Liberalism Fascism or Social Democracy

Author: Gregory M. Luebbert
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198023073
Format: PDF, Docs
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This work provides a sweeping historical analysis of the political development of Western Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Arguing that the evolution of most Western European nations into liberal democracies, social democracies, or fascist regimes was attributable to a discrete set of social class alliances, the author explores the origins and outcomes of the political development in the individual nations. In Britain, France, and Switzerland, countries with a unified middle class, liberal forces established political hegemony before World War I. By coopting considerable sections of the working class with reforms that weakened union movements, liberals essentially excluded the fragmented working class from the political process, remaining in power throughout the inter-war period. In countries with a strong, cohesive working class and a fractured middle class, Luebbert points out, a liberal solution was impossible. In Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Czechoslovakia, political coalitions of social democrats and the "family peasantry" emerged as a result of the First World War, leading to social democratic governments. In Italy, Spain, and Germany, on the other hand, the urban middle class united with a peasantry hostile to socialism to facilitate the rise of fascism.

Nach dem Gro en Krieg

Author: Steffen Kailitz
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647369748
Format: PDF
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Der Ausgang des Ersten Weltkriegs war eine »kritische Weiche« der modernen Geschichte. In kurzer Zeit verdreifachte sich die Zahl der Demokratien auf der Welt. Dem Triumph der Demokratie folgte rasch ihr Niedergang. Bis Mitte der 1930er Jahre wurde eine Demokratie nach der anderen gestürzt. Die Beträge des Bandes liefern in Form von Fallstudien und vergleichenden Analysen sozial- und geschichtswissenschaftliche Bausteine für die Antwort auf eine Kernfrage der Demokratieforschung: Welche Faktoren auf den Ebenen der sozioökonomischen Strukturen, der Institutionen und der Akteure trugen dazu bei, das Überleben und Scheitern von Demokratien in der Zwischenkriegszeit zu erklären?

Rethinking the Nature of Fascism

Author: António Costa Pinto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230295002
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Many of the foremost experts in the study of European fascism unite to provide a contemporary analysis of the theories and historiography of fascism. Essays discuss the most recent debates on the subject and how changes in the social sciences over the past forty years have impacted on the study of fascism from various perspectives.

Fascism Liberalism and Social Democracy in Central Europe

Author: Lene Bøgh Sørensen
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
ISBN: 9788772887197
Format: PDF, Docs
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The three main currents in twentieth century political thought and practice "fascism, liberalism, and social democracy", emerged not in isolation from one another, but rather as competing and conflicting ideologies connected with particular social strata in different parts of Central Europe. That historical legacy continues to exert influence on popular perceptions and the relationship of contemporary political parties in the post-communist world. This volume of essays seeks to place the forces of Neo-Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Neo-Fascism within their historical perspective and their appeal to contemporary constituencies. In addressing the left, center, and right political elements, an international group of authors presents detailed analyses of a myriad of political options, including the skinheads and Neo-Nazis of central Europe, Hungarian Social Democracy, the Civic Forum in the Czech Republic, the party system in Slovakia, the development of FPÖ in Austria, and the Radical right in the Czech Republic. Papers also document the fall and rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic, the undermining of Slovak democracy, and Austrian Social Democracy before and after 1945. Concluding articles reflect on the limitations of Liberalism in Hungary and the ideology and role of socialist parties in the post-socialist milieu of Eastern-Central Europe. This book will be invaluable in providing the historical environment with an understanding of a vibrant, sometimes turbulent political arena.

Religion und Sozialstaat

Author: Philip Manow
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Westeuropa gibt es drei Typen von Wohlfahrtsstaaten: den nordisch universalen und generösen, den eher residualen und liberalen in den angelsächsischen Ländern und den fragmentierten Sozialversicherungsstaat in Kontinentaleuropa. Legt man die historischen Wurzeln die- ser Systeme frei, wird die Bedeutung konfessioneller Konfliktlinien für die sozialstaatliche Typenbildung offensichtlich. So lässt sich der tief greifende Konflikt zwischen Kirche und Staat nur in Kontinentaleuropa finden, nicht aber in Skandinavien. Diese Konflikte waren jedoch entscheidend für die Herausbildung der Parteisysteme Westeuropas und damit auch für die sozialstaatliche Politikentwicklung vom Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts bis heute. Philip Manow ist Professor für Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Konstanz.