Making Technology Work

Author: John M. Deutch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521523172
Format: PDF
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This book presents fifteen cases of technology applications in the energy and environment sectors, including solar, wind, fuel cell, nuclear, coal combustion and emission control technologies. The case studies demonstrate the importance of an interdisciplinary approach, integrating technical and non-technical aspects of the problem. They also introduce a toolbox of analytical techniques useful in the context of realistic technology application. These techniques include energy and mass balances, project financial analysis tools, treatment of external costs and benefits, probabilistic risk assessment, learning curves, regression analysis, and life cycle costing. Each case study presents a description of the relevant technology at a level accessible to anyone familiar with elementary concepts in basic science and engineering. The book is addressed to upper-level undergraduate students in the natural sciences, engineering and the social sciences who are interested in learning about problems of technology application, as well as technology practitioners in industry and government.

The Ethics of Nuclear Energy

Author: Behnam Taebi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316352099
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Despite the nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan, a growing number of countries are interested in expanding or introducing nuclear energy. However, nuclear energy production and nuclear waste disposal give rise to pressing ethical questions that society needs to face. This book takes up this challenge with essays by an international team of scholars focusing on the key issues of risk, justice, and democracy. The essays consider a range of ethical issues, including radiological protection, the influence of gender in the acceptability of nuclear risk, and environmental, international, and intergenerational justice in the context of nuclear energy. They also address the question of when, and under which conditions, nuclear energy should play a role in the world's future supply of electricity, looking at both developing and industrialized countries. The book will interest readers in ethics and political philosophy, social and political sciences, nuclear engineering, and policy studies.

Kicking the Carbon Habit

Author: William Sweet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510373
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With glaciers melting, oceans growing more acidic, species dying out, and catastrophic events like Hurricane Katrina ever more probable, strong steps must be taken now to slow global warming. Further warming threatens entire regional economies and the well being of whole populations, and in this century alone, it could create a global cataclysm. Synthesizing information from leading scientists and the most up-to-date research, science journalist William Sweet examines what the United States can do to help prevent climate devastation. Rather than focusing on cutting oil consumption, which Sweet argues is expensive and unrealistic, the United States should concentrate on drastically reducing its use of coal. Coal-fired plants, which currently produce more than half of the electricity in the United States, account for two fifths of the country's greenhouse gas emissions of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Sweet believes a mixture of more environmentally sound technologies-wind turbines, natural gas, and nuclear reactors-can effectively replace coal plants, especially since dramatic improvements in technology have made nuclear power cleaner, safer, and more efficient. Sweet cuts through all the confusion and controversies. He explores dramatic advances made by climate scientists over the past twenty years and addresses the various political and economic issues associated with global warming, including the practicality of reducing emissions from automobiles, the efficacy of taxing energy consumption, and the responsibility of the United States to its citizens and the international community to reduce greenhouse gases. Timely and provocative, Kicking the Carbon Habit is essential reading for anyone interested in environmental science, economics, and the future of the planet.

Industrial Plasma Technology

Author: Yoshinobu Kawai
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527325441
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Clearly structured in five major sections on applications, this monograph covers such hot technologies as nanotechnology, solar cell technology, biomedical and clinical applications, and sustainability. Since the topic, applications and readers are highly interdisciplinary, the book bridges materials science, industrial chemistry, physics, and engineering - making it a must-have for researchers in industry and academia, as well as those working in application-oriented plasma technology. FROM THE CONTENTS: Environmental Technologies - Thermal and Non-Thermal Plasma for Environmental Applications - Atmospheric Plasma Air Pollution Control, Water and Waste Treatment Technology - Chemistry of Organic Polluctants in Atmospheric Plasmas - and more Applications in Life Science and Medicine - Pharmaceutical Engineering by Plasma Techniques - Applications of Pulsed Power and Plasmas to Biosystems and Living Organisms - Plasma Sterilization at low pressure and Antibacterial Effect of Short-Pulse Discharge - Plasma-Enhanced Synnthesis of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications - and more Solar Cells - Plasma Processing for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells - Characteristics of VHF Plasma with Large Area - Diagnostics and Modeling of SiH 4/H2 Plasmas for the Deposition of Microcrystalline Silicon - and more Diamond like Carbon Films - Applications of DLCs to Bio-Processing - DLC Thin Films Grown in Pulsed Plasmas - Plasma Processing of Nanocrystalline Semiconductive Cubic Borone Nitride Thin FIlms - and more Bascic and Novel Approaches - Novel Electromagnetic and Reactive Media from Microplasmas - Crystallized nanodusst Particle Growth in Low Pressure Cold Plasmas - Thomson Scattering Diagnostics of Discharge Plasmas - Collection and Removal of Fine Particles in Plasma Chambers - and more

Nanotechnology Applications for Improvements in Energy Efficiency and Environmental Management

Author: Shah, M. A.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466663057
Format: PDF, ePub
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As nanoscale research continues to advance, scientists and engineers are developing new applications for many different disciplines, including environmental remediation and energy optimization. Nanotechnology Applications for Improvements in Energy Efficiency and Environmental Management combines up-to-date research findings and relevant theoretical frameworks on the subject of micro-scale technologies being used to promote environmental sustainability. Highlighting the impacts this technology has on energy production and remediation, this book is an all-inclusive reference source for professionals and researchers interested in understanding the multi-disciplinary applications of nanotechnology and nanoscience.

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies

Author: Martin Abraham
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128047925
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies provides an authoritative assessment of the sustainable technologies that are currently available or in development. Sustainable technology includes the scientific understanding, development and application of a wide range of technologies and processes and their environmental implications. Systems and lifecycle analyses of energy systems, environmental management, agriculture, manufacturing and digital technologies provide a comprehensive method for understanding the full sustainability of processes. In addition, the development of clean processes through green chemistry and engineering techniques are also described. The book is the first multi-volume reference work to employ both Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Triple Bottom Line (TBL) approaches to assessing the wide range of technologies available and their impact upon the world. Both approaches are long established and widely recognized, playing a key role in the organizing principles of this valuable work. Provides readers with a one-stop guide to the most current research in the field Presents a grounding of the fundamentals of the field of sustainable technologies Written by international leaders in the field, offering comprehensive coverage of the field and a consistent, high-quality scientific standard Includes the Life Cycle Analysis and Triple Bottom Line approaches to help users understand and assess sustainable technologies

Membrane Technology

Author: Sundergopal Sridhar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351601822
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Contributed by multiple experts, the book covers the scientific and engineering aspects of membrane processes and systems. It aims to cover basic concepts of novel membrane processes including membrane bioreactors, microbial fuel cell, forward osmosis, electro-dialysis and membrane contactors.