Logic Made Clear

Author: Marta Calvo
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781537534213
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book is designed for readers interested in learning basic concepts and methods of logic. It introduces the principles and step by step procedures indispensable for analyzing written or verbal communication, especially that involving argumentation. The topics covered include: paradoxes of reason; the meaning, imprecision, and definitions of linguistic expressions; a procedure for identifying deductive and inductive arguments and determining their validity; propositional and quantificational systems of logic; analyzing and diagraming arguments; and classification and detection of fallacies, with emphasis on faulty analogy. For exercises the book employs diverse academic and non-academic sources. The book can be used as a self-guided study by any independent learner or as a framework for a college-level course in logic.

Introduction to Logic

Author: Alfred Tarski
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486318893
Format: PDF
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This classic undergraduate treatment examines the deductive method in its first part and explores applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories in its second part. Exercises appear throughout.

An Introduction To Logic And Scientific Method

Author: Morris F. Cohen
Publisher: Read Books Ltd
ISBN: 144654740X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

Carnap s Logical Syntax of Language

Author: P. Wagner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230235395
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume's aim is to provide an introduction to Carnap's book from a historical and philosophical perspective, each chapter focusing on one specific issue. The book will be of interest not only to Carnap scholars but to all those interested in the history of analytical philosophy.

Norms Values and Society

Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401724547
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

Philosophical Devices

Author: David Papineau
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191656259
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is designed to explain the technical ideas that are taken for granted in much contemporary philosophical writing. Notions like 'denumerability', 'modal scope distinction', 'Bayesian conditionalization', and 'logical completeness' are usually only elucidated deep within difficult specialist texts. By offering simple explanations that by-pass much irrelevant and boring detail, Philosophical Devices is able to cover a wealth of material that is normally only available to specialists. The book contains four sections, each of three chapters. The first section is about sets and numbers, starting with the membership relation and ending with the generalized continuum hypothesis. The second is about analyticity, a prioricity, and necessity. The third is about probability, outlining the difference between objective and subjective probability and exploring aspects of conditionalization and correlation. The fourth deals with metalogic, focusing on the contrast between syntax and semantics, and finishing with a sketch of Gödel's theorem. Philosophical Devices will be useful for university students who have got past the foothills of philosophy and are starting to read more widely, but it does not assume any prior expertise. All the issues discussed are intrinsically interesting, and often downright fascinating. It can be read with pleasure and profit by anybody who is curious about the technical infrastructure of contemporary philosophy.

Ethical Argumentation

Author: Douglas Walton
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739141380
Format: PDF, ePub
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Bridging the gap between applied ethics and ethical theory, Ethical Argumentation draws on recent research in argumentation theory to develop a more realistic model of how ethical justification actually works. Douglas Walton presents a new model of ethical argumentation in which ethical justification is analyzed as a defeasible form of argumentation considered in a balanced dialogue. Walton's new model employs techniques such as: asking the appropriate critical questions, probing accepted values, finding nonexplicit assumptions in an ethical argument, and deconstructing emotive terms and persuasive definitions. This book will be of significant interest to scholars and advanced students in applied ethics and theory.

Dictionary of Logic as Applied in the Study of Language

Author: W. Marciszewski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401712530
Format: PDF
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1. STRUCTURE AND REFERENCES 1.1. The main part of the dictionary consists of alphabetically arranged articles concerned with basic logical theories and some other selected topics. Within each article a set of concepts is defined in their mutual relations. This way of defining concepts in the context of a theory provides better understand ing of ideas than that provided by isolated short defmitions. A disadvantage of this method is that it takes more time to look something up inside an extensive article. To reduce this disadvantage the following measures have been adopted. Each article is divided into numbered sections, the numbers, in boldface type, being addresses to which we refer. Those sections of larger articles which are divided at the first level, i.e. numbered with single numerals, have titles. Main sections are further subdivided, the subsections being numbered by numerals added to the main section number, e.g. I, 1.1, 1.2, ... , 1.1.1, 1.1.2, and so on. A comprehensive subject index is supplied together with a glossary. The aim of the latter is to provide, if possible, short defmitions which sometimes may prove sufficient. As to the use of the glossary, see the comment preceding it.

Logic Methodology and Philosophy of Science IX

Author: D. Prawitz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080544959
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume is the product of the Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and contains the text of most of the invited lectures. Divided into 15 sections, the book covers a wide range of different issues. The reader is given the opportunity to learn about the latest thinking in relevant areas other than those in which they themselves may normally specialise.