Making Evaluation Matter

Author: Katherine Eve Hay
Publisher: Sage Publications
ISBN: 9789351500278
Format: PDF
Download Now
This is a first-of-its-kind collection of writings by evaluation professionals working in South Asia. It analyses and documents the status of, and challenges for, development evaluation in this region. The collection covers three critical dimensions of making evaluation matter in development processes and change in South Asia: context, methods, and use. The chapters draw on a depth of experience from evaluators in several countries in South Asia to explore how the context in South Asia influences the methods that are appropriate for evaluating policies, programs and projects in this context, and the challenges to having evaluation findings used to influence and bring about change.

The matter of economic evaluations in health policy decision making The case of the Swedish national guidelines for heart diseases

Author: Nathalie Eckard
Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press
ISBN: 9175191423
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Economic evaluations are used to inform decision makers about the efficient allocation of scarce healthcare resources and are generated with the direct intent to support decisions in healthcare. Producing guidelines is a complex process and the inclusion of health-economic aspects in the formulation of the Swedish national guidelines as a basis for the written recommendations (priority gradings), distinguishes them from their European counterparts. Despite the increased use of cost-effectiveness data in decision-making, little is known about the actual use of such data. This thesis covers issues concerning how economic evaluations matter in health policy decision-making. The thesis includes four papers based on the Swedish national guidelines for heart diseases, one of the most prominent examples in Sweden of following the notion of evidence-based policy (EBP), in order to inform explicit priority setting. Both Papers I and II followed a qualitative case study design, based on the same data set. Paper I explored how a specific working group, the Priority Setting Group (PSG), handled the various forms of evidence and values when producing the national guidelines. Two themes were identified in reaching collective agreement in priority gradings; group facilitation activities and avoiding deadlock in the discussion. The work process involved disagreement and negotiation as part of that task. Paper I contributes to the theoretical and practical debate on EBP. Paper II focused on the use of cost-effectiveness data as decision support in the PSG work process. The paper addressed availability of cost-effectiveness data, evidence understanding, interpretation difficulties, and the reliance on evidence. Three themes were identified. The paper contributes to knowledge on how cost-effectiveness evidence was used in actual decision-making. The use of cost-effectiveness evidence was one of many tools employed to avoid deadlock in discussion and to reach a priority grading, when the overall evidence base was weak, in times of uncertainty and on the introduction of new expensive medical technologies. Quantitative research methods were used for both Papers III and IV. Paper III explored how the PSG was presented with cost-effectiveness evidence as decision support and as a basis for their priority gradings. Cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were provided, based on a systematic literature review, as well as how the results may be conveyed and communicated, for the treatment of heart diseases using a cost-effectiveness ranking or league and providing valid information within a limited space, aiding decision makers on the allocation of healthcare resources. The thesis also includes decision support in the form of cost-effectiveness analysis on catheter ablation treatment. Paper IV provides an example of presenting evidence in the form of a decision-analytic model. The modelling approach provides an analytic framework for decision-making, specifically under conditions of uncertainty as in the introduction of new medical technology. Catheter ablation was associated with reduced cost and an incremental gain in quality adjusted life years (QALYs), and was considered a cost-effective treatment strategy compared to the medical treatment strategy in a lifetime perspective.

Assignments Matter

Author: Eleanor Dougherty
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416615105
Format: PDF
Download Now
What exactly is an "assignment," and why does it matter? How can educators ensure that their teaching meets the rigorous demands of the Common Core State Standards, so that all students are well prepared for college or careers? Drawing from her extensive experience as a teacher coach, author Eleanor Dougherty answers these questions and many more, with two aims in mind: (1) to guide teachers and administrators in crafting high-quality assignments, and (2) to help educators understand the powerful impact that assignments can have on teaching and learning. The book explains the critical differences among "assignments," "activities," and "assessments" and thoroughly describes the key elements of an assignment: prompts, rubrics, products, and instructional plans. Readers will learn how to * Follow a seven-step process for crafting effective assignments; * Link assignments to units and courses; * Devise "Anchor" assignments for collaboration and consistency across grades; * Tap into instructional "touchstones" that can enrich any assignment; * Create classroom and school environments that support assignment-making; and * Use assignments as a source of data about teaching and learning. Equipped with the knowledge and expertise gained from Assignments Matter, readers will be able to create meaningful learning experiences for their students and come to appreciate the author's belief that "assignments may well be the missing link in school reform efforts to improve student achievement."

Evidence based Policy Making in the Social Sciences

Author: Stoker, Gerry
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447329368
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
This valuable book offers a distinct and critical showcase of emerging forms of discovery for policy-making drawing on the insights of some of the world’s leading authorities in public policy analysis.

Making Art Together

Author: Mark Cooper
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 9780807066195
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
An artist describes his versatile, innovative approach to revitalizing art education in schools across the country, explaining how he worked together with students to plan, design, and construct ambitious art objects and projects.

The Making of Black Lives Matter

Author: Christopher J. Lebron
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190601345
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
A condensed and accessible intellectual history that traces the genesis of the ideas that have built into the #BlackLivesMatter movement in a bid to help us make sense of the emotions, demands, and arguments of present-day activists and public thinkers.Started in the wake of George Zimmerman's 2013 acquittal in the death of Trayvon Martin, the #BlackLivesMatter movement has become a powerful and incendiary campaign demanding redress for the brutal and unjustified treatment of black bodies by law enforcement in the United States. The movement isonly a few years old, but as Christopher J. Lebron argues in this book, the sentiment behind it is not; the plea and demand that "Black Lives Matter" comes out of a much older and richer tradition arguing for the equal dignity - and not just equal rights - of black people. The Making of Black Lives Matter presents a condensed and accessible intellectual history that traces the genesis of the ideas that have built into the #BlackLivesMatter movement. Drawing on the work of revolutionary black public intellectuals, including Frederick Douglass, Ida B. Wells, LangstonHughes, Zora Neal Hurston, Anna Julia Cooper, Audre Lorde, James Baldwin, and Martin Luther King Jr., Lebron clarifies what it means to assert that "Black Lives Matter" when faced with contemporary instances of anti-black law enforcement. He also illuminates the crucial difference between theproblem signaled by the social media hashtag and how we think that we ought to address the problem. As Lebron states, police body cameras, or even the exhortation for civil rights mean nothing in the absence of equality and dignity. To upset dominant practices of abuse, oppression and disregard, wemust reach instead for radical sensibility. Radical sensibility requires that we become cognizant of the history of black thought and activism in order to make sense of the emotions, demands, and argument of present-day activists and public thinkers. Only in this way can we truly embrace and pursuethe idea of racial progress in America.

Making Out of School Time Matter

Author: Susan J. Bodilly
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833040642
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Presents the findings of a broad-ranging literature review intended to identify, frame, and assess relevant issues concerning effective out-of-school-time (OST) programs. Drawing on recent studies the authors identify and address the level of demand for OST services, the effectiveness of offerings, what constitutes quality in OST programs, how to encourage participation, and how to build further community capacity. They make recommendations for improving the information used in policy making.

Evaluation CulturesSense making in Complex Times

Author: Jean-Claude Barbier
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 141284892X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Evaluation Cultures draws upon a sample of reflections, drawn from organizational practices, nationally centered political cultures, and ethnic cultures, as a framework for understanding how culture influences the work of evaluation. Two main conclusions seem to emerge: first, that there exists no single, uniform, and homogenous national evaluation culture; second, that the idea of a unified transnational culture of evaluation is an illusion. The evaluation community includes a diverse group of professionals; a diversity that is not just represented in national or ethnic culture but also in academic backgrounds, public and private sector allegiances, and personal character. The contributors to this book represent, in part, this diversity by reflecting a range of views. Evaluation Cultures draws upon the experience of senior evaluation practitioners, who share their reflections on their practice and experience, in order to put forth challenges to purely academic analysis. Evaluation Cultures presents a consistent, if not exhaustive, attempt to give analytical and empirical sense to all of the cultures of the evaluation community.

Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models

Author: David S. Powlson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642610943
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Soil organic matter (SOM) represents a major pool of carbon within the biosphere, roughly twice than in atmospheric CO2. SOM models embody our best understanding of soil carbon dynamics and are needed to predict how global environmental change will influence soil carbon stocks. These models are also required for evaluating the likely effectiveness of different mitigation options. The first important step towards systematically evaluating the suitability of SOM models for these purposes is to test their simulations against real data. Since changes in SOM occur slowly, long-term datasets are required. This volume brings together leading SOM model developers and experimentalists to test SOM models using long-term datasets from diverse ecosystems, land uses and climatic zones within the temperate region.

Making Science Curriculum Matter

Author: Barbara Brauner Berns
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1412967236
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Based on the NSF Instructional Materials Development program, this resource demonstrates how innovative, equitable science programs can help students compete in today’s global environment.