Law and Theology in the Middle Ages

Author: G.R. Evans
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134526156
Format: PDF
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An unrivalled introduction to a fascinating subject, Law and Theology in the Middle Ages explores the relationship between law and theology in medieval Europe. Focusing on legal and theological responses to justice, mercy, fairness, and sin, this text examines the tension between ecclesiastical and secular authority in medieval Europe, illustrating areas of dispute in a clear and accessible way.

Law and the Illicit in Medieval Europe

Author: Ruth Mazo Karras
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812221060
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the popular imagination, the Middle Ages are often associated with lawlessness. However, historians have long recognized that medieval culture was characterized by an enormous respect for law and legal procedure. This book makes the case that one cannot understand the era's cultural trends without considering the profound development of law.

Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Author: Amos Funkenstein
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691184267
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Theology and the Scientific Imagination is a pioneering work of intellectual history that transformed our understanding of the relationship between Christian theology and the development of science. Distinguished scholar Amos Funkenstein explores the metaphysical foundations of modern science and shows how, by the 1600s, theological and scientific thinking had become almost one. Major figures like Descartes, Leibniz, Newton, and others developed an unprecedented secular theology whose debt to medieval and scholastic thought shaped the trajectory of the scientific revolution. The book ends with Funkenstein’s influential analysis of the seventeenth century’s “unprecedented fusion” of scientific and religious language. Featuring a new foreword, Theology and the Scientific Imagination is a pathbreaking and classic work that remains a fundamental resource for historians and philosophers of science.

Law Sex and Christian Society in Medieval Europe

Author: James A. Brundage
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226077895
Format: PDF
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This monumental study of medieval law and sexual conduct explores the origin and develpment of the Christian church's sex law and the systems of belief upon which that law rested. Focusing on the Church's own legal system of canon law, James A. Brundage offers a comprehensive history of legal doctrines–covering the millennium from A.D. 500 to 1500–concerning a wide variety of sexual behavior, including marital sex, adultery, homosexuality, concubinage, prostitution, masturbation, and incest. His survey makes strikingly clear how the system of sexual control in a world we have half-forgotten has shaped the world in which we live today. The regulation of marriage and divorce as we know it today, together with the outlawing of bigamy and polygamy and the imposition of criminal sanctions on such activities as sodomy, fellatio, cunnilingus, and bestiality, are all based in large measure upon ideas and beliefs about sexual morality that became law in Christian Europe in the Middle Ages. "Brundage's book is consistently learned, enormously useful, and frequently entertaining. It is the best we have on the relationships between theological norms, legal principles, and sexual practice."—Peter Iver Kaufman, Church History

Law and Learning in the Middle Ages

Author: Helle Vogt
Publisher: Djoef Pub
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume contains papers presented at the conference on "Law and Learning in the Middle Ages" held at the Carlsberg Academy in Copenhagen during May 2005. In this book, a group of European and American scholars examine the theological and legal schooling that the 'creators' of the laws received at the major centers of learning in Europe. These scholars address a number of important questions concerning the creation and development of legal professions and the dynamics between legal practice and theoretical, learned approaches to jurisprudence.

Aliens in Medieval Law

Author: Keechang Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521800853
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Originally published in 2000, this original reinterpretation of the legal status of foreigners in medieval England boldly rejects the canonical view which has for centuries dominated the imagination of historians and laymen alike. Keechang Kim proposes an understanding of the genesis of the modern legal regime and the important distinction between citizens and non-citizens. Making full use of medieval and early modern sources, Kim offers a compelling argument that the late medieval changes in legal treatment of foreigners are vital to an understanding of the shift of focus from status to the State, and that the historical foundation of the modern state system should be sought in this shift of outlook. The book contains a re-evaluation of the legal aspects of feudalism, examining, in particular, how the feudal legal arguments were transformed by the political theology of the Middle Ages to become the basis of the modern legal outlook.

Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages

Author: Catherine Rider
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199282226
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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'Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages' investigates the common medieval belief that magic could cause impotence, focusing particularly on the period 1150-1450. The book also examines why the authors of legal, medical, and theological texts were so interested in popular magical practices relating to impotence.

First Christian Theologians

Author: G. R. Evans
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631231882
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The First Christian Theologians offers a comprehensive introduction to the theology of the early Church through an accessible and lively examination of the major individual theologians of the time. Provides a comprehensive, single-volume introduction to the theology of the early Church. Features an accessible and lively examination of the major individual theologians from the first five centuries. Explores how Christian theology came into being – including detailed coverage of the Scriptural canon, preaching, heresies, and the role of ecumenical councils. Includes an international list of leading contributors. Edited by a leading academic in the field, with a reputation for producing first-rate, accessible books.

Law and Criminality in the Middle Ages

Author: Onyoo Elizabeth Kim
Publisher: The Hermit Kingdom Press
ISBN: 9781596890688
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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LAW AND CRIMINALITY IN THE MIDDLE AGES: ACADEMIC ESSAYS by Professor Onyoo Elizabeth Kim of Handong University in Korea is an academic feat in legal studies. Trained by America's best medieval canon lawyers and having had extensive medieval law research experience in Europe, Professor Kim delivers a book on the Law of the Middle Ages that is relevant for today's legal, scholarly, and intellectual discussions. This book contains five of Professor Kim's academic essays: "War and Its Justification in the Law of the Middle Ages"; "Understanding "Intent" in Criminal Law via Gratian's Decretum and St. Augustine"; "Medieval Canon Law and Sacramental Theology: The Case of Baptism"; "The Order of the Templars and their Criminalization in the 14th Century AD"; "Understanding the History of Penance through Medieval Canon Law." Professor Onyoo Elizabeth Kim is licensed to practice law in the states of California, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Professor Kim graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Pennsylvania in 2004 with a B.A. in history and classics and a M.A. in medieval history. Professor Kim received her J.D. degree from the UCLA School of Law in 2007. Since then Professor Kim has researched extensively on medieval law and its comparative and causative worth for modern law at UCLA, Yale University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Cologne Law School in Germany.

How Marriage Became One of the Sacraments

Author: Philip L. Reynolds
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316790908
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Among the contributions of the medieval church to western culture was the idea that marriage was one of the seven sacraments, which defined the role of married folk in the church. Although it had ancient roots, this new way of regarding marriage raised many problems, to which scholastic theologians applied all their ingenuity. By the late Middle Ages, the doctrine was fully established in Christian thought and practice but not yet as dogma. In the sixteenth century, with the entire Catholic teaching on marriage and celibacy and its associated law and jurisdiction under attack by the Protestant reformers, the Council of Trent defined the doctrine as a dogma of faith for the first time but made major changes to it. Rather than focusing on a particular aspect of intellectual and institutional developments, this book examines them in depth and in detail from their ancient precedents to the Council of Trent.