Key Issues in Bioethics

Author: Ralph Levinson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134489269
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Young people are increasingly being exposed to the huge and complex ethical dilemmas involved in issues such as genetic modification, animal rights and cloning, and they are bringing their views into the classroom. But how can teachers be sure they are sufficiently well-informed to help their pupils make sense of the diverse and emotive arguments surrounding these issues? This book holds the answer. Written by leading ethicists, scientists and technologists, it offers a balanced and jargon-free guide to such highly debated topics as: * cloning * in vitro fertilisation * genetic screening and genetic engineering * farm animal welfare * the use of animals in medical experiments. Written specifically for the non-specialist teacher or lecturer, this book offers suggestions on how to approach the teaching of bioethics and provides useful sources of further information. It may also be of interest to undergraduates on science courses.

Animal Bioethics

Author: Michel Marie
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9076998582
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nowadays there are widespread ethical concerns about animal production and our treatment of animals. This book is the first to specifically examine these issues from an educational perspective. With 19 chapters written by 31 authors experienced in this field and coming from 11 European countries, this book will be of great value to veterinary, agronomy and science students and teachers. It will also be of use for everyone interested in developing moral reasoning and communication skills relative to ethics, whether animal centred or in a broader sense.The first part of the book is devoted to in-depth analyses of historical, philosophical, religious and cultural perspectives as well as of the driving forces in action. This enables readers to develop a good understanding of the ethical principles related to human-animal relationships, and their dynamics.In the second part, teaching objectives, strategies and methods are analysed, resulting in a conceptual framework for education in this area. Concrete suggestions are given to be applied in teaching, training and communication. This provides a basis for curricula development, including appropriate principles, content and examples. A detailed syllabus is proposed in the case of animal welfare, including its rationale and extensive sources of information. The methods proposed, in their varying degrees of complexity involve active processes, mainly founded on case studies and problem-based learning. This will contribute to a necessary sharing of experience and the spreading of good practice.

Natural History Dioramas Traditional Exhibits for Current Educational Themes

Author: Annette Scheersoi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 303000175X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book presents the history of natural history dioramas in museums, their building and science learning aspects, as well as current developments and their place in the visitor experience. From the early 1900s, with the passage of time and changes in cultural norms in societies, this genre of exhibits evolved in response to the changes in entertainment, expectations and expressed needs of museum visitors. The challenge has always been to provide meaningful, relevant experiences to visitors, and this is still the aim today. Dioramas are also increasingly valued as learning tools. Contributions in this book specifically focus on their educational potential. In practice, dioramas are used by a wide range of educational practitioners to assist learners in developing and understanding specific concepts, such as climate change, evolution or or conservation issues. In this learning process, dioramas not only contribute to scientific understanding and cultural awareness, but also reconnect wide audiences to the natural world and thereby contribute to the well-being of societies. In the simultaneously published book: “Natural History Dioramas – Traditional Exhibits for Current Educational Themes, Socio-cultural Aspects” the editors focus on socio-cultural issues and the potential of using dioramas to engage various audiences with – and in – contemporary debates and big issues, which society and the natural environment are facing.

Bioethics

Author: T. B. Mepham
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199214303
Format: PDF
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Ben Mepham is Special Professor in Applied Bioethics, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham and Visiting Professor in Bioethics, Department of Policy Studies, University of Lincoln, UK. I. The Theoretical Background to Bioethics 1. The Nature of Bioethics 2. Theories of Ethics 3. A Framework for Ethical Analysis II. Bioethics and Human Futures 4. The Biology of Poverty 5. Fertility and Morality 6. Genomics, Eugenics and Integrity III. Bioethics and Animals 7. Human Uses of Animals 8. Experiments on Animals 9. Animals and Modern Biotechnology IV. Bioethics, Plants, and the Environment 10. The First Generation of Genetically Modified Crops 11. Dietary Futures 12. Environmental Sustainability V. Bioethics in Practice 13. Risk, Precaution, and Trust 14. Politics and the Biosciences 15. Bioethics in the Laboratory

The Genetic Revolution and Human Rights

Author: Justine Burley
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780192862013
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The world was stunned by the announcement that scientists had successfully cloned a sheep. Suddenly, questions that had seemed merely academic or better suited to science fiction became topics for public debate. Should we clone people? Is eugenics morally defensible? Should cloning be regulated, and if so, by whom? How should genetic information about particular individuals be protected? What will be the long-term impact on cultural and racial diversity? Based on the popular Oxford Amnesty Lectures, this fascinating and thought-provoking book collects work from leaders in the field, including Hilary Putnam, Ian Wilmut (co-creator of Dolly the sheep), and Jonathan Glover. It provides an up-to-date and realistic look at many of these challenging and contentious issues. Each chapter includes an introduction to the issue by a prominent lawyer, scientist, or philosopher, and the volume features a foreword by Richard Dawkins. The Genetic Revolution and Human Rights is an invaluable guide to the potential impact of this revolutionary technology on our future.

El desarrollo del alfabetismo cient fico

Author: R. Jarman
Publisher: Ediciones Morata
ISBN: 8471126214
Format: PDF, Docs
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Las noticias científicas que divulgan los medios de comunicación encierran un potencial enorme como recurso para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de las ciencias y para valorar su influencia en la sociedad. Al demostrar la relevancia de la ciencia en la vida cotidiana, pueden constituir un valioso puente entre las aulas y el ?mundo real?. En la actualidad, quienes defienden la reforma de la educación en esta área del conocimiento insisten en la necesidad de promover el ?alfabetismo científico?. Esto incluye, por regla general, capacitar al alumnado para que pueda abordar críticamente los reportajes científicos que cada vez con más frecuencia aparecen en los media. Sin embargo, los que desean trabajar en esta línea no suelen disponer de muchas orientaciones para ello. El desarrollo del alfabetismo científico contribuye a paliar esta laguna ofreciendo un marco muy útil al profesorado que quiera investigar la ?ciencia en los media? en la Educación Secundaria. Muestra cómo pueden colaborar los docentes de distintas áreas para promover las capacidades y destrezas de sus alumnos y alumnas para abordar reflexivamente las noticias científicas que publican los media. Basándose en trabajos de investigación y desarrollo, Ruth JARMAN y Billy MCCLUNE: *Describen las características clave de los reportajes sobre noticias científicas. *Comentan su potencial como recurso para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de las ciencias y para desarrollar la capacidad crítica de la juventud respecto a estas informaciones. *Señalan los objetivos curriculares adecuados e indican actividades mediante las que alcanzarlos. Este libro es una fuente de valiosas ideas para todos los que enseñan ciencias en Educación Secundaria. También interesará a todos los implicados en la formación inicial del profesorado, así como y en su actualización y formación permanente.

El desarrollo del alfabetismo cient fico El uso de los media en el aula

Author: Jarman, Ruth
Publisher: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
ISBN: 8436951549
Format: PDF, Docs
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Las noticias científicas que divulgan los medios de comunicación encierran un potencial enorme como recurso para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de las ciencias y para valorar su influencia en la sociedad. Al demostrar la relevancia de la ciencia en la vida cotidiana, pueden constituir un valioso puente entre las aulas y el "mundo real". En la actualidad, quienes defienden la reforma de la educación en esta área del conocimiento insisten en la necesidad de promover el "alfabetismo científico". Esto incluye, por regla general, capacitar al alumnado para que pueda abordar críticamente los reportajes científicos que cada vez con más frecuencia aparecen en los media. Sin embargo, los que desean trabajar en esta línea no suelen disponer de muchas orientaciones para ello. Este libro contribuye a paliar esta laguna ofreciendo un marco muy útil al profesorado que quiera investigar la "ciencia en los media" en la Educación Secundaria.

Animal Biotechnology and Ethics

Author: Alan J. Holland
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 9780412756801
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advanced biomedical techniques such as genetic engineering are now used extensively in animal related research and development. As the pace of development has quickened, there has been growing public anxiety about the ethical issues involved. Animal Biotechnology and Ethics draws together in one book some of the leading themes and issues which have emerged in the recent debates surrounding biotechnology as applied to animals. With contributions from authors of many different viewpoints, the subject is given a thorough and balanced treatment. Among those to whom the book will be of particular interest are practitioners of animal biotechnology, and those whose interest lies in assessing its credentials, such as philosophers and social or political scientists. It also has a great deal to interest policy-makers and pressure groups, as well as more general readers. The strong chapters on the legal and regulatory framework will make it useful to those involved in advising on company policy, patenting or litigation.

Islam and Health Policies Related to HIV Prevention in Malaysia

Author: Sima Barmania
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319689096
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This salient text presents a culturally aware public health approach to the HIV epidemic in Malaysia, a country emblematic of the Muslim world's response to the crisis. It explores complex interactions of religion with health as a source of coping as well as stigma and denial, particularly as Islam plays a central role in Malaysian culture, politics, and policy. At the heart of the book, a groundbreaking study analyzes attitudes and behaviors toward prevention among diverse people living with HIV, faith leaders, and government health officials. From these findings, readers gain insight into how health professionals, policymakers, and organizations can create appropriate prevention programs in Malaysia, with implications for other Muslim countries. This timely volume: Situates Malaysia and the Asian Pacific region in the context of the HIV epidemic. Analyzes ways Islamic beliefs can shape perceptions of HIV and prevention policy. Reviews a unique study of stakeholder opinions and practices regarding HIV. Discusses the consequences of Islamic rulings on sex outside marriage. Offers recommendations for effective HIV prevention practice and policy. Islam and Health Policies Related to HIV Prevention in Malaysia is of immediate relevance to researchers studying HIV prevention, social aspects of religion, sexuality, and sex education. Policymakers in health promotion and health education as well as graduate students in sex education, sociology, psychology, and cultural studies should also find it useful.

Bioethics Mediation

Author: Nancy Neveloff Dubler
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
ISBN: 0826517730
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Bioethics Mediation" offers stories about patients, families, and health care providers enmeshed in conflict as they wrestle with decisions about life and death. It provides guidance for those charged with supporting the patient's traditional and religious commitments and personal wishes. Today's medical system, without intervention, privileges those within shared cultures of communication and disadvantages those lacking power and position, such as immigrants, the poor, and nonprofessionals. This book gives clinical ethics consultants, palliative care providers, and physicians, nurses, and other medical staff the tools they need to understand and manage conflict while respecting the values of patients and family members. Conflicts come in different guises, and the key to successful resolution is early identification and intervention. Every bioethics mediator needs to be prepared with skills to listen, "level the playing field," identify individual interests, explore options, and help craft a "principled resolution" -- a consensus that identifies a plan aligned with accepted ethical principles, legal stipulations, and moral rules and that charts a clear course of future intervention. The organization of the book makes it ideal for teaching or as a handbook for the practitioner. It includes actual cases, modified to protect the privacy of patients, providers, and institutions; detailed case analyses; tools for step-by-step mediation; techniques for the mediator; sample chart notes; and a set of actual role plays with expert mediator and bioethics commentaries. The role plays include: - discharge planning for a dying patient - an at-risk pregnancy - HIV and postsurgical complications in the ICU - treatment for a dying adolescent - dialysis and multiple systems failure Expanded by two-thirds from the 2004 edition, the new edition features two new role plays, a new chapter on how to write chart notes, and a discussion of new understandings of the role of the clinical ethics consultant.