Measure Theory and Fine Properties of Functions

Author: LawrenceCraig Evans
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351432826
Format: PDF
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This book provides a detailed examination of the central assertions of measure theory in n-dimensional Euclidean space and emphasizes the roles of Hausdorff measure and the capacity in characterizing the fine properties of sets and functions. Topics covered include a quick review of abstract measure theory, theorems and differentiation in Mn, lower Hausdorff measures, area and coarea formulas for Lipschitz mappings and related change-of-variable formulas, and Sobolev functions and functions of bounded variation. The text provides complete proofs of many key results omitted from other books, including Besicovitch's Covering Theorem, Rademacher's Theorem (on the differentiability a.e. of Lipschitz functions), the Area and Coarea Formulas, the precise structure of Sobolev and BV functions, the precise structure of sets of finite perimeter, and Alexandro's Theorem (on the twice differentiability a.e. of convex functions). Topics are carefully selected and the proofs succinct, but complete, which makes this book ideal reading for applied mathematicians and graduate students in applied mathematics.

Measure Theory and Fine Properties of Functions Revised Edition

Author: Lawrence Craig Evans
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482242397
Format: PDF
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Measure Theory and Fine Properties of Functions, Revised Edition provides a detailed examination of the central assertions of measure theory in n-dimensional Euclidean space. The book emphasizes the roles of Hausdorff measure and capacity in characterizing the fine properties of sets and functions. Topics covered include a quick review of abstract measure theory, theorems and differentiation in Rn, Hausdorff measures, area and coarea formulas for Lipschitz mappings and related change-of-variable formulas, and Sobolev functions as well as functions of bounded variation. The text provides complete proofs of many key results omitted from other books, including Besicovitch's covering theorem, Rademacher's theorem (on the differentiability a.e. of Lipschitz functions), area and coarea formulas, the precise structure of Sobolev and BV functions, the precise structure of sets of finite perimeter, and Aleksandrov's theorem (on the twice differentiability a.e. of convex functions). This revised edition includes countless improvements in notation, format, and clarity of exposition. Also new are several sections describing the π-λ theorem, weak compactness criteria in L1, and Young measure methods for weak convergence. In addition, the bibliography has been updated. Topics are carefully selected and the proofs are succinct, but complete. This book provides ideal reading for mathematicians and graduate students in pure and applied mathematics.

Sets of Finite Perimeter and Geometric Variational Problems

Author: Francesco Maggi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139560891
Format: PDF, ePub
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The marriage of analytic power to geometric intuition drives many of today's mathematical advances, yet books that build the connection from an elementary level remain scarce. This engaging introduction to geometric measure theory bridges analysis and geometry, taking readers from basic theory to some of the most celebrated results in modern analysis. The theory of sets of finite perimeter provides a simple and effective framework. Topics covered include existence, regularity, analysis of singularities, characterization and symmetry results for minimizers in geometric variational problems, starting from the basics about Hausdorff measures in Euclidean spaces and ending with complete proofs of the regularity of area-minimizing hypersurfaces up to singular sets of codimension 8. Explanatory pictures, detailed proofs, exercises and remarks providing heuristic motivation and summarizing difficult arguments make this graduate-level textbook suitable for self-study and also a useful reference for researchers. Readers require only undergraduate analysis and basic measure theory.

Essential Results of Functional Analysis

Author: Robert J. Zimmer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226983387
Format: PDF
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Functional analysis is a broad mathematical area with strong connections to many domains within mathematics and physics. This book, based on a first-year graduate course taught by Robert J. Zimmer at the University of Chicago, is a complete, concise presentation of fundamental ideas and theorems of functional analysis. It introduces essential notions and results from many areas of mathematics to which functional analysis makes important contributions, and it demonstrates the unity of perspective and technique made possible by the functional analytic approach. Zimmer provides an introductory chapter summarizing measure theory and the elementary theory of Banach and Hilbert spaces, followed by a discussion of various examples of topological vector spaces, seminorms defining them, and natural classes of linear operators. He then presents basic results for a wide range of topics: convexity and fixed point theorems, compact operators, compact groups and their representations, spectral theory of bounded operators, ergodic theory, commutative C*-algebras, Fourier transforms, Sobolev embedding theorems, distributions, and elliptic differential operators. In treating all of these topics, Zimmer's emphasis is not on the development of all related machinery or on encyclopedic coverage but rather on the direct, complete presentation of central theorems and the structural framework and examples needed to understand them. Sets of exercises are included at the end of each chapter. For graduate students and researchers in mathematics who have mastered elementary analysis, this book is an entrée and reference to the full range of theory and applications in which functional analysis plays a part. For physics students and researchers interested in these topics, the lectures supply a thorough mathematical grounding.

Geometric Measure Theory

Author: Herbert Federer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642620108
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"This book is a major treatise in mathematics and is essential in the working library of the modern analyst." (Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society)

Functional Analysis Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control

Author: Francis Clarke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447148207
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Functional analysis owes much of its early impetus to problems that arise in the calculus of variations. In turn, the methods developed there have been applied to optimal control, an area that also requires new tools, such as nonsmooth analysis. This self-contained textbook gives a complete course on all these topics. It is written by a leading specialist who is also a noted expositor. This book provides a thorough introduction to functional analysis and includes many novel elements as well as the standard topics. A short course on nonsmooth analysis and geometry completes the first half of the book whilst the second half concerns the calculus of variations and optimal control. The author provides a comprehensive course on these subjects, from their inception through to the present. A notable feature is the inclusion of recent, unifying developments on regularity, multiplier rules, and the Pontryagin maximum principle, which appear here for the first time in a textbook. Other major themes include existence and Hamilton-Jacobi methods. The many substantial examples, and the more than three hundred exercises, treat such topics as viscosity solutions, nonsmooth Lagrangians, the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, periodic trajectories, and systems theory. They also touch lightly upon several fields of application: mechanics, economics, resources, finance, control engineering. Functional Analysis, Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control is intended to support several different courses at the first-year or second-year graduate level, on functional analysis, on the calculus of variations and optimal control, or on some combination. For this reason, it has been organized with customization in mind. The text also has considerable value as a reference. Besides its advanced results in the calculus of variations and optimal control, its polished presentation of certain other topics (for example convex analysis, measurable selections, metric regularity, and nonsmooth analysis) will be appreciated by researchers in these and related fields.

Topics in Optimal Transportation

Author: Cédric Villani
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 082183312X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cedric Villani's book is a lucid and very readable documentation of the tremendous recent analytic progress in ``optimal mass transportation'' theory and of its diverse and unexpected applications in optimization, nonlinear PDE, geometry, and mathematical physics. --Lawrence C. Evans, University of California at Berkeley In 1781, Gaspard Monge defined the problem of ``optimal transportation'', or the transferring of mass with the least possible amount of work, with applications to engineering in mind. In 1942, Leonid Kantorovich applied the newborn machinery of linear programming to Monge's problem, with applications to economics in mind. In 1987, Yann Brenier used optimal transportation to prove a new projection theorem on the set of measure preserving maps, with applications to fluid mechanics in mind. Each of these contributions marked the beginning of a whole mathematical theory, with many unexpected ramifications. Nowadays, the Monge-Kantorovich problem is used and studied by researchers from extremely diverse horizons, including probability theory, functional analysis, isoperimetry, partial differential equations, and even meteorology. Originating from a graduate course, the present volume is at once an introduction to the field of optimal transportation and a survey of the research on the topic over the last 15 years. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers, and it covers both theory and applications. Readers are only assumed to be familiar with the basics of measure theory and functional analysis.

Measure Theory and Integration Second Edition

Author: M.M. Rao
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824754013
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Significantly revised and expanded, this authoritative reference/text comprehensively describes concepts in measure theory, classical integration, and generalized Riemann integration of both scalar and vector types-providing a complete and detailed review of every aspect of measure and integration theory using valuable examples, exercises, and applications. With more than 170 references for further investigation of the subject, this Second Edition provides more than 60 pages of new information, as well as a new chapter on nonabsolute integrals contains extended discussions on the four basic results of Banach spaces presents an in-depth analysis of the classical integrations with many applications, including integration of nonmeasurable functions, Lebesgue spaces, and their properties details the basic properties and extensions of the Lebesgue-Carathéodory measure theory, as well as the structure and convergence of real measurable functions covers the Stone isomorphism theorem, the lifting theorem, the Daniell method of integration, and capacity theory Measure Theory and Integration, Second Edition is a valuable reference for all pure and applied mathematicians, statisticians, and mathematical analysts, and an outstanding text for all graduate students in these disciplines.

Lebesgue Integration on Euclidean Space

Author: Frank Jones
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763717087
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Lebesgue Integration on Euclidean Space contains a concrete, intuitive, and patient derivation of Lebesgue measure and integration on Rn. Throughout the text, many exercises are incorporated, enabling students to apply new ideas immediately. Jones strives to present a slow introduction to Lebesgue integration by dealing with n-dimensional spaces from the outset. In addition, the text provides students a thorough treatment of Fourier analysis, while holistically preparing students to become workers in real analysis.