Measurements and Their Uncertainties

Author: Ifan Hughes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199566321
Format: PDF, ePub
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This short book is primarily intended to be used in undergraduate laboratories in the physical sciences. No prior knowledge of statistics is assumed, with the necessary concepts introduced where needed, and illustrated graphically. In contrast to traditional treatments a combination of spreadsheet and calculus-based approaches is used. Error analysis is introduced at a level accessible to school leavers, and carried through to research level. The emphasisthroughout is on practical strategies to be adopted in the laboratory. Error calculation and propagation is presented though a series of rules-of-thumb, look-up tables and approaches amenable to computeranalysis.

Introduction to Error Analysis the Science of Measurements Uncertainties and Data Analysis

Author: Jack Merrin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781975906658
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Great scientists master the math behind the science. Do you keep putting off learning statistics? Discover how you can learn the correct statistical methods to rigorously analyze experimental data and get better results. Jack Merrin has earned degrees in physics from Columbia University and Princeton University where he received his Ph.D. He has experience teaching microfluidics, mathematics, and beginning to intermediate physics labs. With 25 years of research experience, he has co-authored over 40 articles, some in the best journals. Introduction to Error Analysis is more than a collection of ad-hoc statistical theories. It is an easy-to-read blueprint used by scientists who want present their results more successfully and correctly. Transform shaky results into solid results you can be confident about. Simply Introduction to Error analysis helps you over and over each time you crunch numbers in a new project. This book extensively covers reporting measurements and uncertainties, propagation of error, combining results, curve fitting, and other essential statistics concepts. This book might be for you if No matter if you are doing lab reports or actual research, you want to get serious about data analysis. You want to focus on the essential calculations used in actual experiments, not an extensive statistical theory that wastes your time. You want to use the right conventions leading to the final correct and unique results. You want to know what is correct so you can spot others dubious or botched analyses. You want easily adaptable MATLAB code for each different calculation. No need to reinvent the wheel. Introduction to Error Analysis is the concise summary you need to start building you successful scientific career today. If you like easy-to-follow lessons, practical examples, insightful tips, and an author who actually cares about you getting your data analysis right, then you'll love Jack Merrin's book. Introduction to Error Analysis is priced to fly off the shelf... Buy the best choice for refining your data analysis skills today!

Testing and Validation of Computer Simulation Models

Author: David J. Murray-Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319150995
Format: PDF, Docs
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This must-read text/reference provides a practical guide to processes involved in the development and application of dynamic simulation models, covering a wide range of issues relating to testing, verification and validation. Illustrative example problems in continuous system simulation are presented throughout the book, supported by extended case studies from a number of interdisciplinary applications. Topics and features: provides an emphasis on practical issues of model quality and validation, along with questions concerning the management of simulation models, the use of model libraries, and generic models; contains numerous step-by-step examples; presents detailed case studies, often with accompanying datasets; includes discussion of hybrid models, which involve a combination of continuous system and discrete-event descriptions; examines experimental modeling approaches that involve system identification and parameter estimation; offers supplementary material at an associated website.

Mastering Academic Writing in the Sciences

Author: Marialuisa Aliotta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351002120
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a comprehensive and coherent step-by-step guide to writing in scientific academic disciplines. It is an invaluable resource for those working on a PhD thesis, research paper, dissertation, or report. Writing these documents can be a long and arduous experience for students and their supervisors, and even for experienced researchers. However, this book can hold the key to success. Mapping the steps involved in the writing process - from acquiring and organizing sources of information, to revising early drafts, to proofreading the final product - it provides clear guidance on what to write and how best to write it.

Biomolecular Thermodynamics

Author: Douglas Barrick
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 131536302X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"an impressive text that addresses a glaring gap in the teaching of physical chemistry, being specifically focused on biologically-relevant systems along with a practical focus.... the ample problems and tutorials throughout are much appreciated." –Tobin R. Sosnick, Professor and Chair of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago "Presents both the concepts and equations associated with statistical thermodynamics in a unique way that is at visual, intuitive, and rigorous. This approach will greatly benefit students at all levels." –Vijay S. Pande, Henry Dreyfus Professor of Chemistry, Stanford University "a masterful?tour de force.... Barrick's rigor and scholarship come through in every chapter." –Rohit V. Pappu, Edwin H. Murty Professor of Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis This book provides a comprehensive, contemporary introduction to developing a quantitative understanding of how biological macromolecules behave using classical and statistical thermodynamics. The author focuses on practical skills needed to apply the underlying equations in real life examples. The text develops mechanistic models, showing how they connect to thermodynamic observables, presenting simulations of thermodynamic behavior, and analyzing experimental data. The reader is presented with plenty of exercises and problems to facilitate hands-on learning through mathematical simulation. Douglas E. Barrick is a professor in the Department of Biophysics at Johns Hopkins University. He earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. in biophysics and structural biology from the University of Oregon.

Einf hrung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse f r Physiker

Author: G. Bohm
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783540257592
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Faschismus

Author: Madeleine Albright
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832184104
Format: PDF, Mobi
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»Manche mögen dieses Buch und besonders seinen Titel alarmierend finden. Gut!« MADELEINE ALBRIGHT Weltweit kommt es zu einem Wiedererstarken anti-demokratischer, repressiver und zerstörerischer Kräfte. Die ehemalige amerikanische Außenministerin Madeleine Albright zeigt, welche großen Ähnlichkeiten diese mit dem Faschismus des 20. Jahrhunderts haben. Die faschistischen Tendenzen treten wieder in Erscheinung und greifen in Europa, Teilen Asiens und den Vereinigten Staaten um sich. Albrights Familie stammt aus Prag und floh zweimal: zuerst vor den Nationalsozialisten, später vor dem kommunistischen Regime. Auf Grundlage dieser Erlebnisse und der Erfahrungen, die sie im Laufe ihrer diplomatischen Karriere sammelte, zeichnet sie die Gründe für die Rückkehr des Faschismus nach. Sie identifiziert die Faktoren, die zu seinem Aufstieg beitragen und warnt eindringlich vor den Folgen. Doch Madeleine Albright bietet auch klare Lösungsansätze an, etwa die Veränderung der Arbeitsbedingungen und das Verständnis für die Bedürfnisse der Menschen nach Kontinuität und moralischer Beständigkeit. Sie zeigt, dass allein die Demokratie politische und gesellschaftliche Konflikte mit Rationalität und offenen Diskussionen lösen kann.

Grundriss der Generalisierten Gau schen Fehlerrechnung

Author: Michael Grabe
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642178227
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Generalisierte Gauߒsche Fehlerrechnung interpretiert systematische Fehler bei Messungen als Unterschiede zwischen den Erwartungswerten der Schätzer und den wahren Werten der Messgrößen. Auch hinsichtlich der Verarbeitung zufälliger Fehler weicht der Autor von der Konvention ab, indem er den Formalismus auf die Verteilungsdichte der empirischen Momente zweiter Ordnung stützt. Die Messunsicherheiten der Generalisierten Gauߒschen Fehlerrechnung zeigen robuste Strukturen, die die wahren Werte physikalischer Größen „quasi-sicher“ lokalisieren.