Mathematical and Algorithmic Foundations of the Internet

Author: Fabrizio Luccio
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439831386
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
To truly understand how the Internet and Web are organized and function requires knowledge of mathematics and computation theory. Mathematical and Algorithmic Foundations of the Internet introduces the concepts and methods upon which computer networks rely and explores their applications to the Internet and Web. The book offers a unique approach to mathematical and algorithmic concepts, demonstrating their universality by presenting ideas and examples from various fields, including literature, history, and art. Progressing from fundamental concepts to more specific topics and applications, the text covers computational complexity and randomness, networks and graphs, parallel and distributed computing, and search engines. While the mathematical treatment is rigorous, it is presented at a level that can be grasped by readers with an elementary mathematical background. The authors also present a lighter side to this complex subject by illustrating how many of the mathematical concepts have counterparts in everyday life. The book provides in-depth coverage of the mathematical prerequisites and assembles a complete presentation of how computer networks function. It is a useful resource for anyone interested in the inner functioning, design, and organization of the Internet.

A Guide to Algorithm Design

Author: Anne Benoit
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439898138
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Presenting a complementary perspective to standard books on algorithms, A Guide to Algorithm Design: Paradigms, Methods, and Complexity Analysis provides a roadmap for readers to determine the difficulty of an algorithmic problem by finding an optimal solution or proving complexity results. It gives a practical treatment of algorithmic complexity and guides readers in solving algorithmic problems. Divided into three parts, the book offers a comprehensive set of problems with solutions as well as in-depth case studies that demonstrate how to assess the complexity of a new problem. Part I helps readers understand the main design principles and design efficient algorithms. Part II covers polynomial reductions from NP-complete problems and approaches that go beyond NP-completeness. Part III supplies readers with tools and techniques to evaluate problem complexity, including how to determine which instances are polynomial and which are NP-hard. Drawing on the authors’ classroom-tested material, this text takes readers step by step through the concepts and methods for analyzing algorithmic complexity. Through many problems and detailed examples, readers can investigate polynomial-time algorithms and NP-completeness and beyond.

A Practical Guide to Data Structures and Algorithms using Java

Author: Sally. A Goldman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420010336
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Although traditional texts present isolated algorithms and data structures, they do not provide a unifying structure and offer little guidance on how to appropriately select among them. Furthermore, these texts furnish little, if any, source code and leave many of the more difficult aspects of the implementation as exercises. A fresh alternative to conventional data structures and algorithms books, A Practical Guide to Data Structures and Algorithms using Java presents comprehensive coverage of fundamental data structures and algorithms in a unifying framework with full implementation details. Recognizing that software development is a top-down process, this applications-centered book provides careful guidance to students and practitioners. Complete and thoroughly integrated Java implementations expose key differences among a wide range of important data structures, including many useful abstract data types not provided in standard Java libraries. Fundamental algorithms appear within the context of their supporting data structures. Case studies, examples, decision trees, and comparison charts throughout the stylized presentation illustrate and support an efficient methodology for the careful selection and application of data structures and algorithms. Appendices summarize major features of the Java programming language, introduce asymptotic notation and complexity analysis, and discuss design patterns applied in the book. A true marriage of theory and practice, this book sets a new standard as a comprehensive practical guide to data structures and algorithms. Practitioners and students will reach for this book often to quickly identify the best data structure or algorithm for their applications.

Applied Algebra Algebraic Algorithms and Error Correcting Codes

Author: Serdar Boztas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540772235
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Applied Algebra, Algebraic Algorithms and Error-Correcting Codes, AAECC-17, held in Bangalore, India, in December 2007. The 33 revised full papers presented together with 8 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 61 submissions. Among the subjects addressed are block codes, including list-decoding algorithms; algebra and codes: rings, fields, algebraic geometry codes; algebra: rings and fields, polynomials, permutations, lattices; cryptography: cryptanalysis and complexity; computational algebra: algebraic algorithms and transforms; sequences and boolean functions.

Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook

Author: Mikhail J. Atallah
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049503
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook is a comprehensive collection of algorithms and data structures that also covers many theoretical issues. It offers a balanced perspective that reflects the needs of practitioners, including emphasis on applications within discussions on theoretical issues. Chapters include information on finite precision issues as well as discussion of specific algorithms where algorithmic techniques are of special importance, including graph drawing, robotics, forming a VLSI chip, vision and image processing, data compression, and cryptography. The book also presents some advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing. • applications areas where algorithms and data structuring techniques are of special importance • graph drawing • robot algorithms • VLSI layout • vision and image processing algorithms • scheduling • electronic cash • data compression • dynamic graph algorithms • on-line algorithms • multidimensional data structures • cryptography • advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing

Data Structures and Network Algorithms

Author: Robert Endre Tarjan
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9781611970265
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
There has been an explosive growth in the field of combinatorial algorithms. These algorithms depend not only on results in combinatorics and especially in graph theory, but also on the development of new data structures and new techniques for analyzing algorithms. Four classical problems in network optimization are covered in detail, including a development of the data structures they use and an analysis of their running time. Data Structures and Network Algorithms attempts to provide the reader with both a practical understanding of the algorithms, described to facilitate their easy implementation, and an appreciation of the depth and beauty of the field of graph algorithms.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Analysis of Time Series Structure

Author: Nina Golyandina
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420035841
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Over the last 15 years, singular spectrum analysis (SSA) has proven very successful. It has already become a standard tool in climatic and meteorological time series analysis and well known in nonlinear physics and signal processing. However, despite the promise it holds for time series applications in other disciplines, SSA is not widely known among statisticians and econometrists, and although the basic SSA algorithm looks simple, understanding what it does and where its pitfalls lay is by no means simple. Analysis of Time Series Structure: SSA and Related Techniques provides a careful, lucid description of its general theory and methodology. Part I introduces the basic concepts, and sets forth the main findings and results, then presents a detailed treatment of the methodology. After introducing the basic SSA algorithm, the authors explore forecasting and apply SSA ideas to change-point detection algorithms. Part II is devoted to the theory of SSA. Here the authors formulate and prove the statements of Part I. They address the singular value decomposition (SVD) of real matrices, time series of finite rank, and SVD of trajectory matrices. Based on the authors' original work and filled with applications illustrated with real data sets, this book offers an outstanding opportunity to obtain a working knowledge of why, when, and how SSA works. It builds a strong foundation for successfully using the technique in applications ranging from mathematics and nonlinear physics to economics, biology, oceanology, social science, engineering, financial econometrics, and market research.

Fundamentals of Grid Computing

Author: Frederic Magoules
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439803684
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
The integration and convergence of state-of-the-art technologies in the grid have enabled more flexible, automatic, and complex grid services to fulfill industrial and commercial needs, from the LHC at CERN to meteorological forecasting systems. Fundamentals of Grid Computing: Theory, Algorithms and Technologies discusses how the novel technologies of semantic web and workflow have been integrated into the grid and grid services. The book explains how distributed mutual exclusion algorithms offer solutions to transmission and control processes. It also addresses the replication problem in data grids with limited replica storage and the problem of data management in grids. After comparing utility, grid, autonomic, and cloud computing, the book presents efficient solutions for the reliable execution of applications in computational grid platforms. It then describes a fault tolerant distributed scheduling algorithm for large-scale distributed applications, along with broadcasting algorithms for institutional grids. The final chapter shows how load balancing is integrated into a real-world scientific application. Helping readers develop practical skills in grid technology, the appendices introduce user-friendly open source software written in Java. One of the software packages covers strategies for data replication in the grid. The other deals with the implementation of a simulator for distributed scheduling in grid environments. The various technology presented in this book demonstrates the wide aspects of interest in grid computing as well as the many possibilities and venues that exist in this research area. This interest will only further evolve as numerous exciting developments still await us.

Big Data in Omics and Imaging

Author: Momiao Xiong
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498725805
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
Big Data in Omics and Imaging: Association Analysis addresses the recent development of association analysis and machine learning for both population and family genomic data in sequencing era. It is unique in that it presents both hypothesis testing and a data mining approach to holistically dissecting the genetic structure of complex traits and to designing efficient strategies for precision medicine. The general frameworks for association analysis and machine learning, developed in the text, can be applied to genomic, epigenomic and imaging data. FEATURES ??Bridges the gap between the traditional statistical methods and computational tools for small genetic and epigenetic data analysis and the modern advanced statistical methods for big data ??Provides tools for high dimensional data reduction ??Discusses searching algorithms for model and variable selection including randomization algorithms, Proximal methods and matrix subset selection ??Provides real-world examples and case studies ??Will have an accompanying website with R code The book is designed for graduate students and researchers in genomics, bioinformatics, and data science. It represents the paradigm shift of genetic studies of complex diseases– from shallow to deep genomic analysis, from low-dimensional to high dimensional, multivariate to functional data analysis with next-generation sequencing (NGS) data, and from homogeneous populations to heterogeneous population and pedigree data analysis. Topics covered are: advanced matrix theory, convex optimization algorithms, generalized low rank models, functional data analysis techniques, deep learning principle and machine learning methods for modern association, interaction, pathway and network analysis of rare and common variants, biomarker identification, disease risk and drug response prediction. ?