Theory of Inquiry Learning Arrangements

Author: Johannes Reitinger
Publisher: kassel university press GmbH
ISBN: 3737601445
Format: PDF, Docs
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Human beings come equipped with a tendency to generally not want to leave thinking to others. With the endeavor to professionally, reflectively, and gracefully support each individual on the basis of this tendency, the paradigm of a curious, self-determined, and inquiring human is developed in this volume, which might point the way towards a promising future. In view of such a perspective, the authors regard the pedagogical construct of self-determined Inquiry Learning as just such a promising concept. The Theory of Inquiry Learning Arrangements (TILA) concretizes this approach according to the principles of critical multiplism. The effectivity of TILA is scrutinized via the personalized concepts AuRELIA (Authentic Reflective Exploratory Learning and Interaction Arrangements) and CrEEd (Criteria-based Explorations in Education). These concepts are presented in detail, empirically investigated, and underpinned with practical examples. In the current edited volume, the concept of self-determined Inquiry Learning is further empirically substantiated and presented to the international community.

Between Elite and Mass Education

Author: Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780873957090
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Major changes in education have taken place in West Germany over the past three decades. The experience of the Federal Republic differs from that of its European neighbors, since it was conditioned by postwar efforts of the occupying powers to impose a new model of education: the American comprehensive secondary school. Yet the traditional American educational system is at the extreme of what could be called "mass education," whereas that of West Germany is more nearly "class education" that is, more structurally differentiated and keeping a much smaller proportion of pupils in school until age 18. Moreover, as in every developed country, West Germany has experienced increased consumer demand from an expanding middle class for more extended secondary education that does not foreclose post- secondary options. This study shows the structure that has emerged from this unique experiment with elite and mass education. Discussed at length are the four secondary routes: the Gymnasium, the Realschule, the Hauptschule, and the Volksschule. Also featured are the German answers to questions that have occupied the center of attention in American education for some years: education of ethnic minorities, education- ally disadvantaged, and handicapped children. Prepared by a team of researchers associated with the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and Education, the study provides the only comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the pre- sent educational system in the Federal Republic of Germany. Its abundance of statistical data make it a valuable resource for the educator, political scientist, and European Studies specialist. Its clarity renders it accessible to the non-specialist as well. The panoramic and yet detailed view that this book gives of German education goes a long way toward providing the base upon which comparison of education in the United States and the Federal Republic can begin.

Sport Science in Germany

Author: Herbert Haag
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642776302
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the scientific theory of sport science four major questions can be considered: (1) What is the function of science? (2) What is the body of knowledge of a scientific field? (3) What is the appropriate research methodology? (4) How are research results applied to the practical field? This publication structures the body of knowledge of German sportscience and focuses on the second question. Answers to the other questions are given implicitly within the articles relating to the specific subdisciplines of sport science.

Studienbuch Lernbeeintr chtigungen

Author: Oliver Hechler
Publisher: ATHENA-Verlag
ISBN: 3898967840
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Ziel des vorliegenden zweiten Bandes vom 'Studienbuch Lernbeeinträchtigungen' ist es, eine Gestalt zu schließen: Erstens gehören zum Problemfeld Lernbeeinträchtigungen einige Themen und Förderansätze mehr, als zwischen den Buchdeckeln von Band 1 Platz hatten, und zum anderen haben in diesem zweiten Band zusätzlich Praktikerinnen und Praktiker die Aufgabe übernommen, die verschiedenen Handlungsfelder sonderpädagogischer Lernhilfe aus nächster Nähe zu beschreiben. Zu allen interessanten Problemfeldern sind im Text wieder ausführliche Literaturhinweise zu finden, die zum vertiefenden Weiterlesen und Studieren einladen. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile: Übergänge, Förderansätze und Diagnostik und Beratung. Behandelte Themen sind u. a.: Übergang Kindergarten/Schule, Übergang Schule/Beruf, Merkmale guten Mathematikunterrichts, Förderung von Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund, Reciprocal Teaching, MSD in Zeiten der Inklusion, Förderung des Arbeitsgedächtnisses, Mobbing, Advance Organizer als Förderelement im Lernprozess und beratende Tätigkeiten in der Sonderpädagogik. Autorinnen und Autoren: Christine Einhellinger, Stephan Ellinger, Oliver Hechler, Eva-Maria Hoffart, Anette Köhler, Gerald Möhrlein, Christoph Ratz, Volker Reinhard, Christoph Schwind, Jörg Tully, Edwin Ullmann und Dagmar Zeller-Dittmer.

Visible Learning

Author: John Hattie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134024126
Format: PDF, ePub
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This unique and ground-breaking book is the result of 15 years research and synthesises over 800 meta-analyses on the influences on achievement in school-aged students. It builds a story about the power of teachers, feedback, and a model of learning and understanding. The research involves many millions of students and represents the largest ever evidence based research into what actually works in schools to improve learning. Areas covered include the influence of the student, home, school, curricula, teacher, and teaching strategies. A model of teaching and learning is developed based on the notion of visible teaching and visible learning. A major message is that what works best for students is similar to what works best for teachers – an attention to setting challenging learning intentions, being clear about what success means, and an attention to learning strategies for developing conceptual understanding about what teachers and students know and understand. Although the current evidence based fad has turned into a debate about test scores, this book is about using evidence to build and defend a model of teaching and learning. A major contribution is a fascinating benchmark/dashboard for comparing many innovations in teaching and schools.

Photons

Author: Klaus Hentschel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319952528
Format: PDF
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This book focuses on the gradual formation of the concept of ‘light quanta’ or ‘photons’, as they have usually been called in English since 1926. The great number of synonyms that have been used by physicists to denote this concept indicates that there are many different mental models of what ‘light quanta’ are: simply finite, ‘quantized packages of energy’ or ‘bullets of light’? ‘Atoms of light’ or ‘molecules of light’? ‘Light corpuscles’ or ‘quantized waves’? Singularities of the field or spatially extended structures able to interfere? ‘Photons’ in G.N. Lewis’s sense, or as defined by QED, i.e. virtual exchange particles transmitting the electromagnetic force? The term ‘light quantum’ made its first appearance in Albert Einstein’s 1905 paper on a “heuristic point of view” to cope with the photoelectric effect and other forms of interaction of light and matter, but the mental model associated with it has a rich history both before and after 1905. Some of its semantic layers go as far back as Newton and Kepler, some are only fully expressed several decades later, while others initially increased in importance then diminished and finally vanished. In conjunction with these various terms, several mental models of light quanta were developed—six of them are explored more closely in this book. It discusses two historiographic approaches to the problem of concept formation: (a) the author’s own model of conceptual development as a series of semantic accretions and (b) Mark Turner’s model of ‘conceptual blending’. Both of these models are shown to be useful and should be explored further. This is the first historiographically sophisticated history of the fully fledged concept and all of its twelve semantic layers. It systematically combines the history of science with the history of terms and a philosophically inspired history of ideas in conjunction with insights from cognitive science.