Macrosociology

Author: Frank W. Elwell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317256506
Format: PDF
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Social theorists dwell on the canonical works of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim but little on the theories of the major contemporary macrotheorists. This book fills this gap with a focus on the work of four modern theorists who have taken on the larger questions spawned by classical social theory. C. Wright Mills, Marvin Harris, Immanuel Wallerstein, and Gerhard Lenski have examined such phenomena and processes as the rise and impact of capitalism; the centralization and enlargement of authority; inequality; and the historical intensification of production and populations. Borrowing what is useful from the classics as well as relying on contemporary practitioners and empirical evidence, each theorist adds his own insights and interpretations in constructing a comprehensive perspective of sociocultural stability and change. This book fully synthesizes and documents each perspective, using language and examples that resonate with the general reader. A short biography on each theorist is also provided.

Macrosociology

Author: Frank W. Elwell
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
ISBN: 9780773449008
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Macrosociology : The Study of Sociocultural Systems

Sociocultural Systems

Author: Frank L. Elwell
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
ISBN: 1927356202
Format: PDF
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Macrosociology--the study of large-scale social structures andthe fundamental principles of social organization--was the styleof sociology practiced by the founders of the discipline. Today, thesocial theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and HerbertSpencer (among others) are commonly studied as part of the history ofthe field, but, although the macrosociological approach that thesethinkers advocated is still employed, it no longer dominates thediscipline. Instead, sociologists typically adopt a narrower focus,specializing in areas such as social psychology, medicine, religion, orthe study of social stratification. Examining the bigger picture is atask often left to public intellectuals. Sociocultural Systems aims to reinstate macrosciology asthe heart of the discipline by demonstrating that both classical andcontemporary macrosociologists stand upon common ground. Focusing onthe broad issues that concerned the founders, Elwell addressesquestions such as: Historically, what factors accounted for the origin,survival, and evolution of sociocultural systems? Why were somesocieties more technologically advanced than others? What is the originof capitalism? What factors determine the allocation of goods andservices within and among societies? What effects do changes ingovernment and economic institutions have on communities? Elwell argues that, as evolution does for biology, themacrosociological paradigm offers an analytical strategy that can beused both to guide and prioritize research in all of the myriadspecialties within sociology and to lay forth an orderly body ofknowledge for students. Clearly articulating important sociologicalprinciples, Sociocultural Systems provides a criticalunderstanding of social institutions and issues, while also furnishinga framework for possible solutions to the perennial social crises thatare part and parcel of the development of human societies.

The Power Elite

Author: C. Wright Mills
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199756339
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First published in 1956, The Power Elite stands as a contemporary classic of social science and social criticism. C. Wright Mills examines and critiques the organization of power in the United States, calling attention to three firmly interlocked prongs of power: the military, corporate, and political elite. The Power Elite can be read as a good account of what was taking place in America at the time it was written, but its underlying question of whether America is as democratic in practice as it is in theory continues to matter very much today. What The Power Elite informed readers of in 1956 was how much the organization of power in America had changed during their lifetimes, and Alan Wolfe's astute afterword to this new edition brings us up to date, illustrating how much more has changed since then. Wolfe sorts out what is helpful in Mills' book and which of his predictions have not come to bear, laying out the radical changes in American capitalism, from intense global competition and the collapse of communism to rapid technological transformations and ever changing consumer tastes. The Power Elite has stimulated generations of readers to think about the kind of society they have and the kind of society they might want, and deserves to be read by every new generation.

Ecological Evolutionary Theory

Author: Gerhard Lenski
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317260880
Format: PDF, Mobi
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For forty years, in a variety of books and articles, Gerhard Lenski has become the most influential proponent of ecological and evolutionary explanations of human societies, their development and transformations, from the Stone Age to the present. In his newest book, Lenski offers a succinct but comprehensive statement of the full body of his theory followed by demonstration of how it can be used to generate new and valuable insights when applied to a set of highly diverse issues. These include debates concerning the origin of ancient Israel and its distinctive culture, the rise of the West in the modern era, the highly varied trajectories of development of Third World nations in recent decades, and the failure of Marxist efforts to transform society in the Soviet Union and elsewhere. In the concluding chapter, Lenski discusses a number of other issues and areas where ecological-evolutionary theory may be fruitfully applied in the future.

The Sociological Imagination

Author: C. Wright Mills
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195133730
Format: PDF, ePub
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Hailed upon publication as a cogent and hard-hitting critique, The Sociological Imagination took issue with the ascendant schools of sociology in the United States, calling for a humanist sociology connecting the social, personal, and historical dimensions of our lives. Leading sociologist Todd Gitlin brings this fortieth anniversary edition up to date with a lucid afterword in which he considers the ways social analysis has progressed since Mills first published his study in 1959. A classic in the field, this book still provides rich food for our imagination.

The Sociology of Norbert Elias

Author: Steven Loyal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521535090
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Over recent years there has been a steady upsurge of interest in the work of Norbert Elias. This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the key aspects of Elias's work and then applies an Eliasian approach to key topics in contemporary sociology such as race, class, gender, religion, epistemology and nationalism. The editors have brought together a distinguished group of international sociologists and this book will not only change the course of Elias studies but be a valuable resource for both students and scholars alike.

Handbook of Blended Shore Education

Author: Gabriele Strohschen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387094431
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As we confront the future of our professional endeavors, we tend to rely with con?dence on longstanding and widely honored assumptions about the world and ourselves. We believe we have accumulated sturdy structures of knowledge, eff- tive practices, and sound values. Yet, we rely on these resources with scant c- sciousness that in the long run our assumptions, practices, and values may not only be inimical to the viability of our profession, but as well, oppressive in their effects on others. There is at least one assumption – common across many professions and cultures – that is of particular signi?cance. It is the assumption that the world is made up of discrete entities or units. There are not only the species of plants and animals, for example, but there is me as opposed to you, us vs. them, my business enterprise in competition with yours, our nation or religion and yours. And with this assumption of separable units, we assemble ways of sustaining and protecting those units of which we feel a part. We erect buildings, laws, schools, governments, and armies to ensure that what is inside the boundary will ?ourish, and what is outside cannot threaten us. In effect, the assumption of a world of independent entities establishes the way in which we understand and conduct ourselves within relationships.

Advancing Utopistics

Author: Mohammad H. Tamdgidi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317264150
Format: PDF
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Mohammad H. Tamdgidi is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Massachusetts Boston. He is the Founding Editor of Human Architecture:Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge.

Securing the City

Author: Kevin Lewis O’Neill
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822349582
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Anthropologists and historians examine how postwar violence in Guatemala City is reconfiguring urban space, transforming the relationship between city and country, and exacerbating structures of inequality and ethnic discrimination.