Lines and Curves

Author: Victor Gutenmacher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475738099
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Broad appeal to undergraduate teachers, students, and engineers; Concise descriptions of properties of basic planar curves from different perspectives; useful handbook for software engineers; A special chapter---"Geometry on the Web"---will further enhance the usefulness of this book as an informal tutorial resource.; Good mathematical notation, descriptions of properties of lines and curves, and the illustration of geometric concepts facilitate the design of computer graphics tools and computer animation.; Video game designers, for example, will find a clear discussion and illustration of hard-to-understand trajectory design concepts.; Good supplementary text for geometry courses at the undergraduate and advanced high school levels

Practical Handbook of Curve Fitting

Author: Sandra Arlinghaus
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849301438
Format: PDF, Docs
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Practical Handbook of Curve Fitting is a reference work assembled by Arlinghaus and a set of editors with well over a century of combined experience in various disciplines and activities related to curve fitting. The book demonstrates how to analyze World data bases and graph and map the results. Default settings in software packages can produce attractive graphs of data imported into the software. Often, however, the default graph has no equation associated with it and cannot therefore be used as a tool for further analysis or projection of the data. The same software can often be used to generate curves from equations. The reader is shown directly, and in a series of steps, how to fit curves to data using Lotus 1-2-3. There are traditional unbounded curve fitting techniques-lines of least squares, exponentials, logistic curves, and Gompertz curves. There is the bounded curve fitting technique of cubic spline interpolation. Beyond these, there is a detailed application of Feigenbaum's graphical analysis from chaos theory, and there is a hint as to how fractal geometry might come into play. Curve fitting algorithms take on new life when they are actually used on real-world data. They are used in numerous worked examples drawn from electronic data bases of public domain information from the Stars data base of The World Bank and from the WRD data base of the World Resources Institute. The applications are current and reflect a state-of-the-art interest in the human dimensions of global change.

A Catalog of Special Plane Curves

Author: J. Dennis Lawrence
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486167666
Format: PDF
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DIVOne of the most beautiful aspects of geometry. Information on general properties, derived curves, geometric and analytic properties of each curve. 89 illus. /div

Practical Handbook of Spreadsheet Curves and Geometric Constructions

Author: Deane Arganbright
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849389382
Format: PDF, ePub
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Practical Handbook of Spreadsheet Curves and Geometric Constructions presents a compelling description of how to use commercially available spreadsheets to design and create high-quality graphs of a variety of curves, including classical curves in mathematics. The book contains more than 65 models for the geometric construction of families of curves such as strophoids, pedals, involutes, and others. Models in the book are designed to be interactive so that users can experiment with them to produce eye-catching curves, designs, and patterns. Examples come from calculus, parametric equations, constructions of classical families, and graphs of conformal mappings of a complex variable. The author, a leading authority on spreadsheets, presents innovative techniques for using spreadsheet graphing to generate large families of lines and circles that describe various curves as envelopes of the families. The final chapter of the book discusses the use of commercial spreadsheets to create animation effects. The book is heavily illustrated, with more than 200 graphs and 60 tables. An accompanying 3.5" disk provides 25 selected examples written in Quattro Pro 2.0, Lotus 1-2-3 2.3, and Microsoft Excel 4.0. Designed for both experienced and novice spreadsheet users, Practical Handbook of Spreadsheet Curves and Geometric Constructions will be an invaluable resource for mathematicians, engineers, scientists, and computer scientists. The book will also benefit professional artists and designers interested in learning new techniques for producing mathematical curves using spreadsheet software.

Geometry with Applications and Proofs

Author: Aad Goddijn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9462098603
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book shows how geometry can be learned by starting with real world problems which are solved by intuition, common sense reasoning and experiments. Gradually the more formal demands of mathematical proofs get their proper place and make it possible to explore new applications. This process helps students to feel the need for precise definitions and procedures, to contribute to the construction of an axiomatic system, and to experience the power of systematic reasoning. The course is designed for students in a Nature & Technology strand which prepares for studying the sciences or technology at university level. Its goal was basically to reintroduce ‘proof’ in a meaningful way in the late 1990s Dutch secondary education curriculum. Following the educational view of the Freudenthal Institute this is not done by stating Euclid’s axioms on page one, but rather a starting point is chosen in students’ intuitions and tentative solutions of problems that are experienced as real and relevant. The photograph on the cover shows students exploring one of the problems from the midpart of the course in the computerlab.

Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision

Author: Richard Hartley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139449141
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.

Elliptic Curves

Author: Lawrence C. Washington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420071474
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Like its bestselling predecessor, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Second Edition develops the theory of elliptic curves to provide a basis for both number theoretic and cryptographic applications. With additional exercises, this edition offers more comprehensive coverage of the fundamental theory, techniques, and applications of elliptic curves. New to the Second Edition Chapters on isogenies and hyperelliptic curves A discussion of alternative coordinate systems, such as projective, Jacobian, and Edwards coordinates, along with related computational issues A more complete treatment of the Weil and Tate–Lichtenbaum pairings Doud’s analytic method for computing torsion on elliptic curves over Q An explanation of how to perform calculations with elliptic curves in several popular computer algebra systems Taking a basic approach to elliptic curves, this accessible book prepares readers to tackle more advanced problems in the field. It introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the text, before moving on to interesting applications, such as cryptography, factoring, and primality testing. The book also discusses the use of elliptic curves in Fermat’s Last Theorem. Relevant abstract algebra material on group theory and fields can be found in the appendices.

Computational Geometry

Author: Franco P. Preparata
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461210984
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From the reviews: "This book offers a coherent treatment, at the graduate textbook level, of the field that has come to be known in the last decade or so as computational geometry. ... ... The book is well organized and lucidly written; a timely contribution by two founders of the field. It clearly demonstrates that computational geometry in the plane is now a fairly well-understood branch of computer science and mathematics. It also points the way to the solution of the more challenging problems in dimensions higher than two." #Mathematical Reviews#1 "... This remarkable book is a comprehensive and systematic study on research results obtained especially in the last ten years. The very clear presentation concentrates on basic ideas, fundamental combinatorial structures, and crucial algorithmic techniques. The plenty of results is clever organized following these guidelines and within the framework of some detailed case studies. A large number of figures and examples also aid the understanding of the material. Therefore, it can be highly recommended as an early graduate text but it should prove also to be essential to researchers and professionals in applied fields of computer-aided design, computer graphics, and robotics." #Biometrical Journal#2