Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis

Author: R. K. Livesley
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483148912
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis, 2nd Edition deals with the use of matrix methods as standard tools for solving most non-trivial problems of structural analysis. Emphasis is on skeletal structures and the use of a more general finite element approach. The methods covered have natural links with techniques for automatic redundant selection in elastic analysis. This book is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with an introduction to the concepts and notation of matrix algebra, along with the value of a systematic approach; structure as an assembly of elements; boundaries and nodes; linearity and superposition; and how analytical methods are built up. The discussion then turns to the variables which form the basis of much of structural analysis, as well as the most important relationships between them. Subsequent chapters focus on the elastic properties of single elements; the equilibrium or displacement method; the equilibrium equations of a complete structure; plastic analysis and design; transfer matrices; and the analysis of non-linear structures. The compatibility or force method is also described. The final chapter considers the limits imposed by the size and accuracy of the computer used in structural analysis and how they can be extended. This monograph will be of interest to structural engineers and students of engineering.

The Finite Element Method in Engineering

Author: S. S. Rao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483136922
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Finite Element Method in Engineering introduces the various aspects of finite element method as applied to engineering problems in a systematic manner. It details the development of each of the techniques and ideas from basic principles. New concepts are illustrated with simple examples wherever possible. Several Fortran computer programs are given with example applications to serve the following purposes: to enable the reader to understand the computer implementation of the theory developed; to solve specific problems; and to indicate procedure for the development of computer programs for solving any other problem in the same area. The book begins with an overview of the finite element method. This is followed by separate chapters on numerical solution of various types of finite element equations; the general procedure of finite element analysis; the development higher order and isoparametric elements; and the application of finite element method for static and dynamic solid and structural mechanics problems like frames, plates, and solid bodies. Subsequent chapters deal with the solution of one-, two-, and three-dimensional steady state and transient heat transfer problems; the finite element solution of fluid mechanics problems; and additional applications and generalization of the finite element method.

Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research

Author: George W. Fairweather
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483146529
Format: PDF, Docs
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Experimental Methods for Social Policy Research explains how experimental methods can be used in social policy research to help solve contemporary human problems and to preserve and improve the world's physical and social climates. This book argues that scientists can make a major contribution to the solution of social problems by aiding the society in incorporating scientific methods into the social decision-making process. Two principal methods required for solving social problems are highlighted: methods for evaluating social models aimed at solving particular problems, and methods for disseminating those models that are beneficial to the state, the region, and the nation. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with the argument that contemporary social policy decision making is inadequate for the late 20th and 21st centuries. It then defines the basic ingredients for an adequate social policy decision-making apparatus and explains how it can be accomplished. The next chapter outlines the basic parameters of social models and dissemination processes from a conceptual point of view. The remaining chapters describe general experimental procedures from the inception of the ideas to the implementation of social models found to be beneficial. The final chapter is reserved for a discussion of a proposed center for experimental social innovation that would provide research and training. This monograph will be a valuable resource for social scientists and researchers as well as social policymakers, public officials, and citizens who are committed to the improvement of living conditions for all members of society.

Traffic Planning and Engineering

Author: F. D. Hobbs
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483137465
Format: PDF, ePub
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Traffic Planning and Engineering, Second Edition takes into account underlying trends in traffic planning and engineering. In this edition, Chapter 3 has been remodeled, focusing on the techniques on conducting surveys and their subsequent analysis. Further emphasis has also been provided on environmental management and the central role of computers in all aspects of traffic planning and engineering. The topics discussed in this book include administration and planning in traffic engineering; traffic studies; traffic surveys and analysis; parking; traffic and environmental management; and road user, the vehicle and the road. The traffic stream and capacity; traffic control systems; street lighting, traffic signs, and carriageway markings; and accidents and road safety are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to traffic engineering students, as well as individuals researching on techniques to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.

Visual Perception Theory and Practice

Author: Terry Caelli
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483189147
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Visual Perception: Theory and Practice focuses on the theory and practice of visual perception, with emphasis on technologies used in vision research and in visual information processing. Central areas of vision research including spatial vision, motion perception, and color are discussed. Light and optics, convolutions and Fourier methods, and network theory and systems are also examined. Comprised of nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of language and processes underlying specific areas of vision such as measures of neural activity, feature specificity, and individual cells and psychophysics. The reader is then systematically introduced to the more essential properties of light and optics relevant to visual perception; the use of convolutions, Fourier series, and Fourier transform to model processes in visual perception; and network theory and systems. Subsequent chapters deal with the geometry of visual perception; spatial vision; the perception of motion; and some specific issues in visual perception, including color perception, binocular vision, and steriopsis. This monograph is intended for students, practitioners, and investigators in physiology.

Lipid Analysis

Author: William W. Christie
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483187179
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Lipid Analysis: Isolation, Separation, Identification, and Structural Analysis of Lipids focuses on the methods, principles, and approaches involved in the isolation, identification, separation, and structural analysis of lipids. The publication first elaborates on the structure, chemistry and occurrence of lipids, isolation of lipids from tissues, and chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis of lipids. Discussions focus on equipping a laboratory for lipid analysis, spectroscopy, chromatographic procedures, general principles of solvent extraction procedures, structural features of lipids important in analyses, simple and complex lipids, and fatty acids. The text then examines the preparation of volatile derivatives of lipids and analysis of fatty acids and simple lipid classes. Topics include alkyl diglycerides and neutral plasmalogens, analysis of the hydrolysis products of simple lipids, preparation of large quantities of pure fatty acids, physical characterization of fatty acids, location of double bonds in fatty acid chains, and saponification of lipids. The manuscript covers the analysis and radioassay of isotopically-labelled lipids, enzymatic hydrolysis of lipids, and analysis of molecular species of lipids. The publication is a primary reference for researchers interested in lipid analysis.