Links Between Beliefs and Cognitive Flexibility

Author: Jan Elen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400717930
Format: PDF, Kindle
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With the world and its structures becoming ever more complex, and the nature of future employment becoming ever more unpredictable, the notion of ‘cognitive flexibility’ has a high profile in educational and psychological debate. The contributions in this volume analyze the nature of cognitive flexibility, as well as the impact of different types of beliefs on cognitive flexibility. Making adequate decisions requires considering input from a variety of continuously evolving sources rather than adhering to predetermined procedures. Adopting a position in a debate necessitates the critical evaluation of different alternatives, while solving a problem entails selecting appropriate problem-solving strategies. Meanwhile, studying requires students to integrate a range of interventions, and treating a patient involves making a differential diagnosis. The common factor, cognitive flexibility, lies at the core of effective functioning in complex, domain-specific environments. Cognitive flexibility can be described as the disposition to consider diverse information elements while deciding on how to solve a problem or to execute a learning-related task in a variety of domains. The concept of ‘disposition’ implies that individuals will not always demonstrate cognitive flexibility even if they are in principle able to act in a cognitively flexible way. The notion does not require that alternatives are always deliberately considered, which is why this volume’s tandem discussion of beliefs is key element of the discussion. Beliefs play a central role in cognitive flexibility and relate to what individuals consider to be important, valid and/or true. Of specific interest is the relationship between epistemological beliefs and cognitive flexibility, especially as a particular subset of epistemological beliefs seems to be a prerequisite to a cognitively flexible disposition.

P dagogische Professionalit t in Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften

Author: Timo Leuders
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658086440
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieser Band leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Diskussion um die Professionalisierung des Personals in Bildungsinstitutionen und deren empirischen Fundierung. Die einzelnen Kapitel beleuchten Kompetenzbereiche pädagogischer Professionalität in ihren verschiedenen Facetten (Fachbezogene diagnostische Kompetenzen und Lehrkompetenzen, berufsfeldspezifisches Fachwissen, Wissenschaftsverständnis etc.) und zeigen Wege zur deren Optimierung auf. Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler aus der Erziehungswissenschaft, aus den Fachdidaktiken sowie der Psychologie des Freiburger Kompetenzverbundes Empirische Bildungs- und Unterrichtsforschung (KEBU) untersuchen in interdisziplinären Teams die fachbezogenen Kompetenzen von Lehrerinnen und Lehrern sowie von Erzieherinnen und Erziehern in den mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Domänen hinsichtlich ihrer Struktur, ihren Entstehensbedingungen und ihren Wirkungen. Hierauf aufbauend ergeben sich konkrete Empfehlungen für die Lehreraus- und Fortbildung.

Biotechnologie Kommunikation

Author: Marc-Denis Weitze
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642339948
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Seit vier Jahrzehnten gibt es Kontroversen und Kommunikationsmaßnahmen zur Grünen Gentechnik und anderen Feldern der Biotechnologie. Dieser Sammelband trägt dazu Analysen der Erfahrungen in kommunikations- und sozialwissenschaftlicher sowie historischer Perspektive zusammen. Im Rahmen eines Projekts von acatech, der Deutschen Akademie der Technikwissenschaften wurden daraus Empfehlungen abgeleitet, wie Biotechnologie künftig sachgerecht, ausgewogen und urteilsunterstützend kommuniziert werden kann.

Epistemologische berzeugungen von Erzieherinnen und Erziehern

Author: Magdalena Plöger-Werner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658097493
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Magdalena Plöger-Werner untersucht in dieser Studie die bereichsspezifischen (auf Naturwissenschaften und Frühpädagogik bezogenen) epistemologischen Überzeugungen von Erzieherinnen und Erziehern sowie ihre Überzeugungen zum Lernen von Kindern und zeigt den Zusammenhang zur naturwissenschaftsbezogenen und bereichsübergreifenden Gestaltung von Lernsituationen in Kindertageseinrichtungen auf. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass den epistemologischen und auch den lernbezogenen Überzeugungen eine Bedeutung für das pädagogische Handeln zukommt. Speziell für den naturwissenschaftlichen Bereich liegt dieser Einfluss indirekt vor, vermittelt über die lernbezogenen Überzeugungen.

Making Public Policy Decisions

Author: Damon Alexander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317697723
Format: PDF, ePub
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To understand public policy decisions, it is imperative to understand the capacities of the individual actors who are making them, how they think and feel about their role, and what drives and motivates them. However, the current literature takes little account of this, preferring instead to frame the decisions as the outcomes of a rational search for value-maximising alternatives or the result of systematic and well-ordered institutional and organisational processes. Yet understanding how personal and emotional factors interact with broader institutional and organisational influences to shape the deliberations and behaviour of politicians and bureaucrats is paramount if we are to construct a more useful, nuanced and dynamic picture of government decision-making. This book draws on a variety of approaches to examine individuals working in contemporary government, from freshly-trained policy officers to former cabinet ministers and prime ministers. It provides important new insights into how those in government navigate their way through complex issues and decisions based on developed expertise that fuses formal, rational techniques with other learned behaviours, memories, emotions and practiced forms of judgment at an individual level. This innovative collection from leading academics across Australia, Europe, the United Kingdom and North America will be of great interest to researchers, educators, advanced students and practitioners working in the fields of political science, public management and administration, and public policy.

Teaching That Makes a Difference

Author: Dan Lambert
Publisher: Zondervan
ISBN: 0310864305
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This comprehensive, research-informed textbook reviews all aspects of traditional and contemporary theories and experience in youth ministry, but also points to the future by analyzing youth culture and charting innovative paradigms in the art and craft of teaching. The book is fueled by the urgent need in youth ministry to better reach students, to inform them about God’s will for their lives, and to encourage change in their lives beyond the youth group setting.Features include:• Website dedicated to the book, including chats hosted by the author• Scriptural instruction on reaching the minds, hearts, and souls of students• Cultural analysis of adolescents in ministry contexts and in the larger community• Explanation of learning styles: auditory, visual, tactile, kinesthetic• Explanation of multiple intelligences: imaginative, analytic, common sense, dynamic• Tips on creativity: where to find ideas, list of teaching methods

Professional Learning Gaps and Transitions on the Way from Novice to Expert

Author: Henny P.A. Boshuizen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402020945
Format: PDF, Docs
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About the Book Series The idea for the Book Series “Innovation and Change in Professional Education” (ICPE) was born in 1996. While working on another publication in this area, we noticed that professional educators faced similar problems without even knowing from each other. It was this observation that resulted in examining the possibilities for a new publication platform about professional education with input from different professions. We wanted to develop a publication source that would bring together educators and researchers to exchange ideas and knowledge about theory, research and professional practice. But we were not only striving for a book series informing readers about important themes in the professions. A second goal was to focus on processes of change and innovation. We were heavily involved in innovations going on in our institutions, and were convinced that a better understanding was needed in a wide range of issues critically important to the future of professional education. It was our belief that scholarly publications about innovation processes may support fundamental change in professional education. ICPE reflects our view that professional education deserves such a publication platform. It aims to approach critical questions of educational innovations, and to examine dynamics of educational change in various professional domains in the context of innovation processes. The books will include contributions from frontline practitioners, leading researchers, or distinguished scholars in professional education, delivering reports of empirical or theoretical research, reviews, interpretations of evaluation studies, or descriptions of innovative approaches.

Contemporary Leadership and Intercultural Competence

Author: Michael A. Moodian
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452276803
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Featuring contributions from some of the world's most renowned cross-cultural management theorists and commentators, this breakthrough text explores the cross-cultural dynamics within organizations. The book examines the evolving role of cultural diversity in the workplace, the application of cultural comprehension to organizations, and the measurement of various aspects of intercultural competence.

The Home School Connection

Author: Flora V. Rodriguez-Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135269580
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"In this unique contribution to the literature on parental involvement in culturally and linguistically diverse communities, Flora Rodríguez-Brown offers a critique of family literacy programs that lack a clear design for literacy activities relevant to community goals, offering an alternative model that is grounded within an abiding respect for the parents’ role as the child’s first, and ultimately, most important teacher." Robert D. Milk, University of Texas, San Antonio The Project FLAME program used as context for this book is a comprehensive family literacy model, supported by a strong sociocultural framework based on current research on cultural ways of learning and theories of multiliteracies and discourse. The model highlights the relevance of parents’ knowledge, cultural ways, and discourses in sharing literacy knowledge with their children. A pressing need exists for models and programs that effectively serve the educational needs of the steadily increasing numbers of culturally and linguistically diverse students in U.S. public schools today. Addressing issues related to development, implementation, and effectiveness of a program model that fulfills this need, this book is an essential resource for educators, community workers, and researchers interested in the relevance of the home-school connection in relation to children’s school success.