Legal Pluralism and Governance in South Asia and Diasporas

Author: Livia Holden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317607295
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Legal Pluralism and Governance in South Asia and the Diasporas contributes to the already heated debate about legal pluralism and the ontology of law by shifting the attention toward the relationship between what is treated as law and its impact on governance at the fora of dispute resolution. This book addresses sensitive issues such as gender rights and alternative dispute resolution in India, Hindu and Muslim personal laws in South Asia and in Europe, cross-border white violence, the change to Islamic legal traditions under Western domination, women’s inheritance in Pakistan and in the disputed territory of Gilgit Baltistan, indigenous rights and resistance at the India-Bangladesh border, and customary laws of nomadic groups in India. The authors deploy a variety of views that point at the pros and cons of legal pluralism and also integrates its opponents. They show how constructions of identity, religion, and power have historically informed the conceptualisation of secularism which may be an ideal, sometimes able to provide for perceptions of accountable governance, but also generating dividing worldviews. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Legal Pluralism and Official Law.

Legal Pluralism in Indonesia

Author: Ratno Lukito
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136285571
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With the revival of Islamic law and adat (customary) law in the country, this book investigates the history and phenomenon of legal pluralism in Indonesia. It looks at how the ideal of modernity in Indonesia has been characterized by a state-driven effort in the post-colonial era to make the institution of law an inseparable part of national development. Focusing on the aspects of political and ‘conflictual’ domains of legal pluralism in Indonesia, the book discusses the understanding of the state’s attitude and behaviour towards the three largest legal traditions currently operative in the society: adat law, Islamic law and civil law. The first aspect is addressed by looking at how the state specifically deals with Islamic law and adat law, while the second is analysed in terms of actual cases of private interpersonal law, such as interfaith marriage, interfaith inheritance and gendered inheritance. The book goes on to look at how socio-political factors have influenced the relations between state and non-state laws, and how the state’s strategy of accommodation of legal pluralism has in fact largely depended on the extent to which those legal traditions have been able to conform to national ideology. It is a useful contribution for students and scholars of Asian Studies and Law.

Local Governance in Timor Leste

Author: Deborah Cummins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317634667
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Across many parts of the postcolonial world, it is everyday reality for people to cross regularly between state-based and customary governance, institutions and norms. This book examines this phenomenon in the context of the villages of Timor-Leste, and the state-building efforts that have been conducted by the Timorese government and international development agencies since the vote for independence in 1999. Drawing on 5 years of ethnographic fieldwork in the remote, rural areas of Timor-Leste, the book provides a critical analysis of the challenges that communities face when navigating coexisting customary and state-based structures and norms in a context where customary law continues to be the central guiding force. It also explores the various creative ways in which local leaders and community members make sense of their local governance environment. It then draws on these insights to provide a more nuanced, contextualised account of the impact of institutional interventions, state-building and democratisation within these villages. While set in the context of state- and nation-building efforts following Timor-Leste’s vote for independence, the book also provides a broader examination of the issues that arise for the postcolonial state adequately meeting the needs of its citizens. Further, it explores the challenges that are met by communities when incorporating state influences and demands into their everyday lives. Expanding the scope of empirical Timor-Leste scholarship by moving beyond anthropological description and providing the first detailed political analysis of local-level governance in contemporary Timorese communities, this book is a valuable contribution to studies on Asian Politics, Governance and International Studies.

Family Religion and Law

Author: Prakash Shah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317136489
Format: PDF
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This collection discusses how official legal systems do and should respond to the reality of a plurality of family types and origins within their jurisdictions. It further examines the challenges that arise for practitioners, including lawyers and judges, when faced with such plurality. Focussing on empirical research, the volume presents legal and sociological data of unprecedented comparative depth. It also includes a discussion of how members of minority families respond to the need to organise their legal relationships, and to resolve their disputes in the shadow of official legal systems which differ from those of their familial and communal traditions. The work invites reflection, and demonstrates the urgency and complexity of the questions regarding the search for justice in the field of family life in Europe today.

In anderen Herzen

Author: Neel Mukherjee
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141059
Format: PDF, Kindle
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»Ma, ich gehe fort. Ich bin erschöpft vom Konsumieren, vom Nehmen und Raffen. Ich bin so vollgestopft, dass ich keine Luft mehr kriege. Ich gehe fort, um mich zu reinigen, mein altes Leben hinter mir zu lassen. Ich habe das Gefühl, in einem geborgten Haus zu leben. Es ist Zeit, mein eigenes zu suchen. Verzeih mir.« Kalkutta, 1967 – die Stadt befindet sich im Aufruhr, Studenten liefern sich Straßenschlachten mit der Polizei, Betriebe werden bestreikt. Angetrieben von dem Wunsch, sein eigenes Leben und die Welt zu verändern, hat sich Supratik, der älteste Enkel im Haus der Ghoshes, einer maoistischen Gruppierung angeschlossen. Während er versucht, die landlosen Tagelöhner für den bewaffneten Kampf zu gewinnen, und sich dabei in die Widersprüche zwischen politischem Idealismus und terroristischer Aktion verstrickt, bleiben die Zeichen der Zeit hinter den Mauern des Familiensitzes unerkannt. Noch herrschen der alternde Patriarch und seine Frau über die weitverzweigte Familie und ein Unternehmen, das diese in Wohlstand leben lässt. Aber so wenig sie die Brüchigkeit der alten Ordnung erkennen, so blind sind sie für die dunklen Geheimnisse der Kinder, die Intrigen der Schwiegertöchter und den schleichenden Kollaps des Familienunternehmens, der die Familie schließlich vor eine Zerreißprobe stellt. Meisterhaft erzählt Neel Mukherjee die Geschichte vom Verfall einer Familie und seziert dabei die Seele einer Nation.

Das islamische Recht

Author: Mathias Rohe
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406628486
Format: PDF
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Erstmals beschreibt in diesem Buch ein islamwissenschaftlich geschulter Jurist Entstehung, Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Ausformung des islamischen Rechts. Mathias Rohe erläutert die wichtigsten islamischem Rechtsquellen und Rechtsfindungsmethoden und schildert in Grundzügen die Regelungsbereiche des klassischen islamischen Rechts: Ehe- und Familienrecht, Erbrecht, Vertrags- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Gesellschaftsrecht, Eigentumsrecht, Strafrecht, Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht, Fremden- und Völkerrecht. Dabei kommen auch grundlegende Unterschiede zwischen Sunniten, Schiiten und anderen Richtungen zur Sprache. Sein besonderes Augenmerk gilt den Regelungen für Muslime in einer nichtislamischen Umgebung, vor allem in Deutschland. Ein Ausblick auf Perspektiven des islamischen Rechts in einer globalisierten Welt beschließt dieses anschaulich geschriebene Standardwerk. Für die vorliegende dritte Auflage wurde das Buch überarbeitet, aktualisiert und erweitert. „Mathias Rohe hat ein ausgezeichnetes Buch über die wichtigsten Schattierungen der Scharia verfasst. Dessen Lektüre ist Pflicht für jeden, dem ernsthaft an der Integration gelegen ist.“ (Andreas Zielke, Süddeutsche Zeitung) „Wer Aufklärung verschenken will, möge zum christlichsten aller Feste das Buch von Matthias Rohe unter den Baum legen. (...) Es hat das Zeug zu einem Standardwerk. Und es füllt eine Lücke, die Missverständnisse und die einseitige Wahrnehmung konservativer Islamauslegung reißen.“ (Thoralf Schwanitz, Andreas Kurz, Financial Times Deutschland)