Measuring Damages in the Law of Obligations

Author: Sirko Harder
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847315909
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book challenges certain differences between contract, tort and equity in relation to the measure (in a broad sense) of damages. Damages are defined as the monetary award made by a court in consequence of a breach of contract, a tort or an equitable wrong. In all these causes of action, damages usually aim to put the claimant into the position the claimant would be in without the wrong. Even though the main objective of damages is thus the same for each cause of action, their measure is not. While some aspects of the measure of damages are more or less harmonised between contract, tort and equity (e.g. causation in fact and mitigation), significant differences exist in relation to (1) remoteness of damage, which is the question of whether, when and to which degree damage needs to be foreseeable to be recoverable; (2) the compensability of non-pecuniary loss such as pain and suffering, distress and loss of reputation; (3) the effect of contributory negligence, which is the victim's contribution to the occurrence of the wrong or the ensuing loss through unreasonable conduct prior to the wrong; (4) the circumstances under which victims of wrongs can claim the gain the wrongdoer has made from the wrong; and (5) the availability and scope of exemplary (or punitive) damages. For each of the five topics, this book examines the present position in contract, tort and equity and establishes the differences between the three areas. It goes on to scrutinise the arguments in defence of existing differences. The conclusion on each topic is that the present differences between contract, tort and equity cannot be justified on merits and should be removed through a harmonisation of the relevant principles.

Pr ventive Gewinnabsch pfung

Author: André Janssen
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161531422
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Unternehmen erzielen durch die Verletzungen fremder Rechtsguter und Marktverhaltenspflichten hohe Unrechtsgewinne. Das Recht scheint weder uber ein rechtspolitisches Programm noch uber effiziente Instrumente zur Verhinderung solcher Gewinne zu verfugen. Andre Janssen geht der Frage nach, ob eine haftungsrechtlich verankerte und praventiv ausgerichtete Gewinnabschopfung hier Abhilfe schaffen kann. Dazu befasst er sich zunachst mit den Grundlagen haftungsrechtlicher Verhaltenssteuerung. Anschliessend untersucht er die Teilrechtsgebiete, in denen bereits eine vorteilsorientierte Haftung besteht und als Nukleus einer allgemeinen praventiven Gewinnabschopfung dienen konnten: das Immaterialguterrecht, das Personlichkeitsrecht und das Kartelldeliktsrecht. Anhand der dort erarbeiteten Ergebnisse werden die Konturen der praventiven Gewinnabschopfung nachgezeichnet. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei ihre optimale Ausgestaltung und ihr optimaler Anwendungsbereich sowie die Realisierungschancen de lege lata und de lege ferenda.

Remedies in Australian Private Law

Author: Katy Barnett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108265855
Format: PDF
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The second edition of Remedies in Australian Private Law offers readers a clear and detailed introduction to remedies and their functions under Australian law. Clearly structured, with a strong black-letter law focus, the text provides a complete treatment of remedies in common law, equity and statute and develops a framework for understanding the principles of private law remedies and their practical application. This edition has been significantly revised and offers up-to-date coverage of case law and legislation, including the Australian Consumer Law. Building on the detailed treatment of remedies and their broad functions across a range of private law categories, the new edition also offers expanded coverage of vindicatory damages, debt, specific restitution and coercive remedies. With its systematic and accessible approach, this text enables students and practitioners to develop a coherent understanding of remedial law, and to analyse legal problems and identify appropriate remedial solutions.

Europ isches Vertragsrecht

Author: Hein Kötz
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161537677
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.

A True European

Author: David A. O. Edward
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN: 1841134473
Format: PDF
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Judge David Edward has enjoyed a spectacular career. After a substantial, successful period in Scotland, both as a practicing advocate and professor of EC law, he was appointed to the Court of First Instance upon its creation in 1989. He was subsequently appointed to the Court of Justice where he has served for many years. This book has been prepared in honor of his retirement from that position in December 2003. The contributions reflect all aspects of Judge Edward's career as a lawyer, both in Scotland and in Luxembourg. In keeping with the respect with which he is held, contributions have been received from eminent members of the Scottish and Luxembourg judiciary, academics and practitioners. Not surprisingly, the main focus is on community law, with important contributions on competition, institutional, substantive and remedial issues. This book will be an essential addition to the library of anyone with a genuine interest in community law.