Mathematical Methods for Accident Reconstruction

Author: Harold Franck
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420089011
Format: PDF
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Over the past 25 years, Harold and Darren Franck have investigated hundreds of accidents involving vehicles of almost every shape, size, and type imaginable. In Mathematical Methods for Accident Reconstruction: A Forensic Engineering Perspective, these seasoned experts demonstrate the application of mathematics to modeling accident reconstructions involving a range of moving vehicles, including automobiles, small and large trucks, bicycles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, and construction equipment such as hoists and cranes. The book is anchored on basic principles of physics that may be applied to any of the above-named vehicles or equipment. Topics covered include the foundations of measurement, the various energy methods used in reconstruction, momentum methods, vehicle specifications, failure analysis, geometrical characteristics of highways, and softer scientific issues such as visibility, perception, and reaction. The authors examine the fundamental characteristics of different vehicles, discuss the retrieval of data from crash data recorders, and review low speed impacts with an analysis of staged collisions. Finally, the book details standards and protocols for accident reconstruction. Exploring a broad range of accident scenarios and also acknowledging the limits of applicability of the various physical methods employed, the breadth and depth of the book’s coverage makes it a critical reference for engineers and scientists who perform vehicular accident reconstructions.

Essential Forensic Pathology

Author: Gilbert Corrigan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466554150
Format: PDF, Docs
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A myriad of different scenarios await those entering the field of forensic pathology, ranging from gunshot wounds to asphyxiation to explosives to death from addiction. Essential Forensic Pathology: Core Studies and Exercises helps prepare pathologists in training by establishing what they must know about the most common death scenes they will encounter. The book begins by discussing the coaching objectives in medical education and follows with a description of the 15 different rotations of the forensic pathology resident. Using a consistent and concise format, the book describes the facility where the rotation takes place, the necessary skills, the laboratory equipment, and other components of the rotation. The main portion of the book presents forensic pathology essentials in the form of learning objectives—each delineated with a code: "M" for items students must know, and "S" for those they must do. This section begins by discussing the government’s role, describes medical examiner and coroner systems, and analyzes the academic discipline of forensic pathology. Next, the book focuses on hands-on elements of forensic pathology, with chapters on scene investigation, identification, and postmortem changes (signs of death). Objectives are also presented for various causes of death, including gunshot wounds, stab wounds, asphyxiation, sex-related death, and death from addiction. Additional chapters cover bombs and explosive devices, mental disease, epidemics, and issues related to forensic entomology. Each chapter contains a list of pertinent vocabulary and references for further study. By mastering the objectives contained in each chapter of this manual, forensic pathology students will be ready to pass certification exams and work confidently in the field.

Activities of Transport Telematics

Author: Jerzy Mikulski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642416470
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2013, held in Katowice-Ustron, Poland, in October 2013. The 58 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in this book. They provide an overview of solutions being developed in the field of intelligent transportation systems, and include theoretical and case studies in the countries of conference participants.

Handbuch Verkehrsunfallrekonstruktion

Author: Heinz Burg
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834894125
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Die Analyse eines Verkehrsunfalls erfordert zusätzliches Wissen, das im Normalfall nicht während des Studiums vermittelt wird. Daher wird die Analyse von Verkehrsunfällen in der Regel von spezialisierten Sachverständigen vorgenommen. Das dazu nötige Wissen wurde Anfang der 80er Jahre bereits in einer früheren Auflage dieses Handbuchs veröffentlicht. Jetzt hat ein Autorenteam die lange fällige Neubearbeitung erstellt. Die Autoren sind Experten auf ihrem jeweiligen Gebiet und stellen die Arbeitsmittel in zeitgemäßer Darstellung bereit. Dabei werden computergestützte Arbeitsmethoden berücksichtigt. Es werden auch die Wünsche und Forderungen von Verkehrssicherheits- und Unfallforschern berücksichtigt, die nach einer thematisch vollständigen Arbeitsunterlage suchen. Damit steht ein zeitgemäßes, methodisch zuverlässiges und einheitliches Werk für die Analyse von Verkehrsunfallabläufen zur Verfügung.

Forensic Engineering Investigation

Author: Randall K. Noon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849309113
Format: PDF, Docs
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Forensic Engineering Investigation is a compendium of the investigative methodologies used by engineers and scientific investigators to evaluate some of the more common types of failures and catastrophic events. In essence, the book provides analyses and methods for determining how an entity was damaged and when that damage may have legal consequences. The material covers 21 common types of failures, catastrophic events, and losses that forensic engineers routinely assess. The range of topics include wind and blasting damage to structures, vehicular accidents, fires, explosions, hail damage to roofs and exteriors, lighting damage, and industrial guarding accidents. Additionally, the book offers an extensive discussion of the scientific method as it applies to forensic science and provides tips on organizing and writing an investigative report. The book also supplies the applicable codes and standards that regulate the profession, discusses the role of the forensic engineer in court proceedings, and addresses the role management plays in industrial safety. Each chapter is self-contained, highly specific, and succinct. Even more important, the analysis in each chapter is tailored to the answering of questions usually posed in the particular circumstances under discussion. The author does not skimp on the mathematical and scientific underpinnings of the subject matter. In that sense, Forensic Engineering Investigation contains the "good stuff" that is typically omitted in less challenging texts.

Forensic Engineering Second Edition

Author: Kenneth L. Carper
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420037021
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This edition of Forensic Engineering updates the original work with new case studies and investigative techniques. Contributors to the book are the foremost authorities in each area of specialization. These specialty areas include fire investigation, industrial accidents, product liability, traffic accidents, civil engineering and transportation disasters, and environmental systems failures. Each chapter includes discussions of guidelines, techniques, methods, and tools employed in accident investigation and analysis. In addition, the book contains vital information on forensic photogrammetry, the planning and writing of reports, and the presentation of evidence as an expert witness in traditional litigation. The book also analyzes the role of the forensic engineer in the evolving methods of alternate dispute resolution. Overall, Forensic Engineering is a tremendously valuable reference for forensic experts practicing in all engineering fields, as well as design and construction professionals, attorneys, product manufacturers, and insurance professionals. It is also as an excellent supplemental text for engineering and law students.

Vehicle Accident Analysis and Reconstruction Methods

Author: R. Matthew Brach
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780768034370
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Engineering and accident reconstruction consultants Brach and Brach present this text on the methods of vehicle accident reconstruction with the goal of raising the analytical level of accident reconstruction practice such that commonly known scientific, engineering, and mathematical methods become a more common part of the field.

Motorcycle Accident Reconstruction and Litigation

Author: Kenneth S. Obenski
Publisher: Lawyers & Judges Publishing
ISBN: 9781933264325
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Learn motorcycle accident reconstruction techniques from the experienced authors of this book. The special mechanics of riding a motorcycle and the way a motorcycle performs mechanically are explained in layperson's's terms. Quasi-motorcycles and compared anr contrasted with standard motorcycles to aquaint the reader with their similarities and differences. Rider safety considerations and human factors issues such as conspicuity, evasive action, warning to the rider, and rider experience and training are discussed in detail. Visual perception and injury biomechanics are given extensive coverage. A wide variety of motorcycle accidents are reconstructed and explained to illustrate the most useful, successful and often specialized techniques for reconstructing these accidents. The legal aspects of motorcycle use are thoroughly covered, including helmet laws, negligence, laws governing accidents, accidents on public and private property, trespassing, warnings, roadway defects, motorcycle defects, injury to passengers, and Dram Shop liability in DUI case. Case examples are included for each topic. These case studies have been revised, updated and expanded to include the most recent information. This edition includes accident cause factors and identification of countermeasures, commonly known as "The Hurt Report," on CD-ROM. This important government study has never been repeated.