Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Author: Mohammed Ghaly
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1786340496
Format: PDF
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Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics presents results from a pioneering seminar in 2013 between Muslim religious scholars, biomedical scientists, and Western bioethicists at the research Center for Islamic Legislation & Ethics, Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies. By examining principle-based bioethics, the contributors to this volume addressed a number of key issues related to the future of the field. Discussion is based around the role of religion in bioethical reasoning, specifically from an Islamic perspective. Also considered is a presentation of the concept of universal principles for bioethics, with a response looking at the possibility (or not) of involving religion. Finally, there is in-depth analysis of how far specific disciplines within the Islamic tradition — such as the higher objectives of Sharia (maqāṣid al-Sharī'ah) and legal maxims (qawā'id fiqhīyah) — can enrich principle-based bioethics. Contents:Methodological Issues:Deliberations within the Islamic Tradition on Principle-Based Bioethics: An Enduring Task (Mohammed Ghaly)The 'Bio' in Biomedicine: Evolution, Assumptions, and Ethical Implications (Muna Ali)A Maqāṣid-Based Approach for New Independent Legal Reasoning (Ijtihād) (Jasser Auda)Principles of Biomedical Ethics:The Principles of Biomedical Ethics as Universal Principles (Tom L Beauchamp)Response by Ali Al-Qaradaghi to Tom Beauchamp's Paper (Ali Al-Qaradaghi)The Principles of Biomedical Ethics Revisited (Annelien L Bredenoord)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 3)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 2, Session 3)Islamic Perspectives on the Principles of Biomedical Ethics:Ethics in Medicine: A Principle-Based Approach in Light of the Higher Objectives (Maqāṣid) of Sharia (Ahmed Raissouni)Response by Hassan Chamsi-Pasha to Raissouni's Paper (Hassan Chamsi-Pasha)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 2)Governing Principles of Islamic Ethics in Medicine (Abdul Sattar Abu Ghuddah)Response by Hassan Chamsi-Pasha to Abu Ghuddah's Paper (Hassan Chamsi-Pasha)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 1, Session 1)Formulating Ethical Principles in Light of the Higher Objectives of Sharia and Their Criteria (Ali Al-Qaradaghi)Script of Oral Discussions (Day 3, Session 3)Script of Concluding Discussions: Part One (Day 2: Session 1 and Session 2)Script of Concluding Discussions: Part Two (Day 3: Session 1 and Session 2)Conclusion: Critical Remarks (Tariq Ramadan)GlossaryIndex Readership: Researchers and students interested in fields of (Islamic) bioethics, Islamic studies, religion and bioethics, religious ethics, Islam and the West, and intercultural studies.

Islamic Bioethics Current Issues And Challenges

Author: Bagheri Alireza
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783267518
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 11 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The chapters take both theoretical and practical approaches to the topic, and each covers an emerging issue in Islamic bioethics. This book will be useful for academics and professional institutions in both Islamic and non-Islamic countries, and will be instrumental in providing researchers, scholars, students, policymakers and medical professionals with access to the latest issues and debates related to Islamic bioethics. Contributors include: Tariq Ramadan, Abdallah Daar, Ali Albar, Mohsin Ebrahim, Baharouddin Azizan Alastair Campbel, Bagher Larijani, Carol Taylor, Gamal Serour, James Rusthoven, Ilhan Ilkilic, Ingrid Mattson, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Jonathan Crane, Hakan Ertin, Mehunisha Suleman. Contents: Islamic Ethics: Sources, Methodology and Application (T Ramadan)Islamic Bioethics: Infrastructure and Capacity Building (A Bagheri)What Islamic Bioethics Can Offer to Global Bioethics (A Bagheri et al.)Gender and Sexuality in Islamic Bioethics (I Mattson)Physician-Patient Relationship in Islamic Context (M Al Bar & H Chamsi-Pasha)Islamic Perspective on Brain Death and Organ Transplantation (M Ebrahim)The Stem Cell Debate in Islamic Bioethics (H Ertin & I Ilkilic)Environmental Ethics in Islam (A Baharuddin & M N Musa)Animal Rights in Islam (B Larijani et al.)Biomedical Research Ethics in the Islamic Context: Reflections on and Challenges for Islamic Bioethics (M Suleman)Challenges in Islamic Bioethics (K Alali et al.) Readership: Healthcare professionals, health policy makers, physicians and nurses, lawyers academics, researchers, graduate students and lay public. Keywords: Islamic Bioethics;Bioethics;Biomedical Ethics;Medical Ethics;IslamReview: Key Features: Provides a platform for a better understanding of bioethical issues in Islamic context and how an ethical dilemma is dealt with and how decisions are made in Islamic bioethics from a multidisciplinary group of scholarsBioethical topics presented in this volume are the most critical issues in Islamic bioethics as well as global bioethicsEach chapter presents an update of a bioethical topic and/or challenges in Islamic bioethics from an authoritative bioethics/religious scholarIn an innovative approach this volume presents a constructive dialogue between prominent Muslim and Non-Muslim scholars on Islamic bioethics

Religious Perspectives on Bioethics and Human Rights

Author: Joseph Tham
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319584316
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book deals with the thorny issue of human rights in different cultures and religions, especially in the light of bioethical issues. In this book, experts from Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Daoism, Hinduism and Confucianism discuss the tension between their religious traditions and the claim of universality of human rights. The East-West contrast is particularly evident with regards to human rights. Some writers find the human rights language too individualistic and it is foreign to major religions where the self does not exist in isolation, but is normally immersed in a web of relations and duties towards family, friends, religion community, and society. Is the human rights discourse a predominantly Western liberal ideal, which in bioethics is translated to mean autonomy and free choice? In today’s democratic societies, laws have been drafted to protect individuals and communities against slavery, discrimination, torture or genocide. Yet, it appears unclear at what moment universal rights supersede respect for cultural diversity and pluralism. This collection of articles demonstrates a rich spectrum of positions among different religions, as they confront the ever more pressing issues of bioethics and human rights in the modern world. This book is intended for those interested in the contemporary debates on religious ethics, human rights, bioethics, cultural diversity and multiculturalism.

Islamic Biomedical Ethics

Author: Abdulaziz Sachedina
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195378504
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In search of principles of health care in Islam -- Health and suffering -- Beginning of life -- Terminating early life -- Death and dying -- Organ donation and cosmetic enhancement -- Recent developments -- Epilogue.

Islamic Bioethics

Author: Alireza Bagheri
Publisher: Wspc (Europe)
ISBN: 9781783267491
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 11 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The chapters take both theoretical and practical approaches to the topic, and each covers an emerging issue in Islamic bioethics. This book will be useful for academics and professional institutions in both Islamic and non-Islamic countries, and will be instrumental in providing researchers, scholars, students, policymakers and medical professionals with access to the latest issues and debates related to Islamic bioethics. Contributors include: Tariq Ramadan, Abdallah Daar, Ali Albar, Mohsin Ebrahim, Baharouddin Azizan Alastair Campbel, Bagher Larijani, Carol Taylor, Gamal Serour, James Rusthoven, Ilhan Ilkilic, Ingrid Mattson, Hassan Chamsi-Pasha, Jonathan Crane, Hakan Ertin, Mehunisha Suleman.

Global Bioethics

Author: Henk ten Have
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317300815
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The panorama of bioethical problems is different today. Patients travel to Thailand for fast surgery; commercial surrogate mothers in India deliver babies to parents in rich countries; organs, body parts and tissues are trafficked from East to Western Europe; physicians and nurses migrating from Africa to the U.S; thousands of children or patients with malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS are dying each day because they cannot afford effective drugs that are too expensive. Mainstream bioethics as it has developed during the last 50 years in Western countries is evolving into a broader approach that is relevant for people across the world and is focused on new global problems. This book provides an introduction into the new field of global bioethics. Addressing these problems requires a broader vision of bioethics that not only goes beyond the current emphasis on individual autonomy, but that criticizes the social, economic and political context that is producing the problems at global level. This book argues that global bioethics is a necessity because the social, economic and environmental effects of globalization require critical responses. Global bioethics is not a finished product that can simply be applied to solve global problems, but it is the ongoing result of interaction and exchange between local practices and global discourse. It combines recognition of differences and respect for cultural diversity with convergence towards common perspectives and shared values. The book examines the nature of global problems as well as the type of responses that are needed, in order to exemplify the substance of global bioethics. It discusses the ethical frameworks that are available for global discourse and shows how these are transformed into global governance mechanisms and practices.

Muslim Medical Ethics

Author: Jonathan E. Brockopp
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570037535
Format: PDF, Docs
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Muslim Medical Ethics bring together the work of historians, health-care professionals, theologians, and social scientists to produce an interdisciplinary view of medical ethics in Muslim societies and of the impact of caring for Muslim patients in non-Muslim societies. The volume challenges traditional presumptions to demonstrate the ways in which Muslims balance respect for their heritage with the health issues of a modern world. The contributors map the breadth and boundaries of this discourse through discussions of contested issues on the cutting edge of ethical debates, from fertilized embryos in Saudi Arabia to patient autonomy in Toronto, from organ trafficking in Egypt to sterilization in Tanzania.

Contemporary Bioethics

Author: Mohammed Ali Al-Bar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319184288
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book discusses the common principles of morality and ethics derived from divinely endowed intuitive reason through the creation of al-fitr' a (nature) and human intellect (al-‘aql). Biomedical topics are presented and ethical issues related to topics such as genetic testing, assisted reproduction and organ transplantation are discussed. Whereas these natural sources are God’s special gifts to human beings, God’s revelation as given to the prophets is the supernatural source of divine guidance through which human communities have been guided at all times through history. The second part of the book concentrates on the objectives of Islamic religious practice – the maqa' sid – which include: Preservation of Faith, Preservation of Life, Preservation of Mind (intellect and reason), Preservation of Progeny (al-nasl) and Preservation of Property. Lastly, the third part of the book discusses selected topical issues, including abortion, assisted reproduction devices, genetics, organ transplantation, brain death and end-of-life aspects. For each topic, the current medical evidence is followed by a detailed discussion of the ethical issues involved.

Religious Perspectives on Social Responsibility in Health

Author: Joseph Tham
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319718495
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book discuss the meaning and implications of the social and ethical implications of the notion of social responsibility in healthcare in six major world religions — Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, & Judaism. This collection of papers is based on a four-day workshop where bioethics experts from various religious traditions gathered. They discussed the ways in which their respective traditions could, or could not, uphold the tenets of Article 14 of UNESCO's Universal Declaration of bioethics and Human Rights. The different papers presented in this book are based on this interchange of ideas at the workshop. The book explores the potential points of convergence among the various perspectives presented, as well as a discussion on the ways in which their moral differences may be managed. The managing of these moral differences through international socio-ethical mechanisms, contributes significantly to the UNESCO Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights’ goal of simultaneously respecting religio-cultural pluralism while upholding a commitment to human rights.