Learning to Read in the Late Ottoman Empire and the Early Turkish Republic

Author: B. Fortna
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230300413
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An exploration of the ways in which children learned and were taught to read, against the background of the transition from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic. This study gives us a fresh perspective on the transition from empire to republic by showing us the ways that reading was central to the construction of modernity.

Orphans and Destitute Children in the Late Ottoman Empire

Author: Nazan Maksudyan
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815652976
Format: PDF, Mobi
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History books often weave tales of rising and falling empires, royal dynasties, and wars among powerful nations. Here, Maksudyan succeeds in making those who are farthest removed from power the lead actors in this history. Focusing on orphans and destitute youth of the late Ottoman Empire, the author gives voice to those children who have long been neglected. Their experiences and perspectives shed new light on many significant developments of the late Ottoman period, providing an alternative narrative that recognizes children as historical agents. Maksudyan takes the reader from the intimate world of infant foundlings to the larger international context of missionary orphanages, all while focusing on Ottoman modernization, urbanization, citizenship, and the maintenance of order and security. Drawing upon archival records, she explores the ways in which the treatment of orphans intersected with welfare, labor, and state building in the Empire. Throughout the book, Maksudyan does not lose sight of her lead actors, and the influence of the children is always present if we simply listen and notice carefully as Maksudyan so convincingly argues.


Author: Martina Winkler
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 364730106X
Format: PDF, ePub
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In ihrer Einführung in die Kindheitsgeschichte bietet Martina Winkler einen systematischen Überblick zu den faszinierenden Fragen und Perspektiven der historischen Kindheitsforschung. Inspiriert von verschiedenen Disziplinen wie der Literaturwissenschaft, der Soziologie und der Erziehungswissenschaft, analysiert die Kindheitsgeschichte historische Veränderungen dessen, wie Kindheit gedacht, gelebt, geregelt und dargestellt wurde. Sie nimmt damit die historischen Wurzeln aktueller Erziehungsideale und Kindheitsbilder in den Blick, fragt aber auch nach grundlegenden Brüchen und beschreibt oft Vorstellungen, die heutigen Selbstverständlichkeiten fundamental widersprechen. Die häufig zitierte Annahme, Kindheit sei eine Erfindung der Moderne, während Kinder im Mittelalter schlicht »kleine Erwachsene« waren, erweist sich dabei nicht als falsch, aber doch als zu wenig differenziert. Kindheit ist ein soziales und kulturelles Konstrukt, abhängig von sozialen Notwendigkeiten, politischen Ideologien und moralischen Werten. Als ein solches Konstrukt bildet Kindheit ein grundlegendes Element zur Strukturierung von Gesellschaften und einen spannenden, faszinierenden Spiegel für das Verständnis heutiger wie vergangener sozialer Ordnungen. Die Auseinandersetzung mit der Geschichte der Kindheit gehört zu den intellektuell – und nicht selten auch emotional – herausforderndsten Bereichen aktueller Forschung.Das Buch bietet Studierenden, Forschern und der interessierten Öffentlichkeit eine Einführung in Thematik, Fragestellungen und Forschungskontroversen und eröffnet so Perspektiven für die selbständige Arbeit am Thema.

Depicting the Late Ottoman Empire in Turkish Autobiographies

Author: Philipp Wirtz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317152700
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The period between the 1880s and the 1920s was a time of momentous changes in the Ottoman Empire. It was also an age of literary experiments, of which autobiography forms a part. This book analyses Turkish autobiographical narratives describing the part of their authors’ lives that was spent while the Ottoman Empire still existed. The texts studied in this book were written in the cultural context of the Turkish Republic, which went to great lengths to disassociate itself from the empire and its legacy. This process has only been criticised and partially reversed in very recent times, the resurging interest in autobiographical texts dealing with the "old days" by the Turkish reading public being part of a wider, renewed regard for Ottoman legacies. Among the analysed texts are autobiographies by writers, journalists, soldiers and politicians, including classics like Halide Edip Ad?var and ?evket Süreyya Aydemir, but also texts by authors virtually unknown to Western readers, such as Ahmed Emin Yalman. While the official Turkish republican discourse went towards a dismissal of the imperial past, autobiographical narratives offer a more balanced picture. From the earliest memories and personal origins of the authors, to the conflict and violence that overshadowed private lives in the last years of the Ottoman Empire, this book aims at showing examples of how the authors painted what one of them called "images of a past world."

Formal and Informal Education during the Rise of Greek Nationalism

Author: Theodore G. Zervas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137484152
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines informal modes of learning in Greece from in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, set against the backdrop of Greek nationalist interests and agendas. For much of this period, one of the Greek state’s major goals was to bind the nation around a common history and culture, linked to a collective and homogenous community. This study addresses the critical relationship between the average Greek child and their home, community, and school life during the earliest stages of their education. The stories, games, songs, and theater that children learned in Greece for much of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries went beyond shaping their moral character or providing entertainment, but were instrumental in forging a Greek national consciousness.

Turkey and the Politics of National Identity

Author: Shane Brennan
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085773685X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the first decade of the twenty-first century Turkey experienced an extraordinary set of transformations. In 2001, in the midst of financial difficulties, the country was under IMF stewardship, yet it has recently emerged as one of the fastest growing economies in the world. And on the international stage, Turkey has managed to enhance its position from being a backseat NATO member and outside candidate for EU membership to being an influential regional power, determining and developing its own individual foreign policy. Shane Brennan and Marc Herzog explore how these and other changes have shaped the way people in Turkey perceive themselves and how the country’s self-image shapes its actions. Through different approaches engaging with politics, economy, society, culture and history, they offer new perspectives on the transformation of national identity in this increasingly influential country in the Middle East.

Between Modernity and Nationalism

Author: Mushirul Hasan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198063322
Format: PDF, Docs
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Halide Edip (1884-1964) once observed that Turkey is an ideal cross-section of the human world. Her own life was no less eclectic. A prolific novelist, teacher, erudite scholar, and political activist, Edip preserved her objectivity throughout her odyssey on the left-of-centre. She explored India and its national movement during the great churnings of the liberation struggle which made Turkeythe melting pot of eastern and western civilizations prominent in the international scenario of 1930s and 40s.