Knots and Physics

Author: Louis H. Kauffman
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814383007
Format: PDF, ePub
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An introduction to knot and link invariants as generalised amplitudes for a quasi-physical process. The demands of knot theory, coupled with a quantum-statistical framework, create a context that naturally and powerfully includes an extraordinary range of interrelated topics in topology and mathematical physics.

Mereon Matrix The Everything Connected Through K nothing

Author: Kauffman Louis H
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813233575
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In this richly illustrated book, the contributors describe the Mereon Matrix, its dynamic geometry and topology. Through the definition of eleven First Principles, it offers a new perspective on dynamic, whole and sustainable systems that may serve as a template information model. This template has been applied to a set of knowledge domains for verification purposes: pre-life-evolution, human molecular genetics and biological evolution, as well as one social application on classroom management. The importance of the book comes in the following ways: The dynamics of the geometry unites all Platonic and Kepler Solids into one united structure and creates 11 unique trefoil knots. Its topology is directly related to the dynamics of the polyhedra. The Mereon Matrix is an approach to the unification of knowledge that relies on whole systems modelling. it is a framework charting the emergence of the Platonic and Kepler solids in a sequential, emergent growth process that describes a non-linear whole system, and includes a process of 'breathing' as well as multiplying ('birthing'); This dynamic/kinematic structure provides insight and a new approach to General Systems Theory and non-linear science, evolving through a new approach to polyhedral geometry. A set of 11 First Principles is derived from the structure, topology and dynamics of the Mereon Matrix, which serve well as a template information model. The Mereon Matrix is related to a large number of systems, physical, mathematical, and philosophical, and in linking these systems, provides access to new relationships among them by combining geometry with process thinking. The new perspective on systems is hypothesized as universal -- this is, applicable in all areas of science, natural and social. Such applicability has been demonstrated for applications as diverse as pre-life evolution, biological evolution and human molecular genetics, as well as a classroom management system for the educational system. Care has been taken to use images and languaging that are understandable across domains, connecting diverse disciplines, while making this complex system easily accessible. Contents: Prologues: Sustainability: Mathematical Elegance, Solid Science and Social Grace (L Dennis and L H Kauffman) Lynnclaire Dennis & R Buckminster Fuller Investigation (R W Gray) The Matrix We Call Mereon (L H Kauffman) First Things First: Building on the Known: A Quintessential Jitterbug (L Dennis, J Brender McNair, N J Woolf and L H Kauffman) Methodology (J Brender McNair and L Dennis) Philosophical Thoughts and Thinking Aloud Allowed (L Dennis) Belonging -- Education as Transformation (L Dennis) Meme, Pattern and Perspective (L Dennis, N J Woolf and L H Kauffman) Including and Beyond the Point: The Context -- Form Informing Function (L Dennis, J Brender McNair, N J Woolf and L H Kauffman) Flow and Scale (L Dennis and L H Kauffman) The Core -- Sharp Distinctions to Elegant Curves (L Dennis and L H Kauffman) Connections, Ligatures and Knots: Mereon Thoughts -- Knots and Beyond (L H Kauffman) The Mereon Trefoil -- Asymmetrical with Perfect Symmetry (L Dennis) Applying Mereon to Knowledge Domains: Exploring the Mereon Matrix (and Beyond) with the CymaScope Technology (L Dennis and P McNair) The Origin of Matter: Life, Learning and Survival (N J Woolf and L Dennis) ATCG -- An Applied Theory for Human MoleCular Genetics (J Brender McNair, P McNair,

Knots and Applications

Author: Louis H. Kauffman
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810220044
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume is a collection of research papers devoted to the study of relationships between knot theory and the foundations of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and psychology. Included are reprints of the work of Lord Kelvin (Sir William Thomson) on the 19th century theory of vortex atoms, reprints of modern papers on knotted flux in physics and in fluid dynamics and knotted wormholes in general relativity. It also includes papers on Witten's approach to knots via quantum field theory and applications of this approach to quantum gravity and the Ising model in three dimensions. Other papers discuss the topology of RNA folding in relation to invariants of graphs and Vassiliev invariants, the entanglement structures of polymers, the synthesis of molecular Mobius strips and knotted molecules. The book begins with an article on the applications of knot theory to the foundations of mathematics and ends with an article on topology and visual perception. This volume will be of immense interest to all workers interested in new possibilities in the uses of knots and knot theory.

The Geometry and Physics of Knots

Author: Michael Francis Atiyah
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521395540
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Deals with an area of research that lies at the crossroads of mathematics and physics. The material presented here rests primarily on the pioneering work of Vaughan Jones and Edward Witten relating polynomial invariants of knots to a topological quantum field theory in 2+1 dimensions. Professor Atiyah presents an introduction to Witten's ideas from the mathematical point of view. The book will be essential reading for all geometers and gauge theorists as an exposition of new and interesting ideas in a rapidly developing area.

Physical and Numerical Models in Knot Theory

Author: Jorge Alberto Calvo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812561870
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The physical properties of knotted and linked configurations in space have long been of interest to mathematicians. More recently, these properties have become significant to biologists, physicists, and engineers among others. Their depth of importance and breadth of application are now widely appreciated and valuable progress continues to be made each year.This volume presents several contributions from researchers using computers to study problems that would otherwise be intractable. While computations have long been used to analyze problems, formulate conjectures, and search for special structures in knot theory, increased computational power has made them a staple in many facets of the field. The volume also includes contributions concentrating on models researchers use to understand knotting, linking, and entanglement in physical and biological systems. Topics include properties of knot invariants, knot tabulation, studies of hyperbolic structures, knot energies, the exploration of spaces of knots, knotted umbilical cords, studies of knots in DNA and proteins, and the structure of tight knots. Together, the chapters explore four major themes: physical knot theory, knot theory in the life sciences, computational knot theory, and geometric knot theory.

Quantum Information Science and Its Contributions to Mathematics

Author: American Mathematical Society. Short Course
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821848283
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume is based on lectures delivered at the 2009 AMS Short Course on Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, held January 3-4, 2009, in Washington, D.C. Part I of this volume consists of two papers giving introductory surveys of many of the important topics in the newly emerging field of quantum computation and quantum information, i.e., quantum information science (QIS). The first paper discusses many of the fundamental concepts in QIS and ends with the curious and counter-intuitive phenomenon of entanglement concentration. The second gives an introductory survey of quantum error correction and fault tolerance, QIS's first line of defense against quantum decoherence. Part II consists of four papers illustrating how QIS research is currently contributing to the development of new research directions in mathematics. The first paper illustrates how differential geometry can be a fundamental research tool for the development of compilers for quantum computers. The second paper gives a survey of many of the connections between quantum topology and quantum computation. The last two papers give an overview of the new and emerging field of quantum knot theory, an interdisciplinary research field connecting quantum computation and knot theory. These two papers illustrate surprising connections with a number of other fields of mathematics. In the appendix, an introductory survey article is also provided for those readers unfamiliar with quantum mechanics.