Linguistic Imperialism

Author: Robert Phillipson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780194371469
Format: PDF
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This book explores English as an international language, and how and why it has become so dominant.

Linguistic Imperialism Continued

Author: Robert Phillipson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135155305
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume brings together key writings since the 1992 publication of Linguistic Imperialism – Robert Phillipson’s controversial benchmark volume, which triggered a major re-thinking of the English teaching profession by connecting the field to wider political and economic forces. Analyzing how the global dominance of English in all domains of power is maintained, legitimized and persists in the twenty-first century, Linguistic Imperialism Continued reflects and contributes in important ways to understanding these developments. This book is not for sale in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan.

Resisting Linguistic Imperialism in English Teaching

Author: A. Suresh Canagarajah
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780194421546
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explores how English is used in periphery communities, while subtly resisting the linguistic imperialism from the global ELT enterprise.

Linguistic Imperialism

Author: Hanna Nieber
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640764994
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Other, grade: 1,3, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Anglistik), language: English, abstract: With the intent of examining the current language policy in Tanzanian secondary education this paper shows how Phillipson's theory of "Linguistic Imperialism" and Kachru's model of "World Englishes" combine to give a holistic view on language policies. Taking into account the unique linguistic situation in Tanzania, especially the role of Swahili, it demonstrates how English as a medium of instruction in secondary schools marks a case of "Linguistic Imperialism."

Linguistic Ecology

Author: Peter Mühlhäusler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134934882
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this book, the author examines the transformation of the Pacific language region under the impact of colonization, westernization and modernization. By focusing on the linguistic and socio-historical changes of the past 200 years, it aims to bring a new dimension to the study of Pacific linguistics, which up until now has been dominated by questions of historical reconstruction and language typology. In contrast to the traditional portrayal of linguistic change as a natural process, the author focuses on the cultural and historical forces which drive language change. Using the metaphor of language ecology to explain and describe the complex interplay between languages, speakers and social practice, the author looks at how language ecologies have functioned in the past to sustain language diversity, and, at what happens when those ecologies are disrupted. Whilst most of the examples used in the book are taken from the Pacific and Australian region, the insights derived from this area are shown to have global applications. The text should be useful for linguists and all those interested in the large scale loss of human language.

Language and Aboriginal Culture in Australia Linguistic Imperialism of English or Language Ecology

Author: Oliver Roeder
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638151735
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Examination Thesis from the year 2000 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2.0 (B), University of Koblenz-Landau (Anglistics), 75 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: This paper is about linguistic imperialism and linguistic ecology in respect of the indigenous languages of Australia. The linguistic complexities in Australia are immense, as are the fields of research of linguistic imperialism and linguistic ecology. Neither is the research in the fields mentioned above terminated nor has the development in Australia reached an end. As a result, the paper is only able to provide a snapshot. The first chapter serves as an introduction. The reader should familiarize her-/ himself with the history and culture of a people, which is unique and distinct from any other civilization. It refers to the initial settlement of the Australian continent, as well as it touches in short specific traits of Aboriginal culture. Answers are provided to questions like, ‘What is language?’, ‘What are the characteristics of Aboriginal languages and Aboriginal English?’ Linguistic imperialism will be discussed in chapter two. From what point on can a relationship between any given subjects be called, in its widest meaning, imperialistic? The chapter refers to Galtung (1980), whose observations are still valid today and gives a historical overview of the rise of the English language from a European Germanic language spoken on the British Islands to a global language, especially focusing on the development in the 19th and 20th century. Linguistic ecology is a rather new field of research in linguistics. Chapter three reflects on a research orientation which developed in the 1960s and 1970s due to Haugen, who gave the term ecology a linguistic meaning. It tries to show the parallels between biodiversity and cultural/ linguistic diversity and why it has become so important to be aware that not only plants and animals are seriously endangered and need special protection, but also languages. Additionally, other fields of interest of language ecology are introduced in the chapter. The last chapter deals with the impact European settlement had on indigenous language variety, and the problems contemporary Australian society is confronted with. Australia’s language policy will not only be outlined in regard of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander’s native tongue, but also in regard of community languages. Which possibilities has the Australian government to deal with the problem and which language maintenance efforts have been called into action so far? Australian Aborigines 3 1 Australian Aborigines [...]

That s The Way It Crumbles

Author: Matthew Engel
Publisher: Profile Books
ISBN: 1782832629
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Are we tired of hearing that fall is a season, sick of being offered fries and told about the latest movie? Yeah. Have we noticed the sly interpolation of Americanisms into our everyday speech? You betcha. And are we outraged? Hell, yes. But do we do anything? Too much hassle. Until now. In That's The Way It Crumbles Matthew Engel presents a call to arms against the linguistic impoverishment that happens when one language dominates another. With dismay and wry amusement, he traces the American invasion of our language from the early days of the New World, via the influence of Edison, the dance hall and the talkies, right up to the Apple and Microsoft-dominated present day, and explores the fate of other languages trying to fend off linguistic takeover bids. It is not the Americans' fault, more the result of their talent for innovation and our own indifference. He explains how America's cultural supremacy affects British gestures, celebrations and way of life, and how every paragraph and conversation includes words the British no longer even think of as Americanisms. Part battle cry, part love song, part elegy, this book celebrates the strange, the banal, the precious and the endangered parts of our uncommon common language.

The Spread of English in the World

Author: Eva-Maria Kaufmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656432600
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Essay from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: Distinction, University of Newcastle upon Tyne (EDUCATION COMMUNICATIONS AND LANGUAGE SCIENCES), course: Sociolinguistics, language: English, abstract: The massive increase of English speakers around the world who speak it at all different levels of proficiency, for any variety of purposes and with (other) non-native speakers has sparked some concerns and controversies. Some are concerned that its wide spread and the emergence and institutionalisation of new ‘Englishes’ will lead to a language fragmentation that could ultimately result in mutual unintelligibility. The question of who holds authority over English today is causing heated discussions. Teaching practices for English as a foreign language are yet another contentious subject. For the most part, English teaching is still oriented towards British or North American varieties, and a learner’s proficiency is measured in relation to those norms. Some, however, demand that English teaching practices take into account that usage situations and requirements for English have changed, and that teachers prepare students for international communication rather than communication with Americans or British. The issue with perhaps the greatest political significance is that of linguistic imperialism. As English, particularly the ‘prestige varieties’ British and American, are being taught to more and more people across the world, some have voiced their concern that this “compromises the cultural integrity of the non-native speaker”. There is a fear that English might suppress or even replace local languages and be used as a tool to spread Anglo-American cultural hegemony. This essay gives first a rough overview over who speaks English in the world today. It then briefly discusses some of the attempts by scholars to categorise this immense number of ddifferent people, focusing particularly on Kachru’s model of the spread of English. It addresses some of the factors that lead to the emergence of new varieties of English, describing Nigerian English and China English in more detail by way of an example. Linguistic imperialism is discussed subsequently as one particularly controversial issue relating to the rise of English to one of the world’s most predominant languages.

ROLE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACH

Author: Jeanya Chermainea Poon
Publisher: Open Dissertation Press
ISBN: 9781374710238
Format: PDF
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This dissertation, "The Role of English Language Teaching in Hong Kong: Linguistic Imperialism or Linguistic Empowerment?" by Jeanya, Chermainea, Poon, 潘君雅, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled "The Role of English Language Teaching in Hong Kong: Linguistic Imperialism or Linguistic Empowerment?" Submitted by Poon Jeanya Chermaine for the degree of Master of Arts at The University of Hong Kong in September 2003 Abstract ____________________________________________________________________ Before examining what role English language teaching takes in Hong Kong, one may question, "Why do we have to learn English and how come English is included as one of the compulsory and core subjects in the school curriculum?" With regard to the undeniable fact that Hong Kong was once a colony under the British colonial rule over a prolonged period of time, as a result of the prevailing spread of its overwhelmingly imperialistic power, it is by no means labyrinthine to detect the existence of the inheritance from the rule⎯the English language. Some people in Hong Kong tend to associate English with colonialism, as stated in the Pamphlet No. 2 being published by the Educators' Social Action Council (ESAC) in 1972 to promote ideas on the joint forces of English teaching and social attitudes (1972), and such an association may perhaps be elucidated with special regard to the history of Hong Kong. Thus, we need to deal with the colonial relic properly, so that it can best serve as an effective tool to contribute to the continuance of Hong Kong's thriving state. It is generally believed by the Hong Kongers, as well as people all over the world that English is an international language, and it is by no means surprising to unravel the general view that English is a tool to propagate economic success and personal advancements. Simultaneously, this has also alerted those educators, especially those English teachers teaching English as a second or foreign language. It is with dedicated effort that this dissertation devotes itself to address the following questions⎯ Does English teaching take up the role of spreading linguistic imperialism over its learners or in fact, it is a kind of empowerment for facilitating personal needs and fulfillment? How does English influence the Education policy? Why is English so important to us, especially the school children? Why do they think it is important? This dissertation will look into each of the above questions, and the core part of the argument lies in the survey done on the different attitudes of students towards learning English, the EMI and its importance, with respondents from 2 local schools: one English Medium of Instruction (EMI) school and one Chinese Medium of Instruction school. The findings can further lead to the analysis on one actual phenomenon in Hong Kong ⎯ the use of the English language skills as a means to facilitate personal pursuit and achievements. In this dissertation, I will draw in different sources to examine the abovementioned phenomenon. This paper will redefine the term 'Linguistic Imperialism' so as to make it fit into the present discussion and will espouse that actually, English teaching is spreading linguistic imperialism in a rather unconscious and indirect sense, and simultaneously it serves as a deliberate channel for self-empowerment. This dissertation will offer special regards to the empowerment of wo