Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction

Author: Gary Ackerman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420069679
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Explores the Nexus Formed When Malevolent Actors Access Malignant Means Written for professionals, academics, and policymakers working at the forefront of counterterrorism efforts, Jihadists and Weapons of Mass Destruction is an authoritative and comprehensive work addressing the threat of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the hands of jihadists, both historically and looking toward the future threat environment. Providing insight on one of the foremost security issues of the 21st century, this seminal resource effectively: Documents current trends in the ideology, strategy, and tactics of jihadists as these relate to WMD Includes a section devoted to jihadist involvement with chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons Explores the role of intelligence, law enforcement, and policymakers in anticipating, deterring, and mitigating WMD attacks Provides an overview of nonproliferation policies designed to keep WMD out of the hands of jihadists Conducts a groundbreaking quantitative empirical analysis of jihadist behavior Elicits leading experts’ estimates of the future WMD threat from jihadists Leading international experts clearly differentiate between peaceful Muslims and jihadists, exploring how jihadists translate their extreme and violent ideology into strategy. They also focus on WMD target selection and the spread of WMD knowledge in jihadist communities. Devoid of sensationalism, this multidimensional evaluation adds a heightened level of sophistication to our understanding of the prospects for and nature of jihadist WMD terrorism. About the Editors Gary Ackerman is Research Director of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a Department of Homeland Security National Center of Excellence based at the University of Maryland. His research work focuses on threat assessment and terrorism involving unconventional weapons. Jeremy Tamsett is a consultant for Henley-Putnam University and an analyst at the Center for Terrorism and Intelligence Studies (CETIS), a research center dedicated to identifying, better comprehending, and accurately assessing the present and future security threats stemming from a variety of violence-prone extremists and their enablers. He has served as Project Manager for the U.S. Government funded Critical Infrastructure Terrorist Attack database and Global Terrorism Database (GTD).

The Darkest Sides of Politics II

Author: Jeffrey Bale
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781138785632
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book examines a wide array of phenomena that arguably constitute the most noxious, extreme, terrifying, murderous, secretive, authoritarian, and/or anti-democratic aspects of national and international politics. Scholars should not ignore these "dark sides" of politics, however unpleasant they may be, since they influence the world in a multitude of harmful ways. The second volume in this two-volume collection focuses primarily on assorted religious extremists, including apocalyptic millenarian cults, Islamists, and jihadist terrorist networks, as well as CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear) terrorism and the supposedly new "nexus" between organized criminal and extremist groups employing terrorist operational techniques. A range of global case studies are included, most of which focus on the lesser known activities of certain religious extremist milieus. This collection should prove to be essential reading for students and researchers interested in understanding seemingly arcane but nonetheless important dimensions of recent historical and contemporary politics.

Warrant for Terror

Author: Shmuel Bar
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461646855
Format: PDF
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Since September 11, 2001 much has been written about 'Islamist terrorism,' arguing that it is a perversion that has 'hijacked Islam' in the service of social, political and economic grievances. However, such accounts cannot explain why other people that can lay claim to similar or more serious grievances have not developed such devastating religious terrorist ideologies. Moreover, many of the terrorists themselves have attested to their own religious motivation and their belief that they acted in accordance with the precepts of Islam. In Warrant for Terror Shmuel Bar examines fatwas—legal opinions declaring whether a given act under Islam is obligatory, permitted, or forbidden. Fatwas serve as a major instrument by which religious leaders impel believers to engage in acts of jihad. Bar argues that fatwas, particularly those that come from the Arab world, should not be dismissed as a cynical use of religious terminology in political propaganda. Many terrorists testify that they were motivated to act by them. Indeed, this book shows that Islamic law plays a central role in determining for believers the practical meaning of the duty to jihad. Bar examines the underlying religious, legal, and moral logic of fatwas and the depth of their influence, particularly in contrast to alternative moderate Islamic interpretations. He explores the wide scope of issues that fatwas deal with, covering almost all facets of Islamic 'law of war': the justification for declaring jihad; the territory in which the jihad should be fought; whether women and children may participate in jihad; the legality of killing women, children and other non-combatants; the justification for killing hostages and mutilating their bodies; and the permissibility of diverse tactics and weapons, including suicide attacks and even nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Warrant for Terror also delves into the contradictions between the radical and the mainstream narratives and the sources of the weakness of the latter in the face of the former. In the conclusion, the author raises a number of provocative questions relating to the 'religious policy' of the West in the face of the threat of Islamic extremism. This book is published in cooperation with the Hoover Institution

WMD Terrorism

Author: Stephen M. Maurer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262512858
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This first comprehensive overview of what scientists and scholars know about WMD terrorism clears away many of the misconceptions that surround this topic.

Defence Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism

Author: O. Aytaç
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1607504367
Format: PDF
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In Defence Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism the editors examined the class of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) for terrorist use, and have found that their effects range from serious nuisance value up to catastrophic destruction of a large urban area. There are some differences in the effects depending on whether they are used against military or civilian targets, whether they are used from inside the target area or outside, and between those weapons for which MOPP (Mission Oriented Protective Posture) gear can provide useful protection (Biological Weapons, Chemical Weapons) and those for which it often cannot (radiation, nuclear explosions). These are useful ways to begin thinking about establishing protocols for protecting our armed forces and the civilian population they are sworn to defend.

Surviving Amid Chaos

Author: Louis René Beres
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442253266
Format: PDF
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Now facing an unprecedented configuration of threats, Israel's leaders must decide whether to continue their nuclear ambiguity policy and work to develop a strategic posture with a refined nuclear strategy. This book examines Israel's evolving strategy and explains how it underscores the complexity of strategic interactions in the Middle East.

New Face of Terrorism

Author: Nadine Gurr
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857715089
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Anthrax, Smallpox, Sarin, blister, blood and choking agents...the list of potential weapons of mass destruction is enormous and varied. Today, the threat of these weapons to civilian populations seems as close as it has ever been. It was once thought that technological problems would prevent terrorists developing these weapons whilst moral issues would stop them using them. That has now changed. _x000D_ _x000D_ Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN), terrorism and the ‘war on terror’ are major features of international relations and global concern. Terrorist threats and actual violence have become increasingly dangerous and lethal since the 1970s. However, the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11th 2001 heralded a new era in terrorist action and was the culmination of a terror campaign against American targets world-wide. _x000D_ The New Face of Terrorism evaluates the continuing threat and counter-measures since ‘9/11’ and into the 21st century. The technical and organisational sophistication of the attacks on New York and Washington heralded a new era in the age-old war against terrorism. While the mass-destruction of ‘9/11’ has not been repeated there has been a steady, if small, increase in attacks involving CBRN elements, sometimes combined with ‘conventional’ explosives. The prime suspects have been al-Qaeda and its associates and there have been attacks in the USA, Britain, Italy and Spain as well as in theatres of war like Afghanistan and Iraq. _x000D_ _x000D_ The New Face of Terrorism offers a comprehensive and sobering account of possible responses to the perceived threat from weapons of mass destruction - both technological and political. It addresses the possible means of attack, as well as the quarters from which these might come: questions, since terror’s victims are civilians, which affect us all only too directly.

The Darkest Sides of Politics II

Author: Jeffrey M. Bale
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317659430
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book examines a wide array of phenomena that arguably constitute the most noxious, extreme, terrifying, murderous, secretive, authoritarian, and/or anti-democratic aspects of national and international politics. Scholars should not ignore these "dark sides" of politics, however unpleasant they may be, since they influence the world in a multitude of harmful ways. The second volume in this two-volume collection focuses primarily on assorted religious extremists, including apocalyptic millenarian cults, Islamists, and jihadist terrorist networks, as well as CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear) terrorism and the supposedly new "nexus" between organized criminal and extremist groups employing terrorist operational techniques. A range of global case studies are included, most of which focus on the lesser known activities of certain religious extremist milieus. This collection should prove to be essential reading for students and researchers interested in understanding seemingly arcane but nonetheless important dimensions of recent historical and contemporary politics.

The Al Qaeda Doctrine

Author: Donald Holbrook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 162356476X
Format: PDF
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Ever since it was first established, the senior leadership of Al-Qaeda has sought to communicate its core values, rationalizations, and principles to the world. Altogether, these statements convey Al-Qaeda's doctrine and the beliefs for which the leadership claims to be fighting. This volume in the New Directions in Terrorism Studies series analyzes over 250 statements made by the organization's two key leaders, Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Usama Bin Ladin, over the last two decades. It provides an in-depth and systematic analysis of these communications, showing which key issues emphasized by the two leaders evolved over time and highlighting their core principles. It explore Al-Qaeda's problem diagnosis, the solutions offered by its two leaders, their escalating --although often contradictory-- approach towards violence, and their chosen communication strategy for different types of audiences. The book shows how Al-Qaeda's leadership began to develop an increasingly critical approach towards Islam in the wake of the 9/11 attacks and discusses tensions that may undermine the resilience of its doctrine. This unique evidence-based analysis of Al-Qaeda will attract academics specializing in terrorism and counterterrorism as well as the policy community.

A Time Bomb for Global Trade

Author: Michael Richardson
Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
ISBN: 9789812302465
Format: PDF, Docs
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What is being done to counter threats of maritime terrorism and how effective are the safeguards? The author presents evidence that Al-Qaeda aims to disrupt the seaborne trading system, the backbone of the model global economy, and would use a crude nuclear explosive device or radiological bomb to do so if it could obtain one and position it to go off in a port-city, shipping strait or waterway that plays a key role in international trade. Improving maritime trade is especially important for the US and Canada, member states of the EU, Australia and New Zealand and for China, Japan and South Korea, Thailand, Malaysia and other East Asian economies that have extensive direct seaborne trade. It is doubly vital for places like Singapore, Hong Kong and Rotterdam that are not only very large global seaports but also giant giant container transshipment hubs. This book discusses some major threats to seaborne trade and its land links in the global supply chain, their potential impact and the new security measures in place or pending for ships, ports and cargo containers, and recommendations for preventing or handling a catastrophic terrorist attack designed to disrupt world trade.