Law Pragmatism and Democracy

Author: Richard A. Posner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674042292
Format: PDF, ePub
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Richard Posner argues for a conception of the liberal state based on pragmatic theories of government. He views the actions of elected officials as guided by interests rather than by reason and the decisions of judges by discretion rather than by rules. He emphasizes the institutional and material, rather than moral and deliberative, factors in democratic decision making. Posner argues that democracy is best viewed as a competition for power by means of regular elections. Citizens should not be expected to play a significant role in making complex public policy regarding, say, taxes or missile defense.

Legal Pragmatism

Author: Michael Sullivan
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253116988
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Legal Pragmatism, Michael Sullivan looks closely at the place of the individual and community in democratic society. After mapping out a brief history of American legal thinking regarding rights, from communitarianism to liberalism, Sullivan gives a rich and nuanced account of how pragmatism worked to resolve conflicts of self-interest and community well-being. Sullivan's view of pragmatism provides a comprehensive framework for understanding democracy, as well as issues such as health care, education, gay marriage, and illegal immigration that will determine its character in the future. Legal Pragmatism is a bold, carefully argued book that presents a unique understanding of contemporary society, law, and politics.

Pragmatism and Democracy

Author: Dmitri N. Shalin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351497227
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume examines the roots of pragmatist imagination and traces the influence of American pragmatism in diverse areas of politics, law, sociology, political science, and transitional studies. The work explores the interfaces between the Progressive movement in politics and American pragmatism. Shalin shows how early 20th century progressivism influenced pragmatism's philosophical agenda and how pragmatists helped articulate a theory of progressive reform. The work addresses pragmatism and interactionist sociology and illuminates the cross-fertilization between these two fields of studies. Special emphasis is placed on the interactionists' search for a logic of inquiry sensitive to the objective indeterminacy of the situation. The challenge that contemporary interactionist studies face is to illuminate the issues of power and inequality central to the political commitments of pragmatist philosophers. Shalin explores the vital link between democracy, civility, and affect. His central thesis is that democracy is an embodied process that binds affectively as well as rhetorically and that flourishes in places where civic discourse is an end in itself, a source of vitality and social creativity sustaining a democratic community. The author shows why civic discourse is hobbled by the civic body that has been misshapen by past abuses. Drawing on the studies of the civilizing process, Shalin speculates about the emotion, demeanor, and body language of democracy and explores from this angle the prospects for democratic transformation in countries struggling to shake their totalitarian past. View Table of Contents

Wie Demokratien sterben

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 3641222915
Format: PDF, Docs
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Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Theorie der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322873595
Format: PDF
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Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.

The Essential Dewey Pragmatism education democracy

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253211842
Format: PDF, ePub
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In addition to being one of the greatest technical philosophers of the 20th century, John Dewey was one of America's last great public intellectuals. Based on the award-wining 37-volume critical edition of Dewey's work, THE ESSENTIAL DEWEY presents in two volumes a collection that represents Dewey's thinking on every major issue to which he turned his attention. Vol.

Uber Die Klarheit Unserer Gedanken How to Make Our Ideas Clear

Author: Charles S. Peirce
Publisher: Verlag Vittorio Klostermann
ISBN: 9783465043362
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) ist der Begrunder der Philosophie des Pragmatismus. Das Interesse fur Zeichen und deren Betrachtung unter dem Aspekt ihrer praktischen Konsequenzen im Handeln, das den Ansatzpunkt seiner Philosophie bildet, ist fur pragmatisches Denken bis heute verbindlich geblieben. Mit diesem Ansatz wurde Peirce auch zum Begrunder der Semiotik und der Relationenlogik. Sein Handlungsbegriff bildet bis heute eine wesentliche Grundlage handlungstheoretischer Diskussionen. Der Aufsatz "How to Make Our Ideas Clear", den dieser Band im Original und in deutscher Ubersetzung bringt, formuliert die entscheidenden Argumente, die zur Theorie des Pragmatismus gefuhrt haben. Die Ausgabe enthalt Einleitung, Ubersetzung und einen ausfuhrlichen Kommentar von Klaus Oehler und ein neues Nachwort von Edward Craig.

Overcoming Law

Author: Richard A. Posner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674649255
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Legal theory must become more factual and empirical and less conceptual and polemical, Richard Posner argues in this wide-ranging new book. The topics covered include the structure and behavior of the legal profession; constitutional theory; gender, sex, and race theories; interdisciplinary approaches to law; the nature of legal reasoning; and legal pragmatism. Posner analyzes, in witty and passionate prose, schools of thought as different as social constructionism and institutional economics, and scholars and judges as different as Bruce Ackerman, Robert Bork, Ronald Dworkin, Catharine MacKinnon, Richard Rorty, and Patricia Williams. He also engages challenging issues in legal theory that range from the motivations and behavior of judges and the role of rhetoric and analogy in law to the rationale for privacy and blackmail law and the regulation of employment contracts. Although written by a sitting judge, the book does not avoid controversy; it contains frank appraisals of radical feminist and race theories, the behavior of the German and British judiciaries in wartime, and the excesses of social constructionist theories of sexual behavior. Throughout, the book is unified by Posner's distinctive stance, which is pragmatist in philosophy, economic in methodology, and liberal (in the sense of John Stuart Mill's liberalism) in politics. Brilliantly written, eschewing jargon and technicalities, it will make a major contribution to the debate about the role of law in our society.

Pragmatism Democracy and the Necessity of Rhetoric

Author: Robert Danisch
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570036903
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Pragmatism, Democracy, and the Necessity of Rhetoric, Robert Danisch examines the search by America's first generation of pragmatists for a unique set of rhetorics that would serve the needs of a developing democracy. Digging deep into pragmatism's historical development, Danisch sheds light on its association with an alternative but significant and often overlooked tradition. He draws parallels between the rhetorics of such American pragmatists as John Dewey and Jane Addams and those of the ancient Greek tradition. Danisch contends that, while building upon a classical foundation, pragmatism sought to determine rhetorical responses to contemporary irresolutions. rhetoric, including pragmatism's rejection of philosophy with its traditional assumptions and practices. Grounding his argument on an