Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport

Author: James Njuguna
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782423435
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance provides a detailed review of lightweight composite materials and structures and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically surface and air transport. The book covers materials selection, the properties and performance of materials, and structures, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes is reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials. Chapters in the first two parts of the book consider the lightweight philosophy and current developments in manufacturing techniques for lightweight composite structures in the transport industry, with subsequent chapters in parts three to five discussing structural optimization and analysis, properties, and performance of lightweight composite structures, durability, damage tolerance and structural integrity. Final chapters present case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures. Comprehensively covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, structural analysis, and performance of lightweight composite structures in the transport industry Includes commentary from leading industrial and academic experts in the field who present cutting-edge research on advanced lightweight materials for the transport industry Includes case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures

ICCS20 20th International Conference on Composite Structures

Author: Nicholas Fantuzzi
Publisher: Società Editrice Esculapio
ISBN: 8893850419
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Composite materials have aroused a great interest over the last few decades, as proven by the huge number of scientific papers and industrial progress. The increase in the use of composite structures in different engineering practices justify the present international meeting where researches from every part of the globe can share and discuss the recent advancements regarding the use of structural components within advanced applications such as buckling, vibrations, repair, reinforcements, concrete, composite laminated materials and more recent metamaterials. Studies about composite structures are truly multidisciplinary and the given contributions can help other researches and professional engineers in their own field. This Conference is suitable as a reference for engineers and scientists working in the professional field, in the industry and the academia and it gives the possibility to share recent advancements in different engineering practices to the outside world. This book aims to collect selected plenary and key-note lectures of this International Conference. For this reason, the establishment of this 20th edition of International Conference on Composite Structures has appeared appropriate to continue what has been begun during the previous editions. ICCS wants to be an occasion for many researchers from each part of the globe to meet and discuss about the recent advancements regarding the use of composite structures, sandwich panels, nanotechnology, bio-composites, delamination and fracture, experimental methods, manufacturing and other countless topics that have filled many sessions during this conference. As a proof of this event, which has taken place in Paris (France), selected plenary and key-note lectures have been collected in the present book.

Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081021380
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Sustainable Composites for Aerospace Applications presents innovative advances in the fabrication, characterization and applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites. It covers fundamental structural and chemical knowledge and explores various properties and characterization techniques, including microscopic, spectroscopic and mechanical behaviors. Users will find a strong focus on the potential applications of LDH polymer nanocomposites, such as in energy, electronics, electromagnetic shielding, biomedical, agricultural, food packaging and water purification functions. This book provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the field of LDH polymer nanocomposites and future applications, and is an essential read for all academics, researchers, engineers and students working in this area. Presents fundamental knowledge of LDH polymer nanocomposites, including chemical composition, structural features and fabrication techniques Provides an analytical overview of the different types of characterization techniques and technologies Contains extensive reviews on cutting-edge research for future applications in a variety of industries

Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites

Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081004281
Format: PDF
Download Now
Progress in Rubber Nanocomposites provides an up-to-date review on the latest advances and developments in the field of rubber nanocomposites. It is intended to serve as a one-stop reference resource to showcase important research accomplishments in the area of rubber nanocomposites, with particular emphasis on the use of nanofillers. Chapters discuss major progress in the field and provide scope for further developments that will have an impact in the industrial research area. Global leaders and researchers from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions contribute valuable information. A one-stop reference relating to the processing and characterization of rubber nanocomposites Presents the morphological, thermal, and mechanical properties that are discussed in detail Contains key highlights in the form of dedicated chapters on interphase characterization, applications, and computer simulation

Automotive Steels

Author: Radhakanta Rana
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081006535
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Automotive Steels: Design, Metallurgy, Processing and Applications explores the design, processing, metallurgy, and applications of automotive steels. While some sheet steels are produced routinely in high volume today, there have been significant advances in the use of steel in the automotive industry. This book presents these metallurgical and application aspects in a way that is not available in the current literature. The editors have assembled an international team of experts who discuss recent developments and future prospects for automotive steels, compiling essential reading for both academic and industrial metallurgists, automotive design engineers, and postgraduate students attending courses on the metallurgy of automotive materials. Presents recent developments on the design, metallurgy, processing, and applications of automotive steels Discusses automotive steels that are currently in the early stages of research, such as low-density and high modulus steels that are driving future development Covers traditional steels, advanced high strength steels, elevated Mn steels and ferrous composite materials

Composites for Automotive Truck and Mass Transit

Author: Uday Vaidya
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1932078797
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index

Structural Nanocomposites

Author: James Njuguna
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642403220
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Advancements in the nanotechnology industry promise to offer improvements in capabilities across a spectrum of applications. This is of immense strategic importance to the high performance sector which has historically leveraged technological advances. The use of polymer nanocomposites in structures have several predictable impacts on structural design and applications, primarily by providing a safer, faster, and eventually cheaper transportation in the future. This books comprises reviews on the state-of-the-art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to structural materials, engineering structures, nanocomposites, modelling and simulations, and their related application areas.

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites

Author: Klaus Friedrich
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323265030
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Multi-Functionality of Polymer Composites: Challenges and New Solutions brings together contributions from experts in the field of multifunctionality, presenting state-of-the-art discussion of this exciting and rapidly developing field, thus key enabling technologies for future applications. The text will enable engineers and materials scientists to achieve multifunctionality in their own products using different types of polymer matrices and various nano- and micro-sized fillers and reinforcements, including, but not limited to, carbon nanotubes and graphene. In addition, technologies for the integration of active materials such as shape memory alloys are discussed. The latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, medical engineering, and future trends are discussed, making this book an essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area. Provides information on composites and their inherent engineering advantages over traditional materials. Presents state-of-the-art information on this exciting and rapidly developing field, enabling engineers and materials scientists to achieve multi-functionality in their own products. Includes the latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, and medical engineering. An essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area.

Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection

Author: Xiaogang Chen
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1782424849
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Advanced Fibrous Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection provides the latest information on ballistic protection, a topic that remains an important issue in modern times due to ever increasing threats coming from regional conflicts, terrorism, and anti-social behavior. The basic requirements for ballistic protection equipment are first and foremost, the prevention of a projectile from perforating, the reduction of blunt trauma to the human body caused by ballistic impact, the necessity that they are thermal and provide moisture comfort, and that they are lightweight and flexible to guarantee wearer’s mobility. The main aim of this book is to present some of the most recent developments in the design and engineering of woven fabrics and their use as layering materials to form composite structures for ballistic personal protection. Chapter topics include High Performance Ballistic Fibres, Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Ballistic Damage of Hybrid Composite Materials, Analysis of Ballistic Fabrics and Layered Composite Materials, and Multi-Scale Modeling of Polymeric Composite Materials for Ballistic Protection. Contributions from leading experts in the field Cutting edge developments on the engineering of ballistic materials Comprehensive analysis of the development and uses of advanced fibrous composite materials

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Author: Paul Robinson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095323
Format: PDF
Download Now
Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications