Mathematics of Quantum Computation

Author: Ranee K. Brylinski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420035371
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Among the most exciting developments in science today is the design and construction of the quantum computer. Its realization will be the result of multidisciplinary efforts, but ultimately, it is mathematics that lies at the heart of theoretical quantum computer science. Mathematics of Quantum Computation brings together leading computer scientists, mathematicians, and physicists to provide the first interdisciplinary but mathematically focused exploration of the field's foundations and state of the art. Each section of the book addresses an area of major research, and does so with introductory material that brings newcomers quickly up to speed. Chapters that are more advanced include recent developments not yet published in the open literature. Information technology will inevitably enter into the realm of quantum mechanics, and, more than all the atomic, molecular, optical, and nanotechnology advances, it is the device-independent mathematics that is the foundation of quantum computer and information science. Mathematics of Quantum Computation offers the first up-to-date coverage that has the technical depth and breadth needed by those interested in the challenges being confronted at the frontiers of research.

Mathematics of Quantum Computation and Quantum Technology

Author: Louis Kauffman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889007
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Research and development in the pioneering field of quantum computing involve just about every facet of science and engineering, including the significant areas of mathematics and physics. Based on the firm understanding that mathematics and physics are equal partners in the continuing study of quantum science, Mathematics of Quantum Computation and Quantum Technology explores the rapid mathematical advancements made in this field in recent years. Novel Viewpoints on Numerous Aspects of Quantum Computing and Technology Edited by a well-respected team of experts, this volume compiles contributions from specialists across various disciplines. It contains four main parts, beginning with topics in quantum computing that include quantum algorithms and hidden subgroups, quantum search, algorithmic complexity, and quantum simulation. The next section covers quantum technology, such as mathematical tools, quantum wave functions, superconducting quantum computing interference devices (SQUIDs), and optical quantum computing. The section on quantum information deals with error correction, cryptography, entanglement, and communication. The final part explores topological quantum computation, knot theory, category algebra, and logic. The Tools You Need to Tackle the Next Generation of Quantum Technology This book facilitates both the construction of a common quantum language and the development of interdisciplinary quantum techniques, which will aid efforts in the pursuit of the ultimate goal-a "real" scalable quantum computer.

Quantum Computing Since Democritus

Author: Scott Aaronson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521199565
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Takes students and researchers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics.

Mathematical Aspects of Quantum Computing 2007

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812814485
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the mathematical aspects of quantum computing. It will be useful for graduate students and researchers interested in quantum computing from different areas of physics, mathematics, informatics and computer science. The lecture notes in this volume are written in a self-contained style, and hence are accessible for graduate students and researchers with even less background in the topics. Sample Chapter(s). Quantum Computing: An Overview (804 KB). Contents: Quantum Computing: An Overview (M Nakahara); Braid Group and Topological Quantum Computing (T Ootsuka & K Sakuma); An Introduction to Entanglement Theory (D J H Markham); Holonomic Quantum Computing and Its Optimization (S Tanimura et al.); Playing Games in Quantum Mechanical Settings: Features of Quantum Games (u K uzdemir et al.); Quantum Error-Correcting Codes (M Hagiwara); Controled Teleportation of an Arbitrary Unknown Two-Qubit Entangled State (V Ebrahimi et al.); Notes on the Dr-Cirac Classification (Y Ota et al.); Bang-Bang Control of Entanglement in Spin-Bus-Boson Model (R Rahimi et al.); Numerical Computation of Time-Dependent Multipartite Nonclassical Correlation (A SaiToh et al.); On Classical No-Cloning Theorem Under Liouville Dynamics and Distances (T Yamano & O Iguchi). Readership: Advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers in physics, mathematics, informatics and computer science.

Classical and Quantum Computation

Author: Alexei Yu. Kitaev
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821832298
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents a concise introduction to an emerging and increasingly important topic, the theory of quantum computing. The development of quantum computing exploded in 1994 with the discovery of its use in factoring large numbers--an extremely difficult and time-consuming problem when using a conventional computer. In less than 300 pages, the authors set forth a solid foundation to the theory, including results that have not appeared elsewhere and improvements on existing works. The book starts with the basics of classical theory of computation, including NP-complete problems and the idea of complexity of an algorithm. Then the authors introduce general principles of quantum computing and pass to the study of main quantum computation algorithms: Grover's algorithm, Shor's factoring algorithm, and the Abelian hidden subgroup problem. In concluding sections, several related topics are discussed (parallel quantum computation, a quantum analog of NP-completeness, and quantum error-correcting codes). This is a suitable textbook for a graduate course in quantum computing. Prerequisites are very modest and include linear algebra, elements of group theory and probability, and the notion of an algorithm (on a formal or an intuitive level). The book is complete with problems, solutions, and an appendix summarizing the necessary results from number theory.

Quantum Computing

Author: Mikio Nakahara
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420012293
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Covering both theory and progressive experiments, Quantum Computing: From Linear Algebra to Physical Realizations explains how and why superposition and entanglement provide the enormous computational power in quantum computing. This self-contained, classroom-tested book is divided into two sections, with the first devoted to the theoretical aspects of quantum computing and the second focused on several candidates of a working quantum computer, evaluating them according to the DiVincenzo criteria. Topics in Part I Linear algebra Principles of quantum mechanics Qubit and the first application of quantum information processing—quantum key distribution Quantum gates Simple yet elucidating examples of quantum algorithms Quantum circuits that implement integral transforms Practical quantum algorithms, including Grover’s database search algorithm and Shor’s factorization algorithm The disturbing issue of decoherence Important examples of quantum error-correcting codes (QECC) Topics in Part II DiVincenzo criteria, which are the standards a physical system must satisfy to be a candidate as a working quantum computer Liquid state NMR, one of the well-understood physical systems Ionic and atomic qubits Several types of Josephson junction qubits The quantum dots realization of qubits Looking at the ways in which quantum computing can become reality, this book delves into enough theoretical background and experimental research to support a thorough understanding of this promising field.

Quantum Computing Devices

Author: Goong Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011777
Format: PDF, Kindle
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One of the first books to thoroughly examine the subject, Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis covers the essential components in the design of a "real" quantum computer. It explores contemporary and important aspects of quantum computation, particularly focusing on the role of quantum electronic devices as quantum gates. Largely self-contained and written in a tutorial style, this reference presents the analysis, design, and modeling of the major types of quantum computing devices: ion traps, cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED), linear optics, quantum dots, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID), and neutral atom traps. It begins by explaining the fundamentals and algorithms of quantum computing, followed by the operations and formalisms of quantum systems. For each electronic device, the subsequent chapters discuss physical properties, the setup of qubits, control actions that produce the quantum gates that are universal for quantum computing, relevant measurements, and decoherence properties of the systems. The book also includes tables, diagrams, and figures that illustrate various data, uses, and designs of quantum computing. As nanoelectronics will inevitably replace microelectronics, the development of quantum information science and quantum computing technology is imperative to the future of information science and technology. Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis helps fulfill this need by providing a comprehensive collection of the most promising devices for the future.

Quantum Logic

Author: Karl Svozil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789814021074
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Quantum Logic deals with the foundations of quantum mechanics and, related to it, the behaviour of finite, discrete deterministic systems. The quantum logical approach is particulalry suitable for the investigation and exclusion of certain hidden parameter models of quantum mechanics. Conversely, it can be used to embed quantum universes into classical ones. It is also highly relevant for the characterization of finite automation. This book has been written with a broad readership in mind. Great care has been given to the motivation of the concepts and to the explicit and detailed discussions of examples.

Quantum Computing from the Ground Up

Author: Riley Tipton Perry
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814412139
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Quantum computing — the application of quantum mechanics to information — represents a fundamental break from classical information and promises to dramatically increase a computer's power. Many difficult problems, such as the factorization of large numbers, have so far resisted attack by classical computers yet are easily solved with quantum computers. If they become feasible, quantum computers will end standard practices such as RSA encryption. Most of the books or papers on quantum computing require (or assume) prior knowledge of certain areas such as linear algebra or quantum mechanics. The majority of the currently-available literature is hard to understand for the average computer enthusiast or interested layman. This text attempts to teach quantum computing from the ground up in an easily readable way, providing a comprehensive tutorial that includes all the necessary mathematics, computer science and physics. Errata(s) Errata

Explorations in Quantum Computing

Author: Colin P. Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846288876
Format: PDF, Kindle
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By the year 2020, the basic memory components of a computer will be the size of individual atoms. At such scales, the current theory of computation will become invalid. "Quantum computing" is reinventing the foundations of computer science and information theory in a way that is consistent with quantum physics - the most accurate model of reality currently known. Remarkably, this theory predicts that quantum computers can perform certain tasks breathtakingly faster than classical computers – and, better yet, can accomplish mind-boggling feats such as teleporting information, breaking supposedly "unbreakable" codes, generating true random numbers, and communicating with messages that betray the presence of eavesdropping. This widely anticipated second edition of Explorations in Quantum Computing explains these burgeoning developments in simple terms, and describes the key technological hurdles that must be overcome to make quantum computers a reality. This easy-to-read, time-tested, and comprehensive textbook provides a fresh perspective on the capabilities of quantum computers, and supplies readers with the tools necessary to make their own foray into this exciting field. Topics and features: concludes each chapter with exercises and a summary of the material covered; provides an introduction to the basic mathematical formalism of quantum computing, and the quantum effects that can be harnessed for non-classical computation; discusses the concepts of quantum gates, entangling power, quantum circuits, quantum Fourier, wavelet, and cosine transforms, and quantum universality, computability, and complexity; examines the potential applications of quantum computers in areas such as search, code-breaking, solving NP-Complete problems, quantum simulation, quantum chemistry, and mathematics; investigates the uses of quantum information, including quantum teleportation, superdense coding, quantum data compression, quantum cloning, quantum negation, and quantum cryptography; reviews the advancements made towards practical quantum computers, covering developments in quantum error correction and avoidance, and alternative models of quantum computation. This text/reference is ideal for anyone wishing to learn more about this incredible, perhaps "ultimate," computer revolution. Dr. Colin P. Williams is Program Manager for Advanced Computing Paradigms at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, and CEO of Xtreme Energetics, Inc. an advanced solar energy company. Dr. Williams has taught quantum computing and quantum information theory as an acting Associate Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. He has spent over a decade inspiring and leading high technology teams and building business relationships with and Silicon Valley companies. Today his interests include terrestrial and Space-based power generation, quantum computing, cognitive computing, computational material design, visualization, artificial intelligence, evolutionary computing, and remote olfaction. He was formerly a Research Scientist at Xerox PARC and a Research Assistant to Prof. Stephen W. Hawking, Cambridge University.