific inquiry, this volume addresses the scope of gender bias in science. The contributors examine the ways in which science is affected by and reinforces sexist biases. The essays reveal science to be a cultural institution, structured by the political, social, and economic values of the culture within which it is practiced.

Common Science

Author: Jean Barr
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The roots of the exclusion and alienation of women and minorities from scientific knowledge may well lie in how science itself is taught. While academic feminist critiques of science and science education are important, the authors believe that more attention has to be paid to what non-academics think and feel about science. Here is a starting point for developing a feminist pedagogy around science in the larger community.