Legislating Privacy

Author: Priscilla M. Regan
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807864056
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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While technological threats to personal privacy have proliferated rapidly, legislation designed to protect privacy has been slow and incremental. In this study of legislative attempts to reconcile privacy and technology, Priscilla Regan examines congressional policy making in three key areas: computerized databases, wiretapping, and polygraph testing. In each case, she argues, legislation has represented an unbalanced compromise benefiting those with a vested interest in new technology over those advocating privacy protection. Legislating Privacy explores the dynamics of congressional policy formulation and traces the limited response of legislators to the concept of privacy as a fundamental individual right. According to Regan, we will need an expanded understanding of the social value of privacy if we are to achieve greater protection from emerging technologies such as Caller ID and genetic testing. Specifically, she argues that a recognition of the social importance of privacy will shift both the terms of the policy debate and the patterns of interest-group action in future congressional activity on privacy issues. Originally published in 1995. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

Privacy Information and Technology

Author: Daniel J. Solove
Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online
ISBN: 0735562458
Format: PDF, Docs
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Privacy, Information, and Technology, with its comprehensive approach, is ideal for use in cyberlaw, law and technology, privacy law, and information law courses and seminars.Features include: Perfect addendum for instructors wanting to cover information privacy issues in more depth in their courses and provides material for one to three weeks worth of class instruction. It is a great addition to courses in communications, media, cyberspace, information society, and technology Extensive and clear background about the law and policy issues relating to information privacy and computers, databases, and the Internet Useful in undergraduate and graduate courses for an introduction to information privacy and technology issues because it explains the law clearly for the layperson Introductory chapter provides comprehensive thought-provoking philosophical discussion of information privacy Covers emerging information technologies: computer databases, RFID, cookies, spyware, and data mining Covers new issues such as privacy and access to public records, government access to personal information, airline passenger screening and profiling, data mining, identity theft, consumer privacy issues, and financial privacy

The Handbook of Privacy Studies

Author: Bart van der Sloot
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9048540135
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Handbook of Privacy Studies is the first book in the world that brings together several disciplinary perspectives on privacy, such as the legal, ethical, medical, informatics and anthropological perspective. Privacy is in the news almost every day: mass surveillance by intelligence agencies, the use of social media data for commercial profit and political microtargeting, password hacks and identity theft, new data protection regimes, questionable reuse of medical data, and concerns about how algorithms shape the way we think and decide. This book offers interdisciplinary background information about these developments and how to understand and properly evaluate them. The book is set up for use in interdisciplinary educational programmes. Each chapter provides a structured analysis of the role of privacy within that discipline, its characteristics, themes and debates, as well as current challenges. Disciplinary approaches are presented in such a way that students and researchers from every scientific background can follow the argumentation and enrich their own understanding of privacy issues.

Individualdatenschutz im europ ischen Datenschutzrecht

Author: Markus Oermann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 386226937X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Wie personenbezogene Informationen geschützt werden sollen, gehört seit Jahren zu den kontrovers diskutierten Themen der politischen Debatte: Hat das Individuum einen subjektiven Anspruch auf Schutz seiner personenbezogenen Informationen? Inwieweit muss der Staat den Schutzanspruch gegebenenfalls rechtlich sichern und wie soll das Datenschutzrecht der Zukunft aussehen? Vor diesem Hintergrund werden in dem Buch vier Anforderungsprofile für die Ausgestaltung des Datenschutzrechts entwickelt. Die Grundlage hierfür bilden vier normative politische Theorien, die für die Begründung politischer Maßnahmen in demokratischen Systemen besonders relevant sind: Liberalismus, Libertarismus, Kommunitarismus und Sphärentheorie. Diese Theorien, die auf unterschiedlichen Annahmen über das ideale Verhältnis von Individuum und Gesellschaft beruhen, führen zunächst zu allgemeinen Aussagen darüber, wie der jeweilige soziale Idealzustand erreicht werden kann. Das Buch stellt die wesentlichen Argumente dar, welche sich aus der Sicht dieser Theorien speziell für oder gegen den rechtlichen Schutz von personenbezogenen Informationen führen lassen. Aus den Argumenten werden anschließend die jeweiligen Anforderungen an die Ausgestaltung des Datenschutzrechts abgeleitet. Mithilfe dieser Anforderungsprofile wird in einem zweiten Schritt die Entwicklung des europäischen Datenschutzrechts von der ersten Datenschutzrichtlinie bis zum jüngsten Entwurf der Kommission für eine grundlegende Reform des EU-Datenschutzrechts analysiert. Die regulativen Inhalte aller wesentlichen europäischen Rechtssetzungsakte zum Datenschutz werden daraufhin untersucht, ob und wie sie personenbezogene Informationen schützen. Durch den Abgleich mit den theoretischen Anforderungsprofilen zeigt sich, welchen theoretischen Vorgaben die europäischen Normierungen entsprechen. Indem die Arbeit die Veränderungen im Zeitablauf nachzeichnet, werden zudem Trends und Brüche in der Entwicklung des europäischen Datenschutzrechts sichtbar. Das Buch macht auf diese Weise die normativ-theoretischen Hintergründe des europäischen Datenschutzrechts transparent und ermöglicht damit eine entsprechende Einordnung aktueller und kommender Vorschläge in der Debatte um die Zukunft des Datenschutzes.

The Oxford Handbook of Governance

Author: David Levi-Faur
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191628425
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Oxford Handbook of Governance presents an authoritative and accessible state-of-the-art analysis of the social science literature on governance. The volume presents the core concepts and knowledge that have evolved in the study of governance in different levels and arenas of politics and policymaking. In doing so it establishes itself as the essential point of reference for all those studying politics, society, and economics from a governance perspective. The volume comprises fifty-two chapters from leaders in the field. The chapters are organized in nine sections dealing with topics that include governance as the reform of the state, democratic governance, European governance, and global governance.

The Digital Person

Author: Daniel J Solove
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814741185
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Seven days a week, twenty-four hours a day, electronic databases are compiling information about you. As you surf the Internet, an unprecedented amount of your personal information is being recorded and preserved forever in the digital minds of computers. For each individual, these databases create a profile of activities, interests, and preferences used to investigate backgrounds, check credit, market products, and make a wide variety of decisions affecting our lives. The creation and use of these databases—which Daniel J. Solove calls “digital dossiers”—has thus far gone largely unchecked. In this startling account of new technologies for gathering and using personal data, Solove explains why digital dossiers pose a grave threat to our privacy. The Digital Person sets forth a new understanding of what privacy is, one that is appropriate for the new challenges of the Information Age. Solove recommends how the law can be reformed to simultaneously protect our privacy and allow us to enjoy the benefits of our increasingly digital world. The first volume in the series EX MACHINA: LAW, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY

Sichtbarkeitsregime

Author: Leon Hempel
Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Sicherheits- und Überwachungstechnologien etablieren Sichtbarkeitsregime, die sich ihrerseits der Einsehbarkeit und damit der Kontrolle entziehen. Während Bevölkerung und Individuen in neuer Weise lesbar gemacht werden – als Gefahrenträger, die kontrolliert, als Gefährdete, die geschützt, als Konsumenten, deren Präferenzen erhoben, als Angestellte, deren Leistungen evaluiert werden –, bleibt die gesellschaftliche Funktionalität der Technik zu dechiffrieren. Im Zeichen von Prävention vollzieht sich ein radikaler Innovationsschub, der die Verfasstheit liberaler Gesellschaften in Frage stellt und traditionelle Grenzziehungen auf dem Feld der Sicherheit untergräbt. Kriminalität, Terrorismus, Krieg und Naturkatastrophen werden zu einem Kontinuum der Bedrohung verknüpft. Neben den staatlichen Organen treten private Sicherheitsagenturen, Anwender von Sicherheitstechnologien wie Verkehrsunternehmen, kommerzielle Datensammler und die Think Tanks der Sicherheitsforschung. Der Sonderband nimmt dieses Zusammenspiel von Akteuren, Technologien und strategischen Wirkungen ebenso in den Blick wie die gesellschaftlichen Bewegungen, die Privatheit als Residuum gegen Überwachung und Kontrolle neu entdecken.

The Center for Democracy and Technology and Internet Privacy in the U S

Author: Joyce H.-S. Li
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780810844421
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This informative work serves as an introduction to the issues of online privacy in the United States and examines what one advocacy group is doing to protect privacy in cyberspace. Li's in-depth research of the issues confronted by the Center for Democracy and Technology over a five-year period documents its mission and demonstrates its achievements in the crusade to maintain privacy.

The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics

Author: Kenneth E. Himma
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471799597
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This handbook provides an accessible overview of the most important issues in information and computer ethics. It covers: foundational issues and methodological frameworks; theoretical issues affecting property, privacy, anonymity, and security; professional issues and the information-related professions; responsibility issues and risk assessment; regulatory issues and challenges; access and equity issues. Each chapter explains and evaluates the central positions and arguments on the respective issues, and ends with a bibliography that identifies the most important supplements available on the topic.