Living Narrative

Author: Elinor Ochs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674041592
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This pathbreaking book looks at everyday storytelling as a twofold phenomenon--a response to our desire for coherence, but also to our need to probe and acknowledge the enigmatic aspects of experience. Letting us listen in on dinner-table conversation, prayer, and gossip, Elinor Ochs and Lisa Capps develop a way of understanding the seemingly contradictory nature of everyday narrative--as a genre that is not necessarily homogeneous and as an activity that is not always consistent but consistently serves our need to create selves and communities. Focusing on the ways in which narrative is co-constructed, and on the variety of moral stances embodied in conversation, the authors draw out the instructive inconsistencies of these collaborative narratives, whose contents and ordering are subject to dispute, flux, and discovery. In an eloquent last chapter, written as Capps was waging her final battle with cancer, they turn to unfinished narratives, those stories that will never have a comprehensible end. With a hybrid perspective--part humanities, part social science--their book captures these complexities and fathoms the intricate and potent narratives that live within and among us.

Grundthemen der Literaturwissenschaft Erz hlen

Author: Martin Huber
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110410745
Format: PDF, Docs
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Das Handbuch leistet eine umfassende historische und systematische Darstellung des Phänomens Erzählen und seiner Erforschung unter Berücksichtigung der internationalen Narratologie. Neben der Betrachtung von grundlegenden Begriffen und Fragestellungen des literarischen und intermedialen Erzählens bietet der Band auch eine Einführung in transdisziplinäre Aspekte des Erzählens in Recht, Medizin und Wirtschaft.

Narrative Bew ltigung von Trauma und Verlust

Author: Carl Eduard Scheidt
Publisher: Schattauer Verlag
ISBN: 3794529634
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Von der Seele reden Traumatisierende Erfahrungen und Verluste lösen einen tiefen seelischen Schmerz aus. Im therapeutischen Rahmen werden die Betroffenen darin unterstützt, von dem traumatisch Erfahrenen zu erzählen. Für den klinisch tätigen Psychotherapeuten sind die sprachlich oft sehr vielfältig ausgestalteten Erzählungen ein zentraler Weg zum Verständnis des Patienten. Diese Narrative sollen sich im therapeutischen Prozess zu heilsamen Narrativen formieren und sind von der Hoffnung auf Besserung getragen. In diesem Buch werden erstmals die wichtigsten Fragen zur Narratologie der sprachlichen Bewältigung von Trauma und Verlust eruiert: Unter welchen Voraussetzungen kann das Erzählen von Trauma- und Verlusterfahrungen zu ihrer Verarbeitung beitragen?Liefert die Art der Narrativierung einen Hinweis auf die individuelle Verarbeitungweise des traumatisierten Patienten?Was sagt die Erzählweise über den Stand der Bewältigung des Traumas aus?Welche sprachlichen Darstellungsmittel werden überhaupt zur Narrativierung von Traumaerfahrungen gewählt, und wie verändern sich die Narrative über die Zeit? Das Buch versammelt auf einzigartige Weise das Fachwissen unterschiedlicher Disziplinen, die zum Verständnis solcher Narrative beitragen: Linguistik, Literaturwissenschaft und Kulturwissenschaft bereichern die psychologische und psychotherapeutische Kompetenz. Keywords: Trauma, Verlust, Narrativ, Narratologie, Sprache, Erzählen, Bewältigung, Psychotherapie

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Author: Glenn Hinson
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807898554
Format: PDF, ePub
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Southern folklife is the heart of southern culture. Looking at traditional practices still carried on today as well as at aspects of folklife that are dynamic and emergent, contributors to this volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture examine a broad range of folk traditions. Moving beyond the traditional view of folklore that situates it in historical practice and narrowly defined genres, entries in this volume demonstrate how folklife remains a vital part of communities' self-definitions. Fifty thematic entries address subjects such as car culture, funerals, hip-hop, and powwows. In 56 topical entries, contributors focus on more specific elements of folklife, such as roadside memorials, collegiate stepping, quinceanera celebrations, New Orleans marching bands, and hunting dogs. Together, the entries demonstrate that southern folklife is dynamically alive and everywhere around us, giving meaning to the everyday unfolding of community life.

Telling Lives

Author: Marianne Horsdal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415680239
Format: PDF
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Both interest in and understanding of narrative analysis had developed rapidly in recent years and is now a mainstream element of research across many disciplines. In the groundbreaking Telling Lives: Exploring dimensions of narratives, the author illustrates as many facets as possible of the stories people tell about their lives. She demonstrates the interconnectedness between engagements in narrative research and shows that the theoretical understanding of the nature of narrative is bound up with the methods for biographical narrative research. Through a combination of three independent, connected narrative dimensions, an embodied, a cognitive and a socio-cultural narrative, the author focuses on life story narratives as symbolic expressions where cultural constructions allow for interpersonal interaction. This book also outlines the influence cultural and social environments have upon our own unique narrative memories coupled with our own physical movements in space. The author concludes that the telling and exchanging of human narratives is the primary way of making sense and creating meaning of our own being. This book brings together neuro-physiology, philosophical perspectives and research data and methodology to formulate a new understanding of narrative analysis. It will also help you to produce and analyze your own narrative interviews and perform biographical research. Innovative and thought-provoking, this book will cut across disciplines and be of interest to all students at advanced undergraduate and post-graduate level and researchers in Education, Social Sciences and Humanities.

Reagan s Mythical America

Author: J. Hanska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137273003
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the first full-length study into the Reagan presidency with the tools of narratology. It expands the understudied field of research into political narratives as concrete policy tools and provides a new means of understanding the continuing popularity of Reagan as a President.

Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences

Author: Catherine Kohler Riessman
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483360180
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Cathy Riessman is the leading figure in narrative research and her new book is a delight. Covering basic issues of transcription and research credibility as well as visual data and engagingly written, it is a goldmine for students and researchers alike. If we want to make narrative research serious and revealing, it is to this book that we should turn." —David Silverman, Professor Emeritus, Goldsmiths' College, University of London "Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences provides an accessible framework for researchers — to analyse narrative texts with confidence, empathy, and humility. —NARRATIVE INQUIRY "This is a terrific book. Cathy Riessman has an encyclopedic knowledge of this field and of the participants in it. This breadth and depth of knowledge is abundantly clear throughout the book." —Susan Bell, Bowdoin College "This book has been a great source of inspiration to me and my students, not only for its methodological clarity, but also for the spirit of social activism it engenders." —Ian Baptiste, The Pennsylvania State University "Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences is an essential starting point for both students and experienced researchers interested in using narrative analysis in applied or other contexts. Written with admirable clarity, an engaging style, and supported by detailed examples of analysis, the book outlines the main methodological issues and approaches within the exciting and fast-developing field of narrative research. Even researchers already familiar with narrative methods should find the presentation of thematic, structural, dialogic/performance, and visual forms of analysis a fruitful stimulus to new research endeavours." —Brian Roberts, University of Central Lancashire, U.K. "I just had to thank you for paving the path for us new and 'hopeful' narrative researchers. I have been a student of both your books on narrative analysis, and want to thank you for your guidance from your work, and also your latest book Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences. This work and the references you have chosen for us have helped me immensely during this time in my doctoral program, especially as I enter into the analysis phase." —Maria T. Yelle, nursing doctoral candidate, University of Wisconsin-Madison Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences provides a lively overview of research based on constructing and interpreting narrative. Designed to improve research practice, it gives a detailed discussion of four analytic methods that students can adapt. Author Catherine Kohler Riessman explains how to conduct the four kinds of narrative analysis using model studies from sociology, anthropology, psychology, education and nursing. Throughout the book, she compares different approaches including thematic analysis, structural analysis, dialogic/performance analysis, and visual narrative analysis. The book helps students confront specific issues in their research practice, including how to construct a transcript in an interview study; complexities of working with materials translated from another language; defining narrative segments; relating text and context; locating oneself as the researcher in a responsible way in an inquiry; and arguing for the credibility of the case-based approach. Broad in scope, Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences also offers concrete guidance in individual chapters for students and established scholars wanting to join the "narrative turn" in social research. Key Features Focuses on four particular methods of narrative analysis: This text provides specific diverse exemplars of good narrative research, as practiced in several social science and human service disciplines. Offers guidance for narrative interviewing: The author discusses the complexities between spoken language and any written transcript. In the process, she encourages students to be mindful of the texts they construct from dialogues among speakers. Presents arguments about validation in case-based research: Riessman presents several ways to think about credibility in narrative studies, contextualizing validity in relation to epistemology and theoretical orientation of a study. Explores the differences between grounded theory methods and narrative analysis: The author clarifies distinctions between inductive thematic coding in grounded theory, and other interpretive approaches, and narrative analysis. Presents social linguistic methods for analyzing oral narrative: This text makes the approach accessible to readers not trained in social linguistics in part by providing rich examples from a number of different disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. Employs visual methods of analysis: Riessman takes narrative research beyond the spoken or written texts by showing how exemplary researchers have connected participants' words and images made during the research process. She also discusses other research that incorporates "found" images (in archives) in a narrative inquiry. This text is designed as a supplement to the qualitative research course taught in graduate departments across the social and behavioral sciences, and as a core book in the narrative course.

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Author: Jaan Valsiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199366225
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.

Reluctant Witnesses

Author: Arlene Stein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199381925
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Americans now learn about the Holocaust in high school, watch films about it on television, and visit museums dedicated to preserving its memory. But for the first two decades following the end of World War II, discussion of the destruction of European Jewry was largely absent from American culture and the tragedy of the Holocaust was generally seen as irrelevant to non-Jewish Americans. Today, the Holocaust is widely recognized as a universal moral touchstone. In Reluctant Witnesses, sociologist Arlene Stein--herself the daughter of a Holocaust survivor--mixes memoir, history, and sociological analysis to tell the story of the rise of Holocaust consciousness in the United States from the perspective of survivors and their descendants. If survivors tended to see Holocaust storytelling as mainly a private affair, their children--who reached adulthood during the heyday of identity politics--reclaimed their hidden family histories and transformed them into public stories. Reluctant Witnesses documents how a group of people who had previously been unrecognized and misunderstood managed to find its voice. It tells this story in relation to the changing status of trauma and victimhood in American culture. At a time when a sense of Holocaust fatigue seems to be setting in and when the remaining survivors are at the end of their lives, it affirms that confronting traumatic memories and catastrophic histories can help us make our world mean something beyond ourselves.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290585
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics