Japanese Culture

Author: Richard K. Beardsley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136543058
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents an authoritative and illuminating insight into the development and most important characteristics of Japanese society and culture. Approaching the subject from a number of different points of view. Originally published in 1963.

Japanese Culture

Author: Robert J. Smith
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9781330399491
Format: PDF, ePub
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Excerpt from Japanese Culture: Its Development and Characteristics All the essays collected in this volume originated as papers comprising six sessions of the Tenth Pacific Science Congress, held in Honolulu, Hawaii, from August 21 to September 6, 1961. The way these six sessions came into being exemplifies a fresh step of development in studies of Japanese society and culture, happily evidenced on other recent occasions as well, and the temptation is strong to record this step in its historical context as the papers of this segment of the Congress go to press. The new trend referred to is one of explicit collaboration between Japanese and American scholars in Japanese studies, important because it promises to relieve one-sidedness and enrich the field as a whole. It will be evident from the list of contributors to this volume that Japanese participated in the six Congress sessions in almost equal numbers with Americans. Each session, moreover, had Japanese and American co-chairmen and was organized under mutual consultation. In certain cases, joint participation in the session was the sequel to a period of collaborative research, though such close relationship has not yet become the rule. This joint organization and participation, a mere organizational detail in itself, gathers significance when placed against its proper background, the development of the study of Japanese society. Japanese studies have evolved through two or more stages, and we venture to point to intensified collaboration in research and reporting, evidenced to a modest degree in the present papers, as a primary feature of the stage now commencing. A glance at the past and present situations will point to such an outcome. For a very long time after Japan first renewed her contact with the outside world in the middle nineteenth century, she remained the mysterious island nation of the Orient, best known for a few quaint customs and delicate arts - her geisha, haiku poems, woodblock prints, and embroidered kimono. Social science study remained rather casual, with exceptions in the fields of economics, politics, and archeology. John Embree's admirable community study, Suye Mura: A Japanese Village (Chicago, 1939), was an outstanding exception to the exoticism that tended to prevail even on the eve of World War II. His clear-eyed depiction of local organization presaged an era of close examination of details of Japanese society, an era that was hastened by the wartime imperative to acquire intelligence about all aspects of Japan. After peace returned to the Pacific, Japan was revealed to be an area of extraordinary interest to social scientists of every hue. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Cultural and Theological Reflections on the Japanese Quest for Divinity

Author: John J. Keane
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 900432240X
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Cultural and Theological Reflections on the Japanese Quest for Divinity John J. Keane offers a novel account of Japanese divinity (kami). He applies cultural themes to highlight this quest. Respectful encounters between East and West are encouraged using principles of interreligious dialogue.

Dependency and Japanese Socialization

Author: Frank A. Johnson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 081474222X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Surprisingly readable and studded with nuggets of insight." —The Daily Yomiuri "This insightful, well-written, fascinating book offers new understandings, not only of Japan, but also of American culture. It is essential for those in anthropology, psychology, sociology, and psychiatry who are interested in culture, as well as those in law and the business community who deal with Japan." —Paul Ekman, Ph.D.,Director, Human Interaction Laboratory, Langley Porter Institute, University of California, San Francisco "[A] thoughtful cross-cultural study of development...His work can only enhance the still evolving psychoanalytic theory of preoedipal development as it is being derived mostly from psychoanalytic research on child-parent interaction in American families." —Calvin F. Settlage, M.D. "Johnson's ambitious and exhaustive synthesis of anthropological and psychological treatments of dependency raises interesting questions. . . Johnson alerts the reader to issues of universalism and relativity and leads us to ask, 'What would psychoanalysis be like, if it had originated in Japan?'" —Merry I. White, Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies, Harvard University ". . . Johnson's erudite and critical re-examination of human dependence succeeds to re-profile dependence meaningfully and revives our interest in this major aspect of human experience. Indeed, much food for thought for both psychoanalysts and anthropologists." —Henri Parens, M.D., Philadelphia Psychoanalytic Institute Western ideologies traditionally emphasize the concepts of individualism, privacy, freedom, and independence, while the prevailing ethos relegates dependency to a disparaged status. In Japanese society, the divergence from these western ideals can be found in the concept of amae (perhaps best translated as indulgent dependency) which is part of the Japanese social fiber and pervades their experience. For the Western reader, the concept of amae is somewhat alien and unfamiliar, but in order to understand the Japanese fully, it is essential to acquire a familiarity with the intensity that accompanies interdependent affiliations within their culture. To place amae in the proper context, Johnson critically examines the western attitudes toward dependency from the perspectives of psychoanalysis, psychiatry, developmental psychology, and anthropology. Johnson traces the development of the concept and uses of the term dependency in academic and developmental psychology in the West, including its recent eclipse by more operationally useful terms attachment and interdependency. This timely books makes use of the work of Japanese psychiatrist Takeo Doi, whose book The Anatomy of Dependence introduced the concept of amae to the West. Johnson goes on to illuminate the collective manner in which Japanese think and behave which is central to their socialization and educational practices, especially as seen in the stunning success of Japanese trading practices during the past twenty years. A major emphasis is placed upon the positive aspects of amae, which are compared and contrasted with attitudes toward dependency seen among other nationalities, cultures, and groups in both Western and Asian societies. Complete with a glossary of Japanese terms, Dependency and Japanese Socialization provides a comprehensive investigation into Japanese behavior.

Puppets of Nostalgia

Author: Jane Marie Law
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400872952
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Puppets of Nostalgia is the first major work in any Western language to examine the ritual origins and religious dimensions of puppetry in Japan. In a lucid and engaging style accessible to the general reader, Jane Marie Law describes the "life, death, and rebirth" of awaji ningyo shibai, the unique form of puppet theater of Awaji Island that has existed since the sixteenth century. Puppetry rites on Awaji helped to maintain rigid ritual purity codes and to keep dangerous spiritual forces properly channeled and appeased. Law conducted fieldwork on Awaji, located in Japan's Inland Sea, over a ten-year period. In addition to being a detailed history and ethnography of this ritual tradition, Law's work is, at a theoretical level, a study of the process and meaning of tradition formation, reformation, invention, and revitalization. It will interest scholars in a number of fields, including the history of religions, anthropology, cultural studies, ritual and theater studies, Japanese studies, and social history. Focusing on the puppetry tradition of Awaji Island, Puppets of Nostalgia describes the activities of the island's ritual puppeteers and includes the first English translation of their performance texts and detailed descriptions of their rites. Because the author has lived on Awaji during extended periods of research, the work includes fine attention to local detail and nuanced readings of religious currents in Japan that affect popular religious expression. Illustrated throughout with rare photographs, the book provides an in-depth view of a four-hundred-year-old tradition never so thoroughly revealed to Western readers. Originally published in 1997. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Family History at the Crossroads

Author: Tamara K. Hareven
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400886910
Format: PDF
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This collection of essays covers most of the important topics in the field of family history, assesses the state of the art, and stresses the themes that will continue to generate interest in the future. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Japanese Schooling

Author: James J. Shields
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271009346
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Japanese Schooling is organized around important crosspoints for understanding the historic roots and contemporary features of Japanese education. These include (1) socialization for discipline at home and in school; (2) the impact of university examinations on educational equality and moral development; and (3) centralized control and national identity. Written by leading American and Japanese scholars, Japanese Schooling is uniquely informative and comprehensive, with wide-ranging and critical analyses of sensitive issues and traditional educational questions. Among the topics that highlight both strengths and weaknesses are: nursery schooling, pupil violence in junior high schools, the reasons for high achievement levels in mathematics, the textbook controversy and teacher unionism, the role of large class size in teaching cooperative behavior, gender issues, and special education. As one reviewer said, &“The book has no equal among recently published works which in comparison avoid sharp analysis and are narrowly focused.&” Another feature is the bibliography of more than 200 English-language sources on Japanese education published since 1972. It constitutes probably the most complete bibliographic research base currently available for those interesting in studying Japanese education. Overall, Japanese Schooling shows every promise of taking a place alongside Herbert Passin&’s Society and Education in Japan, published in 1965 and long-considered the classic reference for understanding the interplay between contemporary educational issues and the permanent patterns of Japanese culture.