Marsilius of Padua The Defender of the Peace

Author: Marsilius of Padua
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139447300
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Defender of the Peace of Marsilius of Padua is a massively influential text in the history of western political thought. Marsilius offers a detailed analysis and explanation of human political communities, before going on to attack what he sees as the obstacles to peaceful human coexistence - principally the contemporary papacy. Annabel Brett's authoritative rendition of the Defensor Pacis was the first new translation in English for fifty years, and a major contribution to the series of Cambridge Texts: all of the usual series features are provided, included chronology, notes for further reading, and up-to-date annotation aimed at the student reader encountering this classic of medieval thought for the first time. This edition of The Defender of the Peace is a scholarly and a pedagogic event of great importance, of interest to historians, political theorists, theologians and philosophers at all levels from second-year undergraduate upwards.

Marsilius von Padua und der Romzug Ludwigs des Bayern

Author: Frank Godthardt
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 3899715632
Format: PDF, Kindle
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English summary: This volume deals with the conflict between Pope John XXII and Emporer Louis of Bavaria, which was the last great dispute between the papacy and German imperial rule in the Middle Ages. In his Defensor pacis (1324) and other writings, the philosopher Marsilius of Padua declared his opposition to the papal claims of his age. In his main work, which was quickly denounced as heretical but seen today as a classic in political thought, he developed a theory of a sovereign political community as opposed to the church hierarchy.For a long time now historians and academics from other disciplines have asked what influence Marsilius of Padua, who became an advisor to Louis of Bavaria, had on the ruler, particularly during his Roman campaign. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Frank Godthardt examines to what extent Marsilius' political and eccliesiastical principles took effect in the political dealings of Louis, particularly on the occasion of the coronation of the Holy Roman Emporer in the absence of the Pope, the Emporer's decree of deposition of Pope John XXII, the election and appointment of the last imperial Antipope, as well as ecclesiastical politics in Italy. German description: In diesem Buch geht es um den Konflikt zwischen Papst Johannes XXII. und Kaiser Ludwig dem Bayern, der zur letzten grossen Auseinandersetzung zwischen Papsttum und Kaisertum im Mittelalter wurde. Der Philosoph Marsilius von Padua nahm in diesem Konflikt mit seinem Defensor pacis (1324) und anderen Schriften publizistisch Partei gegen die papalistischen Anspruche seiner Zeit und entwickelte in seinem bald als haretisch verurteilten Hauptwerk, das heute als Klassiker des politischen Denkens gilt, eine Theorie der gegenuber der kirchlichen Hierarchie souveranen politischen Gemeinschaft. Seit Langem wird in der Geschichtswissenschaft und anderen Disziplinen die Frage gestellt, welchen Einfluss Marsilius von Padua, der zum Ratgeber Ludwigs des Bayern aufstieg, vor allem wahrend des Romzugs (1327-1329) auf den Herrscher hatte. Frank Godthardt untersucht auf breiter Quellenbasis, inwieweit politische und ekklesiologische Grundsatze des Marsilius im politischen Handeln Ludwigs wirksam wurden, besonders bei der Kaiserkronung ohne Papst, dem kaiserlichen Absetzungsurteil gegen Johannes XXII., der Wahl und Einsetzung des letzten kaiserlichen Gegenpapstes, und der Kirchenpolitik in Italien.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Index

Author: Edward Craig
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415187152
Format: PDF, Docs
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Review: "Depth and breadth of coverage, clarity of presentation, impressive bibliographies, excellent use of cross references, and an extensive index combine to make this an impressive reference work. The contributors have addressed both current and past scholarship on world philosophy and religion and have produced a worthy successor to Macmillan's 1967 Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It will be read and understood by the educated public as well as scholars and will be a fine addition to academic and large public library reference collections."--"Outstanding Reference Sources : the 1999 Selection Sources Committee, RUSA, ALA

History of Political Ideas

Author: Eric Voegelin
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826211545
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In The Later Middle Ages, the third volume of his monumental History of Political Ideas, Eric Voegelin continues his exploration of one of the most crucial periods in the history of political thought. Illuminating the great figures of the high Middle Ages, Voegelin traces the historical momentum of our modern world in the core evocative symbols that constituted medieval civilization. These symbols revolved around the enduring aspiration for the sacrum imperium, the one order capable of embracing the transcendent and immanent, the ecclesiastical and political, the divine and human. The story of the later Middle Ages is that of the "civilizational schism"--the movement in which not only the reality but the aspiration for the sacrum imperium gradually disappeared and the unification of faith and reason dissolved. His recognition of this civilizational schism provides Voegelin with a unique perspective on medieval society. William of Ockham, Dante, Giles of Rome, and Marsilius of Padua all emerge in Voegelin's study as predecessors to modern thought; each turns to personal authority and intellectual analysis in an attempt to comprehend the loss of the sacrum imperium as an authoritative ideal. Voegelin is further drawn into investigations that, despite insufficient attention by scholars, still bear relevance to the study of the later Middle Ages. The mysticism apparent in Piers Plowman and the apocalyptic revolt of Cola di Rienzo are merely two reactions to the disintegration of wholeness. Yet the story of the later Middle Ages does not merely revolve around disintegration. Voegelin recognizes the emergence of the constitutional political tradition as the most positive development of this period. He is at his best when explaining the difference between the presence of a representative institution and the growth of communal consciousness. Voegelin's study of the English political pattern is matched only by his unique perspective on the German imperial zone, culminating in a fitting conclusion on Nicholas of Cusa--the one political thinker with the ability to evoke the unity of mankind beyond fragmentation. The Later Middle Ages is at once a brilliant examination of the symbols that characterized medieval society and a remarkable predecessor to Voegelin's study of the modern world, beginning with the Renaissance and the Reformation.

The Roman Republic in political thought

Author: Fergus Millar
Publisher: Brandeis Univ
Format: PDF, Mobi
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It is a fact that the very long-lived Roman Republic has consistently played a surprisingly slight role in political theory and discussions about the nature of democracy, forms of government, and other matters, particularly when compared to the enormous attention paid to fifth-century BCE Athenian democracy. Fergus Millar re-opens the issue of how the Roman Republic was understood and used by political thinkers from the Ancient World to the present. Describing both the reality of the late Roman Republic and showing how its nature was distorted even by contemporary sources, he tracks its treatment (or absence) in political discourse from Thomas Aquinas, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, and Rousseau, and in debates surrounding the creation of the American constitution, particularly in the Federalist papers. In brief, clear prose, with quotations in English from important works, and economical use of endnotes, he reinforces his unconventional thesis about the significance of direct democracy in the late Roman Republic. In the process, he also provides an unprecedented tour through 2000 years of Western political theory from the point of view of the Roman Republic, in general, and theories of direct democracy and the balance of power, in particular.

History of Political Theory

Author: George Klosko
Publisher: Harcourt College Pub
Format: PDF, ePub
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Klosko's History of Political Theory, Volume 1, presents the political ideas of major theorists.