Materials

Author: Witold Brostow
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119281024
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presents a fully interdisciplinary approach with a stronger emphasis on polymers and composites than traditional materials books Materials science and engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. Polymer materials are often mixed with inorganic materials to enhance their mechanical, electrical, thermal, and physical properties. Materials: Introduction and Applications addresses a gap in the existing textbooks on materials science. This book focuses on three Units. The first, Foundations, includes basic materials topics from Intermolecular Forces and Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams to Crystalline and Non-Crystalline Structures. The second Units, Materials, goes into the details of many materials including Metals, Ceramics, Organic Raw Materials, Polymers, Composites, Biomaterials, and Liquid Crystals and Smart Materials. The third and final unit details Behavior and Properties including Rheological, Mechanical, Thermophysical, Color and Optical, Electrical and Dielectric, Magnetic, Surface Behavior and Tribology, Materials, Environment and Sustainability, and Testing of Materials. Materials: Introduction and Applications features: Basic and advanced Materials concepts Interdisciplinary information that is otherwise scattered consolidated into one work Links to everyday life application like electronics, airplanes, and dental materials Certain topics to be discussed in this textbook are more advanced. These will be presented in shaded gray boxes providing a two-level approach. Depending on whether you are a student of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Technology, MSE, Chemistry, Physics, etc., you can decide for yourself whether a topic presented on a more advanced level is not important for you—or else essential for you given your professional profile Witold Brostow is Regents Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of North Texas. He is President of the International Council on Materials Education and President of the Scientific Committee of the POLYCHAR World Forum on Advanced Material (42 member countries). He has three honorary doctorates and is a Member of the European Academy of Sciences, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Mexico, Foreign Member of the National Academy of Engineering of Georgia in Tbilisi and Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in London. His publications have been cited more than 7200 times. Haley Hagg Lobland is the Associate Director of LAPOM at the University of North Texas. She is a Member of the POLYCHAR Scientific Committeee. She has received awards for her research presented at conferences in: Buzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; NIST, Frederick, Maryland; Rouen, France; and Lviv, Ukraine. She has lectured in a number of countries including Poland and Spain. Her publications include joint ones with colleagues in Egypt, Georgia, Germany, India, Israel, Mexico, Poland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Author: Uzochukwu Mike
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781727186635
Format: PDF
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Metallurgical and materials engineering is the pride of engineering. This department of engineering finds its applications in so many areas. This is a practical book to any person that wants to know more about this field of engineering. This book explains material engineering, casting and forging in the introductory part. In this section, it teaches the view of the engineering branch. It also explains the areas where engineers that studied this course can work (job opportunities). The chapter two details the application of the branch in the automobile sector. It explains further on its application in aerospace. The manufacturing processes of gears, engine blocks, and crankshafts are well discussed. Chapter three applies engineering approach to cover the application of metallurgical and materials engineering in electronics and electrical devices. Some electrical and electronic machines are incomplete without the application of this pride of engineering. Wires and cables, semiconductors and electric ceiling fan in respect to the materials engineering applications are explained. In the chapter four of this book, the interest is on the role of this branch of engineering in health. The author properly explains practical applications of materials engineering as it affects health section positively. Chapter five of this book is an eye opener. Does metallurgical engineering have any important impact to military? This chapter answers the question clearly. You will be marvelled with what you will discover about this chapter. Metallurgical and materials engineering plays a big role in growing of crops and rearing of animals. This is the area which chapter six covers including the manufacturing of the tools for agricultural purpose. This is an exceptional book. You have to read it.

Introduction to Engineering Materials

Author: George Murray
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439887497
Format: PDF, Docs
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Designed for the general engineering student, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition focuses on materials basics and provides a solid foundation for the non-materials major to understand the properties and limitations of materials. Easy to read and understand, it teaches the beginning engineer what to look for in a particular material, offers examples of materials usage, and presents a balanced view of theory and science alongside the practical and technical applications of material science. Completely revised and updated, this second edition describes the fundamental science needed to classify and choose materials based on the limitations of their properties in terms of temperature, strength, ductility, corrosion, and physical behavior. The authors emphasize materials processing, selection, and property measurement methods, and take a comparative look at the mechanical properties of various classes of materials. Chapters include discussions of atomic structure and bonds, imperfections in crystalline materials, ceramics, polymers, composites, electronic materials, environmental degradation, materials selection, optical materials, and semiconductor processing. Filled with case studies to bring industrial applications into perspective with the material being discussed, the text also includes a pictorial approach to illustrate the fabrication of a composite. Consolidating relevant topics into a logical teaching sequence, Introduction to Engineering Materials, Second Edition provides a concise source of useful information that can be easily translated to the working environment and prepares the new engineer to make educated materials selections in future industrial applications.

An Introduction to Nuclear Materials

Author: K. Linga Murty
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527677100
Format: PDF, ePub
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Covering both fundamental and advanced aspects in an accessible way, this textbook begins with an overview of nuclear reactor systems, helping readers to familiarize themselves with the varied designs. Then the readers are introduced to different possibilities for materials applications in the various sections of nuclear energy systems. Materials selection and life prediction methodologies for nuclear reactors are also presented in relation to creep, corrosion and other degradation mechanisms. An appendix compiles useful property data relevant for nuclear reactor applications. Throughout the book, there is a thorough coverage of various materials science principles, such as physical and mechanical metallurgy, defects and diffusion and radiation effects on materials, with serious efforts made to establish structure-property correlations wherever possible. With its emphasis on the latest developments and outstanding problems in the field, this is both a valuable introduction and a ready reference for beginners and experienced practitioners alike.

Introduction to Computational Materials Science

Author: Richard LeSar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107328144
Format: PDF, Docs
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Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behaviour. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modelling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

Engineering Materials 1

Author: D. R. H. Jones
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080468624
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Widely adopted around the world, this is a core materials science and mechanical engineering text. Engineering Materials 1 gives a broad introduction to the properties of materials used in engineering applications. With each chapter corresponding to one lecture, it provides a complete introductory course in engineering materials for students with no previous background in the subject. Ashby & Jones have an established, successful track record in developing understanding of the properties of materials and how they perform in reality. One of the best-selling materials properties texts; well known, well established and well liked New student friendly format, with enhanced pedagogy including many more case studies, worked examples, and student questions World-renowned author team

An Introduction to Composite Materials

Author: D. Hull
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521388559
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An updated edition of a textbook on composite materials for undergraduates researchers in materials science and engineering.

Introduction to Group Theory with Applications

Author: Gerald Burns
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483191494
Format: PDF, Docs
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Introduction to Group Theory with Applications covers the basic principles, concepts, mathematical proofs, and applications of group theory. This book is divided into 13 chapters and begins with discussions of the elementary topics related to the subject, including symmetry operations and group concepts. The succeeding chapters deal with the properties of matrix representations of finite groups, the vibrations of molecular and crystals, vibrational wave function, selection rules, and molecular approximations. These topics are followed by reviews of the basic of quantum mechanics, crystal field theory, atomic physics, hybrid functions, and molecular orbital theory. The last chapters describe the symmetry of crystal lattices, the band theory of solids, and the full rotation group. This book will be of value to undergraduate mathematics and physics students.

Hybrid Materials

Author: Guido Kickelbick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527610480
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Hybrid materials have currently a great impact on numerous future developments including nanotechnology. This book presents an overview about the different types of materials, clearly structured into synthesis, characterization and applications. A perfect starting point for everyone interested in the field, but also for the specialist as a source of high quality information.

Introduction to the Dimensional Stability of Composite Materials

Author: Ernest G. Wolff
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9781932078220
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Comprehensive numerical presentation of dimensional instability in composites Quantitative analyses for predicting deformations in all types of composite materials Evaluation of mechanical, thermophysical, environmental stresses over time Unique aid in design of composites for specific application conditions--------------------------------------------------------------------------------This book is a comprehensive introduction to the quantitative analysis of dimensional instability in composite materials. It will aid in predicting deformations in a wide range of composite materials products and parts, under mechanical, thermophysical, and environmental stresses over time. Written by an internationally known expert on the analysis of composites, this new work brings together the best quantitative methods and currently known data for understanding how composites become unstable over time. The technical insights and information in this book offer a practical foundation for engineering composite materials with better stability and increased performance. From The Author''s Preface "Dimensional stability predictions [in composites] require knowledge of not only mechanical behavior but also thermophysical properties and the response to environmental conditions and time. This book attempts to aid in the numerical prediction of dimensional stability properties. It is necessary to quantify the behavior of composites for many reasons. Composites compete with plastics, metals, and ceramics in numerous applications, and designers must be able to justify increase in cost or complexity in terms of precisely defined performance benefits...Only a quantitative understanding of potential deformations [in composites] will lead to confidence in their use...This book combines a judicious use of experimental data, together with current theoretical models. It summarizes the scope of potential sources of instability in composites to help the engineer estimate the magnitude of possible deformations. The book also contributes to outlining methods for dealing with deformations. Experimental methods are offered and reviewed for those who (wisely) do not rely solely on existing data and theory." --------------------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF CONTENTS PrefaceAcknowledgments Chapter I: INTRODUCTION· What is Dimensional Stability? · Historical Notes· Magnitude: Units, Range, Engineering vs. True Strain, Dependence on Measurement Chapter II: DIMENSIONALLY STABLE MATERIALS· Introduction · Metals and Alloys · Glasses and Ceramics· Polymers· General Composites · Composite Constituents· Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Polymer Matrix Composites· Carbon Matrix Composites· Natural Composites· Hybrid Composites· Shape Memory Materials · Functionally Graded Materials· Nanomaterials· "In situ" Composites Chapter III: MECHANICAL EFFECTS· Introduction · Composite Notation· Micromechanics· Macromechanics of Laminates· Orthotropic Materials· Curvature · Thickness Effects· Poisson''s Ratio· Edge/End Effects· Residual Stresses· Plastic Deformation · Microyield Stress· References Chapter IV: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TEMPERATURE· Introduction · CTE of Constituents · Micromechanics· Macromechanics· Volumetric Expansion· Resin Matrix Composites · Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Uniformity of CTE· Structural Forms· References Chapter V: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-MASS ABSORPTION· Introduction· Moisture Content· Moisture Distribution· Moisture Induced Strain · Coatings · CME Data Chapter VI: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-RADIATION · Introduction· Space Radiation· Radiation Effects on Micromechanical Properties· Radiation Effects on Thermophysical Properties· Nuclear Radiation · UV and Miscellaneous Radiation Chapter VII: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TIME · Introduction · Temporal Stability · Relaxation of Residual Stresses· Physical Aging· Chemical Aging · Thermal Aging· Post Curing Chapter VIII: CREEP· Introduction· General Creep Behavior· Creep of Composite Constituents· Microstructure· Loading Conditions· Creep Mechanisms· Recovery and Relaxation· Damage Development· Prediction of Creep Strains Chapter IX: INTERNAL DAMAGE· Introduction· Thermally Induced Microcracking in FRPL· Mechanical (Stress) Cycling in PMC· Dimensional Changes due to Microcracking· Effects of Microcracking on Dimensional Stability, Effect on CTE, Thermal Cycling of PMC, Effects on Micromechanical Properties · Methods to Minimize Microcracking· Thermal Spikes· Reverse Thermal Effect· Thermal Cycling of MMC· Thermal Cycling of CMC· Microcracking and Moisture· Role of Fiber/Matrix Interface· Surface Damage Chapter X: COMBINED EFFECTS· Introduction · Thermoelasticity· Effect of Stress on Thermal Expansion· Hygrothermoelasticity · Effects of Stress on Mass Diffusivity· Stress and Moisture Effects· The Mechanosorptive Effect· Moisture Cycling· Combined Stress-Moisture-Damage Chapter XI: MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES · Introduction· General Metrology· Microyield Strength (MYS)· Thermal Expansion (CTE)· Moisture Expansion (CME)· Temporal Stability· Creep· Damage Induced Dimensional Changes· Techniques for Combined Effects· Related Techniques Chapter XII: APPLICATIONS· Introduction · Dimensionally Stable Requirements· Selected Applications: Aircraft, Antenna Structures, Automotive, Biomedical, Cryogenics, Electronics, Fabrication, Flywheels, High Temperature, Instrument Components, Large Space Structures, Metering Functions, Microwave Components, Mirrors, Optical Support Structures, Radiation Environments, Radomes, Smart Materials Technology, Spacecraft Components, Structural/Infrastructure, Wind Turbines, General Design Methodology Index