Language Processing in Spanish

Author: Manuel Carreiras
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134790090
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents a set of contributions to the current flow of psycholinguistic research, with new and challenging data gathered from Spanish that may illuminate issues about the generality of language processing models. Although it is possible to find a considerable amount of papers on psycholinguistic research with the Spanish language published in English-speaking journals, unfortunately, the scientific community does not have access to an overview of psycholinguistics in Spain. This book overcomes these limitations because it brings together state-of-the-art descriptions of the research and theory of the different subareas of psycholinguistics currently being studied in Spain. Spanish, the third most widely-used language in the world, differs from English in a number of important respects. Since English has been predominant in psycholinguistic research, contrasting properties of Spanish may help to test the generality of language processing mechanisms and to refine their description. The set of contrasting features considered in this book includes acoustical and syllabic transparency, shallow orthography, a much richer morphology, flexibility in word order, less variability in intonational contours, and the existence of null pronominal subjects for inflected verbs. There are also interesting contrasts in the frequency of different linguistic units, whose impact on language processing is also evaluated. One of the main lines of argument throughout this book deals with the tension between universality and variation as a way of characterizing the functioning of language capacities and processes. The variety of topics covered by this book ranges from one end of the spectrum of language related behavior to the other: speech perception, lexical access in word recognition, relations between phonological and orthographic representations, sentence processing, discourse comprehension, and language production. All chapters focus on questions of general interest within each topic, and in most cases they appeal to one particular feature of the Spanish language that is relevant for a given question. Most chapters show the indisputable importance of crosslinguistic research in psycholinguistics to improve understanding on whether universal cognitive mechanisms and language specific routines underlie the ability of understanding and producing language.

Research in Second Language Processing and Parsing

Author: Bill VanPatten
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027253153
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume is the first dedicated to the growing field of theory and research on second language processing and parsing. The fourteen papers in this volume offer cutting-edge research using a number of different languages (e.g., Arabic, Spanish, Japanese, French, German, English) and structures (e.g., relative clauses, wh-gaps, gender, number) to examine various issues in second language processing: first language influence, whether or not non-natives can achieve native-like processing, the roles of context and prosody, the effects of working memory, and others. The researchers include both established scholars and newer voices, all offering important insights into the factors that affect processing and parsing in a second language.

Language Development and Disorders in Spanish speaking Children

Author: Alejandra Auza Benavides
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331953646X
Format: PDF
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Prominent researchers from the US, Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Spain contribute experimental reports on language development of children who are acquiring Spanish. The chapters cover a wide range of dimensions in acquisition: comprehension and production; monolingualism and bilingualism; typical development, children who are at risk and children with language disorders, phonology, semantics, and morphosyntax. These studies will inform linguistic theory development in clinical linguistics as well as offer insights on how language works in relation to cognitive functions that are associated with when children understand or use language. The unique data from child language offer perspectives that cannot be drawn from adult language. The first part is dedicated to the acquisition of Spanish as a first or second language by typically-developing children, the second part offers studies on children who are at risk of language delays, and the third part focuses on children with specific language impairment, disorders and syndromes.

Events and Predication

Author: Montserrat Sanz
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 902723714X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Studies on the syntactic consequences of event type in languages have shown that "Aktionsart" plays a role in Universal Grammar. This book contributes to the exploration of the syntax/semantics interface by presenting a thorough comparison of event and predicate types in English and Spanish. The mapping between event and syntactic predicate types, including detransitives, is given a minimalist account based on the functional categories that embed event features and on a careful analysis of the features checked by objects. As the book delves into the theoretical issue of how parameters are characterized, it presents the most comprehensive account to date of event type phenomena in Spanish, an innovative analysis of the clitic "SE" and a re-definition of unaccusativity. The theory is then applied to the ongoing issues in the sentence processing literature. A proposal is made for an update of the current data in light of these latest linguistic discoveries.

Natural Language Processing NLP 2000

Author: Dimitris N. Christodoulakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540676058
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics

Author: José Ignacio Hualde
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118228049
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Reflecting the growth and increasing global importance of the Spanish language, The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics brings together a team of renowned Spanish linguistics scholars to explore both applied and theoretical work in this field. Features 41 newly-written essays contributed by leading language scholars that shed new light on the growth and significance of the Spanish language Combines current applied and theoretical research results in the field of Spanish linguistics Explores all facets relating to the origins, evolution, and geographical variations of the Spanish language Examines topics including second language learning, Spanish in the classroom, immigration, heritage languages, and bilingualism

Advances in Natural Language Processing

Author: José Luis Vicedo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540234982
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference, EsTAL 2004, held in Alicante, Spain in October 2004. The 42 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 72 submissions. The papers address current issues in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual intelligent language processing and applications, in particular written language analysis and generation; pragmatics, discourse, semantics, syntax, and morphology; lexical resources; word sense disambiguation; linguistic, mathematical, and morphology; lexical resources; word sense disambiguation; linguistic, mathematical, and psychological models of language; knowledge acquisition and representation; corpus-based and statistical language modeling; machine translation and translation tools; and computational lexicography; information retrieval; extraction and question answering; automatic summarization; document categorization; natural language interfaces; and dialogue systems and evaluation of systems.

Spanish Second Language Acquisition

Author: Barbara Armstrong Lafford
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9780878409075
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Spanish Second Language Acquisition provides a panoramic overview of previous studies on the acquisition of Spanish as a second or foreign language, the theoretical approaches used in these studies, and the effects of various pedagogical approaches on the development of Spanish interlanguage systems. Barbara Lafford and Rafael Salaberry have compiled the first volume to provide a comprehensive critical overview of the research done and data compiled on how adults acquire Spanish as a second language. Major scholars in the field of SLA have contributed chapters having to do with a wide range of "products" (phonology, tense/aspect, subjunctive, clitics, lexicon, discourse/pragmatics) and "processes" (generative, cognitive and sociocultural theories) involved in the acquisition process-concluding with a discussion of the effects of instruction on Spanish interlanguage development. While being an invaluable reference tool for undergraduate and graduate programs that focus on the acquisition of Spanish as a second language, due to the extraordinary range of the review research on theoretical and methodological issues, this is also an extremely useful volume for second language theoreticians and practitioners involved in all aspects of the pedagogy of other second languages. It is the editors' desire that students, teachers, program administrators and scholars alike will benefit from the insights that the contributors bring to the myriad issues that language professionals confront.

Communication Disorders in Spanish Speakers

Author: José G. Centeno
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1853599719
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book bridges the gap in the literature on Hispanic individuals for student clinicians and professionals in Speech-Language Pathology/Speech Therapy. It links empirical and theoretical bases to evidence-based practices for child and adult Spanish users. This volume provides both students and licensed professionals in speech-language pathology much-needed multidisciplinary bases to implement clinical services with Spanish speakers. Researchers and practitioners from Speech-Language Pathology, Neurolinguistics, Neuropsychology, Education, and Clinical Psychology provide theoretical and empirical grounds to develop evidence-based clinical procedures for monolingual Spanish and bilingual Spanish-English children and adults with communication disorders.

Patterns of Language Processing and Growth in Early English Spanish Bilingualism

Author: Barbara Therese Conboy
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Four studies explored patterns of language growth and processing in 64 19–31-month-old bilingual children acquiring English and Spanish. In the first study, cross-sectional and longitudinal methods revealed significant relationships between vocabulary size and grammatical development, replicating previous studies with monolingual children. The compositions of children's lexicons in each language were linked to vocabulary size in that language. With few exceptions, utterance length and complexity and the emergence of closed class and predicate terms in each language were linked more closely to vocabulary size in the same language than to total conceptual vocabulary (TCV) size. In the second study, performance on English and Spanish sentence repetition tests was compared for bilingual and monolingual children matched for vocabulary size in each language. The performance of the bilingual children was similar to that of their monolingual controls, indicating links between grammatical ability and vocabulary development within the same language. The slightly better performance of the bilingual children on a few comparisons suggested some degree of cross-linguistic bootstrapping. In the third study, event-related potentials (ERPs) were used to investigate the neural activity of bilingual children as they processed known and unknown words. There were differences in the timing and distribution of the ERP amplitude differences to known vs. unknown words for each language, and differences in these effects when children with larger TCV sizes were compared to those with smaller TCV sizes. These results thus replicated studies with monolingual children that found links between vocabulary development and the organization of ERP effects, although the exact patterns were different for the bilingual and monolingual children. In the fourth study the effects of mixed vs. blocked language testing conditions on ERP patterns were investigated. Results indicated that some of the differences in ERP effects between the monolingual and bilingual children noted in the third study may have been due to processing demands created by the mixed-language testing condition in which the bilingual children were tested. The results of these four studies support experience-based accounts of early language acquisition, and further establish the use of combined behavioral-neural imaging approaches for studying language development in bilingual toddlers.