Large Scale Inference

Author: Bradley Efron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139492136
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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We live in a new age for statistical inference, where modern scientific technology such as microarrays and fMRI machines routinely produce thousands and sometimes millions of parallel data sets, each with its own estimation or testing problem. Doing thousands of problems at once is more than repeated application of classical methods. Taking an empirical Bayes approach, Bradley Efron, inventor of the bootstrap, shows how information accrues across problems in a way that combines Bayesian and frequentist ideas. Estimation, testing and prediction blend in this framework, producing opportunities for new methodologies of increased power. New difficulties also arise, easily leading to flawed inferences. This book takes a careful look at both the promise and pitfalls of large-scale statistical inference, with particular attention to false discovery rates, the most successful of the new statistical techniques. Emphasis is on the inferential ideas underlying technical developments, illustrated using a large number of real examples.

Inferential Models

Author: Ryan Martin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439886512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A New Approach to Sound Statistical Reasoning Inferential Models: Reasoning with Uncertainty introduces the authors’ recently developed approach to inference: the inferential model (IM) framework. This logical framework for exact probabilistic inference does not require the user to input prior information. The authors show how an IM produces meaningful prior-free probabilistic inference at a high level. The book covers the foundational motivations for this new IM approach, the basic theory behind its calibration properties, a number of important applications, and new directions for research. It discusses alternative, meaningful probabilistic interpretations of some common inferential summaries, such as p-values. It also constructs posterior probabilistic inferential summaries without a prior and Bayes’ formula and offers insight on the interesting and challenging problems of conditional and marginal inference. This book delves into statistical inference at a foundational level, addressing what the goals of statistical inference should be. It explores a new way of thinking compared to existing schools of thought on statistical inference and encourages you to think carefully about the correct approach to scientific inference.

Strength in Numbers The Rising of Academic Statistics Departments in the U S

Author: Alan Agresti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461436494
Format: PDF, Docs
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Statistical science as organized in formal academic departments is relatively new. With a few exceptions, most Statistics and Biostatistics departments have been created within the past 60 years. This book consists of a set of memoirs, one for each department in the U.S. created by the mid-1960s. The memoirs describe key aspects of the department’s history -- its founding, its growth, key people in its development, success stories (such as major research accomplishments) and the occasional failure story, PhD graduates who have had a significant impact, its impact on statistical education, and a summary of where the department stands today and its vision for the future. Read here all about how departments such as at Berkeley, Chicago, Harvard, and Stanford started and how they got to where they are today. The book should also be of interests to scholars in the field of disciplinary history.

Causality Probability and Time

Author: Samantha Kleinberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113962007X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Causality is a key part of many fields and facets of life, from finding the relationship between diet and disease to discovering the reason for a particular stock market crash. Despite centuries of work in philosophy and decades of computational research, automated inference and explanation remains an open problem. In particular, the timing and complexity of relationships has been largely ignored even though this information is critically important for prediction, explanation and intervention. However, given the growing availability of large observational datasets including those from electronic health records and social networks, it is a practical necessity. This book presents a new approach to inference (finding relationships from a set of data) and explanation (assessing why a particular event occurred), addressing both the timing and complexity of relationships. The practical use of the method developed is illustrated through theoretical and experimental case studies, demonstrating its feasibility and success.

Dynamic Factor Models

Author:
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1785603523
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume explores dynamic factor model specification, asymptotic and finite-sample behavior of parameter estimators, identification, frequentist and Bayesian estimation of the corresponding state space models, and applications.

Computer Age Statistical Inference

Author: Bradley Efron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107149894
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Take an exhilarating journey through the modern revolution in statistics with two of the ringleaders.

Medizinische Statistik

Author: Hans J. Trampisch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364256996X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Statistiken sind merkwürdige Dinge ...", dies wird so mancher Mediziner denken, wenn er sich mit der Biometrie befaßt. Sei es im Rahmen seiner Ausbildung oder im Zuge wissenschaftlicher oder klinischer Studien, Kenntnisse der Statistik und Mathematik sind unentbehrlich für die tägliche Arbeit des Mediziners. Ziel dieses Lehrbuches ist es, den Mediziner systematisch an biometrische Terminologie und Arbeitsmethoden heranzuführen, um ihn schließlich mit den Grundlagen der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechung vertraut zu machen. Nach der Lektüre dieses Buches hält der Leser ein Werkzeug in den Händen, das ihm bei der Lösung medizinscher Fragestellungen hilft ebenso wie bei der Beschreibung von Ergebnissen wissenschaftlicher Studien und natürlich bei der Doktorarbeit!