Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials

Author: Calvo-flores
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118597869
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As naturally occurring and abundant sources of non–fossil carbon, lignin and lignans offer exciting possibilities as a source of commercially valuable products, moving away from petrochemical–based feedstocks in favour of renewable raw materials. Lignin can be used directly in fields such as agriculture, livestock, soil rehabilitation, bioremediation and the polymer industry, or it can be chemically modified for the fabrication of specialty and high–value chemicals such as resins, adhesives, fuels and greases. Lignin and Lignans as Renewable Raw Materials presents a multidisciplinary overview of the state–of–the–art and future prospects of lignin and lignans. The book discusses the origin, structure, function and applications of both types of compounds, describing the main resources and values of these products as carbon raw materials. Topics covered include: Structure and physicochemical properties Lignin detection methods Biosynthesis of lignin Isolation methods Characterization and modification of lignins Applications of modified and unmodified lignins Lignans: structure, chemical and biological properties Future perspectives This book is a comprehensive resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in academia and industry working on new possibilities for the application of renewable raw materials. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs

Sustainability Assessment of Renewables Based Products

Author: Jo Dewulf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118933923
Format: PDF, ePub
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Over the past decade, renewables-based technology and sustainability assessment methods have grown tremendously. Renewable energy and products have a significant role in the market today, and the same time sustainability assessment methods have advanced, with a growing standardization of environmental sustainability metrics and consideration of social issues as part of the assessment. Sustainability Assessment of Renewables-Based Products: Methods and Case Studies is an extensive update and sequel to the 2006 title Renewables-Based Technology: Sustainability Assessment. It discusses the impressive evolution and role renewables have taken in our modern society, highlighting the importance of sustainability principles in the design phase of renewable-based technologies, and presenting a wide range of sustainability assessment methods suitable for renewables-based technologies, together with case studies to demonstrate their applications. This book is a valuable resource for academics, businesses and policy makers who are active in contributing to more sustainable production and consumption. For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit www.wiley.com/go/rrs Topics covered include: The growing role of renewables in our society Sustainability in the design phase of products and processes Principles of sustainability assessment Land use analysis Water use analysis Material and energy flow analysis Exergy and cumulative exergy analysisCarbon and environmental footprint methods Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), social Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing (LCC) Case studies: renewable energy, bio-based chemicals and bio-based materials.

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

Author: Robert C. Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119417619
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book provides complete coverage of the many ways that thermochemical processes are used to transform biomass into fuels, chemicals and power. Fully revised and updated, this new edition highlights the substantial progress and recent developments that have been made in this rapidly growing field since publication of the first edition and incorporates up-to-date information in each chapter. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition incorporates two new chapters covering: condensed phased reactions of thermal deconstruction of biomass and life cycle analysis of thermochemical processing systems. It offers a new introductory chapter that provides a more comprehensive overview of thermochemical technologies. The book also features fresh perspectives from new authors covering such evolving areas as solvent liquefaction and hybrid processing. Other chapters cover combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of thermochemically producing fuels and power, and more. Features contributions by a distinguished group of European and American researchers offering a broad and unified description of thermochemical processing options for biomass Combines an overview of the current status of thermochemical biomass conversion as well as engineering aspects to appeal to the broadest audience Edited by one of Biofuels Digest’s "Top 100 People" in bioenergy for six consecutive years Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition will appeal to all academic researchers, process chemists, and engineers working in the field of biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals. It is also an excellent book for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying biomass, biofuels, renewable resources, and energy and power generation.

Biochemie f r Dummies

Author: John W. Moore
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527657959
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Im Leben eines Biologen und auch in dem eines Chemikers kommt irgendwann der Tag, an dem plötzlich die Biochemie vor der Tür steht oder gleich hineinpoltert. "Biochemie für Dummies" bereitet Sie auf diesen Tag vor oder hilft Ihnen, die Folgen zu verkraften. Von Zellstrukturen über Kohlenwasserstoffe, Aminosäuren und Proteine erklärt Ihnen das was Sie über Biochemie wissen müssen. So einfach wie möglich, so komplex wie nötig werden Sie hier in die Welt der Lipide, Vitamine und Hormone eingeführt und erfahren, was ATP jenseits des Tennisplatzes bedeutet.

Chemie f r Ingenieure

Author: Detlev Forst
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662006545
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieses Lehrbuch versucht, allen ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen gerecht zu werden. Die Themen Werkstoffkunde, Halbleiter, Wasserchemie, Elektrochemie, Umweltschutz und Energie sind u.a. inhaltliche Schwerpunkte. Die wichtigen Industrieprodukte und -bereiche Schwefelsäure, Luftflüssigung, Ethylen und Erdöl, Kalk, Ammoniak, Natronlauge und Chlor sind als Beispiele chemisch-technischer Prozesse mit einbezogen. Übungen mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Lehrstoffs.