Making It Count

Author: Stanley Lieberson
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520908420
Format: PDF
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This title reexamines and reconsiders the model of empirical research underlying most empirical work. The goal is neither a whitewash nor capital punishment, but rather it is to reform and mold empirical research into an activity that contributes as much as possible to a rigorous understanding of society. Without worrying about defining science or even determining the essence of the scientific enterprise, the goal is one that pools together logical thinking and empirically determined information. One of the fundamental issues to be addressed in this volume: Are there questions currently studied that are basically unanswerable even if the investigator had ideal nonexperimental data? If so, what are the alternative questions that can be dealt with successfully by empirical social research, and how should they be approached? In the chapters ahead, it will be important to keep in mind this doctrine of the undoable. Of course, one cannot simply mutter "undoable" when a difficult obstacle is encountered, turn off the computer, and look in the want ads for a new job—or at least a new task. Instead, it means considering if there is some inherent logical reason or sociological force that makes certain empirical questions unanswerable. There are four types of undoable questions to consider: those that are inherently impossible; those that are premature; those that are overly complicated; and those that empirical and theoretical knowledge have nullified.

Making Sense of Statistical Methods in Social Research

Author: Keming Yang
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1847872875
Format: PDF
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This is a critical introduction to the use of statistical methods in social research. It aims to improve students’ statistical literacy, with the ultimate goal of turning them into competent researchers. It includes discussion of the conceptual foundation of statistical methods. The logic of each statistical method or procedure is explained, and statistical techniques and procedures are presented as a way of illuminating the underlying logic behind the symbols.

Constructing Social Research

Author: Charles C. Ragin
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
ISBN: 1412960185
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Constructing Social Research: The Unity and Diversity of Method, Second Edition is a concise, innovative text designed for Research Methods courses in the Social Sciences. The main goal of this Sociology for a New Century Series text is to show unity within the diversity of activities called social research. The first part of the book tackles questions like “What is social research?” “How does it differ from journalism, documentary film-making, or laboratory research in the natural sciences?” and “What is the researcher’s obligation to those he or she is studying?” The book also covers the how the various goals of social researchers shape the strategies they use and the representations of social life they construct. The latter part of the book is structured around the typical emphases of each tradition: qualitative research on commonalities, comparative research on diversity, and quantitative research on relationships among variables. These are not rigid divisions and research designs often blend aspects of each tradition in creative ways. Regardless of the approach, the process of representing social life through research involves a dialogue of ideas (“theory”) and evidence (“data”). The model of social research put forth by Ragin and Amoroso is not as restrictive as the scientific method and encompasses social research ranging from research examining the complexities of everyday life to research investigating the power of transnational processes.

Democracy in the Workplace and at Home

Author: Randall Ray Booze
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443869015
Format: PDF
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This book takes a unique look at democracy and how foundational concepts of democracy like freedom, liberty and justice play an important role in everyday lives and work and home environments. More importantly, the book looks at how lived environments that lack these concepts can negatively impact health and well-being. The book identifies opportunities for improvement in work and home environments through the introduction of the foundational concepts of democracy and how these concepts can improve humans’ everyday lives through various laws that have been established to protect democratic rights within these lived environments. The book also provides an analysis of research participants’ views related to having various democracy conditions within work and home environments, and demonstrates how various technologies can be used to improve humans’ ability to create more democratic, healthy, and productive work and home environments.

Quantum Methods in Social Science

Author: Emmanuel Haven
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1786342790
Format: PDF
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Shown here is how basic concepts of physics can be used to improve models in finance, economics, psychology and biology. Readers are introduced to how physical theory can inform non-physical phenomena in the social sciences, thereby improving decision making and modeling capabilities in research-based and professional settings. Consisting of three parts, the first part deals with the application of quantum operator methods to financial transactions and population dynamics. Part two develops physical concepts, working from classical Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics and leading to an introduction of quantum information and its application to decision making. The final part treats classical and quantum probability theory in some detail and deals, at a more advanced level, with the impact of quantum probabilities on common knowledge and common beliefs between agents in systems. Quantum Methods in Social Science is a high level textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate students of economics, finance and business, while also being of interest to those with a background in physics. Request Inspection Copy Contents:Quantum Counting: The Number Operator in a Social Science Context:IntroductionClassical Interlude: Modelling Population DynamicsA Quantum Description of SystemsQuantum CountingQuantum TransactionsQuantum MigrationMore Elaborate SystemsConclusionsReferences — Part IThe Quantum-Like Paradigm with Simple Applications:Taking a Step BackModeling Information with an Operational FormalismDecision Making and Quantum ProbabilityReferences — Part IIThe Quantum-Like Paradigm with Advanced Applications:Basics of Classical ProbabilityQuantum ProbabilityCommon KnowledgeQuantum(-Like) Formalization of Common KnowledgeExamplesAppendixReferences — Part III Readership: Advanced undergraduate or graduate students of economics, finance and business, while also being of interest to those with a background in physics.

Making Social Science Matter

Author: Bent Flyvbjerg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139429922
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Making Social Science Matter presents an exciting new approach to the social and behavioral sciences including theoretical argument, methodological guidelines, and examples of practical application. Why has social science failed in attempts to emulate natural science and produce normal theory? Bent Flyvbjerg argues that the strength of social sciences lies in its rich, reflexive analysis of values and power, essential to the social and economic development of any society. Richly informed, powerfully argued, and clearly written, this book opens up a new future for the social sciences. Its empowering message will make it required reading for students and academics across the social and behavioral sciences.