Making Human Rights Work Globally

Author: Anthony Woodiwiss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781904385080
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"This book will be of interest to those in the fields of labour law, sociology, industrial relations, human rights, and international law."--Jacket.

The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law

Author: Dinah Shelton
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191668974
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law provides a comprehensive and original overview of one of the fundamental topics within international law. It contains substantial new essays by over forty leading experts in the field, giving students, scholars, and practitioners a complete overview of the issues that inform research and a "map" of the debates that animate the field. Each chapter features critical and up-to-date analysis of the current state of debate and discussion, assessing recent work, and advancing the understanding of all aspects of this developing area of international law. Addressing all aspects of international human rights law, the Handbook consists of over forty chapters, divided into seven parts. The first two sections explore the foundational theories and the historical antecedents of human rights law from a diverse set of disciplines, including the philosophical, religious, biological, and psychological origins of moral development and altruism, and sociological findings about cooperation and conflict. They also trace the historical sources of human rights through comparative and international law by conducting a case study of the anti-slavery movement. Section III focuses on the law-making process and certain categories of rights. Sections IV and V examine the normative and institutional evolution of human rights, and discuss its impact on various doctrines of general international law. The final two sections are more speculative, examining whether there is an advantage to considering major social problems from a human rights perspective and, if so, how that might be done. Section VI analyses several current problems that are being addressed by governments both domestically and through international organizations, and issues that have been placed on the human rights agenda of the United Nations, such as state responsibility for human rights violations and economic sanctions to enforce human rights. The final section then evaluates the impact of international human rights law over the past six decades from a variety of perspectives. The Handbook will be an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and practitioners of international human rights law. It provides the reader with new perspectives on international human rights law that are both multidisciplinary and geographically and culturally diverse. It should become the new standard reference work in this area.

Evidence for Hope

Author: Kathryn Sikkink
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888530
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A history of the successes of the human rights movement and a case for why human rights work Evidence for Hope makes the case that, yes, human rights work. Critics may counter that the movement is in serious jeopardy or even a questionable byproduct of Western imperialism. They point out that Guantánamo is still open, the Arab Spring protests have been crushed, and governments are cracking down on NGOs everywhere. But respected human rights expert Kathryn Sikkink draws on decades of research and fieldwork to provide a rigorous rebuttal to pessimistic doubts about human rights laws and institutions. She demonstrates that change comes slowly and as the result of struggle, but in the long term, human rights movements have been vastly effective. Attacks on the human rights movement’s credibility are based on the faulty premise that human rights ideas emerged in North America and Europe and were imposed on developing southern nations. Starting in the 1940s, Latin American leaders and activists were actually early advocates for the international protection of human rights. Sikkink shows that activists and scholars disagree about the efficacy of human rights because they use different yardsticks to measure progress. Comparing the present to the past, she shows that genocide and violence against civilians have declined over time, while access to healthcare and education has increased dramatically. Cognitive and news biases contribute to pervasive cynicism, but Sikkink’s investigation into past and current trends indicates that human rights is not in its twilight. Instead, this is a period of vibrant activism that has made impressive improvements in human well-being. Exploring the strategies that have led to real humanitarian gains since the middle of the twentieth century, Evidence for Hope looks at how these essential advances can be supported and sustained for decades to come.

Human Rights in the Digital Age

Author: Mathias Klang
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1904385311
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The digital age began in 1939 with the construction of the first digital computer. In the sixty-five years that have followed, the influence of digitisation on our everyday lives has grown steadily and today digital technology has a greater influence on our lives than at any time since its development. This book examines the role played by digital technology in both the exercise and suppression of human rights. The global digital environment has allowed us to reinterpret the concept of universal human rights. Discourse on human rights need no longer be limited by national or cultural boundaries and individuals have the ability to create new forms in which to exercise their rights or even to bypass national limitations to rights. The defence of such rights is meanwhile under constant assault by the newfound ability of states to both suppress and control individual rights through the application of these same digital technologies. This book gathers together an international group of experts working within this rapidly developing area of law and technology and focuses their attantion on the specific interaction between human rights and digital technology. This is the first work to explore the challenges brought about by digital technology to fundamental freedoms such as privacy, freedom of expression, access, assembly and dignity. It is essential reading for anyone who fears digital technology will lead to the 'Big Brother' state.

Islam and International Human Rights

Author: Mohammed Moustafa Orfy
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783838356372
Format: PDF, ePub
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The relationship between Islam and the West has been controversial and problematic because of some intertwined factors, including the unpleasant history between them . After the dramatic tragedy of 9-11 , the situation has become even worse ; as many questions have been repeatedly asked about the truth of Islam and its real intentions towards Non- Muslims . In the briefest way, this book answers one of the most important questions by clarifying the nature of the relationship between Islam and the international standards for human rights , in order to identify whether or not Islam , as the religion of a fifth of the whole population of the world community and the fastest growing religion , constitutes an obstacles towards building a common global culture with respect to human rights. To meet this end, the book compares the Islamic scheme of human rights with the relevant international declarations and conventions on human rights. It also explains the Islamic views towards some controversial issues , such as Jihad, women, democracy,slavery, Non Muslims, etc. It is a (MA dissertation) in International law that got distinction.

State Violence and Human Rights

Author: Steffen Jensen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134021593
Format: PDF, Mobi
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State Violence and Human Rights addresses how legal practices – rooted in global human rights discourse or local demands – take hold in societies where issues of state violence remain to be resolved. Attempts to make societies accountable to human rights norms regularly draw on international legal conventions governing state conduct. As such, interventions tend to be based on inherently normative assumptions about conflict, justice, rights and law, and so often fail to take into consideration the reality of local circumstances, and in particular of state institutions and their structures of authority. Against the grain of these analyses, State Violence and Human Rights takes as its point of departure the fact that law and authority are contested. Grounded in the recognition that concepts of rights and legal practices are not fixed, the contributors to this volume address their contestation 'in situ'; as they focus on the everyday practices of state officials, non-state authorities and reformers. Addressing how state representatives – the police officer, the prison officer, the ex-combatant militia member, the hangman and the traditional leader – have to negotiate the tensions between international legal imperatives, the expectations of donors, the demands of institutions, as well as their own interests, this volume thus explores how legal discourses are translated from policy into everyday practice.

Democracy in Asia Europe and the world

Author: Chʻŏng-si An
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish Intl
ISBN: 9789812103253
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Studies carried out by international institutions such as the World Bank show that the higher the level of press freedom, the higher is the control of corruption in public institutions. Generally, there is a positive correlation between the institutional mechanisms for people to voice their opinions and the accountability of governments. the purpose of the study is to create awareness and understanding, among government policy makers and otherinfluential persons, of the connection between freedom of expression and socio-economic development in their countries. With such knowledge there will be a greater appreciation for the need for free expression as a necessary corollary to socio-economic development. Findings of the study form the basis of policy-relevant guidelines for consideration by development agencies including national governments and civil society organisations. This book critically analyses the role of free speech and media as a whole in the process of development in selected Asian countries, such as India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

Gangster Capitalism

Author: Michael Woodiwiss
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781845290610
Format: PDF
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Everyone knows what organised crime is. Each year dozens of feature films, hundreds of books, and thousands of news stories explain to an eager public that organised crime is what gangsters do. Closely knit, ethnically distinct, and ruthlessly efficient, these mafias control the drugs trade, people trafficking and other serious crimes. If only states would take the threat seriously and recognise the global nature of modern organised crime, the FBI's success against the Italian mafia could be replicated throughout the world. The wicked trade in addictive drugs could be brought to a halt. The trouble is, as Woodiwiss demonstrates in shocking and surprising detail, what everyone knows about organised crime is pretty much completely wrong. In reality the most important figures in organised crime are employees of multinational companies, politicians and bureaucrats. Gangsters are certainly a problem, but much of their strength comes from attempts to prohibit the market for certain drugs. Even here they are minor players when compared with the intelligence and law enforcement agencies that selectively enforce prohibition and profit from it. global economy provides the most mouth-watering opportunities for illegal profits. Woodiwiss shows how respectable businessmen and revered statesmen have seized these opportunities in an orgy of fraud and illegal violence that would leave the most hardened Mafioso speechless with admiration.

Glass House

Author: Brian Alexander
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1250085810
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For readers of Hillbilly Elegy and Strangers in Their Own Land **A New York Post Must-Read Book, a Newsweek Best New Book, one of The Week's 20 Books to Read in 2017, one of Bustle's 16 Best Nonfiction Books Coming in February 2017, Best Non-Fiction/2017 Books by the Banks** "A devastating portrait...For anyone wondering why swing-state America voted against the establishment in 2016, Mr. Alexander supplies plenty of answers." —The Wall Street Journal "This book hunts bigger game." —Laura Miller, Slate In 1947, Forbes magazine declared Lancaster, Ohio the epitome of the all-American town. Today it is damaged, discouraged, and fighting for its future. In Glass House, journalist Brian Alexander uses the story of one town to show how seeds sown 35 years ago have sprouted to give us Trumpism, inequality, and an eroding national cohesion. The Anchor Hocking Glass Company, once the world’s largest maker of glass tableware, was the base on which Lancaster’s society was built. As Glass House unfolds, bankruptcy looms. With access to the company and its leaders, and Lancaster’s citizens, Alexander shows how financial engineering took hold in the 1980s, accelerated in the 21st Century, and wrecked the company. We follow CEO Sam Solomon, an African-American leading the nearly all-white town’s biggest private employer, as he tries to rescue the company from the New York private equity firm that hired him. Meanwhile, Alexander goes behind the scenes, entwined with the lives of residents as they wrestle with heroin, politics, high-interest lenders, low wage jobs, technology, and the new demands of American life: people like Brian Gossett, the fourth generation to work at Anchor Hocking; Joe Piccolo, first-time director of the annual music festival who discovers the town relies on him, and it, for salvation; Jason Roach, who police believed may have been Lancaster’s biggest drug dealer; and Eric Brown, a local football hero-turned-cop who comes to realize that he can never arrest Lancaster’s real problems.