Lectures on Legal History and Miscellaneous Legal Essays

Author: James Barr Ames
Publisher: Palala Press
ISBN: 9781377417172
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Durch Dritte verursachte Willensm ngel

Author: Sebastian Martens
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161494987
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
English summary: Sebastian Martens discusses duress, misrepresentation and undue influence by a third party and its effects in contract law. He uses historical and comparative methods to enable a better understanding of the development of the present legal rules concerning vices of consent caused by a third party. In the first two chapters, he analyzes the origins in Roman law and their reception in continental law. He then shows how the corresponding rules originated in English common law, and in the final chapter he provides a critical review of German law against the backdrop of the results of his study. In particular, he focuses on the impact the special rules for the third party situations have had on the general law of lack of consent. German description: Nach 123 Abs. 1 BGB ist jede Willenserklarung anfechtbar, zu deren Abgabe der Erklarende durch eine arglistige Tauschung oder widerrechtliche Drohung bestimmt wurde. Nur fur den Fall einer Tauschung durch einen Dritten schrankt 123 Abs. 2 BGB dieses Anfechtungsrecht ein. Sebastian Martens untersucht mit einem rechtshistorischen und rechtsvergleichenden Ansatz, wie sich diese Regelung erklaren lasst. In einem ersten Kapitel widmet er sich den romisch-rechtlichen Ursprungen, deren Rezeption und Fortentwicklung auf dem europaischen Kontinent er im zweiten Kapitel darstellt. Im dritten Kapitel wird die Entstehung der entsprechenden Regelungen des englischen Common Law untersucht. Das abschliessende vierte Kapitel nutzt die bis dahin gesammelten Erkenntnisse zu einer dogmatischen Analyse und Kritik des geltenden Rechts. Dabei wird gezeigt, dass die unterschiedliche Behandlung von Drohung und Tauschung zu Wertungswiderspruchen fuhrt und im BGB selbst eine einheitliche Losung angelegt ist. Daruber hinaus wird deutlich, dass das Recht der Willensmangel insgesamt stark von den praktisch eher bedeutungslosen Drittfallen gepragt wurde: Der Anfechtungstatbestand der widerrechtlichen Drohung gewann seine Kontur durch das Bemuhen um eine handhabbare Losung der Drittfalle, und durch die auf das romische Recht zuruckgehende differenzierte Behandlung von Drohungen und Tauschungen durch Dritte wurde die Entwicklung eines allgemeinen Anfechtungstatbestandes der widerrechtlichen Beeinflussung verhindert.

The Inception of Modern Professional Education

Author: Bruce A. Kimball
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807889961
Format: PDF
Download Now
Christopher C. Langdell (1826-1906) is one of the most influential figures in the history of American professional education. As dean of Harvard Law School from 1870 to 1895, he conceived, designed, and built the educational model that leading professional schools in virtually all fields subsequently emulated. In this first full-length biography of the educator and jurist, Bruce Kimball explores Langdell's controversial role in modern professional education and in jurisprudence. Langdell founded his model on the idea of academic meritocracy. According to this principle, scholastic achievement should determine one's merit in professional life. Despite fierce opposition from students, faculty, alumni, and legal professionals, he designed and instituted a formal system of innovative policies based on meritocracy. This system's components included the admission requirement of a bachelor's degree, the sequenced curriculum and its extension to three years, the hurdle of annual examinations for continuation and graduation, the independent career track for professional faculty, the transformation of the professional library into a scholarly resource, the inductive pedagogy of teaching from cases, the organization of alumni to support the school, and a new, highly successful financial strategy. Langdell's model was subsequently adopted by leading law schools, medical schools, business schools, and the schools of other professions. By the time of his retirement as dean at Harvard, Langdell's reforms had shaped the future model for professional education throughout the United States.

Enrichment in the Law of Unjust Enrichment and Restitution

Author: Andrew Lodder
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847319726
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Enrichment is key to understanding the law of unjust enrichment and restitution. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the concept of enrichment and its implications for restitutionary awards. Dr Lodder argues that enrichment may be characterised either factually or legally, and explores the consequences of that distinction. In factual enrichment cases, the measure of enrichment is the objective value received. This is the basis of many awards of money had and received, quantum meruit, quantum valebat and money paid. In legal enrichment cases, the benefit is the acquisition of a specific right or the release of a specific obligation. The remedy is restitution of that right or reinstatement of that obligation. It is demonstrated that specific restitution of the defendant's legal enrichment is often the basis for resulting trusts, rescission, rectification and subrogation. This book has profound implications for understanding restitutionary awards and the relationship between the enrichment inquiry and other aspects of the law of unjust enrichment, including the 'at the expense of' inquiry and the defence of change of position.