Islamists and Secularists in Egypt

Author: Dina Shehata
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135179298
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In a detailed analysis of the continued survival of authoritarian governments in the Arab world, this book uses Egypt as a case study to address the timely and complex issue of democratization in the Middle East. This book examines how relations between different actors in the Egyptian opposition have contributed to the endurance of authoritarianism in Egypt over the past three decades. The author argues that the longevity of the authoritarian government is not only a function of the strength and cohesion of the regime, but is also related to the weaknesses and divisions between opposition groupings, particularly between Islamists and non-Islamists. Looking at how such ideological differences and mobilizational asymmetries have impeded successful cooperation between different opposition groups, and how this allows the authoritarian regime to successfully ensure its continued hegemony, the author illustrates the extent to which opposition strategies profoundly affect successful transitions to democracy in the Arab world. Highlighting the main obstacles to democratic political reform in the region, the author provides important insights for the promotion of democracy in the region which will be a valuable addition to the literature on Middle Eastern politics and government.

Demokratie und Islam

Author: Ahmet Cavuldak
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531198335
Format: PDF, Docs
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Der Islam zählt heute zu den größten Herausforderungen für den demokratischen Rechtsstaat. Außenpolitisch stehen die Transformationsprozesse in der arabischen Welt, innenpolitisch die Integration muslimischer Migranten im Fokus. Die Angst vor einer fundamentalistischen Unterwanderung der Demokratie sowie die oft schwer zu ziehende Grenze zwischen Islam und Islamismus sorgen in der Öffentlichkeit für Verunsicherung. Nur selten wird der Islam als demokratieaffiner Faktor wahrgenommen. Der Band legt in diesem schwierigen Forschungsfeld fundierte und differenzierte Expertisen vor. Er reflektiert die Komplexität des Verhältnisses von Demokratie und Islam, taxiert Chancen und Risiken und gleicht vorhandene Befunde ab. Dabei wird geprüft, welchen Beitrag islamische Demokratievorstellungen in der Debatte leisten und ob die westlichen Gesellschaften ihrerseits zur Neubestimmung der Beziehung zwischen Politik und Religion gezwungen sind.

From Independence to Revolution

Author: Gillian Kennedy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1849049327
Format: PDF, Docs
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From Independence to Revolution tells the story of the complicated relationship between the Egyptian population and the nation's most prominent political opposition -- the Islamist movement. Most commentators focus on the Muslim Brotherhood and radical jihadists constantly vying for power under successive authoritarian rulers, from Gamal Abdul Nasser to General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. Yet the relationship between the Islamists and Egyptian society has not remained fixed. Instead, groups like the Muslim Brotherhood, radical jihadists and progressive Islamists like Tayyar al Masri have varied in their responses to Egypt's socio-political transformation over the last sixty years, thereby attracting different sections of the Egyptian electorate at different times. From bread riots in the 1970s to the 2011 Tahrir Square uprising and the subsequent election of the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi in 2012, Egypt's Islamists have been countering authoritarian elites since colonial independence. This book is based on the author's fieldwork interviews in Egypt and builds on comparative political approaches to the topic. It offers an account of Egypt's contesting actors, demonstrating how a consistently fragmented Islamist movement and an authoritarian state have cemented political instability and economic decline as a persistent trend.

A Concise History of the Middle East

Author: Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 042985045X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A Concise History of the Middle East provides a comprehensive introduction to the history of this turbulent region. Spanning from pre-Islam to the present day, it explores the evolution of Islamic institutions and culture, the influence of the West, modernization efforts in the Middle East, the struggle of various peoples for political independence, the Arab–Israel conflict, the reassertion of Islamic values and power, the issues surrounding the Palestinian Question, and the Middle East post-9/11 and post-Arab uprisings. The twelfth edition has been fully revised to reflect the most recent events in, and concerns of, the region, including the presence of ISIS and other non-state actors, the civil wars in Syria and Yemen, and the refugee crisis. New parts and part timelines will help students grasp and contextualize the long and complicated history of the region. With updated biographical sketches and glossary, and a new concluding chapter, this book remains the quintessential text for students of Middle East history.

Handbuch Transformationsforschung

Author: Raj Kollmorgen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658053488
Format: PDF, ePub
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Transformation als nicht-evolutorischer gesellschaftlicher Wandel ist ein historisches Phänomen der Moderne. Gegenstand des Handbuchs sind Felder, Theorien und Methoden der sozialwissenschaftlichen Transformationsforschung. Am Anfang stehen die drei großen Paradigmen der Transformationsforschung: System, Institutionen und Akteure. Es folgen prominente Forschungsansätze unter anderem aus der Modernisierungstheorie, dem Strukturalismus, dem Historischen Institutionalismus, der Entwicklungsökonomik und der Politischen Ökonomie. Ein weiterer Teil ist den Methoden gewidmet. Quantitativ-statistische Verfahren werden hier ebenso vorgestellt wie makro-qualitative Methoden, Methoden aus der Ethnographie, den Wirtschaftswissenschaften und der Diskursanalyse. Nach einem Überblick über die wichtigsten historischen Wellen gesellschaftlicher Transformationen folgt ein Blick auf Sphären der Transformation wie Recht, Staat, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft. Mehr als vierzig kürzere Stichworte von A wie Autokratieförderung bis W wie Wohlfahrtsregime vertiefen einzelne transformatorische Grundprobleme. Dieses Handbuch integriert politikwissenschaftliche, soziologische und wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Perspektiven. Daneben finden rechts- und kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge Berücksichtigung.